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Relatives’ experiences of everyday life when receiving day care services for persons with dementia living at home  [PDF]
Gunn Eva Solum Myren, Ingela Enmarker, Ellen Saur, Ove Hellzen
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58166

Relatives often become involved in the care of people with dementia who are living at home. The caregivers’ burdens are extensively described in several studies, and one of the most common, unmet needs of the caregivers is the opportunity for daytime activities. The aim in this qualitative study is therefore to explore the everyday lives of eight relatives of people with dementia who are receiving day care services. A content analysis is used, and three major themes emerge and are discussed: 1) when life becomes chaotic; 2) rebuilding a new, everyday life; and 3) the agonies of choice. The findings indicate that day care service offers respite care, and, at the same time, it gives both the relatives and those with dementia a meaningful day. These findings can also be described as relatives traveling a route from a situation characterized by chaos and suffering to a new life situation that has meaning through day care services. It is important to note that despite this new meaning in the relatives’ lives, the relatives continue to struggle with decisions about the futures of their loves ones in regard to the dilemma of placing them in an institution versus aging in place.

“Being Free Like a Bird”―The Meaning of Being an Informal Caregiver for Persons with Dementia Who Are Receiving Day Care Services  [PDF]
Gunn Eva Solum Myren, Ingela Enmarker, Ellen Saur, Ove Hellzen
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.52013
Abstract: Respite care in the form of day care is one of the several respite services that aims to provide temporary relief to informal caregivers from their responsibilities of caring for a person with dementia. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the meaning of being an informal caregiver for a person with dementia living at home and receiving day care services. Narrative interviews were conducted, and data were analyzed using the phenomenological hermeneutic method. Two main themes emerged: “Living with limitations in everyday life” and “Having a life besides being a caregiver”. The comprehensive understanding suggested living with a person with dementia, changes and influences the informal caregiver’s life through a set of new roles and a new way of living and thinking. The result is discussed in light of Goffman’s analysis of the structures of social encounters from the perspective of the dramatic performance.
The Influence of Place on Everyday Life: Observations of Persons with Dementia in Regular Day Care and at the Green Care Farm  [PDF]
Gunn Eva Solum Myren, Ingela Enmarker, Ove Hellzen, Ellen Saur
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.92018
Abstract: Day care services for persons with dementia are becoming an important aspect of community services. Place, therefore, becomes vital concerning how such establishments are organized regarding both the physical and social environment and the programs that are offered. The aim of this study was to describe the influence of place on everyday life in two different organized daycare services for persons with dementia. Based on observations and informal conversations with persons with dementia and staff members at a green care farm and a regular day care, we used an inductive manifest content analysis. The analysis reveals a main category: enabling and collaboration in daily life. The results are discussed in light of Goffman’s analysis of the structures of social encounters from the perspective of the dramatic performance. The main findings in this study involve how place contributes to enabling activities and collaboration between participants and staff, as it influences participants’ ability to achieve an active or passive role in everyday life at the day care services.
Passing the Buck, or Thinking about Experience? Conditions for Professional Development among Teachers in a Norwegian Middle School  [PDF]
Ellen Ramvi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.52014
Abstract: This paper uses psychoanalytic ideas to explore obstacles and conditions for learning from experience among teachers. In specific, this is about consequences of failure in relationships. A particular situation that happened during an ethnographic study in a middle school in Norway is used to get as close as possible to a teacher’s feelings and perceptions of a frustrating situation. The situation is followed up to understand how the individual teacher tried to deal with the problem and how her colleagues and the school management tried to support and help her. Interpreting the situation to involve violation of all dimensions of the teacher’s subjectivity (personal, professional and cultural), the problem seems to be too complex to deal with in the school organization. It seems as if teachers and leadership unconsciously avoid unbearable feelings, with the consequence that violation of the teachers is not recognised, and thus not possible to learn from. Problems were repeated rather than understood.
