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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1696 matches for " Ellen Vedel "
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Screening on Perpetration and Victimization of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV): Two Studies on the Validity of an IPV Screening Instrument in Patients in Substance Abuse Treatment
Fleur L. Kraanen, Ellen Vedel, Agnes Scholing, Paul M. G. Emmelkamp
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063681
Abstract: Background About 50% of patients in substance abuse treatment with a partner perpetrated and/or experienced intimate partner violence in the past year. To date, there are no screeners to identify both perpetrators and victims of partner intimate violence in a substance abusing population. We developed a 4 item screening instrument for this purpose, the Jellinek Inventory for assessing Partner Violence (J-IPV). Important strengths of the J-IPV are that it takes only 2 minutes to administer and is easy to use and to score. Methods To investigate the validity of the J-IPV, two independent studies were conducted including 98 and 99 participants, respectively. Aim of the second study was to cross-validate findings from the first study. Psychometric properties of the J-IPV were determined by calculating sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and positive and negative likelihood ratio’s by comparing J-IPV outcomes to outcomes on the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (‘gold standard’). Also, receiver operator characteristics (ROC)-curves were determined to weight sensitivity and specificity as a result of different J-IPV cutoffs, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Results Results of the first study demonstrated that the J-IPV possesses good psychometric properties to detect perpetrators and victims of any as well as severe intimate partner violence. Results from the second study replicated findings from the first study. Conclusions We recommend administering the J-IPV to patients entering substance abuse treatment. If perpetrators and victims of partner violence are identified, action can be taken to stop IPV perpetration and arrange help for victims, for example by offering perpetrators treatment or by providing safety planning or advocacy interventions to victims.
Jean Rivero. Un gran jurista, especialista en derechos humanos
Georges Vedel
Boletín mexicano de derecho comparado , 2002,
Abstract:
The Effects of Centralised and Specialised Intervention in the Early Course of Severe Unipolar Depressive Disorder: A Randomised Clinical Trial
Hanne Vibe Hansen, Ellen Margrethe Christensen, Henrik Dam, Christian Gluud, J?rn Wetterslev, Lars Vedel Kessing, the Early Intervention Affective Disorders (EIA) Trial Group
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032950
Abstract: Background Little is known on whether centralised and specialised combined pharmacological and psychological intervention in the early phase of severe unipolar depression improve prognosis. The aim of the present study was to assess the benefits and harms of centralised and specialised secondary care intervention in the early course of severe unipolar depression. Methods A randomised multicentre trial with central randomisation and blinding in relation to the primary outcome comparing a centralised and specialised outpatient intervention program with standard decentralised psychiatric treatment. The interventions were offered at discharge from first, second, or third hospitalisation due to a single depressive episode or recurrent depressive disorder. The primary outcome was time to readmission to psychiatric hospital. The data on re-hospitalisation was obtained from the Danish Psychiatric Central Register. The secondary and tertiary outcomes were severity of depressive symptoms according to the Major Depression Inventory, adherence to medical treatment, and satisfaction with treatment according to the total score on the Verona Service Satisfaction Scale-Affective Disorder (VSSS-A). These outcomes were assessed using questionnaires one year after discharge from hospital. Results A total of 268 patients with unipolar depression were included. There was no significant difference in the time to readmission (unadjusted hazard ratio 0.89, 95% confidence interval 0.60 to 1.32; log rank: χ2 = 0.3, d.f. = 1, p = 0.6); severity of depressive symptoms (mood disorder clinic: median 21.6, quartiles 9.7–31.2 versus standard treatment: median 20.2, quartiles 10.0–29.8; p = 0.7); or the prevalence of patients in antidepressant treatment (73.9% versus 80.0%, p = 0.2). Centralised and specialised secondary care intervention resulted in significantly higher satisfaction with treatment (131 (SD 31.8) versus 107 (SD 25.6); p<0.001). Conclusions Centralised and specialised secondary care intervention in the early course of severe unipolar depression resulted in no significant effects on time to rehospitalisation, severity of symptoms, or use of antidepressants, but increased patient satisfaction. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00253071
ON THE VARIANCE OF LOCAL STEREOLOGICAL VOLUME ESTIMATORS
Eva B Vedel Jensen
Image Analysis and Stereology , 2000, DOI: 10.5566/ias.v19.p15-18
Abstract: In the present paper, the variance of local stereological volume estimators is studied. For isotropic designs, the variance depends on the shape of the body under study and the choice of reference point. It can be expressed in terms of an equivalent star body. For a collection of triaxial ellipsoids the variance is determined by simulation. The problem of estimating particle size distributions from central sections through the particles is also discussed.
