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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43141 matches for " Elaine Cristina Francisco "
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Susceptibility to Fluconazole and Ketoconazole of Candida spp. Isolated from Primary and Episodic Vulvovaginites by E-Test (S?o Paulo, SP, Brazil)  [PDF]
Humberto Fabio Boatto, Manoel Jo?o Batista Castello Gir?o, Elaine Cristina Francisco, Alexandre Paulo Machado, Maria Sayonara de Moraes, Olga Fischman
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.612086
Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the profile of in vitro susceptibility of yeasts isolated from cases of primary and espisodic vulvovaginitis to two antifungal agents. Methods: 40 Candida isolates from episodes of vulvovaginal candidiasis were identified by classic methodologies. The susceptibility testing of the in vitro fluconazole and ketoconazole activity against the isolates was accessed by E-test. Results: C. albicans was the most common species identified in 70% of the occurrences followed by C. glabrata (20%), C. tropicalis (7.5%), and C. guilliermondii (2.5%). In the susceptibility profile to antifungal agents, 12.5% and 16.7% of the isolates obtained from primary and episodic vulvovaginal candidiasis were resistant to fluconazole, respectively. To ketoconazole, we found that 6.25% and 12.5% of the isolates respectively from primary vulvovaginal candidiasis (PVVC) and episodic vulvovaginal candidiasis (EVVC) had high MIC values. Conclusions: E-test is a reliable method for the susceptibility testing of Candida spp. due to its simplicity, reproducibility, and lack of specialized equipment. Resistant strains and non-albicans species were verified
Reproductive physiology, and physical and sexual development of female offspring born to diabetic dams
Spadotto, Raquel;Damasceno, Débora Cristina;Godinho, Antonio Francisco;Amorim, Elaine Manoela Porto;Perobelli, Juliana Elaine;Kempinas, Wilma De Grava;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302012000200002
Abstract: objectives: the objective of this study was to evaluate physical and sexual development and reproductive physiology in female rat offspring that developed in hyperglycemia conditions in utero and during lactation. materials and methods: maternal diabetes was induced in female rats by a single iv injection of streptozotocin before mating. female offspring development was evaluated by means of the following parameters: physical development; age of vaginal opening and first estrus; weight and histological evaluation of uterus and ovaries; duration of the estrous cycle, sexual behavior, and fertility after natural mating. results: in the female offspring, maternal diabetes caused delays in initial physical development; diminution in ovary weight and number of follicles; and inferior reproductive performance compared with the control group. conclusions: the exposure to hyperglycemia in uterus and during lactation caused delays in physical and sexual development, and affected the reproductive physiology of female rats negatively.
Leaf anatomy, ultrastructure and plasticity of Coffea arabica L. in response to light and nitrogen
Marcelo Francisco Pompelli,Gilmara Martini Pompelli,Elaine Cristina Cabrini,Maria Claudjane Jer?nimo Leite Alves
Biotemas , 2012,
Abstract: Phenotypic plasticity in response to environmental variation occurs at all organizational levels and across temporal scales within plants. However, the magnitude and functional significance of this plasticity is little explored in perennial species. We examined the influence of different light regimes and nitrogen (N) availability on the morphological and physiological plasticity of coffee seedlings (Coffea arabica L.). Potted plants were grown under full sunlight and shade (50%) and were fertilized with Hoagland’s solutions containing 0, 16 or 23mM N. Most leaf traits responded to light with a classic full sunlight vs. shade dichotomy [e.g., compared with those grown under full sunlight, 50% leaves had a thinner palisade mesophyll and a lower leaf mass per area (LMA) for improved light capture]. The outer periclinal cell walls in both epidermises exhibited thick epicuticular wax and three distinct layers. Chloroplasts of the mesophyll cells were densely occupied by thylakoids and starch grains. These characteristics were observed most clearly in plants supplemented by nitrogen or in those grown in shade conditions. Large starch granules were observed, but no membrane injuries were observed in either treatment. The plasticity index was high for the physiological traits that are associated with photoprotection and the maintenance of a positive carbon balance under shade but was low for most morpho-anatomical features.
