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Competitive Advantage of Nations and Multilateral Trade System: How Can Lebanon Benefit from Trade Liberalization without Enhancing Its Strategic Industries?  [PDF]
Georges N. Nehme, Eliane Nehme
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.24023
Abstract: International trade theories explain the advantage of nations to adopt a liberal trade model and to participate in the multilateral trade system via liberalizing their systems by eliminating trade quotas, tariff barriers and other forms of protectionism. The influence of international institutions on trade flow, mainly the World Trade Organization (WTO), has been important. The WTO contributed by helping and advising governments so that they would benefit from multilateral agreements by granting preferential treatments for developing countries joining the institution, and making them learn from other countries’ experiences in the accession process. Both liberalizing and protecting local production have advantages and weaknesses; how do existing theories about trade policy explain this landscape? Liberalizing the economy proved to be beneficial for some countries, while others suffered from distasting consequences on domestic production, employment and purchasing power. Some researches explained that large-scale changes in political institutions, especially in the direction of democracy, may be necessary for the kind of massive trade liberalization that has occurred. Changes in preferences cannot be overlooked in some economies while explaining the rush to free trade. The reciprocal impact of trade on domestic policies and the international political system is important. Analyzing the hypotheses about nation’s competitiveness and its dependence on the capacity of its industry to innovate and upgrade deems indispensable. This paper will be testing the relevancy from applying Michael Porter’s diamonds theory and the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson model on developing economies, mainly Lebanon, in order to gain national competitive advantages while having strong regional and international rivals. Do companies gain advantage against the world’s best competitors because of pressure and challenges? Lebanese productive companies are suffering from lack of competitiveness because of weak governmental support and absence of public planning to enhance strategic industries by developing a strong flexible export based model. With a 2.6 billons dollars deficit of its balance of payment, how can Lebanese government join the WTO and liberalize its trade system while avoiding its negative impact on national and social prosperity?
The landless rural movement and the settlements in the West of Paraná: agreements and disagreements over the struggle for land
Estudos Sociedade e Agricultura , 2005,
Abstract: this paper examines three case studies of rural settlements in the west of paraná, which were settled in different periods, and are representative of the changes in the movement of landless rural workers (mst) over the years, particularly as regards the organizational forms assumed by the rural settlements. these were based on the collective organization of production, which, when implemented, provoked conflicts revealing the inadequacies of such model. this paper also highlights the tensions between the leadership of the mst and its base, directly related to the existence of two projects in clear opposition: the ideological political project of the mst leadership and the project for organizing daily life and production by the social base of the movement.
Investiga??es fenomenológicas sobre a pintura
Escoubas, Eliane;
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-512X2005000200002
Abstract: this article aims to elaborate a phenomenology of the pictorial space, based on texts by heidegger, merleau-ponty and henry maldiney. the analyses made will be compared in fine with the ones art historians produced, in particular w?lfflin's.
O luto e seus destinos
Mendlowicz, Eliane;
ágora: Estudos em Teoria Psicanalítica , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14982000000200005
Abstract: this paper briefly follows the freudian theory of mourning. using part of a clinical case, an attempt is made to demonstrate that the vicissitudes of mourning may differ from those proposed by freud, namely, either 'working through' it or collapsing into melancholy. emphasis is made on the great difficulty involved in the mourning process, as well as on the value of other possible symptom formations in the event of mourning not being well worked through.
As psicopatologias do apoio: autismo, adic??o, somatiza??o
Allouch, Eliane;
ágora: Estudos em Teoria Psicanalítica , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14982003000100005
Abstract: psychopathologies of support: autism, addiction and somatization. using clinical illustrations of patients? written testimonies and other psychoanalysts? researches, the author highlights that autistic, addictive and somatic syndromes originating different degrees of failure. this failure respects the first dual analyses of sexual drives on the other and the body functions. likewise, the auto-erotic-autistic paradigm deals with non psychotic pathologies which are autism, addictions and somatic diseases. thus, it is verified the autistic or addictive object, or the somatic patient do not represent the primary object; they replace it and create the paradoxical condition of an autistic repetition of the destruction of the other.
Vinte anos do MST: a psicologia nesta história
Domingues, Eliane;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722007000300014
Abstract: the landless peasants? movement (mst) in brazil commemorated twenty years in 2004. throughout its lifetime, it has aroused the interest of researchers hailing from different areas, mainly from those involved in education and sociology. few researches on the movement are extant within psychology. the mapping of general scientific production on the movement and an analysis of the specific production within psychology are the objects of current research. an online search was undertaken at the capes data bank with regard to the 1987-2004. all abstracts were printed and classified. whereas the abstracts revealed the theses and dissertations developed in postgraduate programs for master?s degree in psychology, the dissertations were read to identify pre-oriented subject matter in the researches, their main results and their conclusions. the need for further studies concerning childhood, de-territorialization, psychic suffering and mental health conditions in the rural area is emphasized.
Eliane Elmaleh
Revue LISA / LISA e-journal , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/lisa.780
Abstract: Ce numéro de la Revue LISA s’intéresse aux images de Noirs américains, qui depuis les années 1820 jusqu’aux années 1950, sont entrées dans la culture américaine sous forme de stéréotypes au travers de bandes dessinées, de chansons, de publicités, de shows télévisés ou encore d’objets ménagers. Ce fut en particulier la période qui suivit la Guerre de Sécession qui connut une extrême prolifération de ces images fondées sur la perception d’infériorité raciale dans lesquelles les Afro-américains ...
Identité et marchandisation : Le cas des black memorabilia et black collectibles Identity and Commodification: The Case of Black Memorabilia and Black Collectibles
Eliane Elmaleh
Revue LISA / LISA e-journal , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/lisa.812
Abstract: The aim of this article is to raise the issue of the commodification of African American culture, mainly through a certain form of art that has re-emerged with Black memorabilia which paradoxically fit into a black-driven market. However, these items penetrated American culture from 1920 to the 1950s to convey images of black people as lazy, stupid, childlike and happy. This condition of permanent happiness, typified by a broad smile and white teeth, was a fundamental component of this racist and stereotyped imagery. Thus, this article focuses on the thin border between racism and the denunciation of racism, commodification and denunciation of commodification, art and its by-products being always co-opted in the specific logic of private productivity.
Manuscritos literários e pesquisa
Vasconcellos, Eliane
Letras de Hoje , 2010,
Abstract: Cartas, documentos e tra os materializados do processo criativo, os manuscritos de escritores s o subsídios importantes para entender o processo de cria o. Faremos uma síntese do material que pode ser encontrado no Arquivo-Museu de Literatura Brasileira da Casa de Rui Barbosa, tomando por exemplo principalmente os originais de Pedro Nava, Clarice Lispector e Vinicius de Moraes.
Participa o dos povos indígenas na Conferência em Durban
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2002,
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