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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5453 matches for " Elisabeth;Braga "
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The child and family facing the perioperative
Fernanda Braga Hernandes, Maria Elisabeth Cestari
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: This study aimed at knowing and understanding the feelings expressed by the pediatric patient and its family members when facing the perioperative. In order to provide subsidies to understand the exposed theme, a setting of theoretical reference was proposed, starting with the knowledge produced by a group of authors who contemplate referring questions: the family; the family facing the perioperative and its emotional aspects; the family as a client; the Nursing assistance and the family education. It had a descriptive, exploratory character, with qualitative analysis of data. Eight hospitalized pediatric clients were subjects of the investigation, place in the ages between 5 and 12 years old, and its family companions. The field research included the simple observation, the semi-structured interview and the drawing as an instrument. The data collected was analysed with the help of theoretical reference and were grouped according to its similarities from which three moments appeared. The first moment corresponds the period previous to the surgery; approaches the trajectory taken by the family in order to have the surgery done, therefore, their “arrival” at the hospital and taking the patient to the Surgical Center and describes the relative aspects to the pre operative preparation. The second period presents how the subjects were feeling while waiting for the end of the surgery. The third period approach the remembrances (or not) of the procedure by the child and describes the family reports after the surgery, including the expectation for news about the result of the procedure and the post operation care. In the pre operation the family expect to have a medical appointment, schedule a surgery and have it done. In the trans operation, the family is expecting for information concerning the surgery itself as well as wait for the end of it. In the post operation period, the family is still waiting for the result of the surgery, the care to be taken and for the discharge from the hospital of the subject. It is also highlighted the absence of the nurse who was not present in any of the observed moments as well as was not mentioned by the subjects. To conclude, the knowledge of the feelings of the families concerning the surgical situation and its related factors can be used to plan, make adequate and improve the assistance developed by the professionals, acknowledging the importance of the psychosocial and emotional aspects which involve the client and the family.
Alternative substrates for growth and production of potted chrysanthemum (cv. Funny) = Substratos alternativos para o crescimento e produ o do crisantemo (cv. Funny) em vaso
Simone Braga Terra,Antonio Augusto Fonseca Ferreira,Roberta Marins Nogueira Peil,Elisabeth Regina Tempel Stumpf
Acta Scientiarum : Agronomy , 2011,
Abstract: The identification of alternative substrates that are suitable for theproduction of potted plants is very important. To this end, we studied the influence of different substrates on the growth and production of potted chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev cv. Funny). A completely randomized design with four treatments and twelve replicates was used. Each treatment consisted of the following substrates: i) carbonized rice husks; ii) commercial substrate; iii) mixture of vermiculite and carbonized rice husks in a 1:1 proportion; and iv) mixture of vermiculite and washed sand in a 1:1 proportion. Satisfactory results were obtained with alternative substrates, indicating that rice husks can be used as a sole or partial substrate for potted chrysanthemum cultivation, creating a possible new use for this regional agro-industry waste product. Using rice husk as a substrate promoted bud diameters 6% larger than the commercial substrate usually used in Brazil. A indica o de substratos alternativos, que sejam viáveis para a produ o de plantas em vaso é de grande relevancia. Neste sentido,estudou-se a influência de diferentes substratos no crescimento e produ o do crisantemo. (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev cv. Funny). Foi adotado o delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro tratamentos e 12 repeti es. Cada tratamento consistiu dos seguintes substratos: i) casca de arroz carbonizada; ii) substrato comercial;iii) mistura de vermiculita e casca de arroz carbonizada na propor o 1:1; e iv) mistura de areia lavada e vermiculita na propor o 1:1. Resultados satisfatórios foram obtidos com os substratos alternativos estudados, demonstrando que a casca de arroz carbonizada pode ser usada no cultivo do crisantemo de vaso como substrato ou parte desse, tornando possível o reuso desse rejeito agroindustrial. A casca de arroz carbonizada como substrato promoveu diametro do bot o 6% maior em rela o ao substrato comercial, geralmente, usado no Brasil.
Translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - interviewer-Rated (FAS-IR)
Gomes, Juliana Braga;Calvocoressi, Lisa;Van Noppen, Barbara;Pato, Michele;Meyer, Elisabeth;Braga, Daniela Tusi;Kristensen, Christian Haag;Cordioli, Aristides Volpato;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082010000300007
Abstract: objective: to describe the process of translation and adaptation into brazilian portuguese of the family accommodation scale for obsessive-compulsive disorder - interviewer-rated (fas-ir). method: the process of translation and adaptation of the scale involved four bilingual health professionals. the scale was initially translated into brazilian portuguese independently by two professionals. then, the two versions were compared, resulting in a preliminary portuguese version that was administered to 15 relatives of patients diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (ocd) with different education levels, deliberately chosen to collect language adjustment suggestions. subsequently, the scale was translated back into english independently by two other professionals. after comparing the two back translations, a new english version was generated. this version was reviewed and approved by the authors of the original scale. results: the brazilian portuguese version of the fas-ir proved to be easily understood and can be used in relatives of ocd patients from different socioeconomic backgrounds. conclusion: adaptation of the fas-ir into brazilian portuguese will enable health professionals to assess the level of accommodation in relatives of ocd patients and allows the development of future studies aimed at 1) studying the influence of family accommodation on maintaining and possibly facilitating ocd symptoms, and 2) assessing the effect of family accommodation on treatment outcomes in portuguese-speaking populations.