Very low mitochondrial variability in a stingless bee endemic to cerrado
Brito, Rute Magalh?es;Francisco, Flávio de Oliveira;Fran?oso, Elaine;Santiago, Leandro Rodrigues;Arias, Maria Cristina;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572013000100018
Abstract: partamona mulata is a stingless bee species endemic to cerrado, a severely threatened phytogeographical domain. clearing for pasture without proper soil treatment in the cerrado facilitates the proliferation of termite ground nests, which are the nesting sites for p. mulata. the genetic consequences of these changes in the cerrado environment for bee populations are still understudied. in this work, we analyzed the genetic diversity of 48 colonies of p. mulata collected throughout the species' distribution range by sequencing two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome oxidase i and cytochrome b. a very low polymorphism rate was observed when compared to another partamona species from the atlantic forest. exclusive haplotypes were observed in two of the five areas sampled. the sharing of two haplotypes between collection sites separated by a distance greater than the flight range of queens indicates an ancient distribution for these haplotypes. the low haplotype and nucleotide diversity observed here suggests that p. mulata is either a young species or one that has been through population bottlenecks. locally predominant and exclusive haplotypes (h2 and h4) may have been derived from local remnants through cerrado deforestation and the expansion of a few colonies with abundant nesting sites.
Press o intra-esofágica durante a produ o da voz esofágica em pacientes laringectomizados com e sem recupera o da capacidade de comunica o oral
DANTAS Roberto Oliveira,AGUIAR-RICZ Lilian Neto,OLIVEIRA Elaine Cristina de,MELLO-FILHO Francisco Veríssimo
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia , 2001,
Abstract:
Impact of Chagas Disease on Human Evolution: The Challenges Continue  [PDF]
Elaine Cristina Navarro, Paulo Camara Marques Pereira
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2013.34A001
Abstract:

Chagas disease affects 8 to 10 million people worldwide and, although most of them live in Latin America, there has been an increase in cases occurring in countries of Europe and North America although most of them live in Latin America. This study aims to describe the epidemiological situation in the present as well as government and research centers actions, particularly the study group of Chagas disease of the School of Medicine of Botucatu (FMB/UNESP)/Brazil.

Efeito do tamoxifeno no perfil lipídico de ratos diabéticos por estreptozotocina
Nogueira Junior, Francisco C.;Coelho, Daniel A.;Almeida, Maria Margareth C.;Silva, Teresa Cristina P.;Ferreira, Elaine Cristina S.;Macedo, Ulisvaldo Bruno O.;F. Neto, Francisco Paulo;Brand?o Neto, José;Almeida, Maria das Gra?as;Rezende, Adriana Augusto de;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502005000700013
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the effect of tamoxifen in the lipidic and renal profile in diabetic and control rats. methods: 40 female wistar rats had been used (180-220g corporal weight), divided randomly in 4 groups: c (n=10, received vehicle), t (n=10, treated with tamoxifen, 0.3mg/kg/day), d (n=10, diabetic induced by streptozotocin, 45mg/kg) and dt (n=10, diabetic treated with tamoxifen). glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, total proteins, albumin, urea and creatinin were analyzed using labtest kits through the cobas mira analyzer (germany, 1996). results: group t presented a reduction of total cholesterol and triglyceride in relation to c, and group d an increase in relation to the other ones. about the total proteins it was observed an increasing in group t in relation to c. the albumin diminished in groups d and dt in relation to c and t. the urea levels increased in groups d and dt in relation to c and t. conclusion: in relation to the lipidic profile it was evidenced that during the period of 60 days the treatment with tamoxifen promoted a reduction in cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the serum, even associated to the condition of diabetes mellitus.
