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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 186565 matches for " Edson Alves de "
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La cuestión del sujeto individual y grupal en sociedades multiculturales en transformación
Edson Alves de Souza Filho
Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales , 2008,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es examinar la emergencia de dos actores sociales contemporáneos importantes, aunque no siempre considerados: los individuos y los grupos minoritarios social y culturalmente activos en los espacios privado y público. se adopta como principal referencia de análisis la teoría de las representaciones sociales de Moscovici, según la cual los individuos y grupos en la vida social moderna y urbana, tienden a construir su destino a partir de la acción y el pensamiento. Según resultados de investigaciones en Brasil, fue posible observar que individuos y grupos étnicos minoritarios sin poder fueron los que más mostraron búsqueda de autonomía, diferenciación y demarcación de fronteras sociales. El autor sugiere realizar investigaciones y adoptar políticas públicas que permitan una mayor promoción de esas orientaciones sociales.
El discurso sobre el cine de Almodóvar en la Espa?a de los a?os ochenta
Alves de Souza, Edson;Beldarráin, ángel;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2006,
Abstract: this essay analyzes the critic of the cinema of pedro almodóvar in spain. one made an analysis history-psicosocial to discover total tendencies of construction of the socially diffused significances. the analysis of the semantic contents between 1980 and 1988 showed that the work of pedro almodóvar was criticized positively since 1988. the critics have described the work of almodóvar in a neutral and negative way, by underlining the situations and the characters. from 1988 one discovered in the news two principal tendencies: acceptance starting from the inclusion of the popular characters and at the same time, a public which wanted certain products cultural beyond the preserving glance dominating.
Analisando representa??es sociais através de elementos gramaticais: compondo representa??es sobre música
Scardua, Anderson;Souza Filho, Edson Alves de;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822010000200018
Abstract: the aim of this study was to present a method of analysis for social representations (sr) based on grammatical elements. this method was described through a research about sr of music among musicians (n=57) and listeners (n=234) from the city rio de janeiro. questions were asked about the definition of music and the description of likes and dislikes regarding music production and consumption. drawing on grammatical/thematic content analysis many categories were described and clustered in three groups according to the prevalence of grammatical elements: descriptive/objective - based on nouns; effects/uses - prevalence of verbs and expressions (e.g. "it is to", "it makes me"); and rhetorical - based on adverbs and adjectives. these categories allowed us to observe more specifically the processes of objectivation (descriptive), and anchoring (effects/uses), as well as attitudinal elements (rhetorical). further, the process of analysis, and its implications and limits were discussed.
O debate sobre a homossexualidade mediado por representa??es sociais: perspectivas homossexuais e heterossexuais
Scardua, Anderson;Souza Filho, Edson Alves de;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722006000300017
Abstract: the objective of this work was to study the social representations of homosexuality among college students, according to sexual orientation and sex. one free association question about the word homosexuality and another about is possible causes were answered. the data was analyzed according to the principles of content analysis. there were significant differences among the groups, allowing us to find out different ways of understanding/dealing with homosexuality and facing prejudice/discrimination. the homosexual men publicly justified/legitimated (rights, freedom) homosexuality with the argument/representation that it is uncontrollable/natural, while the homosexual women preferred to build and improve interaction agreements on the interpersonal level (family, love affair) to obtain social recognition. yet the heterosexual men and women, with many references to normality and others contents that reinforce the social conventions, pointed out less possibility of recognition towards homosexuality.
El discurso sobre el cine de Almodóvar en la Espa a de los a os ochenta
Edson Alves de Souza,ángel Beldarráin
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2006,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es el análisis de la crítica especializada espa ola sobre el cine de Pedro Almodóvar. Para inferir tendencias globales de construcción de significados socialmente difundidos, se adoptó un abordaje histórico-psicosocial (Moscovici, 1961/1976a; 1976b/1981). El análisis de los contenidos semánticos entre 1980 y 1988, indica que la crítica sólo comenzó a evaluar el trabajo de Almodóvar de forma positiva a partir de 1988. Hasta entonces los críticos describían la obra de modo neutro y negativo, enfatizando situaciones y personajes con contenidos minoritarios y singulares. Dos tendencias principales fueron constatadas en la prensa en cuanto a la recepción de la obra del cineasta: una mayor aceptación general en función de la inclusión paulatina en su filmografía de personajes y contenidos populares, y la existencia en la sociedad espa ola y fuera de ésta, de un público que deseaba consumir dichos productos culturales, los cuales eran menos reconocidos desde la visión conservadora predominante. Para una mejor comprensión de las relaciones cineasta-crítica-sociedad se discute el papel de la dialéctica minoría-mayoría.