A Tecnologia da Informa??o na Reforma do Estado: Considera??es sobre a presta??o de servi?os de informática na área pública
Saur, Ricardo Adolfo de Campos;
Ciência da Informa??o , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-19651997000100012
Abstract: focus is on the question f organizational models adopted by public data processing companies, and their possible restructuring to meet the needs of their users, in the midst of the profound changes in the technological platforms which have been traditionally used. the intention of the ministry of federal administration and state reform is to contribute to having the debate continue, by emphsizing the availability of public information to citizens
Forward Modeling of Reduced Power Spectra From Three-Dimensional k-Space
Michael von Papen,Joachim Saur
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/806/1/116
Abstract: We present results from a numerical forward model to evaluate one-dimensional reduced power spectral densities (PSD) from arbitrary energy distributions in $\mathbf{k}$-space. In this model, we can separately calculate the diagonal elements of the spectral tensor for incompressible axisymmetric turbulence with vanishing helicity. Given a critically balanced turbulent cascade with $k_\|\sim k_\perp^\alpha$ and $\alpha<1$, we explore the implications on the reduced PSD as a function of frequency. The spectra are obtained under the assumption of Taylor's hypothesis. We further investigate the functional dependence of the spectral index $\kappa$ on the field-to-flow angle $\theta$ between plasma flow and background magnetic field from MHD to electron kinetic scales. We show that critically balanced turbulence asymptotically develops toward $\theta$-independent spectra with a slope corresponding to the perpendicular cascade. This occurs at a transition frequency $f_{2D}(L,\alpha,\theta)$, which is analytically estimated and depends on outer scale $L$, critical balance exponent $\alpha$ and field-to-flow angle $\theta$. We discuss anisotropic damping terms acting on the $\mathbf{k}$-space distribution of energy and their effects on the PSD. Further, we show that the spectral anisotropies $\kappa(\theta)$ as found by Horbury et al. (2008) and Chen et al. (2010) in the solar wind are in accordance with a damped critically balanced cascade of kinetic Alfv\'en waves. We also model power spectra obtained by von Papen et al. (2014) in Saturn's plasma sheet and find that the change of spectral indices inside $9\,R_\mathrm{s}$ can be explained by damping on electron scales.
E-mentoring as a Critical E-learning Approach: The Impact of Social Presence on E-mentoring  [PDF]
Ellen A. Ensher
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B1001
Abstract: One important form of e-learning is e-mentoring. Virtual mentoring can occur within the context of formal organiza- tional programs or develop spontaneously between individuals online. While e-mentoring is burgeoning as a practice, theoretical research related to this important phenomenon has been limited. The purpose of this paper is to suggest that social presence theory presents a useful conceptual framework for understanding mentors’ willingness to participate in e-mentoring relationship and on their satisfaction. In sum, mentoring relationships that offer a blended approach with both high and low social presence forms of computer-mediated-communication (CMC) will be more satisfying to men- tors than those with low social presence CMC forms only. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Qualidades psicométricas do Questionário de Capacidades e Dificuldades: revis?o da literatura
Saur, Adriana Martins;Loureiro, Sonia Regina;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2012000400016
Abstract: the strengths and difficulties questionnaire is a broadly investigated tool, available for use free of charge, with the aim of assessing the mental health of children and adolescents. given the importance of using standardized instruments for assessing mental health indicators, the aim of this study was to review scientific literature related to the psychometric properties of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire. a search in medline, psycinfo and lilacs databases was performed, starting from year of the original publication of the questionnaire, from 1997 to 2010, using the keywords: strengths and difficulties questionnaire and psychometric properties, and strengths and difficulties questionnaire and validity or reliability. fifty-one psychometric studies were selected and analyzed. the results indicated positive levels of validity and reliability in 21 countries, including brazil, highlighting its crosscultural range and applicability in the area of mental health for children and adolescents.
25 years of knowledge creation processes in pharmaceutical contemporary trends
Kofinas,Alexander; Saur-Amaral,Irina;
Comportamento Organizacional e Gest?o , 2008,
Abstract: the pharmaceutical industry is knowledge and research-intensive. due to technological, socio-political and organisational changes there has been a continuous evolution in the knowledge base utilized to achieve and maintain competitive advantages in this global industry. there is a gap in analysing the linkages and effects of those changes on knowledge creation processes associated with pharmaceutical r&d activities. our paper looks to fill this gap. we built on an idiosyncratic research approach - the systematic literature review - and looked to unearth current trends affecting knowledge creation in international/global pharmaceutical r&d. we reviewed scientific papers published between 1980 and 2005. key findings include promising trends in pharmaceutical innovation and human resource management, and their potential implications on current r&d practices within the pharmaceutical industry, from managerial and policy-making perspectives.
Relación archivo municipal-biblioteca pública : el caso de Palafrugell
Fenoll Clarabuch, Carme,Saurí Ros, M. Concepció
BiD : Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació , 2011, DOI: 10.1344/105.000001800
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of cooperation between the Town Archive and the Public Library in Palafrugell (Baix Empordà, Catalonia) over the past 10 years. The transfer of these two services to new facilities (the library in 2011 and the archive in 2002), has meant an increase in staff and resources, and has made possible joint initiatives in response to shared user needs, raising resource efficiency and profitability. Most of the measures described do not require large investments of resources and are just a small sample of the cooperative projects taking place between facilities in a common sociodemographic context in Catalonia.
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