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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19459 matches for " Efficiency Evaluation "
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Effectiveness and Efficiency of Educational Measures: Evaluation Practices, Indicators and Rhetoric  [PDF]
Federica Cornali
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.23034
Abstract: In recent years, evaluating the performance of educational organizations has sparked increasing interest and debate. Many expectations ride on the smooth operation of school systems. It is widely believed that countries’ social and economic well-being will depend to an ever greater extent on the quality of their citizens’ education: the emergence of the so-called “knowledge society”, the transformation of information and the media, and increasing specialization on the part of organizations all call for high skill profiles and levels of knowledge. Today’s education systems are required to be both effective and efficient, or in other words, to reach the goals set for them while making the best use of available resources. This paper, by presenting and discussing a case study, will analyze several dimensions of schools’ effectiveness and efficiency, highlighting the importance of selecting evaluation procedures that can provide representations that reflect the actual situation to the greatest possible extent.
Efficiency Evaluation Study about the New and the Old Circulation Modes of Agricultural Products of Fruits and Vegetables in Beijing  [PDF]
Xiuli Tang, Rui Wang, Fangwen Yang, Lixiang Huang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.710107
Abstract: Firstly, there is a brief introduction about the new and the old circulation modes of Agricultural Products of fruits and vegetables in Beijing. And there will be an empirical analysis about it by constructing DEA model. The conclusion is that efficiency of the new circulation mode is higher than the old one. And the new mode can compensate for the low efficiency of the old model circulation deficiencies and improve the efficiency of agricultural products circulation of fruits and vegetables in Beijing.
Qualitative factors in the healthcare services
Claudiu CICEA,Gheorghe ALEXANDRU,Sebastian Madalin MUNTEANU
Economia : Seria Management , 2010,
Abstract: It is known that the efficiency of medical services is a broad social and economic concept, influenced by both numerical-quantitative and non-numerical-qualitative factors. The dynamic nature of technical progress and the accelerated pace of scientific discoveries in the field of health, enhances the size and complexity of economic issues related to assessing the efficiency of these social activities.
Evaluation of realisation of management efficiency on the basis of an agricultural enterprise
Jan Spiak
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2009,
Abstract: In this compilation an evaluation of realisation of standard management functions in an enterprise has been made. The system used for measurement and evaluation of such functions as: planning, organising, motivating and controlling, is based on a praxeological measurement system. Economic indicators and evaluation marks used in the compilation allowed, in an objective way, to determine the realisation of certain functions and to evaluate the efficiency of managing an enterprise in a yearly span.
The Evaluation of Enterprises’ Sustainable Superiority Degree of Technical Innovation Based on DEA Method  [PDF]
Bing Jiang, Lu Yang, Jun Fang
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2008.13028
Abstract: The paper at first expounds two new concepts of sustainability degree and superiority degree, and founds a method of DEA of relative efficiency index to rank all decision-making-units having been identified efficient. On the basis of them, the definition and arithmetic are given to analyze them. Then seven input and output techno-innovation indexes which belong to six automobile listed companies from 2002 to 2005 are used to evaluate enterprises’ sustainability degree and superiority degree by vertical and horizontal calculation based on DEA method. At last, we get general conclusions about enterprises’ sustainable superiority degree by weighting calculation.
Establishment of Quick Testing Efficiency Evaluation Model and Analysis of Related Factors  [PDF]
Dan Li
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.713113
Abstract: Objective: “Rapid screening, targeted sampling, objective test” is an efficient test model. The factors affecting the efficiency include false screening rate, missing rate and rapid screening time. However, only missing rate and accuracy have been used as technical requirements to evaluate rapid screening method. In this study, efficiency was regarded as evaluation index of quick testing method. Method: The evaluation model of quick testing efficiency was established by comparing time of routine testing and quick testing. By simulation calculation, the effect factors such as rapid screening time, false screening rate, missing rate and defective rate were analyzed. Results: The calculation formula of efficiency was derived. Simulation results showed that the lower defective rate, the higher efficiency; the smaller missing rate, false screening rate, or screening time, the higher efficiency and the degree of improving efficiency is related to defective rate; sometimes, the screening time is the most important factor affecting the efficiency. In certain cases, if the false screening rate or missing rate is 50%, the efficiency can be increased by more than 10 times. Conclusions: Taken together, this study highlighted a role of efficiency which functioned as an index to evaluate rapid screening. Quick testing efficiency evaluation model can be used for the calculation efficiency, and can be used to analysis the relationship between efficiency and the influence factors, and can provide the theoretical foundation for rapid screening method development and evaluation.
