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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 728 matches for " Ebenezer Adekunle Ajayi "
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Pattern of Upper Gastrointestinal Malignancies as Seen at Endoscopy in Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria  [PDF]
Akande Oladimeji Ajayi, Ebenezer Adekunle Ajayi, Olusoji Abidemi Solomon, Emmanuel Abidemi Omonisi, Samuel Ayokunle Dada
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102731
Aims and Objective: Gastrointestinal malignancies are among the most lethal of all malignancies and are equally notorious for rapidly progressing to advanced stages even in the absence of serious symptoms, thus leading to delayed diagnoses and dismal prognoses. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, type, pattern and the histologic characteristics of upper gastrointestinal tumors seen in patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at the Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a three year cross-sectional study involving 78 patients with suspected upper gastrointestinal tumor referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The study was conducted from January 2011 to December 2013 at the Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital (EKSUTH), Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Relevant clinical information such as age, gender, clinical presentations, smoking history, alcohol use, spices, and consumption of opiates were obtained from the patients. Tissue biopsies were taken from the suspected lesions for histological confirmation and characterization. An ethical clearance for this study was obtained from the EKSUTH Ethical and Research committee and all the patients gave written consent for the study. SPSS version 15.0 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA) was applied for statistical analysis using the t-test for quantitative variables and χ2 test for qualitative variables. Differences were considered to be statistically significant if P value was less than 0.05. Results: Seventy eight patients were enrolled into this study comprising 22 females and 56 males. The mean age of the population was 55.75 ± 7.20 years. The presenting symptoms were; abdominal mass in 30.8%, abdominal pain in 29.5%, weight loss in 20.5%, dysphagia in 6.4%, haematemesis in 5.1%, melaena in 5.1% and anaemia in 2.6% of the patients. The risk factors identified in the study included; tobacco use or smoking in 25.6%, alcohol in 19.2%, spices in 14.1%, opiates in 3.8% and combination of the above risk factors in 37.2%. 67.9% of the tumors were located in the stomach, 16.7% in the oesophagus and 15.4% in the first part of the duodenum. Of those located in the stomach, 62.3% were in the antrum while 37.7% were in the corpus. Of the oesophageal tumors, 61.5% were in the mid oesophagus, 30.8% were in the lower oesophagus and 7.8% in the upper oesophagus. Tissue histology showed 70.5% were adenocarcinoma, 26.9% were squamous cell carcinoma, 1.3% lymphoma and 1.3% malignant polyp. This was statistically significant p =< 0.05. Conclusion: In view of the fact that upper GI tumors can rapidly progress to advanced stages in the absence of serious symptoms, gastroduodenoscopy is advocated in patients with signs and symptoms of dyspepsia to avoid delayed diagnosis and improve the disease outcome.
The Quagmire of Noise Pollution and Other Interferences with the Enjoyment of Land among Nigerians  [PDF]
Titus Kehinde Adekunle, Mary-Anne Ajayi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2018.95038
Abstract: Land is a great asset to humanity but the effort of man to derive the maximum benefit from land is often fettered by the right of his neighbour to utilise the adjacent landed property in line with his own pleasure. The interference manifests in terms of noise pollution, discomfort and other disturbances that affect the enjoyment of the land owned by other landlords. Are the disturbances and interference justified or justifiable in the face of serious health hazard which they posed to other land users? Could anything be done to put a stop to those excesses of man or man’s callousness to fellow man? This paper is set to investigate these and other similar questions, and as well, interrogate the socio-cultural dynamics that affect and prevent the enjoyment of land to the fullest in the country.
Performance Evaluation of Dry Season Okra under Sawdust and Trash Mulch Cover Treatments in Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Oladipo Isaac Olaposi, Adewumi Johnson Kayode, Dairo Olawale Usman, Adejuyigbe Samuel Babatope, Ajayi Ebenezer Ayodele
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2013.38038

This paper reports the experimental investigation of the agronomic performance of okra under various quantities of both sawdust and trash mulches. The location of the field was the research farmland of the Federal Polytechnic Ado Ekiti Nigeria; Lat 6?N and Long 16?E. The experimental design used was complete randomized design with 6 treatments on both specimens. The experiments were repeated the following year on the same plot but with transposed plot allocation. Soil moisture loss from uncovered plot was with the highest value dropping to less than 2 per cent. It was followed by that of trash plot and the lowest loss was on sawdust mulched plot. The number of leave formed by okra on sawdust, trash and no mulch plots was 43, 36 and 27 respectively while maximum girth diameter was 37 mm in both trash and sawdust covered plots but okra plant on control plot attained only 26 mm diameter. Fruit yield were almost similar to trash and sawdust mulched okra having 7.5 and 7.6 Tonnes/Ha respectively while control plot recorded 5.2 Tonnes/Ha. The ash content of dry matter of sawdust, trash and no mulched plants was 0.25, 0.20 and 0.17 kg respectively. It was concluded that sawdust could perform as much as the traditional trash materials commonly used in Southwestern Nigeria. Also, sawdust was a good material for conserving soil moisture.

