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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200653 matches for " Eduardo de Souza;Paula "
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Aspectos da composi??o química e aceita??o sensorial da aguardente de cana-de-a?úcar envelhecida em tonéis de diferentes madeiras
Alcarde, André Ricardo;Souza, Paula Araújo de;Belluco, André Eduardo de Souza;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612010000500035
Abstract: this study evaluated some aspects of the chemical composition and sensorial acceptance of sugar cane spirit aged for 3 years in casks of different types of wood (peanut wood, araruva or striped wood, red cabreuva, oak, cherrywood, brazilian gold wood, purple tabebuia, cariniana legalis, and pear tree). the simple alcoholic distillate which originated the sugar cane spirit was produced at the distillery of esalq/usp. after aging, the sugar cane spirits were analyzed in terms of ethanol concentrations o, volatile acidity, furfural, aldehydes, esters, higher alcohols, methanol, copper, total phenolic compounds, color, and sensorial acceptance. regardless the type of wood the casks were made of, the aged sugar cane spirits became darker and presented higher concentrations of volatile acidity, furfural, esters, higher alcohols, congeners, and total phenolic compounds than the simple alcoholic distillate. on the other hand, the aged sugar cane spirits presented lower concentrations of aldehydes, methanol, and copper than the simple alcoholic distillate. the statistical analysis, considering the global physicochemical composition of the sugar cane spirits aged in the casks made of different types of wood, showed similarities among the sugar cane spirits aged in the casks of peanut wood, araruva or striped wood, and cariniana legalis. it also indicates similarities among the sugar cane spirits aged in the casks of red cabreuva and pear tree and among the sugar cane spirits aged in the casks of oak, cherrywood, brazilian gold wood, and purple tabebuia. the sugar cane spirits aged in the casks of the different types of wood were in accordance with the composition and quality standards established by the brazilian laws. the sugar cane spirit aged in oak presented the best sensorial acceptance. among the brazilian woods, purple tabebuia, peanut wood, red cabreuva, cherrywood and pear tree were those that produced sugar cane spirits with better sensorial qualities.
Chemical profile of sugarcane spirits produced by double distillation methodologies in rectifying still
Alcarde, André Ricardo;Souza, Paula Araújo de;Belluco, André Eduardo de Souza;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612011000200012
Abstract: the objective of this study was to determine the chemical profile of sugarcane spirits produced by different double distillation methodologies in rectifying still. fermented sugarcane juice was distilled in rectifying still according to three double distillation methodologies: the methodology used for cognac production; the methodology used for whisky production; and the 10-80-10 percentage composition methodology, referring to the volumes of head, heart and tail of the distillate fractions from the second distillation. for comparison purposes, a simple distilled spirit was also produced. the distillates were analyzed for concentrations of ethanol, copper, volatile acidity, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural, aldehydes, esters, methanol and higher alcohols. the spirits were also evaluated on the sensory attributes of aroma, taste and preference. compared to simple distillation, double distillation improved the chemical quality of the spirits, since it has reduced the concentrations of acids, aldehydes, esters, methanol, higher alcohols and, consequently, their coefficient of congeners. regardless of the methodology employed, the double distillation improved the sensory quality of the spirits since they obtained higher sensory acceptance in relation to spirits produced by simple distillation. among double distilled spirits, the one produced according to whisky methodology obtained the best scores from appraisers on the aroma and flavor parameters and it was also the most preferred.
Volatilization kinetics of secondary compounds from sugarcane spirits during double distillation in rectifying still
Alcarde, André Ricardo;Souza, Paula Araújo de;Belluco, André Eduardo de Souza;
Scientia Agricola , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162010000300005
Abstract: the qualitative variation of secondary components plays a key role in the aroma and taste of the sugarcane spirit. the objective of this work was to study the volatilization kinetics of secondary components of sugarcane spirits during double distillation process in a rectifying still to verify the cutoff point in ethanol between "head" and "tail" fractions. fermented sugarcane juice was distilled in rectifying still according to the methodology used for whisky production. both distillates from first and second distillations were collected in fractions of 500 ml and analyzed for the concentrations of ethanol, copper, volatile acidity, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural, aldehydes, esters, methanol and higher alcohols. in the first distillation, aldehydes and esters were distilled at the beginning of the distillation, while acetic acid was distilled at the end of the distillation. methanol was found in the fractions up to almost half of the first distillation. higher alcohols were distilled during the whole first distillation, but with greater intensity up to the alcoholic degree of 40% v v-1 of the distillate. during the second distillation, aldehydes, esters and methanol were distilled in the first distillate fractions, being collected mainly at alcohol concentrations above 80% v v-1. acetic acid was distilled in the final distillate fractions, with concentrations in alcohol content below 20% v v-1. higher alcohols followed a distillation kinetics pattern similar to ethanol, being collected mainly at alcoholic concentrations above 60% v v-1 of the distillate. the presence of copper, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural was not detected in any fraction of the distillates of the first and second distillation.
