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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 746 matches for " Eman Abo-Elhamd "
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Anterior Mediastinal Fat Changes in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Preliminary Study  [PDF]
Wafaa Ali Hassan, Eman Abo-Elhamd
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2014.41003
Background: The mediastinum is composed primarily of fatty tissue that is surrounded by the lungs bilaterally.
There is a lack in the published literature in studying changes in mediastinal fat in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
(IPF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the shape and dimensions of the anterior mediastinal fat in patients with IPF are different from that of a normal control group and to correlate the changes with disease severity. Design and Setting: This prospective case control study was done at the chest department of Assiut University Hospital on IPF patients from May 2010-September 2012. A questionnaire containing questions such as age, sex, clinical findings, high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) score and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) was filled for patients and normal controls. Results: The IPF retrosternal AP dimension was significantly shorter (p = 0.03) and the transverse dimension was longer (p = 0.001) than that in the normal control group. The convex shape of the anterior mediastinum was predictive of IPF (p = 0.001), whereas concave shape was predictive of normal controls (p = 0.001). The change in anteroposterior diameter (AP) and transverse diameters showed significant correlation with the changes in FVC, DLCO and HRCT score. Conclusions: IPF patients had reduced retrosternal AP and increased transverse dimensions than those of the controls with convex shape of their anterior mediastinal fat. Changes in anterior mediastinal fat dimensions are correlated with lower FVC, DLCO and higher HRCT score. A larger sample size, better multicenteric study is needed to confirm the results of this study.
Emphysema versus Chronic Bronchitis in COPD: Clinical and Radiologic Characteristics  [PDF]
Wafaa Ali Hassan, Eman Abo-Elhamd
Open Journal of Radiology (OJRad) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2014.42020

Background and Objectives: In clinical practice, spirometry plays a key role in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), however, it provides no information about structural pulmonary abnormality. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is a relation between the clinical criteria and chest radiography or CT studies in differentiating chronic bronchitis from emphysema in COPD. Patients and methods: In a prospective study, data analysis on 165 COPD subjects who were enrolled between September, 2011 and December 2012 was completed. Data were collected including clinical characteristics of stable COPD, pulmonary function tests, chest X-ray and multidetector computerized tomography (MDCT) findings. Results: Emphysema was diagnosed in 90 (55%) of 165 CT scans. The median emphysema score was 58 (range 48 - 72) and significantly correlated with lower FEV1 values (r = 0.542, p = 0.003). In chronic bronchitis, bronchial wall thickening was diagnosed approximately as often in chest radiography (56%) as in CT (64%) as a major finding. Body mass index (BMI), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), and diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DL,CO) were significantly lower, whereas total lung capacity (TLC) was higher in patients with emphysema. Cardiovascular diseases and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) were more common in chronic bronchitis group. Conclusions: Chest radiography is a valuable, inexpensive means of diagnosing emphysema or bronchial wall thickening in chronic bronchitis. Emphysematous patients show a worse pulmonary function and a greater dyspnea. Greater comorbidity in chronic bronchitis may require specific treatment strategies in this subgroup.