An assessment of the health and social economc implications of satchet water in Ibadan, Nigeria: A public health challenge
LV Adekunle, MKC Sridhar, AA Ajayi, PA Oluwade, JF Olawuyi
African Journal of Biomedical Research , 2004,
Abstract: The inadequacy of pipe borne water in Ibadan Metropolis is almost endemic. This inadequacy is both in quantity and quality of the public water supply. As an alternative to the water supply, small scale industrial concerns came up with ‘PURE WATER’: 0.5Litre water in nylon sachets, which are electrically heated, sealed at both ends and widely patronized by both low and middle class Nigerians. The objective of the study was to find out the quality of such pure water. Stratified, simple random sampling procedures were used to select 78 samples from 20 brands of sachet water from important hawkers/vendors. The samples were subjected to physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis. For chemical analysis, Hanna’s 100 spectrophotometer plus chemical reagents were used. The water samples were assessed for coliform and other intestinal bacteria using MKC cowkery broth (MM) and Brilliant Green Bile Broth (BGBB). Multiple tube method was employed. The result showed that the physical parameters were within W.H.O limits for drinking water quality guidelines except for pH which ranged from 6.6 - 9.7. Some chemical parameters were also within the W.H.O guideline values. However; aluminum which concentration ranged from 0.00 — 0.34 mg/l, fluoride concentration ranged from 0.01 — 1.87 mg/I and cyanide concentration ranged from 0.000 —0175 were not. Bacteriological analysis, showed that five (5) or 6.4% of the samples tested fielded bacterial growth. Bacteria produced included: Klebsiella sp., Streptococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The enforcement of the regulation guiding water quality before the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration Control (NAFDAC) to comply with the drinking water qualities guideline values as recommended by W.H.O, becomes urgent.
Self Medication Practices among Patients seen in A Suburban Tertiary Eye Care Centre in Nigeria
Iyiade A Ajayi, Olusola J Omotoye, Kayode O Ajite, Christianah O Fadamiro, Ebenezer A Ajayi
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v5i2.8452
Abstract: Objective: To identify practice and pattern of self-medication use among new patients in ophthalmology clinic in a suburban community. Background: Self medication is a common practice all over the world. When consumers self-medicate without first consulting the eye care giver, issues of safety and inappropriateness of use arise. Methods: A cross sectional, analytic and questionnaire based study of 470 consecutive patients seen between April and June 2011 in a tertiary eye care centre in Nigeria was conducted. Data were analyzed using SPSS and p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The mean age was 43 ±24 years with a M: F ratio of 1:1.3. There was utilization of an initial medication in 73.6% (346) of the respondents before presentation. Of the group that utilized medication, 108(31.3%) could neither mention name nor show sample of medication used. Only 14.9% of patients consuming nonprescription drugs sought assistance from any health professional regarding proper selection or use. Majority (73.6%) of the patients got their medication following assistance sought from retail outlets of non-prescription medicine, friends, relations or self prescription. The utilized medications were inappropriate in 90% of the respondents who utilized them. The most common symptoms necessitating the utilization of initial medication were blurring of vision and itching. Conclusion: There was a high rate of self medication with blurring of vision and itching as the commonest complaints among the patients. There is still a very low incidence of preventive eye care in terms of ophthalmic check-up among our people. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v5i2.8452 Asian Journal of Medical Science, Volume-5(2) 2014: 85-90
Comparison of field and laboratory models of the load bearing capacity in coffee plantations Compara o de modelos de capacidade de suporte de carga do solo de campo e laboratório em planta es de café
Piero Iori,Moacir de Souza Dias Junior,Ayodele Ebenezer Ajayi,Paulo Tácito Gontijo Guimar?es
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2013,
Abstract: Precompression stress is an important property for assessment of tropical soil structure sustainability and is often determined in laboratory tests. The objective of this study was to compare the load bearing capacity models obtained with controlled moisture in laboratory and those obtained with natural field moistures determined a long one year. The evaluation of soil structural sustainability follows four distinct steps: soil sampling in the field, uniaxial compression test of the samples in the laboratory, determination of precompression stress and estimation of the load bearing capacity models. Laboratory estimates of precompression stress were obtained from moisture controlled in laboratory and from natural moisture determined in a field a long one year. In this process, the soil samples were saturated by capillarity with distilled water in laboratory, and after 48 hours, the samples were air