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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3308 matches for " Elaine;Sanches "
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Aflatoxinas: um risco a saúde humana e animal / Aflatoxins: a risk animal and human health
Helder Ferreira,Elaine Pittner,Hermes Francisco Sanches,Marta Chagas Monteiro
Ambiência , 2006,
Abstract: O Aspergillus flavus e a subespécie próxima relacionada parasiticus têm sido reconhecidas por muito tempo como contaminadores principais de produtos organicos e inorganicos. A. flavus, um fungo comum do solo, pode infestar uma larga escala de produtos agrícolas. Algumas variedades de A. flavus produzem as aflatoxinas, que s o toxinas neoplásicas capazes de induzir neoplasia hepática em animais de laboratório. O crescimento de A. flavus e a biossíntese da aflatoxina depende da carca a, da umidade, da temperatura, do pH, da aera o e da microflora competindo. As aflatoxinas s o consideradas contaminantes naturais; cuja aproxima o ideal de controle é a preven o do crescimento do fungo e produ o das aflatoxinas nos produtos. As aflatoxinas (B1, B2, G1 e G2) s o metabólitos secundários associados à toxicidade causada por alimenta es em animais. As aflatoxinas s o relatadas como sendo hepatotóxicas, mutagênicas, imunossupressora e neoplásicas. A exposi o as aflatoxinas dietéticas é considerada um fator de risco importante para o desenvolvimento de neoplasia hepatocelular em determinadas regi es do mundo. A indu o de adutos no DNA pela aflatoxina B1 no fígado foi revista extensivamente em uma avalia o quantitativa de fatores de risco a neoplasias por aflatoxinas. As aflatoxinas s o pró-neoplásicas, reagindo com o ácido desoxirribonucléico (DNA), ácido ribonucléico (RNA) e as proteínas. Atualmente, vários avan os científicos têm sido feitos a fim de compreender a toxicologia clínica das aflatoxinas.
Vocal analysis of suicidal movie characters
Palinkas-Sanches, Elaine;Sanches, Marsal;Ferrari, Maria Cristina C.;Oliveira, Gisele;Behlau, Mara;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462010005000012
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to describe the auditory-perceptive evaluation and the psychodynamic aspects of voice samples among suicidal movie characters. method: voice samples of 48 characters (27 male, 21 female), extracted from 36 movies produced between 1968 and 2006, were analyzed. the samples were evaluated through a specific protocol focusing on the auditory-perceptive evaluation (voice quality, resonance, pitch, loudness, modulation, pauses, articulation and rhythm) and the psychodynamic aspects of voice. results: 85.5% of the samples exhibited abnormal findings in at least five parameters of the auditory-perceptive analysis, such as breathiness (n = 42; 87.5% of the samples), hoarseness (n = 39; 81.2%) and strain (n = 29; 60.4%), as well as laryngopharingeal resonance (n = 39; 81.2%), either high pitch (n = 14; 29.2%), or decreased loudness (n = 31; 64.6%). with respect to the psychodynamic aspects, dismay was detected in 50% (n = 24) of the samples, hopelessness in 47.9% (n = 23), resignation in 37.5% (n = 18), and sadness in 33.3% (n = 16). conclusion: our findings suggest the existence of specific patterns used by actors during the interpretation of suicidal characters. the replication of these findings among real patients may contribute to improvement in the evaluation of potential suicidal patients, as well as the implementation of preventive measures.
Detec??o de casos novos de hanseníase no município de Prudentópolis, PR: uma análise de 1998 a 2005
Sanches, Lucas Augusto Thomé;Pittner, Elaine;Sanches, Hermes Francisco;Monteiro, Marta Chagas;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822007000500010
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the detection of new cases of leprosy in prudentópolis, state of paraná, from 1998 to 2005. additionally, we investigated the age group and predominant clinical form of leprosy cases. data were obtained from clinical-epidemiological records of confirmed leprosy cases that were notified in the information system for notifiable diseases, between 1998 and 2005. over this period, 222 leprosy cases were notified, of which 63% presented the multibacillary form, with predominance of the virchow clinical form, thus indicating a process of intense disease transmission. among these leprosy cases, 35% of the patients were at an economically active age (31 to 45 years old). these indicators showed that there was a high level of bacillus circulation in the community, considering that one risk factor for infection by the bacillus mycobacterium leprae is contact with untreated individuals who have the multibacillary form. this is despite the drastic reduction in leprosy prevalence over the last two decades, through the implementation of polychemotherapy and other preventive measures.
