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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1203 matches for " Emerson; "
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Electing an All-Party, Proportional, Power-Sharing Coalition, a Government of National Unity  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.32009

There are many instances when a group of people might want to choose a committee, a fixed number of individuals to undertake a particular collective function. At their AGM or annual conference, residents in a community group, shareholders of a limited company, members of a trades union, and those of a political party, may all want to elect an executive: one person to be chair, another secretary, a third treasurer, etc. All these posts require different talents and all the individual office bearers undertake necessary but separate functions for the successful operation of that committee. In like manner, a parliament may choose to elect a government of national unity (GNU). The only voting procedure so far devised by which a given electoratethose concerned at an AGM or members of parliament (MPs)may elect, not only those whom they wish to be in cabinet, but also the ministerial posts in which each of those chosen will then serve, is the matrix vote. This paper describes 1) an experiment held at the Political Studies Association of Ireland (PSAI), undergraduate conference in Dublin on 23rd June 2012 inwhich participants, role playing as members of the Irish parliament, elected a GNU; and 2) the matrix vote methodology, such that others may also employ this voting system. An obvious instance would be for the election of an all-party power-sharing executive in a post-conflict zone.

Democratic Rights: Decision-Making by Law Makers and Law Enforcers  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.42010
Abstract: The court of law is often adversarial; the more usual question, after all, is binary: guilty or not guilty? The parliament which makes the law, however, need not subject complex questions to dichotomous judgements, or a series of dichotomies: indeed, the corresponding debate should consider all relevant options on an equal basis. Accordingly, this article questions the propriety of a majoritarian polity, considers a less adversarial voting procedure, and contemplates a more inclusive political structure, in order then to argue that human rights legislations should be far more specific on the subject of democratic rights. Such a development may depend less upon the politician and more upon the lawyer.
A Democratic China?  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.43013
Many are the criticisms of those who feel that the one-party state in China is inadequate, and many are the calls, especially from abroad, for reform. But would a democratic Chinaas per a western interpretationbe an improvement? In tackling this question, this paper concentrates on voting procedures: those used in elections and those (which may or may not be the same) used in decision-making. This article first looks at the USSR, Eastern and Central Europe, and then briefly at Africa. Next, it considers what could go wrong if a standard, western, multi-party democracy was to be adopted in China. And finally, it offers a more inclusive polity.
A Case of Endometriosis in the Abdominal Wall Post Caesarean Section  [PDF]
Emerson Budhoo, Dale Maharaj
Surgical Science (SS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2013.42023

We report the case of a 33 year old female who presented with endometriosis of the anterior abdominal wall following Caesarean Section at the surgical incision site. Abdominal Incisional Site Endometriosis can pose a diagnostic dilema owing to its relative rarity and vagueosity of symptoms, vis-a-vis, cyclical abdominal pain and occasional palpable mass associated with menstruation. A greater index of suspicion should be prompted in such patients especially if symptoms occur following pelvic surgery such as Caesarean Sections, hysterotomy, and myomectomy.

The Baum-Connes conjecture, noncommutative Poincaré duality, and the boundary of the free group
Heath Emerson
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2003, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171203209169
Abstract: For every hyperbolic group Γ with Gromov boundary ∂Γ, one can form the cross product C∗-algebra C(∂Γ)⋊Γ. For each such algebra, we construct a canonical K-homology class. This class induces a Poincaré duality map K∗(C(∂Γ)⋊Γ)→K∗
Religi?o, Estado, modernidade: notas a propósito de fatos provisórios
Giumbelli, Emerson;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142004000300005
Abstract: this essay proposes a discussion about religion and the state, taking into consideration certain ideals related to modernity. inasmuch as laicization is part of these ideals, the focus is on the relationship between religion and the school. several texts dealing with this relationship, with judicial definitions and with governmental initiatives are analyzed, in an attempt to establish a counterpoint between the situation in france and in brazil. from france, we examine two reports commissioned by the government - one from the commission on laicity (2003) and one on the "teaching of religious facts" in schools (2002). from brazil, we peruse four interventions on the trends of the debate on religious teaching in public schools in the states of rio de janeiro and s?o paulo.
A no??o de cren?a e suas implica??es para a modernidade: um diálogo imaginado entre Bruno Latour e Talal Asad
Giumbelli, Emerson;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832011000100011
Abstract: the article aims to reflect on the implications of the presence of the category of belief in modernity. formed in a critical project, which led to its ontological weakening, the notion of belief was fundamental to the modern definition of religion. on the other hand, modernity did not fail to positively incorporate the same notion, which is evident in its stated commitment to the principle of "freedom of belief". the text establishes connections between the senses of the modern definition of belief and the modern construction of the notion of society. in this exploration, themes as freedom and subjection and situations are considered, as well situations as the status of credulity and blasphemy. its course and its outcome are set in dialogue with the work of two authors, bruno latour and talal asad.
Os azande e nós: experimento de antropologia simétrica
Giumbelli, Emerson;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832006000200011
Abstract: this article is a rereading of the evans-pritchard classic, witchcraft, oracles and magic among the azande, that attempts to provide new understandings of the difference between "us" and "them". its starting point is the realization that evans-pritchard's book is at once an example of asymmetric anthropology and a source of data and analyses that permit new explorations. two connections exemplify these possibilities: one makes use of accounts of the death of tancredo neves, while the other discusses the contradictions of modernity. the analysis then proceeds by seeking to outline a kind of ontography of the azande, which exposes the limitations of interpretations of its witchcraft that are restricted to sociological or linguistic dimensions. the inclusion of an azande hunting net in a new york art exhibition, that inspires the final comments, epitomizes proposals that aim at attaining an understanding of differences by engendering some connections.
O "baixo espiritismo" e a história dos cultos mediúnicos
Giumbelli, Emerson;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832003000100011
Abstract: this paper explores some dimensions of the production and use of the "low spiritualism" ("baixo espiritismo") category, parting from an analysis of the category?s temporality and of its users. we show how, in the context of the spiritualism outlawing by the 1890 brazilian penal code, an opposition between false and truly spiritual practices was construed by both religious agents and journalistic views. this opposition is crystallized in repressive police action, an action corroborated by the interaction of spiritual religious groups. the paper analyzes the first half of the twentieth century and we hope its results can contribute with the elucidation of the mechanisms through which the social insertion and legitimization of certain religious practices took place.
A modernidade do Cristo Redentor
Giumbelli, Emerson;
Dados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582008000100003
Abstract: inspired by the proposal for a reading of modernity from brazil, this paper focuses on three highlights in the history of the christ the redeemer statue on corcovado mountain in rio de janeiro. the first analyzes the meanings acquired by the idea of freedom of religion that allowed erecting a catholic symbol in the national capital. the second reveals the contemporary characteristics of the architectural form and devotional content in the image that served as the icon for a christian restoration. the third analyzes the recent catholic demand to reclaim the monument?s "religious meaning" - premised on a societal differentiation - as a presence in the public space. emphasizing modern notions and arguments in the catholic discourse, the article concludes with elaborations on the multiple and polyvalent nature of modernity.
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