The debate on homosexuality mediated by social representations: homosexual and heterosexual perspectives / O debate sobre a homossexualidade mediado por representa es sociais: perspectivas homossexuais e heterossexuais
Anderson Scardua,Edson Alves de Souza Filho
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2006,
Abstract: The objective of this work was to study the social representations of homosexuality among college students, according to sexual orientation and sex. One free association question about the word homosexuality and another about is possible causes were answered. The data was analyzed according to the principles of content analysis. There were significant differences among the groups, allowing us to find out different ways of understanding/dealing with homosexuality and facing prejudice/discrimination. The homosexual men publicly justified/legitimated (rights, freedom) homosexuality with the argument/representation that it is uncontrollable/natural, while the homosexual women preferred to build and improve interaction agreements on the interpersonal level (family, love affair) to obtain social recognition. Yet the heterosexual men and women, with many references to normality and others contents that reinforce the social conventions, pointed out less possibility of recognition towards homosexuality.
Percep??es sociais de pacientes sobre profissionais de saúde e outros estressores no ambiente de unidade de terapia intensiva
Sousa, Leonardo Mello de;Souza Filho, Edson Alves de;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2008000300002
Abstract: we observed patients' social perceptions about professionals as minimizers/ maximizers of stress experienced in an intensive care unit. our assumption was that the situation of an intensive care unit contributes to the appearance of phenomena that change subjective perceptions in order to deal with health/disease matters. the method consisted of applying a questionnaire to evaluate stressful factors in an intensive care unit, and it included certain questions about who would be responsible for provoking the specific stresses experienced. we analyzed relationships between these professionals and some of the dimensions of that experience: individual (patient), inter-individual (patient and other people) and intergroup (patient and professionals). there were 85 participants and we employed the pearson′s correlation and chi-square tests. the most stressful aspects were those related to the individual dimension, while the least stressful were related to physical structure and intergroup relations. we observed that the team was the figure most associated with stress, which points to a certain dilution of responsibility. there was more emphasis on the physical than the psychosocial aspects in an intensive care unit.
O lugar de psicologia social na forma??o dos psicólogos
Souza, Ligia Claudia Gomes de;Souza Filho, Edson Alves de;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822009000300012
Abstract: this paper aimed at contributing to the education in social psychology in brazil, raising the teaching contents/practices of such topic in courses of psychology in institutions located in all the regions of the country. the research consisted of the survey of diverse material related to the teaching of social psychology, through summaries, programs and questionnaires and the recommended bibliography. 51 professors of social psychology answered the questionnaire; and other information regarding summaries and programs was collected in institutions. the data was submitted to content analysis, organized in tables and statistically tested. the teaching of psychology is carried out drawing on descriptive concepts/phenomena, where topics of the field are more valued to the detriment of theoretical trends; hence practices and methods were less mentioned/emphasized. the results are interpreted as a search to raise psychology course students' awareness of the social problems related to social psychology.
Representa??es antecipatórias em situa??es educacionais adversas: um estudo de um programa de pré-vestibular comunitário
Insfrán, Fernanda Fochi Nogueira;Souza Filho, Edson Alves de;
Ensaio: Avalia??o e Políticas Públicas em Educa??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40362011000300007
Abstract: we aimed at inferring psychosocial causes of success and failure among students. we assumed that there are anticipatory representations based on instrumental actions and others, based on results. we interviewed 30 former students of university admission courses for low income people in the countryside of the state of rio de janeiro. the questions dealt with the course's contributions to their learning, its positive and negative aspects; self-evaluation of their lives currently and in the future. we found two representational models: well-succeeded students centered in action and unsuccessful students centered in results. additionally, we noticed the formation of a group dynamic in which the well-succeeded conveyed unfavorable contents about "student as group" and favorable ones about "teacher", and the unsuccessful students tended to withdraw from these relationships. therefore, we propose the creation of reflection groups to boost both the internal individual and the external social relationships.
Influência social na vida familiar: grupo étnico e rela??es interculturais
Souza Filho, Edson Alves de;Beldarrain-Durandegui, Angel;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2010000100003
Abstract: remembrances of young jews and non-jews were analyzed to infer patterns of social influence adopted by their parents and ancestors. we suppose that the ways of influencing among jews is related to a search of autonomy, differentiation and demarcation of interindividual/intergroup boundaries, which is the opposite among non-jews. the participants were students from two private high schools. subgroups were formed according to surnames: ashkenazim (german jews), ashkenazim/sephardim (iberian jews), jews/non-jews and non-jews. they reported remembrances of parents and ancestors, going back until the 5th generation; simulated a self-introduction to a person with a different religious background; indicated places abroad where they would live; and mentioned ten surnames other than their families'. influence models of jewish students emphasized individual and group aspects of family life, while non-jews emphasized inter-individual relationships. the jews' self-introduction to others revealed emphasis on their own and others' group aspects, while non-jews emphasized courtesy/politeness.
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