dried to obtain the different moisture contents. Then, the precompression stress was determined for this both conditions. To verify if the load bearing capacity models obtained with controlled moisture in laboratory may represent the load bearing models obtained with natural field moisture, these models were compared using the homogeneity test procedure. It was observed that 75% of field models analyzed were similar to the laboratory models. Thus, due to the similarity on the load-bearing capacity models obtained using natural (field) or controlled (laboratory) moisture contents, the assessment of the soil structure sustainability can be done using both methods. Press o de pré-consolida o é uma importante propriedade na avalia o da sustentabilidade estrutural do solo e é determinada em testes de laboratório. Neste estudo, objetivou-se comparar modelos de capacidade de suporte de carga obtidos com umidade controlada em laboratório e com umidade natural de campo ao longo de um ano. A avalia o da sustentabilidade estrutural do solo ocorreu em quatro etapas: coleta de amostras de solo indeformado, ensaio de compress o uniaxial das amostras em laboratório, estimativa da press o de pré-consolida o e obten o dos modelos de capacidade de suporte de carga. As estimativas da press o de pré-consolida o de laboratório e de campo foram obtidas com umidades controladas em laboratório e com umidade de campo, respectivamente, ao longo de um ano. No laboratório, a satura a das amostras se deu por capilaridade, com água destilada e depois de 48 horas, essas amostras foram secas ao ar para obter diferentes valores de umidade. Em seguida, realizou-se o ensaio de compress o
Factors Associated with Use of Guideline in Home Management of Malaria among Children in Rural South West Nigeria
Adekunle Akerele,Oyindamola B. Yusuf,Catherine O. Falade,Ikeoluwapo O. Ajayi,Franco Pagnoni
Malaria Research and Treatment , 2011, DOI: 10.4061/2011/701320
Abstract: The dosage regimen for artemether-lumefantrine which is the standard of care for malaria in most of Sub-Saharan countries requires use of treatment guidelines and instructions to enhance caregivers' performance in the treatment of malaria. As part of a larger study evaluating its effectiveness in a rural local government area in southwestern Nigeria, 552 caregivers whose children had fever two weeks preceeding the survey were recruited. Information was collected with interviewer administered questionnaire. A multilevel logistic regression model was fitted using the gllamm approach in Stata to determine the factors associated with use of guideline. Age and educational background of caregiver were significantly associated with guideline use. Caregivers aged 26–30 years were 4 times more likely to use guideline than those aged >40 years. Caregivers with primary education were 4 times more likely to use guideline compared with caregivers with no formal education. Between-village variance was 0.00092?±?0.3084. Guideline use reduced with increasing age and lower education. 1. Background Malaria remains an important public health problem and a principal cause of childhood mortality. It is estimated that at least 10 percent of all childhood deaths are due to malaria [1]. Mortality is highest among children under five years of age who do not receive prompt/appropriate treatment [1]. Despite the fact that the main strategy for reducing childhood mortality and morbidity is presumptive treatment of all fevers in children with antimalarial drugs [2], the greatest challenge of malaria treatment still occurs during treatment as many children with malaria are treated at home [3]. Emphasis on prompt treatment and distribution of pre-packaged antimalarial drugs are strengths of the Home Management of Malaria [4], a strategy proposed by the World Health Organization in an effort to improve prompt access to treatment. This is predicated on the observation that the majority of fevers in that age group in Sub-Saharan Africa are due to malaria [5]. The need to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality through the improvement of home treatment of childhood fevers has led to a number of community-based initiatives, including the training of mothers, community health workers, or shopkeepers in diagnosis, appropriate antimalarial use, and referral [6]. It is very important to help the caregivers in overcoming the problems associated with prompt and effective treatment. A study by NetMark Africa Regional Malaria Program showed that the core of the home management of malaria is the
Quality of packaged waters sold in ibadan, nigeria
A.A Ajayi, M Sridhar, L Adekunle, P.A Oluwande
African Journal of Biomedical Research , 2008,
