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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4747 matches for " Elderly People "
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Analyzing Information Needs of Elderly People: A Survey in Chinese Rural Community  [PDF]
Chunfang Zou, Ping Zhou
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.29019
Abstract:

A survey about the information needs of elderly people could find out the information required to address the needs of the aged in a community. Analyzing data collected from 600 elderly people through field investigation with a questionnaire in a rural community in central China, the results show that the preferred information format of the majority of aged people is audio and/or visual information product, especially audio product. Most of the aged people stated that they were in need of healthy and medical non-educational audio information products. The survey maybe lead to improved and expanded information services for respondents who are short of such services, including Public broadcasting services, extending the audiovisual collection, loaning audiovisuals, religious faith audiovisuals and others providing needed information to them. In summary, this paper assembles views on what the elderly people currently need to be helped by both practitioners and researchers in the elderly people services domain.

Survey on the Use of Information and Communication Technology Tools in Educating Caregivers of Elderly People with Dementia —Analysis from Ichushi and PubMed  [PDF]
Miwa Yamamoto, Noriko Adachi, Yasuko Maekawa, Tomoharu Nakashima, Shigeru Sakuraba
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.45043
Abstract:


This study aimed to clarify the use of computer simulations in educating caregivers of elderly people with dementia. Thesaurus words in articles indexed in Ichushi and PubMed were analyzed using commercially available “Trend Search” text-mining software developed by FUJITSU. The analysis maps relational words in the articles, with line size and distance between words showing the strength of the relation. For ethical purposes, articles were anonymized for analysis. The search was conducted using the query phrases “elderly people with dementia AND simulation”, and retrieved four articles from Ichushi (2007-2010) and 16 from PubMed (1992-2012). The search results revealed that little research has been done on this subject, and highlighted opportunities to further investigate the use of ICT tools in educating caregivers of elderly people with dementia.


Optimal Cutoffs of Grip Strength for Definition as Weakness in the Elderly  [PDF]
Renwei Dong, Qi Guo, Jiazhong Wang
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2014.29003
Abstract:

Objective: To indentify Optimal cutoffs of grip strength for definition as weakness in the elderly. Methods: Our study population comprised 1317 subjects (mean ± SD age: 67.6 ± 6.0 years; 44.3% men) from the Hangu area of Tianjin, China. Data collection includes general physical examination, biochemical indicators and questionnaire. Mobility limitation was defined as a 4-m walking speed < 0.8 m/s and grip strength represents muscle strength. According to the ROC curve model, the cut-off point of grip strength was calculated, when mobility limitation was selected as the target variables. Results: According to the results of ROC curve, In man, grip strength is lower than 32.45 kg, the strength is weaker, Sensitivity is 79.7% and Specificity is 64.9%, the AUC is 0.764 (p < 0.001); In women, grip strength is lower than 18.20 kg, the strength is weaker, Sensitivity is 53.3% and Specificity is78.1%, the AUC is 0.703 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Cut points for weakness derived from this large, diverse sample of older adults may be useful to identify populations who may benefit from interventions to improve muscle strength and function.