An Easy Way for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Using Mixed Sedative Agents  [PDF]
Amr M. Hilal Abdou, Walid Y. Kamel, Eman K. Abo-Seif
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2018.87021
Abstract: Objective: We recorded the data of patients performing Percutaneous Nephro-lithotomy (PCNL) under combined spinal anesthesia with sedative mixtures of Ketamine-Propofol (KP) or Fentanyl-Propofol (FP). Background: The PCNL is usually done under General anesthesia (GA); combining spinal anesthesia with a mixture of sedative drugs has shown to provide an optimum intra and post-operative analgesic and sedative response without side effects. Patients and Methods: 100 healthy patients were enrolled for PCNL, after stabilization of the sensory block of spinal anesthesia patients were randomized into two groups; Group KP received 1 mg/Kg Ketamine and 1 mg/Kg Propofol diluted in 20 ml syringe given over 30 seconds and Group FP received 1 mic/Kg Fentanyl and 1 mg/Kg Propofol diluted in 20 ml syringe over 30 seconds; both groups will receive increment doses if the patient suffers from anxiety, pain or discomfort. Perioperative Hemodynamic data (HR, SBP, DBP, RR, and SpO2) were recorded; PACU stay time and post operative analgesia time were analyzed. Results: Sedative mixtures of FP and KP provided remarkably deep sedation levels for PCNL procedures under spinal anesthesia. Respiratory depression, hypotension and bradycardia were the major side effects reported in FP group which had mean decrease in RR of 4.63 breath/min (27.49%) with mean 3.77% drop in SpO2 levels. KP group produced significant increase in HR about 7 beats/min without reported side effects. Conclusion: Various sedation techniques may be applicable for PCNL procedures with routine premedication, mixtures of fentanyl-Propofol or Ketamine-Propofol could be used, and KP has advantages of stable hemodynamics, prolonged analgesic response intra and post-operatively with no appreciable side effects and more effective method of sedative mixture.
Occurrence of Some Fungal Diseases on Date Palm Trees in Upper Egypt and its Control
Eman S.H. Farrag,Kamal A. Abo-Elyousr
Plant Pathology Journal , 2011,
Abstract: In 2007, date palm trees surveyed for different symptoms on leaves and fruits in Upper Egypt. The samples were collected from symptomatic rachis, fronds and fruits in four localities (El-Minia, Assiut, Sohag and Qena Governorates). The major diseases noticed were leaf spots, off-shoot decline, black scorch, leaf basal rot and fruit spots. Seven different fungal species were isolated from date palm exhibited different symptoms. The results of pathogenicity test proved the ability of Thielaviopsis paradoxa, Alternaria alternate and Negrospora oryza to infect date palm rachis, fronts and fruits, respectively. Helminthosporium sp. and Epicocum nigrum were associated with the leaf spots. E. nigrum was associated with off-shoot decline, black scorch and leaf basal rot, while Fusarium proliferatum and Aspergilus niger were associated with fruit spots. Antagonistic effect of E. nigrum against A. alternate and T. paradoxa was examined by dual culture technique which leads to clear inhibition zone. Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and E. nigrum filtrates effectively controlled the leaf spot (as major disease) when applied at suitable time (when disease severity was low).
Introduction to a Requirements Engineering Framework for Aeronautics  [PDF]
Robert Abo
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.39105
Abstract: This paper introduces a framework to produce and to manage quality requirements of embedded aeronautical systems, called the ‘Requirements Engineering Framework’ (REF). It aims at making the management of the requirement lifecycle easier, from the specification of the purchaser’s needs, to their implementation in the final products, and also their verification, while controlling costs. REF is based on the main standards of aeronautics, in particular RTCA DO-254, and RTCA DO-178B standards. An implementation of REF, using the IBM Rational DOORS and IBM Rational Change tools, is also presented in this paper.
Dose Assessment for Some Industrial Gamma Sources with an Application to a Radiation Accident  [PDF]
Eman Massoud
Open Journal of Modelling and Simulation (OJMSi) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmsi.2014.21003

Accidents involving industrial radiography are the most frequent cause of severe or fatal overexposure to workers and the public. On May 5, 2000, a radiation accident happened at a construction site in a gamma radiography practice at the village of Meet Halfa-Egypt. The accident was a severe overdose of non-radiation workers due to external exposure of Ir-192. This paper provides a methodology for calculating doses and dose rates from the most commonly used industrial γ-sources: 192Ir, 60Co, 134Cs, 137Cs and 131I. For this purpose, MCNP computer code based on Monte Carlo technique is used. The applied method helps firstly in studying and analyzing the doses from the above mentioned sources. Secondly, it provides a lead container design in a trial to reduce the dose rate within the permissible. Computer models were used to simulate the 192Ir Meet Halfa accident. To verify these models, the calculated doses were compared with a well-known empirical formula to convert source activity into dose rate and then the models were applied at different distances to analyze the factors that affect the deposited dose in the human body to find out the dose received by the victims.

