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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7283 matches for " Elaine;Monteiro "
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Conhecimento do cliente diabético em rela??o os cuidados com os pés
Barbui, Elaine Cristina;Cocco, Maria Inês Monteiro;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342002000100014
Abstract: the objective of this research is to evaluate how much the clients that frequently went to the diabetes ambulatory, knew about their own ill, and the feet care. in the sample - diabetes type 2 - the majority were people with more than fifty years old and 71.8% were diabetics for more than ten years. so the conclusion that could be taken is that the clients knew about the care that they must have with their feet to don't have complications, but the "own care" is not well done. to insert it in the rightly on their day-by-day they must have acess to the information about diabetes, participation of the family, motivation and their own hability.
Percep??es e motiva??es de agentes comunitários de saúde sobre o processo de trabalho em Teresina, Piauí
Costa, Elaine Monteiro da;Ferreira, Danyege Lima Araújo;
Trabalho, Educa??o e Saúde , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-77462011000300007
Abstract: community health agents (chas) are considered important for the implementation of the sus (sistema único de saúde/single health system), especially for reinforcing primary health care. their work may lead to situations that generate realization and/or experiences that are determining for motivation. this study aims to characterize the labor process of the chas in an area of teresina, state of piauí, brazil, describing their perceptions about work and their motivations. thirty-one chas took part in the study. this is an exploratory and descriptive qualitative review. in order to collect data, we used the focus group method. six focus groups were held, one per family health team belonging to the territory. the discussions were based on three guiding questions, recorded in mp4, and then transcribed and categorized. five categories were created to present and discuss the results. it was noticed that the chas have an understanding of the importance of their work, but they feel discouraged for not getting support and recognition, in certain situations, from the community, the team itself, and from the city's management. there is a desire for the appreciation of their work.
Aflatoxinas: um risco a saúde humana e animal / Aflatoxins: a risk animal and human health
Helder Ferreira,Elaine Pittner,Hermes Francisco Sanches,Marta Chagas Monteiro
Ambiência , 2006,
Abstract: O Aspergillus flavus e a subespécie próxima relacionada parasiticus têm sido reconhecidas por muito tempo como contaminadores principais de produtos organicos e inorganicos. A. flavus, um fungo comum do solo, pode infestar uma larga escala de produtos agrícolas. Algumas variedades de A. flavus produzem as aflatoxinas, que s o toxinas neoplásicas capazes de induzir neoplasia hepática em animais de laboratório. O crescimento de A. flavus e a biossíntese da aflatoxina depende da carca a, da umidade, da temperatura, do pH, da aera o e da microflora competindo. As aflatoxinas s o consideradas contaminantes naturais; cuja aproxima o ideal de controle é a preven o do crescimento do fungo e produ o das aflatoxinas nos produtos. As aflatoxinas (B1, B2, G1 e G2) s o metabólitos secundários associados à toxicidade causada por alimenta es em animais. As aflatoxinas s o relatadas como sendo hepatotóxicas, mutagênicas, imunossupressora e neoplásicas. A exposi o as aflatoxinas dietéticas é considerada um fator de risco importante para o desenvolvimento de neoplasia hepatocelular em determinadas regi es do mundo. A indu o de adutos no DNA pela aflatoxina B1 no fígado foi revista extensivamente em uma avalia o quantitativa de fatores de risco a neoplasias por aflatoxinas. As aflatoxinas s o pró-neoplásicas, reagindo com o ácido desoxirribonucléico (DNA), ácido ribonucléico (RNA) e as proteínas. Atualmente, vários avan os científicos têm sido feitos a fim de compreender a toxicologia clínica das aflatoxinas.
Effect of an Educational Intervention by Attendance and at Distance on Nurses’ Knowledge about Pressure Ulcer  [PDF]
Elaine M. L. R. Andrade, Patrícia A. L. Cavalcanti, Ana Karoline C. Monteiro, Ana Karine C. Monteiro, Maria Helena B. A. Luz, José M. M. Neto, Isabel A. C. Mendes
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.518185
Abstract: The effect of an educational intervention by attendance and at distance on the knowledge of nurses about pressure ulcer (PU) was verified. An experimental research with a post-test control group was undertaken. A randomized sample of 43 nurses in a Control Group (CG) (N = 20) was submitted to an educational intervention by attendance and an Experimental Group (EG) (N = 23) was submitted to an intervention at distance. Data were collected between January and April 2012 in three phases, which were: location, invitation, registration and adaptation of the nurses to Moodle, educative intervention and post-test. The mean number of correct answers on the posttest among the nurses who participated in the intervention by attendance was 34.0 (sd = 3.3), against 36.2 (sd = 2.7) for the nurses in the distance education intervention. This difference in means was statistically significant (p = 0.019). The research evidenced that continuing education in nursing through distance education (DE) can be effective due to its practicality and interactivity and because it allows nurses in clinical practice to decide on the best time and place to access the content and improve their knowledge about PU.
The effect of cyclic torsion on the dislocation structure of drawn mild steel
Aguilar, Maria Teresa Paulino;Corrêa, Elaine Carballo Siqueira;Monteiro, Waldemar Alfredo;Cetlin, Paulo Roberto;
Materials Research , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14392006000300016
Abstract: cold forming is usually associated with the "work hardening" of the material being formed. the work hardening behavior of metals subject to complex processing paths is different from that in monotonic deformation. the results show that, after some initial hardening, there is a possibility that further deformation will cause softening in the material ("work softening"). recent work showed that cyclic torsion applied to drawn products causes changes in the subsequent tensile behavior of low carbon steel, and that the effect will depend on the previous "history" of the material. for annealed samples, the cyclic torsion leads to an increase in the yield strength, but does not affect the tensile strength and elongation. for the case of previously drawn bars, the cyclic deformation caused a decrease in the yield and tensile strength and an increase in the total elongation. the present paper discusses the dislocation structure changes associated with different strain paths in mild steel.
