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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1201 matches for " Eliasz;Marinho "
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Sintomas neuropsiquiátricos nas demências: relato preliminar de uma avalia??o prospectiva em um ambulatório do Brasil
Vega, úrsula Maria;Marinho, Valeska;Engelhardt, Eliasz;Laks, Jerson;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2007000300026
Abstract: this study aimed to evaluate the behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (bpsd) and to correlate the level of the functional dependence, cognitive decline and neuropsychiatric symptoms in outpatients. in this prospective study, 35 elderly with dementia (dsm-iv) were evaluated over the course of one year with the mini-mental state examination (mmse), clinical dementia rating scale (cdr), neuropsychiatric inventory (npi) and functional activities questionnaire (faq). spearman correlation was used to compare cognitive, functional and behavioral symptoms in the first and last visits. the psychotic versus non-psychotic subgroups were compared by means of cognitive and functional performance. the mann-whitney test was used for the comparison. the mmse scores declined and the npi scores showed better results at endpoint. prevalence of depressive symptoms was 58.8%, agitation 55.9%, and delusion 41.2%. significant correlations were found for functional and mmse scores, years of formal education and npi, but not for duration of disease. psychotic symptoms had negative effects on daily activities of outpatients and were associated with functional decline.
Doen a de Alzheimer e espectroscopia por ressonancia magnética do hipocampo
Engelhardt Eliasz,Moreira Denise M.,Laks Jerson,Marinho Valeska M.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2001,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: Obten o de dados do espectro de metabolitos por ressonancia magnética da forma o hipocampal no idoso normal e com doen a de Alzheimer (DA). MéTODO: Os indivíduos foram pareados por idade, sendo 20 na amostra normal, CDR=0 e 40 com DA 3 CDR=1 e 2. Utilizou-se aparelho Signa Horizon LX-GE, 1.5T, 1H-ERM com aplicativo automatizado PROBE/SV, VOI: hc (direito e esquerdo); voxel único (2x2x2cm); TR 1500ms/TE 50ms; PRESS; metabolitos: N-acetilaspartato (Naa), colina (Cho), creatina (Cr), mio-inositol (mI). RESULTADOS: Os presentes dados se referem aos quocientes de Naa, Cho e mI, com Cr tomada como referência e rela o mI/Naa. O estudo mostrou o Naa reduzido, o mI e a rela o mI/Naa aumentados e os resultados em rela o à Cho foram variados. Os resultados da amostra global dos pacientes com DA em compara o à média ± dp da amostra normal foram significativos para Naa, mI e mI/Naa (p<0,01). A precis o, tomando os valores de modo individual das duas amostras, mostrou sensibilidade, especificidade e valor preditivo positivo satisfatórios. CONCLUS O: Os presentes resultados podem ser usados como ferramenta útil para detectar altera es patológicas no hipocampo de pacientes com DA, permitindo diagnóstico de maior precis o e mais precoce da doen a.
Efficacy and safety of risperidone oral solution in agitation associated with dementia in the elderly
Laks Jerson,Engelhardt Eliasz,Marinho Valeska,Rozenthal Marcia
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2001,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) contribute to caregiver burden and institutionalization of elderly. Neuroleptics are prescribed to control agitation. Side effects of typical neuroleptics are harmful, making atypical neuroleptics an indication. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy and tolerability of risperidone oral solution (ROS) given once daily to demented elderly outpatients with BPSD (agitation). METHOD: Patients (n=26), 76.35±8.63 years, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th ed. (DSM-IV) criteria for dementia. RSO was given, starting dose of 0.25 mg and increments of 0.25 mg every week. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) assessed cognitive status, Behavioral and Emotional Activities Manifested in Dementia (BEAM-D) and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) measured BPSD, Extrapiramidal Symptom Rating Scale (ESRS) evaluated extrapyramidal symptoms. Cardiovascular side effects were evaluated clinically. RESULTS: There was a 26% reduction in agitation and no cardiovascular side effects in the range from 1.0 to 1.25 mg. Side effects were more prevalent above 2.5 mg. CONCLUSION: Risperidone oral solution improved agitation with good tolerability from 0.5 to 1.25 mg. A single dose with increments of 0.25 mg may be more acceptable to patients and caregivers.
Doen?a de Alzheimer e espectroscopia por ressonancia magnética do hipocampo
Engelhardt, Eliasz;Moreira, Denise M.;Laks, Jerson;Marinho, Valeska M.;Rozenthal, Marcia;Oliveira Jr, Amarino C.;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2001000600006
Abstract: objective: acquisition of data of magnetic resonance metabolite spectrum of the hippocampal formation (hippocampus-hc) in the elderly, normal and with alzheimer's disease (ad). method: subjects matched for age: a. normal sample (n=20), cdr=0, and b. ad sample (n=40), cdr 1 and 2. technique: signa horizon lx-ge, 1.5t, 1h-mrs with automated software probe/sv, voi: hc (right and left); single voxel (2x2x2cm); tr 1500ms/te 50ms; press; metabolites: n-acetylaspartate (naa), choline (cho), creatine (cr), myo-inositol (mi). results: the present data relate to the ratios of naa, cho and mi, with cr taken as reference, and the mi/naa ratio. the study showed reduction of naa, increase of mi and of the mi/naa ratio, and not consistent results for cho. the results of the whole sample of ad patients compared to the pooled normal mean ± sd were significant for naa, mi and mi/naa (p<0.01). accuracy in relation to the individual values of both samples showed satisfactory levels of sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value. conclusion: the present results can be used as a helpful tool to detect pathologic changes of the hippocampus in ad, and allowing greater accuracy and an earlier diagnosis of this disease.
