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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 177 matches for " Echinococcosis "
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Primary Hydatid Cyst Disease of the Spleen; a Rare Entity: Report of Two Cases
Kemal KARAKAYA
Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi , 2007,
Abstract: Hydatid cyst disease mostly involves the liver and the lung. The spleen is one of the rare sites involved in hydatid cyst disease. The clinical presentation of the splenic hydatid cyst disease is often vague. Two cases of hydatidosis with isolated spleen involvement which were treated surgically are reported. The two patients who presented with mild abdominal discomfort, swelling, being full up quickly, were diagnosed as primary splenic hydatid cyst by ultrasonography and CT scans. Both of the patients underwent splenectomy, partial diaphragm resection and left tube thoracostomy. Both of them followed an uneventful early postoperative course and discharged from the hospital on the 6th and 18th days following the operation, respectively. One of the patients died at his home four days after his discharge, the other is under control for 24 months without an event.
Evaluation of Hepatic Cystic Echinococcosis’ CT image in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region based on Kolmogorov Complexity Model  [PDF]
Jingjing Zhou, Murat Hamit, Abdugheni Kutluk, Chuanbo Yan, Li Li, Jianjun Chen, Yanting Hu, Dewei Kong, Weikang Yuan
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.410B015
Abstract:

Designing and developing computer-assisted image processing techniques to help doctors improve their diagnosis has received considerable interests over the past years. In this paper, we used the kolmogorov complexity model to analyze the CT images of the healthy liver and multiple daughter hydatid cysts. Before the complexity characteristic calculating, the image preprocessing methods had been used for image standardization. From the kolmogorov complexity model, complexity characteristic were calculated in order to quantify the complexity, between healthy liver and multiple daughter hydatid cysts. Then we use statistical method to analyze the complexity characteristic of those two types of images. Our preliminary results show that the complexity characteristic has statistically significant (p<0.05) to analyze these two types CT images, between the healthy liver and the multiple daughter hydatid cysts. Furthermore, the result leads us to the conclusion that the kolmogorov complexity model could use for analyze the hydatid disease and will also extend the analysis the other lesions of liver.

Primary hydatid cyst as a cause of pseudotumor of the buttock  [PDF]
Lamiae Chater, Karima Atarraf, Moulay Abderrahmane Afifi
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.33036
Abstract:

Primary muscle hydatidosis is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of hydatid cyst locations, and the gluteus muscle location is exceptional. The objective of this study is to report an exceptional location of hydatid cyst of the gluteus muscle presented like a tumor in the buttock region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is helpful in diagnosis, it represents the best test for hydatid cysts of the soft parts. It is important to establish the diagnosis preoperatively in order to limit the risk of anaphylactic shock or dissemination in the event of puncture or accidental opening of the cyst during resection. The eradication of this disease is based on prophylaxis.

