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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18618 matches for " Einas Al Eisa "
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Physical Activity Performance among Obese Adolescents Who Are Enrolled in the Obesity Treatment Program: A Comparative Study  [PDF]
Malak Al Qahtani, Einas Al Eisa
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2016.43015
Abstract: Existing literature indicates that a weight-management program that includes diet modification, Physical Activity (PA) instructions and behavioral modification in weight reduction increases obese adolescents’ participation in PA. However, the effect of such a program on obese Saudi adolescents is unknown. Objective: To examine the effects of a weight-management program in terms of decreasing Body Mass Index (BMI) and improving participation in PA in obese Saudi adolescents, and to establish whether differences exist between genders in response to a weight-management program. PA was measured by Arab Teens Life Style (ATLS) questionnaire for both groups. Results: A wide range of differences in PA and sedentary time are evident between new and weight- managed patients and two genders. PA performance was significantly higher among the weight- managed patients compared with new patients. Also, for boys there were no differences between both groups in PA performance. While, girls’ PA was significantly higher among the girls in weight- managed group compared with girls in new patients group. Weight-managed patients spend significantly less time on the computer and/or the Internet per day compared with new patients. After treatment, the mean BMI among the weight-managed patients slightly decreased. Conclusion: The study findings suggest that the weight-management program could be effective in treating Saudi obese adolescents due to its effect in BMI reduction and greater improvement in PA performance. The surprising result from this study, PA differences between the groups were because of the total PA of girls only, meaning that obesity treatment program can lower the percentage of obesity among women and increase their levels of physical activity.
Indicators of adherence to physiotherapy attendance among Saudi female patients with mechanical low back pain: a clinical audit
Einas Al-Eisa
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-11-124
Abstract: A retrospective chart review was conducted on female LBP patients referred to the department of physiotherapy at a local tertiary hospital over a 12 month period. A total of 98 charts were reviewed. Two physiotherapists specialized in musculoskeletal rehabilitation collected information from the medical files. Data were classified in three categories: patients' personal demographics, patients' medical condition and history, and type of physiotherapy administered. Contingency tables and chi-square test were computed to test for differences in proportions. Spearman rank correlation coefficient was calculated to examine relationships among variables.Subjects who attended their scheduled appointments were classified as adherent (40%), and those who failed to attend 2 consecutive scheduled appointments and got discharged were classified as non-adherent (60%). Factors that significantly correlated with adherence included: age (r = 0.7, p < 0.05), initial pain intensity (r = 0.5, p < 0.05), and subjective report of improvement (r = 0.7, p < 0.01). Adherence did not correlate with the type of LBP, patient occupation, experience or nationality of the physiotherapist.This study reveals an alarming level of non-adherence to physiotherapy among patients with LBP. It remains unclear as to what level of adherence is required to achieve beneficial effect of treatment. It is quite evident however, that early withdrawal from treatment would not allow the therapeutic benefits of the treatment to be realized. Future research should be directed toward developing strategies to improve adherence.Low back pain (LBP) is considered a major health problem due to its high prevalence [1,2], high probability of recurrence [3], and associated disability [4]. It is generally defined as the perception of pain in the posterior aspect of the body between the inferior border of the rib cage and the inferior gluteal fold [5]. The epidemiology and socioeconomic cost of LBP has been well documented [6-8
Physical Activity and Health Beliefs among Saudi Women
Einas S. Al-Eisa,Hana I. Al-Sobayel
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/642187
Abstract: Background. Physical activity (PA) is associated with health benefits and disease prevention and is often prescribed in managing many health conditions. Understanding the cultural influences is relevant in order to effectively promote PA. The objective of this study was to assess the level of PA among Saudi women, measured by daily step count, and the association between PA and health beliefs. Methods. A total of 161 eligible participants were asked to complete two questionnaires to assess health beliefs: Health Locus of Control (HLC) and Self-Efficacy Assessment Scale. Each participant was given a pedometer and a diary to record their daily PA for two weeks. Results. One hundred and five participants completed the two weeks pedometer data (mean age 26.3±7.1 years, BMI 25±4.2 kg/m2). The average pedometer score over two weeks was 5114±2213 steps. Step count had strong correlation with self-efficacy (=0.75), mild correlation with internal HLC (=0.42), and mild negative correlation with external HLC (=?0.35). Conclusion. The study demonstrates high level of inactivity among Saudi females in reference to the international recommendation for minimum activity. The data also reveal an association between PA and health beliefs. Ultimately, such information can be used to design gender- and culture-sensitive interventions that could enhance adherence to PA.
Study the Effect of Recycled Tire Rubber on the Mechanical and Rheological Properties of TPV (HDPE/Recycled Tire Rubber)  [PDF]
Ziyad T. Al-Malki, Einas A. Al-Nasir, Moayad N. Khalaf, Raed K. Zidan
Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry (OJPChem) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2013.34017

Thermoplastic elastomeric blends prepared from blending of (10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50 wt%) high density polyethylene(HDPE) and (10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50 wt%) ground rubber tire (TPV-R). The blends prepared contain (HDPE)/polybutadiene (TPV-V). The two blends were successfully prepared through a dynamic vulcanization process, involving dicumyl peroxide (3%) as vulcanizing agent. The data of the mechanical (tensile strength at yield, %elongation and young modulus) and rheological properties (shear stress, shear rate, viscosity, flow behavior index and activation energy of melt flow) of the TPV-V and TPV-R showed that there was comparable results between the two blends.

