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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 167727 matches for " Elisée; "
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Disease, religion and medicine: smallpox in nineteenth-century Benin
Soumonni, Elisée;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702012000500003
Abstract: the essay examines, with special reference to smallpox, the perception and interpretation of disease in pre-colonial dahomey, present-day republic of benin. because disease is seen primarily as a punishment from the gods and not just as a medical problem or a bodily disorder, traditional cult priests play a leading role in making diagnoses and prescribing remedies, mostly based on medicinal plants. the prominence of sakpata, god of smallpox, coupled with the influence of its priests is evaluated within the context of dahomey's political history and the spread of the disease. this pivotal position was to constitute a challenge to the french colonial campaign to vaccinate against smallpox.
Applying a Mathematical Model to the Performance of a Female Monofin Swimmer  [PDF]
Elisée Gouba, Balira Ousmane Konfe, Ousseynou Nakoulima, Blaise Some, Olivier Hue
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.412228
Abstract:

This study sought to determine the best method to quantify training based on heart rate data. It proposes a modification of Banister’s original performance model to improve the accuracy of predicted performance. The new formulation introduces a variable that accounts for changes in the subject’s initial performance as a result of the quantity of training. The two systems models were applied to a well-trained female monofin swimmer over a 24-week training period. Each model comprised a set of parameters unique to the individual and was estimated by fitting model-predicted performance to measured performance. We used the Alienor method associated to Optimization-Preserving Operators to identify these parameters. The quantification method based on training intensity zones gave a better estimation of predicted performance in both models. Using the new model in sports in which performance is generally predicted (running, swimming) will help us to define its real interest.

Influence of Post-Harvest Storage Technologies on Weight and Rate Losses and Sensory Profile of Cola Nuts (Cola nitida) Produced in C?te d’Ivoire  [PDF]
Jean-Marc N’Guessan, Elisée Yapi Kouakoua, Nestor Kouakou Kouassi, Georges N’Guessan Amani
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2018.89028
Abstract: The conservation of cola nuts (Cola nitida) poses a real problem in Côte dIvoire because of the post-harvest losses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of post-harvest technologies on organoleptic and physical properties of cola nut during storage. A biopesticide, glucose syrup and biopesticide + glucose syrup were applied to fresh cola nuts before conditioning and kept at 28°;C for 6 weeks. Physicochemical and sensory analyses were performed to check the quality of the nuts during storage. The results showed that the biopesticide keep cola nuts better than the others methods with only 11.66% ± 3.04% and 13.66% ± 3.95% of loss rates for white and red cola nuts respectively. Cola nuts treated with bio-pesticide retain significantly their freshness with 62.00% ± 1.15% of moisture for white nuts and 64.00% ± 2.00% of moisture for red nuts compared to those treated with glucose syrup and bio-pesticide + glucose syrup (56.66% ± 1.15%). Cola nuts treated with biopesticide have a better acceptability compared to those subjected to others treatments. The use of biopesticide for the storage of cola nuts minimizes the losses and maintains the quality whatever the type of cola.
Human Rights in the Context of Criminal Justice: A Study of Urban Crime  [PDF]
Randriamihanta Jery Elis, Yideng Liu
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2018.83022
Abstract: Urban areas are known by their facilities and enhanced opportunities of living and employment. With the availing all the facilities, many serious issues have emerged due to urbanization in developing countries. The most highlighted problems include security and crime in urban areas in developing countries. This paper is aimed to focus on the urban crime, the reasons behind the crime happened, the major indicators of crimes and what is the city response and what policy should be developed by police and society. To achieve the objective of this research secondary data was used. With the help of literature crime indicators were explored and explained well in this research. Eight countries were analyzed with the help of literature to check the overall crime situation there. Crime in those all eight countries was low to high level. It is in alarming in some areas of Africa and other developing countries. Study showed crime is increasing from last three years which is high. In any society urban crime prevails it created unsafe environment, threaten to lives, threaten to belonging and has impact on life quality and economy of the country. Law force agencies must be empowered and well equipped to control the situation. Its government responsibilities to create employment opportunities for youth so that they cannot engage into illegal activities.
