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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 404 matches for " Elvis Tshunza Kateba "
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Sociodemographic and Anthropometric Profile of Positive HIV Patients in Early Traditional Treatment: Case of the Bonkoko Center  [PDF]
Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Elvis Tshunza Kateba, Berry Ikolango Bongenia, Victor Nyiama Kasongo, Micheline Abiba Kingombe, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104555
Abstract:
Context: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Antiretroviral (ART) drug coverage is still very low throughout the country. Hence, a large number of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) use traditional treatment made from plants to fight the HIV infection and the opportunistic infection associated to it. Objective: The objective of this work was to evaluate the clinical parameters; para clinical and socio-demographic studies at the beginning of treatment of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) who adhere to traditional treatment in Kinshasa. Methods: A cohort study was conducted in the Bonkoko center with a baseline of 3 months; 97 HIV positive patients were included randomly according to the specific inclusion criteria from January 11, 2016 to April 11, 2016. Clinical, biological and socio-demographic parameters were recorded in all patients at baseline. Results: A total of 97 patients were selected for the job. A total of 79 women (81%) and 18 men (19%) participated voluntarily. The mean age was 40.8 ± 10 years and the most represented age range was 36 - 45 years. The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) is 23.07 ± 3.8 at baseline. The married dominated the sample while the dominant religion was the other religions called revival. The level of study that dominated the population was the secondary level. The mean biological values at baseline were as follows: Glycaemia 85 ± 19 mg/dl; Urea 22.5 ± 6.66 mg/dl; Creatinine 0.88 ± 0.22 mg/dl; Total cholesterol 169.6 ± 37.7 mg/dl; HDL 52.6 ± 15.1 mg/dl; LDL 96.4 ± 31.4 mg/dl; Triglyceride 102.8 ± 47 mg/dl; SGPT 23.3 ± 11.1 UI/L; SGOT 22.3 ± 10 UI/L; Amylase 81.9 ± 31.1 UI/L; and the median values for CD4 was 220 cells/ml and for the Viral Load was 4.10 log10 copies of RNA/ml. Conclusion: This study showed that patients who adhere to traditional medicine for the treatment of HIV infection are not different from those starting Antiretroviral into modern centers. The patient is in search of wellness and what is better. These patients followed by Traditional Medicine must be considered and taken care of in an integral way like all PLHIV followed by modern medicine.
Infection with Hepatitis B and C Virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Public Health Problem  [PDF]
Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Berry Ikolango Bongenya, Jean-Yves Debels Kabasele, Médard Omakoy Okonda, Divine Chuga, Christian Tshisumbu, Elvis Tshunza Kateba, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104760
Abstract:
Background: Viral hepatitis represents a major public health burden with more than 375 million people with chronic hepatitis B infection and 130 to 150 million with hepatitis C for 2016. Sub-Saharan Africa has the heaviest burden of the epidemic. Objective: The objective of this review is to present the characteristics of hepatitis B and C infections (HBV and HCV), present the synthesis and estimate its magnitude in the Democratic Republic of Congo for the last 20 years. Methods: This work consisted in cataloging the various published articles and abstracts presented in scientific conferences having as subject of interest the infection with viral hepatitis B and C in the DRC. The search for these published works on different infections was done on the internet from different search engines. The research was limited to published works and abstracts presented over the last 20 years. Pediatric studies, studies in patients with renal or hepatic infections or without original data were not included in this review. Results: According to the various works published and presented in conference since 1997, the populations targeted for the investigations on the hepatitis B and C infections are the poly-transfused, the blood donors and the People Living with HIV. Seven (7) works have been documented for the DRC meeting the various selection criteria. In 1999, the carriage of HBV infection was 9.2% in Kinshasa. In 2000, the carriage of HBV was 5.9% while that of HCV was 4.8% in Kinshasa. In 2001, the portage of HCV was 5.0% in Kinshasa. In 2004, the prevalence of HBs antigen was 5.4% in Kisangani. In 2008, the prevalence of HBV and HCV was 8% and 4% respectively in Bukavu. In 2008, seroprevalences of HBV and HCV were respectively 4.2% and 3.8% in Bukavu. In 2012 and 2013, prevalence of HCV was 5.8% and 5.2% respectively in Kinshasa. Conclusions: Although often asymptomatic, viral hepatitis B and C are a public health problem for the Democratic Republic of Congo. The prevalence of these viral infections is far superior to that of HIV infection in Blood Transfusion Centers across the country.
Rethinking the Individual's Place in an African (Esan) Ontology
Elvis Imafidon
Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10193-011-0006-z
Abstract: The paper challenges the dominant view of the individual's place in an African (Esan) structure of Being or culture as one cast in the midst, and subject to the operations of (spiritual) forces, which are independently real and existent and can make or mar the individual's existence based on the kind of relationship he/she establishes with them. The individual is expected to have reverence and awe for these forces; hence he/she is consistently striving to fit into the established structure of Being for his/her own good. The paper asserts that this is not a fair situation because it is the individual who conceptualizes and constructs such an idea of Being to account for his/her perplexing, multifaceted experiences and his/her ontological wonder; the individual is the fundament of Being; he/she illuminates Being. Thus, though the structure of Being in which the Esan finds himself/herself playing important roles in his/her life and in the society, he/she must not always strive to fit into it, particularly when it outlasts its suitability for answering fundamental and baffling questions that keep confronting the individual in his/her existence. Since Being keeps unfolding and our knowledge of the Being-process is never complete, the individual must therefore consistently revisit, re-conceptualize and improve on the prevalent conception or structure of Being in order to account for current experiences that confront him/her.