Intelligent Home Monitoring Using RSSI in Wireless Sensor Networks
Firdous Kausar,Eisa Al Eisa,Imam Bakhsh
International Journal of Computer Networks & Communications , 2012,
Abstract: Automated systems have become deeply involved in our daily life these days. Every day new researchesand solutions are introduced in the worldwide to utilize computer systems to satisfy human needs. In thisproject we propose a “Intelligent Home Security Monitoring System” (IHMS) using RSSI in WirelessSensor Networks. This paper presents a system using Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) enabled smarthome environments to create pervasive and ubiquitous applications, which give scalable services andcontext-aware to the end users. This system develops an application and reports its implementation on realWSN to provide remote home security. There is a plan to use variations in received signal strengthindicator (RSSI) value to find intrusion activity at home. Architecture of an application has been presentedconsisting of Moteivs Tmote Sky motes and a base station. The application sends a piece of alarm as ashort message (SMS) on cellular phone of the homeowner in case of any intrusion activity has beendetected at home.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Dynamics of Post-Conflict Political Partnership in Sudan Das Umfassende Friedensabkommen im Sudan und die Dynamik politischer Partnerschaft in der Nachkriegsphase
Einas Ahmed
Africa Spectrum , 2009,
Abstract: Most of the researches on peace agreements conclude that powersharing arrangements included in these are mostly to the detriment of longterm democratic transformation. The basic argument of these studies is that peace deals consolidate mainly the power of the signatories to the detriment of other major political forces. This article illustrates that, in contrast to many cases, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which was signed in 2005 between the government of Sudan represented by the ruling party, the National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), has led to an important political transformation in state structure as well as in power relations. Although the CPA enhanced the legitimacy of the SPLM and the NCP and consolidated their political domination, it, nevertheless, contributed to a significant political opening for other political forces in the North and in the South. The CPA put an end to the historically exclusive political hegemony of the North. This article focuses on the dynamics of relations between the SPLM and the NCP during the transitional period and illustrates how these dynamics have impacted upon the process of political transformation. Untersuchungen zu Friedensvereinbarungen kommen zumeist zu dem Schluss, dass die enthaltenen Machtteilungsklauseln einer langfristigen demokratischen Transformation abtr glich sind. Als wichtigstes Argument wird dabei angeführt, dass Friedensvereinbarungen vor allem die Position der unterzeichnenden Partner st rken – zum Schaden anderer bedeutender politischer Kr fte. Der vorliegende Beitrag zeigt auf, dass – im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen F llen – das Umfassende Friedensabkommen (Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA), das 2005 von der Regierung des Sudan, repr sentiert durch die Regierungspartei National Congress Party (NCP) und die Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), unterzeichnet wurde, zu einem erheblichen Wandel sowohl der staatlichen Strukturen als auch der politischen Herrschaftsbeziehungen geführt hat. Obwohl das Abkommen zur Legitimierung von SPLM und NCP beitrug und ihre politische Machtposition st rkte, trug es nichtsdestotrotz auch zu einer signifikanten ffnung für andere politische Kr fte im Norden und Süden bei. Es führte zudem zur Beendigung der historisch verankerten exklusiven politischen Hegemonie des Nordens. Der Artikel richtet den Blick auf die Dynamik der Beziehungen zwischen SPLM und NCP in der übergangsperiode und zeigt auf, inwieweit diese Dynamik den politischen Transformationsprozess beeinflusste.
Nevus depigmentosus treated by melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation
Mulekar Sanjeev,Al Issa Ahmed,Al Eisa Abdullah
Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery , 2011,
Abstract: Background : Nevus depigmentosus is a congenital, nonprogressive hypopigmented disorder. Various therapeutic methods have been attempted to repigment nevus with variable results. Objective : The objective of this study is to report our experience of treatment of nevus depigmentosus with a combination of noncultured melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation (MKTP) and excimer laser sessions. Materials and Methods : Six patients (male 1, female 5) of nevus depigmentosus were treated with a combination of noncultured melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation and excimer laser. One patient was lost to follow-up. Remaining five patients were observed for a period ranging from 7 to 30 months. Results : Two patients responded poorly to MKTP. The remaining three patients responded with repigmentation ranging from 80% to 100% but the quality of repigmentation was unsatisfactory in two of them. Conclusion : Though repigmentation of nevus depigmentosus is possible by grafting techniques, the results are inconsistent and recurrence is possible.
Residual Iterative Method for Solving Absolute Value Equations
Muhammad Aslam Noor,Javed Iqbal,Eisa Al-Said
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/406232
Abstract: We suggest and analyze a residual iterative method for solving absolute value equations ?||= where ∈×, ∈ are given and ∈ is unknown, using the projection technique. We also discuss the convergence of the proposed method. Several examples are given to illustrate the implementation and efficiency of the method. Comparison with other methods is also given. Results proved in this paper may stimulate further research in this fascinating field.
Iterative Schemes for a Class of Mixed Trifunction Variational Inequalities
Muhammad Aslam Noor,Khalida Inayat Noor,Eisa Al-Said
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/125373
Abstract: We use the auxiliary principle technique to suggest and analyze some iterative methods for solving a new class of variational inequalities, which is called the mixed trifunction variational inequality. The mixed trifunction variational inequality includes the trifunction variational inequalities and the classical variational inequalities as special cases. Convergence of these iterative methods is proved under very mild and suitable assumptions. Several special cases are also considered. Results proved in this paper continue to hold for these known and new classes of variational inequalities and its variant forms.
On New Proximal Point Methods for Solving the Variational Inequalities
Muhammad Aslam Noor,Khalida Inayat Noor,Eisa Al-Said
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/412413
Abstract: It is well known that the variational inequalities are equivalent to the fixed point problem. We use this alternative equivalent formulation to suggest and analyze some new proximal point methods for solving the variational inequalities. These new methods include the explicit, the implicit, and the extragradient methods as special cases. The convergence analysis of the new methods is considered under some suitable conditions. Results proved in this paper may stimulate further research in this direction.
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