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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 175 matches for " Edyta Dworak "
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In Search of a Strategy for Innovation Policy of Polish Economy
Witold Kasperkiewicz, Edyta Dworak
Comparative Economic Research , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10103-009-0005-8
Abstract: The paper considers the very important problem of innovativeness of Polish economy with particular attention given to its innovation policy. The purpose of the paper is to explain the character of innovation policy which has been implemented in Poland since the beginning of economic transformation. Additionally, the paper attempts to evaluate the level of innovativeness of Polish economy. The analysis is based on the set of indicators applied in the European Innovation Scoreboard and Statistical Survey presenting in Statistical Yearbook of Poland. Developing effective and consistent innovation policy requires choice of a particular strategy of innovation development which forms the basis for the policy. One can distinguish two such models in modern economy. In the first model, scientific and technical achievements of domestic R&D sector constitute the main factor indispensable for development of innovation. Investments in domestic scientific and development research determine invention and innovation supply. This model is applied in innovation policy of well-developed economies (Japan, the USA, Germany and Sweden). In contrast, the second model, referred to as adaptive, is based on import of new technologies. Poland should develop an adaptive model, however, its effectiveness will be dependent on the increase of the level of R&D investments, especially in the case of enterprises. The problem is that creative adaptation of imported technologies requires appropriate investments in financing domestic R&D institutions. The paper is divided into three parts. First deals with the characteristics of innovative potential and innovative activity of Polish economy. Second is devoted to the problem of innovation policy in Poland. Considerations presented in this part allow to come to a few conclusions concerning evaluation of innovation policy implemented in Poland. The last part discusses the issue of innovation strategy suitable for development of Polish economy in long run.
Daring the Meaning, or Cyberspace that Matters. Criticism-Creativity and Online Education  [PDF]
Edyta Just
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.913147
Abstract: This paper focuses on online education and generic competences such as criticism and creativity. It brings to the fore theories that address processes of meaning making (i.e., a psychological constructionist account of the brain basis of emotion-the conceptual act model (Lindquist et al., 2012; Barrett et al., 2014) and reflect on various patterns of meaning making comprising those that lead to criticism and creativity (i.e., the Deleuzian and Guattarian (1987; 2009) philosophical accounts of affect, concept and stratum) to inspire pedagogical practices that aim to create critically-creative abilities among students. Concomitantly, it seeks to reflect on how such pedagogical undertakings can be actualized in online education and on the possibilities online environment offers to promote criticism and creativity among graduates. By posing questions related to teaching methods, learning activities, software and hardware, and their combinations in online education, and by addressing and problematizing concepts and phenomena of immersion and DFI-digital facial image, I will make an effort to not only highlight, what I call, the promises of cyberspace, but also ponder on how the aforementioned pedagogical practices can be actualized online.
A favor de las campa?as negativas: Un alegato para México
Dworak, Fernando;
Revista IUS , 2012,
Abstract: it shall be understood as "negative campaign" which rather than deal with remarking the virtues of a candidate, aims to highlight the shortcomings of the adversary. in this case, a candidate does not enhance their virtues but the negative points of the opponent. this is undermining the reputation of a candidate or political choice, through evoking images and arguments that degrade the perception of voters forming of their rival. beyond any ethical evaluation are important tools for political debate. the aim of this essay is to present the usefulness of this remedy, and its regulation and why it has been outlawed in mexico. in the end it will be argued that the fundamental problem is the lack of accountability, it makes the political parties less competitive and highly vulnerable to attack tactics.
Dynamic decoupling of left-invertible MIMO LTI plants
Pawe Dworak
Archives of Control Sciences , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10170-011-0006-2
Abstract: In the paper problems with dynamic decoupling of the left-invertible multi-input multi-output dynamic (MIMO) linear time invariant (LTI) plants are considered. It is presented an universal and efficient algorithm for synthesis of control system for proper, square, right and left invertible plants which can be both unstable and/or non-minimumphase.