Presacralhydatid Cyst: An Exceptional Presentation  [PDF]
Sebastián Barber-Millet, Salvador Pous-Serrano, Javier Maupoey-Ibá?ez, Marta Trallero-Anoro, Erick Montilla-Navarro, Rosana Palasí-Jiménez
Surgical Science (SS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2014.59062
Abstract: Introduction: Hydatidosis is caused by the larvae of the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Liver and lung are the most frequent locations. We report a rare case of a primary hydatid disease location in pre-sacral space. Clinic case: A 64-year-old male patient who consulted due to right gluteal area pain radiating to outer side of the right leg. Physical examination showed a positive Lasègue with hypoesthesia in right L4 L5 S1 territories, with loss of strength in S1. The x-ray showed L3 vertebral wedging and a lumbar lordosis rectification. Laboratory tests and tumor markers were negative. Endorectal ultrasonography described a multilobulatedpresacral cystic tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 16 × 10 × 11 cm retro rectal mass. Due to uncertain diagnosis, surgery was performed, with previous albendazol administration and surgical field protection with 20% hypertonic saline solution. Combined approach (laparotomy + Kraske incision) was realized. Postoperative course was uneventful. The patient remained asymptomatic 36 months after surgery. Summary: Presacralhydatid cysts are rare entities, but must be considered in differential diagnosis of space-occupying lesions in presacral region. Surgery is treatment of choice, and medical treatment may be useful to prevent recurrences.
Management of Pulmonary Hydatid Disease: Review of 66 Cases from Iraq  [PDF]
Nazar B. Elhassani, Abdulsalam Y. Taha
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.43018
Abstract:
Background: Hydatid disease is a serious health hazard and a major problem to the community in Iraq. The disease is still endemic as witnessed in everyday surgical practice. The aim of this prospective study was to review the management of pulmonary hydatid disease (PHD) in two major thoracic surgical centers (Ibn-Alnafis and Medical City Teaching Hospitals), Baghdad, Iraq over one year period. Materials and Methods: Sixty six patients (38 females and 28 males) with PHD admitted and treated surgically in the Departments of Thoracic Surgery in the aforementioned hospitals were studied. Demographic and clinical features were obtained by direct patients’ interviews and thorough physical examination. The diagnosis in the vast majority of patients was based on plain chest radiography while few had bronchoscopy. All patients had posterolateral thoracotomy for removal of pulmonary hydatid cysts (PHC). The clinical and radiographic findings as well as operative procedures and postoperative complications were reviewed. Results: The age ranged from two and a half years to 60 years with a mean of 22.3. Sixty percent of patients were in second and third decades. Most patients (n = 51, 77%) lived in rural areas. Housewives and students predominated. A positive family history was obtained in 5. Cough, chest pain, dyspnoea and haemoptysis were the main symptoms whereas 15 were acutely ill. Three patients presented with pathognomonic expectoration of laminated membrane and 2 had intra-pleural cyst rupture. The total number of cysts was 99 (61 intact, 50 solitary, and 55 unilateral). The right lung was more frequently involved (n = 64) and right lower lobe was on the top. Cyst size ranged from 3 to 25 cm with a mean of 8.5. The main radiographic appearance was the “full moon against dark sky” visible in 61.6%. Abdominal ultrasound was carried out in 40 patients who revealed 12 hepatic and one splenic HCs. Lung preserving surgery was done in 76 cysts (91.5%) while lobectomy was necessary in 7. Capitonnage was used in 16 cases only (19.2%). Two patients had lung decortication and four had trans-diaphragmatic removal of liver HCs. Few complications developed mostly managed conservatively. Reoperation was necessary in 4 patients (prolonged air leak, n = 2 and bleeding, n = 2). Two patients died (3%). Conclusion: PHC is endemic in Iraq, mainly diagnosed by plain chest radiography, and can be safely managed by lung preserving
Aspectos clínico-quirúrgicos de la hidatidosis hepática, una zoonosis de creciente preocupación
Manterola D,Carlos; Moraga C,Javier; Urrutia B,Sebastián; ,;
Revista chilena de cirugía , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-40262011000600017
Abstract: hydatidosis is common in southern chile and it is usually located in the liver. the complications of surgical procedures for liver hydatidosis, which fluctuate from 11 to 86%, are superposed to the own complications of the disease. the frequency of surgical complications is associated with evolutionary complications of the cysts, the need to perform additional procedures to treat the disease in other simultaneous locations and previous surgical interventions for the disease. operative mortality is lower than 5%. the surgical treatment of hydatidosis is divided in four phases: isolation of the surgical zone, cyst evacuation, treatment of cyst complications and treatment of residual cavity. the conservative surgical procedures are marsupialization, cystostomy, posadas intervention and cystojejunostomy. surgical procedures involving resection are pericys-tectomy, subtotal cystectomy and liver resections. the role of laparoscopic surgery is still under evaluation.
Unusual localization of an hydatid cyst: first reported case in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Menghi, Claudia Irene;Gatta, Claudia Liliana;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702011000100015
Abstract: hydatidosis is a parasitic infection caused by the tapeworm larva of echinococcus spp. its relevance lies in its wide distribution, great number of clinical cases and outstanding morbility. hydatid infection of the orbit comprises far less than 1% of the total incidence. this is a case of a patient from argentina complaining of a two-week evolution proptosis of the right eye. a microscopic examination revealed the presence of protoscolices of echinococcus spp. in the fluid obtained during the surgical proceedings. the patient was treated with oral albendazole. to our knowledge, this is the first case of occular hydatidosis diagnosed in the city of buenos aires, argentina.
HIDATIDOSIS OVáRICA
Barrero P.,Raúl; León B.,Manuel; Barrero V.,David; Vargas V.,Victoria;
Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75262005000300008
Abstract: we report an exceptional case of ovarian hydatidosis in a young woman, with primary sterility. we evaluate the diagnosis methods, treatment, clinical evolution and the possible effect in the fertility
Hidatidosis de la mama: Reporte de un caso
TAPIA E,OSCAR; PINEDA N,VIVIANA; ROA S,JUAN CARLOS;
Revista chilena de cirugía , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-40262010000500017
Abstract: we report a 27 years old female consulting for a left breast nodule. mammography and breast ultrasound showed a nodule with anechoic content. afine needle aspiration obtained a crystalline fluid. the nodule was excised and the pathological diagnosis of the surgical piece showed a hydatid cyst.
Investigación experimental de la equinococosis canina a partir de quiste hidatídico de origen porcino en México
Zu?iga-A,Ismael; Jaramillo-A,Carlos J; Martínez-M,José J; Cárdenas-L,Jorge;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101999000300012
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the infection and obtain the adult state of the cestode, echinococcosis was reproduced in dogs using the hydatic cyst of swine. methods: two groups were formed, one of five and the other of three dogs, each animal in the experimental group was given two grams of germinative membrane of fertile hydatic cyst by oral route. the second was the control group. both groups were evaluated clinically, serologically and parasitologically. one animal was killed on the 35th day after infection and each five successive days until the 55th day. in the second group all the animals were killed on the 55th day. eggs of the cestode were observed in feces from the 51st post-infection day. the morphological evaluation was made through microscopic observation of the mucous intestine scraping. results: fifty cestodes were analyzed, ten from each of the infected dogs, 49 (98%) presented three proglottids and 1 (2%) had four; 18 (36%) of the cestodes presented a gravid proglottid. the length of the strobila varied from 1.6 to 2.6 mm. the average of the long and short hooks was 31 and 34, respectively. the length of the long hooks varied from 0.081 to 0.09 mm, the short hooks from 0.034 to 0.041 mm. the quantity of plasmatic proteins and the number of leukocytes were significantly greater in the control group (p < 0.05); the quantity of alpha-globulins was larger in the infected group (p < 0.05). conclusions: the results confirmed the dog-pig cycle, a subclinical infection in the definitive hosts, that makes the diagnosis and control in species closely related to the human being difficult.
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