Abstract: The inadequacy of pipe borne water supplies in urban centres is a growing problem. As a result, communities resort to buying water from vendors. In recent years, sachet or bottled water became major sources of drinking water in the households and at work. This study aimed at assessing the chemical and bacteriological quality of packaged water sold in Ibadan, the capital of Oyo State with a population over 3.2 million. A total number of 118 samples of water from several commercial brands sold in the city of Ibadan were selected by simple random sampling. These were of three categories, those that are packed and sealed in bottles by larger factories (bottled water), those sealed in nylon sachets by small scale industries (A Type), and those put in nylon sachets and manually tied by itinerary vendors (B Type). These samples were subjected to physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis. Hanna C 100 spectrophotometer and analytical quality chemical reagents were used for chemical analyses. MacConkey broth (MB) and Brilliant Green Bile Broth (BGBB) were used for bacteriological analysis using multiple tube method as described in APHA Standard Methods. The results showed that while the physical parameters were within WHO limits for drinking water quality guidelines values, 30 % of the samples showed rather poor quality. The pH values ranged between 6.6 - 9.7 and aluminum ranged from 0.00 - 0.34 mg/1, fluoride from 0.01 - 1.87mg/l and cyanide from 0.0 - 0.175 which were not within permissible limits. Bacteriological analysis showed that 5% of the 78 samples (A Type), and 28% of the 30 samples (B Type) tested showed positive coliform counts . The dominant bacteria were Klebsiella sp., Streptococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Thus the bottled waters were satisfactory, but the sachet waters were found not satisfactory. Based n the results, it is recommended that the enforcement agencies in the country (NAFDAC and the Ministry of Health) need to get the producers of 'packaged water' to comply with the national drinking water guidelines. Communities on their part should be educated and enlightened on the ill effects of patronizing fake vendors. (Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 11: 251 - 258) Key Words; water quality, Coliform counts, faecal coliforms, pure-water, water vending, urban water, bottled water.
Retropharyngeal emphysema: An unusual aetiology—A case report and literature review  [PDF]
Daniel Adekunle, Onakoya Paul Adekunle
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.23053

Introduction: Retropharyngeal emphysema is a potentially life threatening condition which may require urgent diagnosis and intervention. It has been documented to occur following trauma to the aerodigestive tract and is usually accompanied by subcutaneous emphysema of the cervical region. This condition may be complicated by mediastinal emphysema and pneumomediastinum. Foreign body ingestion is quite common in little children and in this environment; a cultural practice is for mothers or other caregivers to attempt to remove these foreign bodies by forcing their finger(s) down the oropharynx and Hypopharynx of these young children. This usually results in injuries to these anatomical sites. Retropharyngeal emphysema complicating this practice is rarely reported. Case presentation: We present the case of a 4-year-old Nigerian boy who presented with stridor and severe dyspnoea following repeated attempts at removal of a purportedly ingested foreign body by his mother. Examination revealed oedema of the soft palate with small multiple bleeding shallow lacerations of the oropharyngeal walls. Oxygen therapy was commenced and preparations for urgent upper airway intervention made. Soft tissue neck X-ray revealed retropharyngeal and subcutaneous emphysema with upper airway compromise. Conservative treatment with high dose steroids and antibiotics led to a gradual resolution of the condition. Conclusion: This is a rarely reported complication of this relatively common socio-cultural “foreign body removal method”. Public awareness is required to stop this potentially life threatening practice.

Development of a Novel Oven-Furnace  [PDF]
Olaniyi Gladius Babatunde, Rufus Sola Fayose, Ayodele Abeeb Daniyan, Theresa Chikwuo Ezenwafor, Ebenezer Olubanji Oniya, Nathaniel O. Ajayi, Kunle Michael Oluwasegun, Akintoye Oni Adedeji, Akintunde Ajenifuja, Arinola Gift Akinseloyin, Adelana Razak Adetunji, Samuel Oloruntoba Olugbenga Olusunle
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2017.52006
Abstract: This research work is focused on the design and fabrication of Novel Oven-Furnace, using locally sourced materials for the purpose of carrying out drying and thermochemical treatments in accordance to the International Electric Equipment (IEE) regulations. Working drawings were produced, and mild steel sheet was used for the construction of the casing, while other materials for the construction were selected based on functions and properties of the materials, cost considerations and ease of fabrication into component parts. The design closely revealed the parameters and features of the furnace, but the control system was designed to function systematically as Oven and Furnace. Testing was carried out to evaluate the performance of the Oven-Furnace. From the result obtained, it was observed that the Oven-Furnace has fast heating rate which is comparable to rates of conventional brands of furnaces purchased from Germany or Canada. Unlike the ordinary furnaces, this equipment was designed to operate systematically to maintain constant temperature at any set temperature value. The lower cost of design of the Oven-Furnace coupled with its good heat retaining capacity, long estimated life time, uniform heating rate, controlled atmosphere, safety and ease of maintenance justifies the usage.
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