Eco-Friendly Production of Silver Nanoparticles from Peel of Tangerine for Degradation of Dye  [PDF]
Eman Alzahrani
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2015.51002
Abstract: Green chemistry methods for production of nanoparticles have many advantages, such as ease of use, which makes the methods desirable and economically viable. The aim of the present work was to green synthesise silver nanoparticles (SNPs) using aqueous tangerine peel extract in different ratios (2:1, 1:1, 1:2). The formed SNPs were characterised using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The UV-Vis spectra showed that the highest absorbance was observed when the ratio of peel tangerine extract to silver nitrate solution was 1:2. The transmission electron micrographs showed the formation of poly dispersed nanoparticles. It was found that the average diameter of the nanoparticles was 30.29 ± 5.1 nm, 16.68 ± 5.7 nm, and 25.85 ± 8.4 nm, using a tangerine peel solution and silver nitrate solution ratio of 2:1, 1:1, and 1:2, respectively. The formed SNPs were evaluated as catalysts for methyl orange dye degradation, and the results confirmed that SNPs can speed up the degradation of the dye.
Photodegradation of Binary Azo Dyes Using Core-Shell Fe3O4/SiO2/TiO2 Nanospheres  [PDF]
Eman Alzahrani
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2017.81008
Abstract: Photodegradation has emerged as an environmentally friendly method of decomposing harmful dyes in wastewater. In this study, core-shell Fe3O4/SiO2/ TiO2 nanospheres with magnetic cores were obtained from synthesised magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles through the precipitation method, the surface of the magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles was coated with a silica (SiO2) layer by hydrolysis of tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) as a silica source, and finally, Fe3O4/SiO2 nanospheres were coated with titanium (TiO2) layer using tetrabutyltitanate (TBT) as a precursor through the sol-gel process. The morphology and structure of the prepared materials were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectrometry (EDAX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The photocatalytic activities of the prepared core-shell nanospheres were studied using binary azo dyes, namely methyl orange (anionic dye, MO) and methylene blue (cationic dye, MB) in aqueous solution under UV light irradiation (365 nm), and UV-Vis spectrophotometer was utilised to monitor the amount of each dye in the mixture. It was found that 90.2% and 100% of binary MO and MB were removed for 5 h, respectively. The results revealed that the efficiency of the photocatalytic degradation of the core-shell nanospheres was not degreased after five runs that can be used as recyclable photocatalysts. The results show that the performance of the prepared core-shell nanospheres was better than that of commercial TiO2 nanoparticles. Moreover, the magnetic separation properties of the core-shell Fe3O4/SiO2/TiO2 nanospheres can enable the prepared materials to have wider application prospects.
Induction of Cytochrome P450 1A1 as a Biomarker of Benzo-a-pyrene Pollution in Egyptian Fresh Water Fish
M.A Hassanain,Eman H Abdel-Rahman,S Abo-Hegab,M.A.A Tawfik
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The activity of Ethoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase (EROD) in the liver of Oreochromis niloticus and Clarias gariepinus was evaluated as a response to experimental and natural contamination of water with Benzo-a-pyrene and/or cadmium. The activity was measured fluorimetrically in the hepatic S9 fraction while the content of the enzyme was measured by ELISA. The response appeared as early as six hours post exposure. This study also reveled that Oreochromis niloticus exhibits higher values of EROD activity than that of Clarias gariepinus. CYP450 1A1 content showed lower responsiveness when compared to EROD activity measurements. The present study also estimated the inhibitory effect of cadmium on CYP450 1A1 induction. The current results demonstrate that EROD activity reflects contamination of water with benzo-a-pyrene as a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compound. Consequently it is a useful biomarker for monitoring this type of pollution.
The Clinical Pharmacology of Propofol:A Brief Review  [PDF]
Mohamed Abo El Hamd
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.38078

The following article has been retracted due to the investigation of complaints received against it. The Editorial Board found that substantial portions of the text came from other published papers. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter, and the OJAnes treats all unethical behavior such as plagiarism seriously. This paper published in Vol.3 No. 8, 367-373pages, 2013, has been removed from this site.

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