Development of an Integrated Coastal Vulnerability Index for the Ivorian Coast in West Africa  [PDF]
René A. Tano, Angora Aman, Elisée Toualy, Yves K. Kouadio, Bouo Bella Djézia Fran?ois-Xavier, Kwasi Appeaning Addo
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.911073
Abstract: This study assesses the vulnerable state of the 566-km Ivorian coastal area using the physical (geomorphology, coastal slope, coastal retreat rate, relative sea level rise and wave/Tide energy) and socio-economic (coastal population density, harbor, airport, road, land use and protected area) factors as indicators. This enabled an Integrated Coastal Vulnerability Index to be determined for the Ivorian coastal zone. This Index could be defined as the weighted average of indexes based on physical and socio-economic factors. The study revealed that vulnerability of the western and the eastern coastlines of Cote d’Ivoire are strongly influenced by human activities, while physical forcing affects significantly the vulnerability of the central section. The relative vulnerability of the different sections depends also strongly on the geomorphology, wave energy, coastal population density and land use factors. The west and central sections of the coastline are more resilient than the eastern section when integrating physical and socio-economic factors. The Integrated Coastal Vulnerability Index, based on physical and socio-economic factors, appears to be more appropriate for coastal vulnerability assessment. These results could be useful in the development of adaptation strategies to increase the resilience of this coastal area and then extended for West Africa Coastal Areas Management.
Estimativa de carbonato de cálcio aplicado via água de irriga??o nas regi?es da Chapada do Apodi e Baixo A?u, RN
Maia, Celsemy E.;Morais, Elis R.C. de;Oliveira, Maurício de;
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-43662001000100013
Abstract: the application of irrigation water with high contents of carbonate and bicarbonate can contribute to ph elevation of the soils after some years of cultivation. this study had as its objective the evaluation of the irrigation water with respect to its carbonate and bicarbonate content, based on the concept of the equivalent calcium carbonate (ecaco3) in the region of the chapada do apodi and baixo a?u in the state of rio grande do norte, brazil. considering an irrigation water depth of 400 mm, the results showed that the waters of the region of the chapada do apodi presented larger values of ecaco3 compared to those of the region of baixo a?u. in the region of the chapada do apodi, independent of the origin, largest values of ecaco3 were found for the waters of the region of mossoró, with an average of 765 kg ha-1 and the smallest value was observed for grossos and upanema with 626 kg ha-1. for the region of baixo a?u, independent of the origin of the waters, the region of ipanguassu presented the highest values of ecaco3 with an average of 654 kg ha-1 whereas the smallest values were found for the region of carnaubais, with 580 kg ha-1.
Projeto de um sistema semi-automatizado de medidas de potencial elétrico natural ou induzido do solo para aplica??es geoelétricas
Hiodo, Francisco Yukio;Silva, Nilton;Elis, Vagner R;Galhardo Filho, Luis;Silva, Jorge E. da;
Revista Brasileira de Geofísica , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-261X2002000200007
Abstract: the devices were developed to realize spontaneous and induce voltage measurement on the ground. in both case we used a multiwire cable with multiple voltage inputs along the length that becomes possible to conect it in six stainless electrodes fixed in the ground at same time. an automatic sequence digital system controlled by pushbutton touch allows to couple electrodes sequentially to a electronic dc voltmeter with autozeroing circuit based in pid servocontrol circuit. a 60 hz notch filter and a roll-off low pass filter with time constant of 1s are used to minimize line and spheric noises. electronic control system becomes too possible to couple cable with receiver datalogger of syscal r-2 in dipole- dipole sounding array.