Production of tannase by Aspergillus tamarii in submerged cultures
Costa, Andréa M.;Ribeiro, Wanessa X.;Kato, Elaine;Monteiro, Antonio Roberto G.;Peralta, Rosane Marina;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132008000200021
Abstract: the production of tannase by aspergillus tamarii was studied in submerged cultures. the fungus produced an extracellular tannase after two days of growth in mineral medium containing tannic acid, gallic acid and methyl gallate as carbon source. the best result was obtained using gallic acid as inducer (20.6 u/ml). the production of enzyme was strongly repressed by the presence of glucose. crude enzyme was optimally active at ph 5.0 and 30o c. the enzyme was stable in a large range of ph and up to the temperature of 45o c.
Compara??o entre os questionários IT-MAIS e MUSS com vídeo-grava??o para avalia??o de crian?as candidatas ao implante coclear
Pinto, Elaine Soares Monteiro;Lacerda, Cristina Broglia de Feitosa;Porto, Paulo Rogério Catanhede;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992008000100015
Abstract: there is a great difficulty in determining earlier on which children would benefit or not from cochlear implants, especially because of their young age, the responses they give are very subtle. aim: to compare results obtained through video-recording of the interactions of children who may receive a cochlear implant with the results obtained through evaluation protocols. method: seven children, with an average age of 39.7 months, with profound hearing loss were selected for the study. it-mais and muss questionnaires were given to their parents/guardians of these children and the results were compared with the observation of the video-recordings. results: it was possible to observe that the data is compatible with the auditory stages. however, the muss questionnaire data gathered during playful activities is very different . the questionnaire only takes into consideration the use of verbal language and therefore the majority of the evaluated children inevitably score low. conclusion: observing children play allows us to trace a better profile of linguistic behavior and aspects relative to language, that may presented differences in the questionnaire.
Diagnóstico de sobrepeso em adolescentes: estudo do desempenho de diferentes critérios para o índice de Massa Corporal
Monteiro,Paulo Orlando Alves; Victora,Cesar G; Barros,Fernando C; Tomasi,Elaine;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102000000500011
Abstract: objective: in an attempt to simplify the screening process for detecting obesity in adolescence, the performance of different cutoff values for body mass index (bmi) was assessed in a population-based cohort in southern brazil. methods: a total of 493 adolescents aged 15-16 years who lived in the city of pelotas, brazil, were studied. obesity was defined according to the who criteria taking into account age and sex (a bmi equal to or greater than the 85th percentile of the nhanes i reference, plus subscapular and triceps skinfold equal to or greater than the 90th percentile of the same reference). different bmi cutoff values were used to assess their specificity and sensitivity. results: for boys, bmi325 kg/m2 showed the best performance for detecting obesity, with a sensitivity of 90% and only 5% of false positives. the brazilian proposed criteria that was used had 100% sensitivity but up to 23% of false positives. higher cutoff values were also tested, but there was a slight increase in specificity, accompanied by a marked reduction in sensitivity. conclusions: the bmi cutoff of 25 kg/m2 presented the best performance for screening obesity in the studied sample, and it is recommended for adolescents aged 15 and more in populations with similar characteristics. it provides a single cutoff value to be used in primary health services, eliminating the need for age and sex-specific values and skinfold measurements, and it is also consistent with the cutoff value proposed to identifying overweight adults.
Detec??o de casos novos de hanseníase no município de Prudentópolis, PR: uma análise de 1998 a 2005
Sanches, Lucas Augusto Thomé;Pittner, Elaine;Sanches, Hermes Francisco;Monteiro, Marta Chagas;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822007000500010
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the detection of new cases of leprosy in prudentópolis, state of paraná, from 1998 to 2005. additionally, we investigated the age group and predominant clinical form of leprosy cases. data were obtained from clinical-epidemiological records of confirmed leprosy cases that were notified in the information system for notifiable diseases, between 1998 and 2005. over this period, 222 leprosy cases were notified, of which 63% presented the multibacillary form, with predominance of the virchow clinical form, thus indicating a process of intense disease transmission. among these leprosy cases, 35% of the patients were at an economically active age (31 to 45 years old). these indicators showed that there was a high level of bacillus circulation in the community, considering that one risk factor for infection by the bacillus mycobacterium leprae is contact with untreated individuals who have the multibacillary form. this is despite the drastic reduction in leprosy prevalence over the last two decades, through the implementation of polychemotherapy and other preventive measures.
Work softening of drawn low carbon steel bars
Aguilar Maria Teresa Paulino,Corrêa Elaine Carballo Siqueira,Monteiro Waldemar Alfredo,Ferreira Nildemar Aparecido Messias
Materials Research , 2001,
Abstract: The work hardening of metals subjected to complex processing paths is different from that in monotonic deformation. Changes in the deformation mode can promote transients in the strain-hardening rate, leading to anomalous softening or hardening of the material. This paper investigates the influence of strain path changes on the tensile behavior of drawn 0.12% steel rods. Annealed or predrawn specimens were submitted to cyclic twisting and then tested in tension. The results show that the cyclic deformation causes changes in the mechanical behavior of the metal, and the effect will depend on the previous "history" of the material. Cyclic twisting causes hardening in annealed samples, but leads to softening of the drawn bars. These phenomena are in line with the corresponding substructural aspects.
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