Turmeric and Vitamin E on the Performance and Quality of Eggs from White Layers  [PDF]
Christine Laganá, Erika S. P. Braga Saldanha, José Roberto Sartori, Elisabeth Gonzales, Renato Luis Luciano, Greice Zanatta, Vitor Barbosa Fascina
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/as.2019.106056
Abstract: A 112-day experiment was conducted to evaluate turmeric and vitamin E levels on the productive performance and quality of hen eggs. A total of 432 20-week-old white layers were used, distributed in an entirely randomized design, in a 4 × 3 factor scheme (turmeric extract levels and vitamin E levels), with 6 repetitions of 6 birds per cage. The treatments consisted of four levels of turmeric extract inclusion (0; 0.1; 0.2 and 0.3) and three levels of vitamin E inclusion (0; 50 and 100 IU/kg). Egg quality was evaluated at each 28-day cycle through the variables specific gravity, yolk percentage, albumen percentage, shell percentage and thickness, Haugh unit, yolk index and staining, and production performance: weight, egg production and mass, feed intake, feed conversion (kg/kg; kg/dz), and mortality. The addition of vitamin E alone worsened feed intake, egg weight and feed conversion of layers. Turmeric added to 100 IU of Vit E improved egg mass indices, Haugh Unit and yolk index and intensified yolk staining. The amount of turmeric used in this experiment was not sufficient to improve the performance or egg quality of the birds.
Alternative substrates for growth and production of potted chrysanthemum (cv. Funny)
Terra, Simone Braga;Ferreira, Antonio Augusto Fonseca;Peil, Roberta Marins Nogueira;Stumpf, Elisabeth Regina Tempel;Beckmann-Cavalcante, Márkilla Zunete;Cavalcante, ítalo Herbert Lucena;
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , 2011, DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v33i3.6991
Abstract: the identification of alternative substrates that are suitable for the production of potted plants is very important. to this end, we studied the influence of different substrates on the growth and production of potted chrysanthemum (dendranthema grandiflora tzvelev cv. funny). a completely randomized design with four treatments and twelve replicates was used. each treatment consisted of the following substrates: i) carbonized rice husks; ii) commercial substrate; iii) mixture of vermiculite and carbonized rice husks in a 1:1 proportion; and iv) mixture of vermiculite and washed sand in a 1:1 proportion. satisfactory results were obtained with alternative substrates, indicating that rice husks can be used as a sole or partial substrate for potted chrysanthemum cultivation, creating a possible new use for this regional agro-industry waste product. using rice husk as a substrate promoted bud diameters 6% larger than the commercial substrate usually used in brazil.
Reasons for Prophylactic Mastectomy in Women Carrying BRCA 1/2 Mutation: A Systematic Literature Review  [PDF]
Manuel Machado, Sofia Braga
Advances in Breast Cancer Research (ABCR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abcr.2013.23017
Abstract:

Although the majority of breast cancers are sporadic, it is estimated that between 5% and 10% of cases are hereditary and mostly associated with BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 mutations. Women with BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 mutation present up to 95% increased risk of breast cancer and are advised to take preventive measures. Surveillance, chemoprevention and prophylactic surgery (mastectomy and oophorectomy) are risk-reducing strategies. This literature review aims to respond to two major questions: 1) to what extent is the decision-making for prophylactic mastectomy in women with the BRCA mutation a more relevant option than other strategies, and 2) what are the major factors influencing the decision for mastectomy? For this purpose, 27 published articles were reviewed. Results show: a) the decision for mastectomy is more frequent in women carrying BRCA 1/2 mutation than in non-carriers; mastectomy being less frequent than oophorectomy; b) the decision-making is significantly associated with BRCA mutation, parity, age and family history; c) reasons underlying women decision-making relate to anxiety toward the risk of cancer, concerns with surgery, body-image and sexuality. It is discussed that, due to the complexity of the decision-making process, these cases require a careful and meticulous approach regarding information provided, and in addressing concerns.