A favor de las campa as negativas: Un alegato para México In favor of negative campaigning: A plea for Mexico
Fernando Dworak
Revista IUS , 2012,
Abstract: Se entenderá como "campa a negativa" la que, más que ocuparse de remarcar las virtudes de un candidato, apunta a resaltar los defectos del adversario. En este caso, un candidato no realza sus propias virtudes, sino que destaca lo negativo del oponente. Se trata de socavar la reputación de un candidato u opción política, a través de evocar imágenes y argumentos que degraden la percepción que tengan los votantes respecto del rival. Más allá de toda valoración ética, son instrumentos importantes para el debate político. El objetivo del presente ensayo es exponer la utilidad de este recurso, su regulación y porqué se han proscrito en México. Al final, se argumentará que el problema de fondo es la falta de rendición de cuentas, pues hace partidos poco competitivos y altamente vulnerables a las tácticas de ataque. It shall be understood as "negative campaign" which rather than deal with remarking the virtues of a candidate, aims to highlight the shortcomings of the adversary. In this case, a candidate does not enhance their virtues but the negative points of the opponent. This is undermining the reputation of a candidate or political choice, through evoking images and arguments that degrade the perception of voters forming of their rival. Beyond any ethical evaluation are important tools for political debate. The aim of this essay is to present the usefulness of this remedy, and its regulation and why it has been outlawed in Mexico. In the end it will be argued that the fundamental problem is the lack of accountability, it makes the political parties less competitive and highly vulnerable to attack tactics.
Ocena sposobu ywienia niskich dziewcz t i ch opców
Edyta Suliga
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism , 2006,
Abstract: Wprowadzenie: Niedobory wysoko ci cia a, powstaj ce na skutek niedo ywienia dzieci w krajach rozwijaj cych si s szeroko opisywane w literaturze, natomiast bardzo ma o uwagi po wi ca si ocenie sposobu ywienia dzieci i m odzie y z niedoborem wysoko ci cia a w krajach rozwini tych. Cel pracy: Celem pracy by a ocena sposobu ywienia niskich dziewcz t i ch opców, ze szczególnym uwzgl dnieniem realizacji norm dziennego zapotrzebowania na podstawowe sk adniki od ywcze. Materia i metody: Badaniami obj to 60 osób w dwóch grupach wiekowych: 10,5 oraz 13,5 roku, których wzrost sytuowa si poni ej 10 centyla w stosunku do norm dla wieku i p ci. Oceny sposobu ywienia dokonano przeprowadzaj c wywiad dotycz cy spo ycia posi ków podczas ostatnich 24 godzin. Wyniki: U 22% badanych poziom energii w diecie by ni szy ni 75% dziennego zapotrzebowania. Procent realizacji normy na sk adniki mineralne wynosi rednio: 38,6-56,7% dla wapnia, 49,2-77,4% dla elaza, a dla cynku i miedzi odpowiednio 50,1-93,2% i 45,9-72,2%. Niedobory witamin by y w porównaniu ze sk adnikami mineralnymi zaznaczone znacznie s abiej. W ród m odzie y ze rodowiska wiejskiego odnotowano ni sze spo ycie bia ka zwierz cego i witaminy C. Wnioski: Dieta badanych dziewcz t i ch opców charakteryzowa a si obni on zawarto ci energii i sk adników mineralnych: wapnia, cynku, miedzi i elaza. Nieprawid owy sk ad diety móg przyczynia si do gorszego wykorzystywania potencja u wzrostowego i uzyskiwania mniejszej wysoko ci cia a w stosunku do rówie ników.
Nutritional behaviours of pregnant women Zachowania ywieniowe kobiet w ci y
Edyta Suliga
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Errors in nourishment and unstable nutritional status of pregnant women can have a negative impact on the development of the foetus and the course of pregnancy. The aim of the study: The aim of the study was the estimation of nutritional behaviour of pregnant women, nutritional status before pregnancy and their body weight gain during pregnancy. It is also examined whether the educational level is a factor that differentiates the manner of nourishment, and the nutritional status of the investigated women. Material and methods: The investigation included 200 women, 30 of them were in I, 70 - in II, and 100 - in III trimester of pregnancy; 19% had elementary general or vocational education; 35% - secondary education; and 46% - higher education. Information about eating habits as well as body height and mass was collected by means of an anonymous questionnaire. BMI of the investigated women before pregnancy and average weekly increases of body mass during pregnancy were calculated. Results: The investigation has shown insufficient consumption of vegetables and fruits, milk and dairy products, wholemeal cereal products, fish or supplements containing polyunsaturated fatty acids n-3, and high consumption of sweets. The folic acid before or during pregnancy was taken by 88% of the investigated women. An insufficient body mass before pregnancy (BMI <18.5) was found in 7%, and a small body weight gain during pregnancy was found in 28.8% of women. 5% of the investigated women had both risk factors simultaneously. Conclusions: A number of irregular nutritional behaviours were found among the investigated women. Most errors in nourishment were found in the group of women with elementary general or vocational education."