Aplica??o dos critérios diagnósticos do lúpus eritematoso sistêmico em pacientes com hanseníase multibacilar
Teixeira Junior, Gilson José Allain;Silva, Cláudia Elis e Ferraz;Magalh?es, Vera;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822011000100019
Abstract: introduction: systemic lupus erythematosus (sle) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects multiple organs or systems. there is no pathognomonic clinical or laboratory test sensitive and specific enough for a specific diagnosis. the criteria proposed by the american college of rheumatology (acr), as modified in 1997, are used for the diagnosis. the presence of four or more criteria presents sensitivity and specificity of 96%. however, these diagnostic criteria for sle may have lower specificity in areas that are endemic for chronic infectious diseases, such as brazil (endemic for leprosy), which may have similar clinical and laboratory manifestations. methods: a prevalence study was conducted, applying the sle criteria to patients with recently diagnosed multibacillary leprosy who were registered at the leprosy outpatient clinic, department of dermatology, federal university of pernambuco (ufpe), during the data gathering period. the specificity and the number of false positives in this group were calculated. results: one hundred patients were included. the prevalences of some of the sle criteria were high. the criteria with the highest prevalence were malar erythema (44%), arthritis (23%), photosensitivity (29%), lymphopenia (19%) and presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, including immunological criteria (20%). the specificity found (84%) was lower than the specificity allocated to the criteria in 1997 by the acr. conclusions: diseases in our setting, such as leprosy in multibacillary forms, mimic the clinical and laboratory characteristics of sle, and thus physicians need to be aware of the realities of local infectious diseases before affirming a definitive diagnosis of sle.
Characterization of residues from plant biomass for use in energy generation
Luana Elis de Ramos e Paula,Paulo Fernando Trugilho,Alfredo Napoli,Maria Lúcia Bianchi
CERNE , 2011,
Abstract: The use of plant residues for energy purposes is already a reality, yet in order to ensure suitability and recommend a given material as being a good energy generator, it is necessary to characterize the material through chemical analysis and determine its calorific value. This research aimed to analyze different residues from plant biomass, characterizing them as potential sources for energy production. For the accomplishment of this study, the following residues were used: wood processing residue (sawdust and planer shavings); coffee bean parchment and coffee plant stem; bean stem and pod; soybean stem and pod; rice husk; corn leaf, stem, straw and cob; and sugar cane straw and bagasse. For residue characterization the following analyses were done: chemical analysis, immediate chemical analysis, calorific value and elemental analysis. All procedures were conducted at the Laboratory of Forest Biomass Energy of the Federal University of Lavras. In general, all residues showed potential for energetic use. Rice husk was found to have higher lignin content, which is an interesting attribute as far as energy production is concerned. Its high ash content, however, led to a reduction in calorific value and fixed carbon. The remaining residues were found to have similar energetic characteristics, with corn cob showing greater calorific value, followed by coffee plant stem, both also containing higher levels of carbon and fixed carbon. A high correlation was found of higher calorific value with volatile materials, carbon and hydrogen contents.
Utilization potential of wood clones of Eucalyptus urophylla in the production of wood-cement panels
Lourival Marin Mendes,Fernanda Alvarenga Pomarico Loschi,Luana Elis de Ramos e Paula,Rafael Farinassi Mendes
CERNE , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of using clones of Eucalyptus urophylla in the production of wood-cement panels. The study used six clones of Eucalyptus urophylla with 8 years of age, from the Companhia Mineira de Metais, located in Paracatu - MG. For the formation of the panels it was used Portland cement CP V - ARI / Plus, possessing high initial resistance to mineral binder and calcium chloride (CaCl2) as accelerator for the cement curing. The panels were produced with the following parameters: dimensions of 49.5 x 49.5 x 1.5 cm, nominal density of 1.2 g/cm 3, relation wood: cement (1:2.5) and relation water: cement (1:1.5). The results can showed that: (1) for thickness swelling in two and twenty-four hours, only clones 19.28 and 58 attended the specifications, (2) for water absorption, clone 62 showed the best results, (3) to internal bond, only clone 58 didn`t attend specifications, (4) for the compression, clones 19.36 and 58 showed the best results, (5) for MOE and MOR, none of the clones presented values compatible to the bison process. It is suggested the continuation of this line of research, including the manipulation of variables of production, so that all properties be compatible to the minimum required standards.
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