O tornar-se cuidadora na senescência
Braz, Elizabeth;Ciosak, Suely Itsuko;
Escola Anna Nery , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452009000200019
Abstract: the present study, carried out in the district of cascavel in the state of parana, with caregivers in the old age of domicile elderly dependents, in which aimed to verify the reasons that had taken them to perform the role of caregivers in the old age. the qualitative methodology was applied and as for means of theory social representation was elected. the criteria included for this study was being female sex, age 60 or superior, domicile caregivers mainly of elderly dependents, for the equivalent or a superior period of three months. data collection occurred within the months from november, 2006 to january, 2007. the crew was composed by 13 caregivers, whose 46, 1 % were housewives, to which the trully social representation was atributed. social representation is also related to the figure of a woman, generally being the oldest of the family, widow or single. out of resources and aids, and treated with inequality by the society, the elderly caregiver and in this case the female elderly caregiver in the old age, becomes another vulnerable point in our society.
SEXUALIDAD Y SENECTUD
Bohórquez Carvajal,Julián David;
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud , 2008,
Abstract: despite the marked growth of geriatric population around the world, these people oftentimes see how their rights are denied, which is especially evident in regards to their sexuality. most people see elders? erotic and affective manifestations as unpleasant, inappropriate, and even pathological, myths that have influenced the health staff that in many occasions does not make the necessary efforts for the diagnosis and treatment of the seniors? sexual issues, which are very important matters, given their relevance in the physical and psychological welfare of this population group. western?s historical tradition has rejected old age and eroticism, finally materialized in a repressive clerical model which prohibits any erotic expression that isn?t related to reproduction. the new paradigm established by the sexual revolution is equally excluding concerning senior men and women, privileging a youthful, strong, and goal-oriented sexuality. erotic experience in old age has particular characteristics due to anatomic and physiological changes that come with aging, as well as the onset of conditions such as polipharmacy and multipathology, that affect sexuality in many ways, defining the need of the intervention of doctors and other kinds of professionals from in ending the myth, opportune consultations, to pharmacological therapy. a development of a ?second sexuality language? based on intimacy and communication should be privileged.
Autoavalia??o da postura por idosos com e sem hipercifose torácica
Gasparotto,Lívia Pimenta Renó; Reis,Camila Costa Ibiapina; Ramos,Luiz Roberto; Santos,José Francisco Quirino dos;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232012000300018
Abstract: this article lists the differences between self-perception of body posture among the elderly suffering from postural alterations or not, in order to ascertain whether self-evaluation of posture can lead to preventive measures. eighteen cases from the elderly population participated in the epidoso project at unifesp and were subjected to postural evaluation. postures were photographed and copies given to the participants and their subsequent comments were analyzed by the qualitative method. the narratives were taped and cataloguedusingthe technique of theoretical axial and selective coding from the perspective of symbolic interactionism. a passive attitude was identified among the elderly in relation to postural alterations. there is a distortion of body image by those with postural deviation. participants with adequate spinal alignment were more conscious about body posture and the importance of this being assimilated in the phases prior to aging. the adoption of postural self-care seems to occur in the earlier stages of aging and preventive measures should be implemented at this stage. lack of concern about posture is linked to the concept of the elderly regarding the notion that aging is, in itself, the accumulation of inevitably simultaneous or successive dysfunctions.
La escala de dolor BS-21: datos preliminares sobre su fiabilidad y validez para evaluar la intensidad del dolor en geriatría
Castel,A.; Miró,J.; Rull,M.;
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola del Dolor , 2007,
Abstract: objectives: the aims of this study were: 1) to determine the main psy-chometric properties of the bs-21 in a sample of spanish hospitalised elderly patients, and 2) to compare the grade of preference of the bs-21 in relation to another pain intensity rating scale widely used in older adults, the ppi of the mcgill pain questionnaire. methods: the relative rate of incorrect responses, intraclass reliability, convergent validity, construct validity and grade of preference for each scale were evaluated. 112 older adults (mean age 76.9 years) with chronic pain, living in long term care facilities, participated in this study. patients assessed current pain intensity with the bs-21 and the ppi twice a day for a period of seven consecutive days. in the afternoon, they also made a retrospective daily and weekly ratings of the worse, least and usual pain level. results: our results indicate that the bs-21 has a better intraclass reliability and construct validity, when compared to the bs-21. moreover factor loading of the "pain intensity" construct, as well as the correlation between retrospective and actual pain ratings of pain are higher for the bs-21. on the other hand, the correlation between the scales is significant, suggesting a good convergent validity valué. the results in this study also show that the rate of incorrect responding was higher with the bs-21 (p<0.0001). the bs-21 is the less preferred scale by the participating patients (p<0.0001). conclusions: the bs-21 seems to be a valid and reliable scale to measure the intensity of pain in spanish speaking elderly individuáis, even with those with low or modérate cognitive impairment. however, more studies are needed to recommend the systematic use of the bs-21 in clinic practice.