Zró nicowanie sposobu ywienia niskoros ych i wysokoros ych dziewcz t i ch opców z województwa wi tokrzyskiego
Edyta Suliga
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism , 2009,
Abstract: Wprowadzenie: Problem niedoborów wysoko ci cia a powstaj cych wskutek niedo ywienia u dzieci w krajach rozwijaj cych si jest szeroko opisywany w literaturze. Znacznie mniej uwagi po wi ca si natomiast ocenie sposobu ywienia dzieci i m odzie y z niedoborem wysoko ci cia a w krajach rozwini tych. Cel pracy: Celem pracy by a jako ciowa i ilo ciowa ocena sposobu ywienia niskoros ych i wysokoros ych dziewcz t i ch opców. Materia i metody: Badaniami obj to 86 dziewcz t i 113 ch opców niskoros ych (o wysoko ci cia a poni ej 10 centyla) oraz 45 dziewcz t i 44 ch opców wysokoros ych (o wysoko ci cia a powy ej 90 centyla) w wieku 7-16 lat. Do oceny sposobu ywienia zastosowano 24-godzinny wywiad o spo yciu. Wyniki: Ca odzienne racje pokarmowe badanych w obydwu grupach nie ró ni y si w istotny sposób pod wzgl dem zawarto ci energii, bia ka, t uszczu, wielonienasyconych kwasów t uszczowych oraz witamin rozpuszczalnych w t uszczach, tj. witaminy D i E, a u ch opców tak e witaminy A. Diety dzieci i m odzie y wysokoros ej charakteryzowa natomiast wy szy procent energii pochodz cej z bia ka, wy sza zawarto bia ka zwierz cego, sk adników mineralnych i niektórych witamin. Analiza jako ciowa wykaza a, e jad ospisy 65% dzieci i m odzie y niskoros ej zestawione by y niezgodnie z zasadami racjonalnego ywienia, a u ponad 40% z nich brak by o mleka lub produktów mlecznych. Wnioski: Niedobory niektórych sk adników od ywczych oraz nieprawid owe zestawienie racji pokarmowych pod wzgl dem jako ciowym, stwierdzone w grupie niskoros ych dziewcz t i ch opców, mog y przyczyni si do gorszego wykorzystania potencja u rozwojowego.
Phyllotaxis diversity in Lycopodium clavatum L. and Lycopodium annotinum L.
Edyta Gola
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 1996, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.1996.036
Abstract: In shoots of Lycopodium microphyllous phyllotaxis is extremely diverse. 24 various patterns were found in anisotomous L. clavatum and "only" 11 in isotomous L. annotinum. Spiral patterns expressed by k:(k+1 ) parastichy numbers were present together with typically whorled k:k patterns. In both species k number was higher in plagiotropic shoots than in orthotropic. It was also higher in L. clavatum than in L. annotinum. In the first species phyllotactic spectrum was wider with many patterns almost equally frequent, whereas narrow spectrum of L. annotinum showed clear dominance of only one pattern. The patterns, which are the most frequent in other plants, such as Fibonacci or Lucas, were uncommon in studied Lycopodium species. Discontinuous phyllotactic transitions occurred typically in two locations on the shoot: just below the dichotomic branching or above the borders, that separate the annual increments of the axis. Transitions were moderately frequent occurring in more than 7% of developmentally independent shoot segments. Dichotomous branching, resulting in variable shoot diameter, seasonal fluctuations of growth as well as a small size of microphylls relative to the shoot circumference are proposed to be the main factors contributing to the high phyllotactic diversity in studied species.
Phyllotactic spectra in cacti: Mammilaria species and some genera from Rebutia group
Edyta Gola
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 1997, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.1997.030
Abstract: Phyllotaxis of globular or hemispheric cacti from Mammillaria genus and from Rebutia group shows the significant differences between the two groups. An extremely wide spectrum of phyllotaxis with many infrequent patterns has been found in Rebutia group while in Mammilluria genus it appears to be quite narrow with the main Fibonacci pattern dominant. Therefore one of possible factors responsible for these differences might be a genetic one. Ontogenetic transformations of phyllotaxis both continuous (quantitative) and discontinuous (qualitative) have been found in studied cacti. These developmental events together with dichotomy frequently occurring in some taxa increase the level of phyllotaxis diversity. As more than one expression of the pattern occurred due to continuous transformations in many studied cacti - the numbers of opposite spirals can no longer be treated as a feature of the diagnostic value in cactus taxonomy. Because of intense developmental changes significant is rather a range of phyllotaxis diversity (phyllotactic spectrum) than a single pattern or its expression in a given taxon.
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