A strong optimality result for anisotropic self--similar textures
M. Clausel,B. Vedel
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In previous works, we proposed a method to characterize jointly self-similarity and anisotropy properties of a large class of self--similar Gaussian random fields. We provide here a mathematical analysis of our approach, proving that the sharpest way of measuring smoothness is related to these anisotropies and thus to the geometry of these fields.
Sample paths properties of Gaussian fields with equivalent spectral densities
M. Clausel,B. Vedel
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We prove that if $X$ and $Y$ are two Gaussian fields with equivalent spectral densities, they have the same sample paths properties in any separable Banach space continuously embedded in $\mathcal{C}^0(K)$ where $K$ is a compact set of $\mathbb{R}^d$.
An optimality result about sample path properties of Operator Scaling Gaussian Random Fields
M. Clausel,B. Vedel
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We study the sample paths properties of Operator scaling Gaussian random fields. Such fields are anisotropic generalizations of anisotropic self-similar random fields as anisotropic Fractional Brownian Motion. Some characteristic properties of the anisotropy are revealed by the regularity of the sample paths. The sharpest way of measuring smoothness is related to these anisotropies and thus to the geometry of these fields.
Passing the Buck, or Thinking about Experience? Conditions for Professional Development among Teachers in a Norwegian Middle School  [PDF]
Ellen Ramvi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.52014
Abstract: This paper uses psychoanalytic ideas to explore obstacles and conditions for learning from experience among teachers. In specific, this is about consequences of failure in relationships. A particular situation that happened during an ethnographic study in a middle school in Norway is used to get as close as possible to a teacher’s feelings and perceptions of a frustrating situation. The situation is followed up to understand how the individual teacher tried to deal with the problem and how her colleagues and the school management tried to support and help her. Interpreting the situation to involve violation of all dimensions of the teacher’s subjectivity (personal, professional and cultural), the problem seems to be too complex to deal with in the school organization. It seems as if teachers and leadership unconsciously avoid unbearable feelings, with the consequence that violation of the teachers is not recognised, and thus not possible to learn from. Problems were repeated rather than understood.
Pétain, premier des résistants selon la BBC
Audrey Bonnéry-Vedel
Synergies Royaume-Uni et Irlande , 2009,
Abstract: l est étonnant de voir comment la Compagnie de radiodiffusion britannique n’hésite pas à présenter le maréchal Pétain à la tête de la résistance passive fran aise. Selon un discours très protecteur à l’égard du chef de l’Etat, sa dénonciation du régime de Vichy n’est pas immédiate. Ce n’est qu’au printemps 1942 avec le retour de Pierre Laval au pouvoir qu’elle durcit le ton. Ce qui surprend, c’est la manière dont Pétain continue d’être exclu de la critique malgré l’attaque du gouvernement de Vichy et de sa politique intérieure. En fait, la BBC utilise l’opinion maréchaliste pour rassembler les Fran ais autour de la lutte contre l’ennemi allemand. Un tournant s’opère toutefois au cours de l’été 1943 quand le maréchal est dénoncé comme l’un des principaux responsables des horreurs du régime et de la collaboration. Cela correspond chronologiquement au moment de la reconnaissance officielle par la Grande-Bretagne et la BBC du Comité fran ais de libération nationale nouvellement créé sous la coprésidence des généraux de Gaulle et Giraud.
Standardized Sampling Protocol For Spider Community Assessment In The Neotropical Rainforest
Vedel Vincent,Lalagüe Hadrien
Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies , 2013,
Abstract:
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