Avalia??o clínica e videofluoroscópica de pacientes com distúrbios da degluti??o - estudo comparativo em dois grupos etários: adultos e idosos
Suzuki, Heloisa Sawada;Nasi, Ary;Ajzen, Sérgio;Bilton, Tereza;Sanches, Elaine Palinkas;
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-28032006000300009
Abstract: background: the abnormalities of swallowing process have multifactor and complex etiologies. the videofluoroscopy has been pointed as the exam of greater utility in diagnostic investigation for these cases. this method, when preceded of an adequate anamnesis, can characterize conveniently the level of the dysfunction and usually identify the cause of abnormality with great precision. aims: to study the clinical complaints and findings of the videofluoroscopy examination in patients with deglutition disorders and no clinical evidence associated with neurological disorder, classified into two age groups: adults and older people, and to analyze: symptomatic manifestations, kinds of disorders (oropharyngeal or esophageal) and the capacity of clarifying the clinical complaints through the method of images. materials and methods: seventy patients with complaint of the capacity of deglutition were analyzed. they had no clinical evidence of associated neurological syndromes or disorders and were classified into two age groups: adults (gi) - £65 years (n = 36) and older (gii) >65 years (n = 34). all patients were submitted to anamnesis to obtain the information about their complaints concerning deglutition. the complaints were characterized as high or low, according to their predominant location of manifestation. all the patients were submitted to videofluoroscopy of the deglutition; these alterations were characterized as oropharyngeal or esophageal. the capacity of clarifying the clinical complaints by videofluoroscopy was evaluated in both groups. results: among the complaints analyzed, the only one in which the statistical analysis presented a significant difference between the groups was the complaint of heartburn, which occurred more often in the group gi - eight patients (22.2%) and gii - one patient (2.9%). in the study of videofluoroscopy, it was observed a higher incidence in the oropharyngeal disorder in group gii - 41.2% while in group gi - 13.9%. as for the esop
Assistência de enfermagem ao portador de altera??es na integridade cutanea: um relato de experiência de ensino-aprendizagem
Marin, Maria José Sanches;Vilela, Elaine Morelato;Takeda, Elisabete;Santos, Ione Ferreira;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342002000400007
Abstract: the nursing course at the medicine college in marília, has been making every efforts to create the integrate curiculum, making use of the questionable methodology. in this study, the authors present the student' expected performances and the sequency of activities creat to teach the precautions of nursing for the adult and elder people taking away some changes na the cutaneous integrity, that makes the student implement the konowlege. during the activities it was proved that this kind of challenge has showed a progress in the teachin and learning process, but there are some difficulties to be conquered.
Can Digital Games Be a Way of Improving the Neuroplasticity in Stroke Damage? Can the Adult Brain Grow New Cells or Rewire Itself in Response to a New Experience?  [PDF]
Livia Stocco Sanches Valentin
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2017.62013
Abstract: Exploratory studies developed at several neurosciences laboratories at universities around the world show us through the experience that there is a biological process called neuroplasticity. Because of this oldest concept about the neuronal formation, scientists also thought that if a particular area of the adult brain was damaged, the nerve cells could not form new connections and the functions controlled by this field of the brain would be permanently lost or could not be regenerate. However, studies have overturned this old view, and currently, scientists recognize that the brain continues to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections during the life. This phenomenon is called neuroplasticity that refers to the potential which the brain should be reorganized by creating new neural pathways to adapt, as it needs.
Fazendo e aprendendo: uma experiência de ensino/aprendizagem
Marin, Maria José Sanches;Vilela, Elaine Morelato;Cardoso, Cristina Peres;Braccialli, Luzmarina Aparecida Doreto;Pavelqueires, Shirlene;Dadalti, Márcia Rosely Miyakawa;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672004000100016
Abstract: in this study, the authors describe the learning/teaching experience of the 2nd year of the faculdade de medicina de marília nursing course, which interdisciplinary curriculum has been implemented according to the pbl methodology since 1998. this curriculum seeks to articulate content, theory/practice and learning/service, in a continuous reconstruction process, with feedback through evaluation, which is considered to be an advance, yet which also contains some challenges.
Spatial distribution of enteroparasites among school children from Guarapuava, State of Paraná, Brazil
Buschini, Maria Luisa Tunes;Pittner, Elaine;Czervinski, Tiago;Moraes, Ivonete de Fátima;Moreira, M?nica Monteiro;Sanches, Hermes Francisco;Monteiro, Marta Chagas;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2007000400015
Abstract: the most common infections in human beings are caused by intestinal parasites. they can lead to a number of harmful effects, which could include, among others, intestinal obstruction, malnutrition, iron deficiency anemia, diarrhea, and poor absorption. in brazil, enteroparasites are one of the main public health issues. the present study aims at analyzing the distribution and frequency of enteroparasite occurrence in 635 children from seven community schools in the city of guarapuava, paraná (pr). in addition, we used similarity and diversity indices to analyze the parasite community. we found 475 samples with at least one parasite showing that 75.27% of children had enteroparasites. a smaller fraction (26.73%) of children harbored several parasites (multiparasitism), especially giardia duodenalis (56%), and ascaris lumbricoides (18%). statistical analysis showed that three (out of seven) children communities had higher similarity in frequency and amount of parasites. our results suggest that the children studied were highly infected by enteroparasites. these levels of infestation could be related to several factors, such as climate, social and economic conditions and characteristics of the parasites.
Trabalho doméstico: desafios para o trabalho decente
Sanches, Solange;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2009000300016
Abstract: this article presents an overview of the situation of the domestic workers and focuses on some issues related to its dimension in the world and in brazil, to their conditions of work and its importance to the labor market and to the households. we aim to demonstrate the relevance of the concept of decent work, promoted by ilo - international labor organization, for the domestic work and the need to extend their rights to level them with the other workers. it also highlights the opportunity offered by the next international labor conference, in 2010, when one of the issues of the agenda is to discuss the crafting and adoption of international labor standards in the form of a specific convention or recommendation
Compreender, Agir, Mudar, Incluir. Da investiga??o-ac??o è educa??o inclusiva
Sanches,Isabel;
Revista Lusófona de Educa??o , 2005,
Abstract: this paper aims at proposing a brief reflection on an investigation paradigm, deemed ?less noble? by some, and its timely and necessary application in the process of building an inclusive education. the starting point consists of a brief theoretical basis on investigation-action as an acting strategy that can generate more reflective professionals, more likely to participate in the contexts they belong to and able to become facilitators of appropriate, suitable practices adapted to the situations they work with, to arrive at the creation of an acting model using investigation-action in practices of inclusive education.
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