Detec??o do provírus da Imunodeficiência Felina em gatos domésticos pela técnica de Rea??o em Cadeia da Polimerase
Caldas, Ana Paula Ferrary;Leal, élcio de Souza;Silva, Eduardo Filipe Avila;Ravazzolo, Ana Paula;
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-736X2000000100002
Abstract: feline immunodeficiency virus (fiv) infection of domestic cats is one of the most promising animal models for the infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids). infected cats may develop a disease similar to that observed in aids patients, with increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections. in this study we used the polymerase chain reaction (pcr) to detect proviral dna of feline immunodeficiency virus on the blood and tissue samples from cats with a clinical diagnosis of immunodeficiency. the pcr primers were used to amplify the gag gene, which is conserved among different isolates. from 40 samples analyzed, 15 were positive and 4 of them were submitted to hybridization to confirm the specificity of the amplified fragments. these results confirm the presence of fiv in domestic cats in rio grande do sul, brazil.
Detec o do provírus da Imunodeficiência Felina em gatos domésticos pela técnica de Rea o em Cadeia da Polimerase
Caldas Ana Paula Ferrary,Leal élcio de Souza,Silva Eduardo Filipe Avila,Ravazzolo Ana Paula
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 2000,
Abstract: A infec o de gatos domésticos pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Felina (FIV) é um dos modelos mais promissores para o estudo da infec o pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) que causa a Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida (AIDS). O FIV causa, em gatos, uma enfermidade similar àquela observada em pacientes com AIDS, sobretudo no que diz respeito ao aumento da susceptibilidade a infec es oportunistas. No presente estudo, utilizou-se a Rea o em Cadeia da Polimerase (PCR), com o objetivo de detectar o provírus do FIV em gatos com sinais clínicos de imunodeficiência. O fragmento de DNA escolhido como alvo para amplifica o situa-se no gene gag do lentivírus felino, o qual é conservado entre as diferentes amostras do vírus. O DNA utilizado foi extraído a partir de amostras de sangue e de tecidos de animais com suspeita clínica de imunodeficiência. Das 40 amostras analisadas, 15 foram positivas, das quais 4 foram submetidas à hibridiza o, confirmando a especificidade dos fragmentos amplificados. Esses resultados demonstram a presen a do FIV na popula o de gatos domésticos do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.
Luis Eduardo de Souza ROBAINA,Patrícia Milani DE PAULA,Romario TRENTIN
Revista Sociedade & Natureza , 2005,
Abstract: The study of the environment, knowing its resources and frailties, has been the work of the Laboratório de Geologia Ambiental (Environmental Geology Laboratory) (LAGEOLAM) – UFSM during the last 10 years.The West-southwestern region of Rio Grande do Sul State in the Hydrographic Basin of Ibicuí River (picture 1) represents an area of high environmental degradation, which is linked to accelerated erosion, engendering ravines, gully erosion, and sands processes of soils.In this context, the study of the region has been developed in order to identify, mapping, or simply describe objects of the landscape which, because of natural forces or through human influence, has occasioned environment degradation through the augmented superficial dynamics which occurs in that areas.
Analyzing Brazilian Driver’s License Authenticity by Easy Ambient Sonic-Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry  [PDF]
Deleon Nascimento Correa, Eduardo Morgado Schmidt, Marcos Fernando Franco, Jorge Jardim Zacca, Werickson Fortunato de Carvalho Rocha, Antony de Paula Barbosa, Rodrigo Borges, Wanderley de Souza, Marcos Nogueira Eberlin
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2016.74032

Fast and unequivocal methods of questioned document analysis are essential in forensic science. Here, a desorption/ionization technique, EASI-MS, was assessed for its ability to investigate questioned driver’s licenses (DL). Two suspects DL, displaying the same personal data in the proper fields (name and ID numbers), but with different individual photos, showing similar impressions on microscopic analysis, and authentic standards documents specimens were used as test cases. Profiles from authentic DL surface were dominated by a set of few minor ions, mainly from the plasticizers bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate and dibutylphthalate. The seized suspect counterfeit DL on points from personal data and photo were, however, dominated by abundant diagnostic ions of m/z 463, 507, 551, 595, 639, 683, which confirmed counterfeiting. Surfynol® and Nonoxynol-9®, which are common constituents of inkjet printing, were detected in the counterfeiting areas by high-accuracy EASI(+)-FT-ICR MS. The EASI-MS technique is shown therefore to offer an attractive tool for forensic investigation of questioned documents.