Gender Differences in the Relationships between Physical Activity and the Psychological and Physical Self-Reported Conditionof the Elderly in a Residential Care Facility  [PDF]
Emanuela Rabaglietti, Monica Emma Liubicich, Silvia Ciairano
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.21006
Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the differences pre- and post-test after introducing an aerobic program of physical activity in the psychological and physical self-reported condition (feelings of depression, perception that one’s own health limits physical activities, negative self-perception, and execution of activities of daily living) of a group of elderly Italians deemed to be slightly compromised based on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE: median 23) and living in a residential care facility in northern Italy. The self-reported measures were drawn from the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36), the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and the Italian short version of Scale of basic Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). The participants were 17 elderly people of both genders (10 women and 7 men), with a median age of 85.56 years. The findings (we used non-parametric statistical techniques) showed that: 1) dropping activities/interests (due to feelings of depression) and taking a bath/shower autonomously (from activities of daily living) improved in women; 2) perceiving health as a limitation to moderate physical activity and feeling really down (based on negative self-perception) improved in men. These results underscore the importance of considering gender differences when evaluating the relationships between participation in physical activity and the psychological and physical condition of the elderly.
Ethical Dilemma Factor in Regarding Physical Restraints to Elderly of Female Nurses with the Living Together Experience  [PDF]
Miwa Yamamoto, Shizue Mizuno, Masako Aota
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.35064
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to illuminate the connotation of “dilemma” regarding the use of physical restraint on elderly patients as represented by female nurses working in general wards at community hospitals who also live with elderly adults at home. Method: The study used the questionnaire method with an independently prepared questionnaire. Participants: The objective of the study was explained to the persons in charge of nursing in the selected 17 hospitals, and 1929. Finally, this study of participants were 524 female nurses working in general 54 wards (excluding the emergency wards of psychiatry, pediatrics, obstetrics, outpatients, operating rooms, and intensive care units) at community hospitals who also live with elderly adults at home. Results and conclusions: Cronbach’s overall coefficient for the 20 items of dilemma was high (0.78) and the factor analysis extracted four dilemma factors as having a characteristic value of 1 (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure value = 0.81) with a cumulative contribution ratio of 64.5%. The high Cronbach’s for these items (0.86, 0.88, 0.87 and 0.81) confirmed the internal consistencies. With respect to the dilemma where nurses working in general wards at community hospitals who also live with elderly adults at home are faced with the physical restraint of elderly persons, four factors in the clarification of the dilemma were extracted: accomplishment of medical-treatment and accident prevention, characteristic features in nursing for elderly patients with dementia, healthcare professional relationship in nursing for elderly patients with dementia, and priorities on the accident prevention for elderly patients with dementia. Therefore, the construction of four systems to cope with these dilemmas is suggested. These systems would enable practising nurses to: (i) institution of policies to encourage discussion between nurses and other medical staff to reach consensus on treatment; (ii) allocating elderly care specialists to wards to promote alternatives to restraints; (iii) establishment of safety standards to define nurses’ responsibilities; and (iv) institution of continuous ethical education for nurses.
Measuring the Cognitive Impact of Laughter on Elderly People with Mild Cognitive Impairment in Japan  [PDF]
Miwa Yamamoto, Shizue Mizuno, Masako Aota, Yoko Murakami
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.36084
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of laughter on cognition in elderly with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) through an appropriately designed intervention. Methods: The intervention involved watching a Japanese comedy routine (Manzai) for approximately twenty minutes, once a week for ten weeks. Participants were asked to paint, as a simple exercise, in addition to watching the show. Twenty-seven patients with MCI from the convalescent ward of a general hospital in the Kansai region of Japan. We measured cognition by evaluating five cognitive function domains before (baseline) and after the intervention. We used the Wilcoxon signed rank test, a distribution-free method, to compare baseline and post-intervention data. Ethical Consideration: Participants were given a document explaining the study. Only those who officially agreed to participate were enrolled. Results: Mean age of patients was 85.0 ± 2.8 years; average education was 8.6 ± 2.8 years. Three cognitive function domains had significantly different average scores after the intervention: 1) Exercise: 44.4 ± 8.9 points at baseline, 36.3 ± 10.2 post-intervention (p = 0.014); 2) Word memory: 40.6 ± 7.2 at baseline, 43.1 ± 8.8 post-intervention (p = 0.002); and 3) Animal name recollection: 35.3 ± 8.4 at baseline, 38.1 ± 9.0 post-intervention (p = 0.003). Discussion: The intervention led to significantly higher cognitive scores in exercise, word memory, and animal name recollection domains, suggesting that interventions focused on laughter and simple exercise may improve cognition in elderly patients with MCI.
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