Post powanie operacyjne w chorobie Le niowskiego-Crohna. Ocena wyników leczenia
Eliasz Dacka
Polish Gastroenterology , 2002,
Abstract: Przedstawiono chorych leczonych operacyjnie wyci ciem zmienionego jelita z powodu choroby Le niowskiego-Crohna. Choroba cz ciej wyst puje w przedzia ach wiekowych 51-60 i 21-30 lat. Zapada na ni dwa razy wi cej kobiet ni m czyzn. Najcz ciej umiejscawia si w końcowym odcinku jelita kr tego. Operacja u mniej wi cej 75% chorych by a wykonana ze wskazań dora nych (zapalenie otrzewnej, niedro no jelit). W okresie 2-3-letniej obserwacji nie odnotowano nawrotów.
Perícia em sistemas prediais de água
Cynamon, Szachna Eliasz;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1990000300003
Abstract: the author presents a method of assessment for building water systems used, with good results. he pointed out the diferences between this method and the usual ones based exclusively on the results of laboratory analyses mainly, coli index. this work asks for the necessity of local observations, associated with sampling and analyses of the samples togheter with a comparison of the analyses of testimony samples.
Política de Saneamento: proposta de mudan?a
Cynamon, Szachna Eliasz;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1986, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1986000200003
Abstract: the author presents as a background a summarized history of sanitation in brazil and alsewhere. he emphasizes the changes ocurred with the creation and activities of sesp foundation, an institution of integrated health action and its rationalized project of municipal autonomy through the creation of the amsa - autonomous municipal and sewage agencies. he mentions the factors which lead to the creation of planasa by bnh. he discusses its merits and disadvantages, the most important of all was the absence of any kind of population participation and the loss of municipal autonomy. he purports a new policy, which includes supporting the beneficial effects and the change of wrong aspects, and finnaly he proposes general solutions.
Efficacy and safety of risperidone oral solution in agitation associated with dementia in the elderly
Laks, Jerson;Engelhardt, Eliasz;Marinho, Valeska;Rozenthal, Marcia;Souza, Fernando de Castro e;Bacaltchuk, Josué;Stoppe Jr., Alberto;Ferreira, R.C.R.;Bottino, Cassio;Scalco, M?nica;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2001000600005
Abstract: background: behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (bpsd) contribute to caregiver burden and institutionalization of elderly. neuroleptics are prescribed to control agitation. side effects of typical neuroleptics are harmful, making atypical neuroleptics an indication. objectives: to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of risperidone oral solution (ros) given once daily to demented elderly outpatients with bpsd (agitation). method: patients (n=26), 76.35±8.63 years, diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 4th ed. (dsm-iv) criteria for dementia. rso was given, starting dose of 0.25 mg and increments of 0.25 mg every week. mini-mental state examination (mmse) assessed cognitive status, behavioral and emotional activities manifested in dementia (beam-d) and clinical global impression (cgi) measured bpsd, extrapiramidal symptom rating scale (esrs) evaluated extrapyramidal symptoms. cardiovascular side effects were evaluated clinically. results: there was a 26% reduction in agitation and no cardiovascular side effects in the range from 1.0 to 1.25 mg. side effects were more prevalent above 2.5 mg. conclusion: risperidone oral solution improved agitation with good tolerability from 0.5 to 1.25 mg. a single dose with increments of 0.25 mg may be more acceptable to patients and caregivers.
Polipy p cherzyka ó ciowego
Eliasz Dacka,Waldemar M?kosa
Polish Gastroenterology , 2004,
Abstract: Leczono operacyjnie 23 chorych, u których dwukrotnym badaniem USG rozpoznano polipy p cherzyka ó ciowego. Tylko u 12 z nich potwierdzono obecno polipów w wyci tych p cherzykach, co stanowi 48% leczonych i wiadczy o ma ej precyzji tego badania. By y to polipy cholesterolowe lub zapalne. W adnym przypadku nie stwierdzono ich zez o liwienia. Chorzy z polipami stanowili 0,72% leczonych wyci ciem p cherzyka ó ciowego z powodu jego nienowotworowych chorób. Chorzy z polipami p cherzyka ó ciowego w znacznej wi kszo ci – zdaniem autorów – kwalifikuj si do operacji laparoskopowych.
DISCOUNTING OF DELAYED PAYOFFS BEFORE AND AFTER THE MEAL
Przemys?aw Sawicki,Eliza Eliasz
Decyzje , 2011,
Abstract: It was verified whether subjects who were on empty stomach perceived delayed payments differently from people who were immediately after a meal. The results showed that subjects were satisfied with a smaller delayed payment when they were before than after the meal.
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