Research on Smart Growth of Sustainable Cities Based on Information Entropy and Super-Efficiency DEA Model  [PDF]
Ximing Lv, Shunkai Zhang, Ang Li, Jianbao Li
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2017.55103
Abstract: Since the “smart growth” was put forward in the late 90s, it has become an accepted design idea and concept in the field of urban design in the world, and has been deeply studied and applied. In order to better promote “smart grown”, we set up an evaluation system, which consists of eleven indicators. In this paper, Oxford City and Fengzhen City are used as the objects of the study. Then smart growth evaluation model is established. The weight of the index is calculated by the entropy method. We use the model to evaluate the development plans of the two cities, from which to calculate the contribution of the indicators on the level of smart growth. Finally, we use the super-efficient data envelopment analysis model (DEA) to rank the importance of the indicators to the smart growth. The results show that the level of smart growth in Oxford is higher than that in Fengzhen. And “Multifunctional Building Density in Central City”, “The Density of Public Area in Central City” two indicators account for more than 36% weight. The contribution of the two indicators is also located in the top two indicators. Two cities focus on the direction of smart growth is also different. In summary, the differences between China and Western countries in urban planning are mainly focused on housing and public resources.
Empirical Analysis on Efficiency of Listed Real Estate Companies in China by DEA  [PDF]
Qiting Chen, Fengdan Li
iBusiness (IB) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2017.93004
Abstract: The real estate industry plays an important role in the economic development in China. The purposes of this paper are to measure the operating efficiency of the real estate industry and also compare the different influencing factors on the efficiency. 30 companies listed in Shenzhen and Shanghai markets are selected as the sample companies of operating efficiency study. The data is collected from 2009 until 2015. C2R and B2C models of the data envelopment analysis (DEA) are used to derive findings. The present study applied Tobit regression model to study different factors’ influence on the efficiency. We concluded that efficiency was not high among most companies and the efficiency gap was quite wide. The results of the Tobit regression model showed that the efficiency was positively correlated with the net interest rate and education level, not so correlated with proportion of the first major shareholders and negatively with asset-liability ratio. Based on the conclusions, the paper put forward some specific suggestions.
Measurement and Evaluation of Efficiency. Criteria for Police Units
George DIMOFTE,Gabriela DIMOFTE,Ionica BOLEA
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2012,
Abstract: It is widely recognized that the exercise of the activity of management, as of all human activities, is not a purpose in itself, but rather a means to increase economic and social efficiency. To achieve a higher efficiency, the management has a major contribution, due to its deep involvement in the development of micro or macrosocial activities, through the decisions adopted and the actions needed for their application. Measuring and evaluating the organizational efficiency /effectiveness may be a task of high degree difficulty when it comes to translating them into practice. During their implementation, in front of the evaluator, appear a number of problems on whose settlement will depends the finality of the process itself. At the level of police organizations it is obvious that efficiency is a priority, getting performances on all levels, expressed with the help of indicators and indices. This study aims to highlight the difficulties of establishing criteria for efficiency in the police units and suggests performance indicators valid for police officers in accordance with the need for performance in public institutions at EU level.
Promoting Balance in Output Efficiencies for Cross-Efficiency Evaluation in Data Envelopment Analysis  [PDF]
Jin-Xiao Chen
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2019.73047
Abstract: Cross-efficiency evaluation is recognized as an effective way of efficiency assessment for a set of decision making units (DMUs) in the framework of data envelopment analysis (DEA). It has been generally suggested that secondary goals be introduced for cross-efficiency evaluation owing to the non-uniqueness of optimal solutions in self-evaluation. This paper develops a variety of secondary goals in the spirit of promoting balance in the output efficiencies of the DMU under evaluation. The proposed models attempt to make each output contribute as equally as possible to the self-evaluated efficiency. In this way, the weight flexibility can for one thing be reduced by the introduced secondary goals with selections from alternate optimal solutions, in addition to counting on the dilution of flexibility in the subsequent peer-evaluation. The proposed approach might be applicable to evaluation problems in which multiple outputs are considered important and balance is encouraged to put all dimensions into sufficient use. The effectiveness of the proposed approach and its comparisons with some relevant secondary goals are illustrated empirically using numerical examples.
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