ARE THEY WATCHING? TEST-TAKER VIEWING BEHAVIOR DURING AN L2 VIDEO LISTENING TEST
Elvis Wagner
Language Learning and Technology , 2007,
Abstract: The accessibility of video technology has made it possible to utilize both the auditory and visual channels to present listening texts in the second language (L2) classroom and on L2 listening tests. However, there has been little research investigating the extent to which L2 listeners actually watch the video monitor when presented with a listening video text. The current study investigated test-taker behavior on an L2 video listening test. Thirty-six test-takers were videotaped while taking a listening test composed of six separate video texts, and the amount of time test-takers made eye contact with the video monitor was computed. An analysis of the data indicated that the group of participants oriented to the video monitor 69% of the time while the video text was played. In addition, the study yielded valuable information concerning the consistency of the test-takers’ viewing behavior.
The Concept Of Person In An African Culture And Its Implication For Social Order
Elvis Imafidon
Lumina , 2012,
Abstract: The concept of a person held by a group of people is fundamental in understanding not only how a person within such framework of thought views himself but also how other matters such as the idea of being, morality, knowledge and truth that are essential for the ordering of the society are viewed. This is emphasised by the fact that such a concept encapsulates the role the society expects the individual to play for the attainment of an orderly society. The paper attempts an examination of the descriptive and normative concepts of a person common to many African communities with the aim of determining the role such a theory of person played in the actualization of social order in such communities and what lessons contemporary African societies can learn from such in meeting the challenges of current experiences.
Efficacious non-viral methods of reprogramming somatic cells
Elvis Cela
University of Toronto Journal of Undergraduate Life Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have demonstrated considerable potential in ex-vivo genetic manipulation and patient specific cell therapy. Adult somatic or mouse fibroblast cells are reprogrammed to iPS cells via retrovirus mediated transfer of four genes. While this procedure has yielded a high transfection efficiency with stable expression of the transgenes, it is associated with insertional mutagenesis and immunogenic responses. The safety of this method is still questionable given the development of leukemia and adverse immune responses to viral vectors in several gene therapy trials. Advances in non-viral gene delivery systems have been largely overlooked due to their inability to maintain expression for prolonged periods of time. While this is a substantial disadvantage in gene therapy, it represents a lesser concern in iPS therapy where expression of reprogramming factors is required for only eight to twelve days. Recent studies utilizing transposons, the PhiC3 integrase, and episomal vectors have show promising results in their potential utility as reprogramming methods in somatic cells. This paper reviews non-viral methods of gene delivery and discusses their potential benefits along with disadvantages as alternative methods to viral methods of gene transfer. Eliminating the effects of viral gene delivery or substituting it for a safer alternative represents a substantial barrier to overcome in order to significantly speed up introduction of cell based therapies to clinical trials.
AXAF in Context: A Revolution
Martin Elvis
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: The unique power of AXAF (NASA's Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility) - due for launch in late 1988 - make it both the culmination of 20 years of X-ray astronomy, and a new starting point for X-ray astrophysics. This short paper tries to show just how revolutionary AXAF is.
A Structure for Quasars
Martin Elvis
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S1387-6473(00)00099-3
Abstract: We propose a simple unifying structure for the inner regions of quasars and AGN. This empirically derived model links together the BALs, the narrow UV/X-ray ionized absorbers, the BELR, and the Compton scattering/fluorescing regions into a single structure. The model also suggests an origin for the large-scale bi-conical outflows. Some other potential implications of this structure are discussed.
Thermal Limit Spectroscopy as a Goal for X-ray Astronomy
Martin Elvis
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: The R~300-1000 grating spectra from XMM-Newton and Chandra are a radical advance, allowing spectroscopic physics techniques to be applied to X-ray astronomy, revolutionizing a wide range of research. Ten years on these spectra will be routine, and higher resolution will be needed. I propose ``Thermal Limit Spectroscopy'' as the next natural goal for X-ray spectroscopy. This will open up new physics: plasma physics, velocity widths, Doppler shifts, line profiles, and absorption lines in photoionized plasmas. A resolution of R=3000-10,000 is required, and the technology is within reach.
Tests of a Structure for Quasars
Martin Elvis
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: The model I recently proposed for the structure of quasars (astro-ph/0008064) claims to unify all the emission, absorption and reflection phenomenology of quasars and AGN, and so is heavily overconstrained and readily tested. Here I concentrate on how the model has performed against tests since publication - with many of the tests being reported at this meeting. I then begin to explore how these and future tests can discriminate between this wind model and 3 well-defined alternatives.
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