Battle against Aging and Folds: Benefit and Risks of the Semi-Permanent Fillers Polylactic Acid and Calcium Hydroxylapatite  [PDF]
Elisabeth Hanf, Ursula Gresser
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.32021
Abstract:

Background: Semi-permanent fillers are among the most favorable fillers on the market. Through their unique mode of action and its associated lasting aesthetic effect, they take an exceptional position. Objective: To compare the two semi-permanent fillers Poly-L-Lactic Acid (PLLA) and calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) in reference to the aesthetic result, patient satisfaction and side effects. Methods: Studies on side effects, patient satisfaction and aesthetic results after augmentation with semi-permanent fillers were analyzed. Results: Semi-permanent fillers seem excellently suited for the augmentation of very deep wrinkles particularly in the lower half of the face. In general, high patient satisfaction can be determined with both fillers. Here, the effect from the polylactic acid can be verified for up to two years while no effect could be verified already after one year in a majority of the patients augmented with CaHA. Short-term side effects such as bleedings or erythema in the region of the augmented area have been observed in both fillers during augmentation. The incidence of nodules and granulomas seems significantly higher in augmentations with PLLA compared to CaHA. Rare side effects such as an embolization of a blood vessel caused by the implant have been described for both fillers in case reports. Conclusion: Semi-permanent fillers are superbly suited for wrinkle augmentation. Which filler is the preferred one in what case depends strongly on the individual needs of the patient and the therapist’s experience.

An Assessment of Pension Insurance on the Socio-Economic Life of the Retired Population in Buea-Cameroon  [PDF]
Abia Elisabeth Achancho
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.44028
Abstract: This work aimed at evaluating the impact of pension insurance on the socio-economic life of the retired population in Buea-Cameroon. The objectives of the study were to appraise the policies and procedures used to obtain old age pension and old age allowance, and to assess the impact of old age pension and old age allowance on the socio-economic life of the retired population in Cameroon, precisely the Buea municipality. To achieve these objectives, the researcher came out with methods of data collection which included questionnaires that were administered to respondents in Buea and interviews. The said data were analysed with the help of simple regression and it was discovered from the analyses that an increase in old age pension and old age allowance will better off the socio-economic life of the retired population. Moreover, this relationship also portrays that, a fall in old age pension and old age allowance will worsen off the socio-economic life of the retired population. From these findings, the researcher recommends that, the National Social Security Fund should be able to hold seminars and give advices to the retired population on how they could better manage their retirement income, which will enable them to meet up their standard of living and satisfy their basic necessities such as their health, children’s education, feeding and many others.
The History, the Memory and the Educational Institution: A Necessary Relationship  [PDF]
Maria Elisabeth Blanck Miguel
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.79140
Abstract: This paper discusses the relationship between history, memory and the institution of the school. It builds on what the process of searching for, analyzing and interpreting sources according to a theoretical framework reveals about the way the institution of the elementary school came into being in the province of Paraná (1854-1889). Such reflections resulted from dealing with official documents, reports and letters of the public teaching (Presidents of the Province, General Inspectors of Public teaching and teachers who worked in schools) preserved in the Public Archives of Paraná. For in depth analysis we used Le Goff, Saviani, Magalhaes, Farge, Bloch, Thompson and Ciavatta. The reflections proceed from the position that teachers demonstrated originated by the schools. It is concluded that although the data presented by the people in charge at the end of the provincial period showed the failure of the school education, in fact, the work of the teachers has contributed to the process of the institution of the elementary school in the Province.
How Can Manual Rotation Reduce Vacuum, Forceps and Caesarean Deliveries?—A Review of the Evidence  [PDF]
Cathrine Os, Elisabeth Severinsson
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.71007
Abstract: The aim of this review was to investigate whether manual rotation can be used to reduce vacuum, forceps and caesarean deliveries in women with occiput posterior or occiput transverse positions from 7 cm dilation in labour. A search strategy was developed and relevant papers published between 1946 and January 2015 were identified from electronic databases. Key search terms used were manual and digital rotation, labour presentation, obstetric labour complications, occiput posterior and version foetal. The search revealed 330 papers. A short list of 33 publications of possible relevance was compiled and assessed using the following criteria: primary studies on the effectiveness of manual rotation performed in women with singleton occiput posterior or occiput transverse presentations published in English or the Scandinavian languages. The quality of the included studies was evaluated by means of the critical appraisal tools for quantitative studies. Seven studies were included in the thematic analysis. The results varied but the main finding was that in order to decrease vacuum, forceps and caesarean deliveries by means of manual rotation, it is essential that the procedure is successful. The success rate of manual rotation is dependent on the experience of the healthcare professionals who perform the rotation procedure rather than the technique employed. Predictors of successful manual rotation were used after engagement of the foetal head, at full dilatation and prophylactic use before failure to progress in labour. In conclusion, although the results vary, there is a consensus in all the studies that manual rotation is worth considering and that it can contribute to decreasing vacuum, forceps and caesarean deliveries. The implications for practice are that successful manual rotation can reduce caesarean delivery and increase spontaneous vaginal delivery, but experience is necessary to perform successful rotations. Because there are no risk factors associated with manual or digital rotation when performed after engagement of the head and at full dilatation, they are worth considering. The central role of the midwife in each individual labour makes her important for ensuring that manual rotation can be considered at the right time in labour.
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