Mioclonia espinhal após anestesia subaracnoidea com bupivacaína
Abr?o, Jo?o;Bianco, Marcelo de Paula;Roma, Waltuires;Krippa, José Eduardo de Souza;Hallak, Jaime Eduardo;
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-70942011000500012
Abstract: background and objectives: it is presented in this case report a very rare complication after spinal anesthesia to provide subsidies to the management and therapeutic conduct. case report: this is a 63-year old african-brazilian patient, asa i, scheduled for transurethral resection of the prostate (turp). he underwent subarachnoid anesthesia with bupivacaine (15 mg) without adrenaline. intercurrences were not observed during puncture, and the patient was positioned for surgery. soon after positioning the patient, he complained of severe pain in the perineum region followed by involuntary tonic-clonic movements of the lower limbs. the patient was treated with a benzodiazepine to control the myoclonus without response. this episode was followed by significant agitation and the patient was intubated. he was maintained in controlled ventilation and transferred to the intensive care unit. despite all biochemical and imaging tests performed, an apparent cause was not detected. the medication was not changed and the same batch of anesthetic had been used in other patients that same day without intercurrences. conclusions: after ruling out all possible causes, the diagnosis of spinal myoclonus after spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine was made by exclusion
Alimentos e Nutri??o , 2010,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o perfil f -sico-qu -mico da aguardente de cana-de-a § ocar produzida por diferentes metodologias de dupla destila § £o em alambique simples. Mosto fermentado de caldo de cana-dea § ocar foi destilado em alambique simples seguindo tr as metodologias de dupla destila § £o: a empregada para a produ § £o de conhaque, a empregada na produ § £o de u -sque e a metodologia da propor § £o porcentual 10-80-10, referente aos volumes das fra § μes a€ cabe §aa€ , a€ cora § £oa€ e a€ caudaa€ do destilado da segunda destila § £o. Para compara § £o, tamb m foi produzida uma aguardente de cana-de-a § ocar monodestilada. Os destilados foram analisados quimicamente quanto s concentra § μes de etanol, cobre, acidez vol til, furfural e hidroximetilfurfural, alde -dos, steres, metanol e lcoois superiores. As aguardentes de cana-de-a § ocar foram tamb m avaliadas sensorialmente quanto aos atributos de aroma, sabor e prefer ancia. Comparada com a monodestila § £o, a dupla destila § £o melhorou a qualidade qu -mica das aguardentes, pois proporcionou redu § £o das concentra § μes de cobre, de acidez vol til, de alde -dos, de steres, de metanol, de lcoois superiores e, consequentemente, do coeficiente de cong aneres das aguardentes. As metodologias de dupla destila § £o baseadas na produ § £o de conhaque e de u -sque proporcionaram maior redu § £o na concentra § £o dos componentes secund rios das aguardentes que a metodologia baseada na propor § £o 10-80-10. A dupla destila § £o melhorou tamb m a qualidade sensorial das aguardentes, pois, independentemente da metodologia empregada, as aguardentes produzidas por dupla destila § £o obtiveram maior aceita § £o sensorial que a aguardente monodestilada. Dentre as aguardentes duplamente destiladas, a produzida segundo a metodologia do u -sque obteve as maiores notas dos provadores quanto aos par ¢metros de aroma e sabor e tamb m foi a mais preferida.
Produ??o agropecuária em municípios de Minas Gerais (1996-2006): padr?es de distribui??o, especializa??o e associa??o espacial
Silva, Guilherme Jonas Costa da;Souza, Esdras Cardoso;Martins, Humberto Eduardo de Paula;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032012000200008
Abstract: the present paper aims to analyze the recent spatial dynamics of the agricultural farming and cattle raising sector in the state of minas gerais. the focus is on the sector gdp in 1996 and 2006. first, we develop a general characterization of the agricultural farming and cattle raising production in minas gerais, including the sector gdp distribution among municipalities. next, we analyze the relation between the relative municipality's participation and the specialization level in the sector production. furthermore, we try to identify patterns of spatial association and cluster formation for the largest municipalities in terms of participation in the sector gdp. finally, we suggest some public policy recommendation to achieve higher agricultural farming and cattle raising output and to consolidate the identified municipality's clusters.
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