Press?o intra-esofágica durante a produ??o da voz esofágica em pacientes laringectomizados com e sem recupera??o da capacidade de comunica??o oral
DANTAS, Roberto Oliveira;AGUIAR-RICZ, Lilian Neto;OLIVEIRA, Elaine Cristina de;MELLO-FILHO, Francisco Veríssimo;MAMEDE, Rui Celso Martins;
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-28032001000300003
Abstract: background ? after laryngectomy for treatment of pharyngeal/laryngeal carcinomas the patients may be rehabilitated, for oral communication, with the esophageal speech. aim - to study the intra-esophageal pressure during the esophageal speech. patients and methods - it was measured the intra-esophageal pressure in 25 laryngectomized patients aged 40 to 70 years (median 57 years), 10 rehabilitated with esophageal speech and 15 unable to do so. the manometric method with continuous perfusion was used. the esophageal pressures was measured 3 to 5 cm below the upper esophageal sphincter when the patients tryed to speek the vowel "a". sometimes the air swallowed went to the stomach, with a peristaltic or simultaneous contraction in the esophageal body. results - during the attempt of esophageal speech the intra-esophageal pressure was higher in patients able to have esophageal speech (26,4 ± 10.1 mm hg, mean ± sd) than in patients unable to do so (13.7 ± 7.2 mm hg). the esophageal contraction after a swallow of air was also higher in patients with esophageal speech (45.3 ± 8.6 mm hg) than in patients unable to do so (33.8 ± 13.1 mm hg). conclusion - laryngectomized patients rehabilitated with esophageal speech has a higher intra-esophageal pressure during speech than patients unable to do so, what may be consequence of the capacity to retain air inside the esophagus.
Iniquities in the access to renal transplant for patients with end-stage chronic renal disease in Brazil
Machado, Elaine Leandro;Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira;César, Cibele Comini;Gomes, Isabel Cristina;Andrade, Eli Iola Gurgel;Acúrcio, Francisco de Assis;Cherchiglia, Mariangela Leal;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001400015
Abstract: the objective of this present study is to analyze individual and contextual factors associated with access to renal transplant in brazil. an observational, prospective and non-concurrent study was carried out, based on data from the national database on renal replacement therapies in brazil. patients undergoing dialysis between 01/jan/2000 and 31/dec/2000 were included and monitored up to the point of transplant, death or until the end of the study period. variables that were analyzed included: individual variables (age, sex, region of residence, primary renal disease, hospitalizations); and context variables concerning both the dialysis unit (level of complexity, juridical nature, hemodialysis machines and location) and the city (geographic region, location and hdi). proportional hazard models were adjusted with hierarchical entry to identify factors associated with the risk of transplant. the results point to differentials in access according to socio-demographic, clinical, geographic and social factors, indicating that the organ allocation system has not eliminated avoidable disparities for those who compete for an organ in the nationwide waiting list.
Uma avalia??o da satisfa??o de pacientes em hemodiálise cr?nica com o tratamento em servi?os de diálise no Brasil
Silva, Gisele Macedo da;Gomes, Isabel Cristina;Machado, Elaine Leandro;Rocha, Fernando Henrique;Andrade, Eli Iola Gurgel;Acurcio, Francisco de Assis;Cherchiglia, Mariangela Leal;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312011000200013
Abstract: this study aimed to evaluate the satisfaction of patients on chronic hemodialysis with the service provided in dialysis units. this cross-sectional study was developed in a nationally representative sample of patients with terminal renal disease (n = 3,036) treated at dialysis units and transplant centers in brazil. patients in hemodialysis (hd) answered a satisfaction questionnaire designed for this modality, whose issues comprised satisfaction with staff, environment and health care management, and impact of dialysis in daily activities. the item response theory was applied in the analysis of the 22 questions of the satisfaction questionnaire to obtain a score of satisfaction. linear regression was used to evaluate the association between socio-economic, demographic, clinical and structural characteristics of dialysis services and satisfaction scores. of the patients interviewed, 1,621 were in hd at the time of interview. all of them answered the questionnaire of satisfaction; most were male, non-white skin color, < 11 years of education, and did not report depression. the mean age was 49 years. data analysis showed that younger patients younger, reporting depression, with longer time of dialysis and who spent more time from home to the dialysis services were associated with lower satisfaction. it is suggested that, to assess user's satisfaction, it is important to consider, beyond individual factors, the attributes related to health services which reinforce its multidimensional nature.
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