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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 301 matches for " EC. "
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Impact of Physico-Chemical Factors of Contaminated Foci on the Survival of Geohelminths in Abua Communities, Niger Delta Nigeria
EC Amadi, EC Uttah
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2010,
Abstract: Physio-chemical analysis of 200 soil samples collected from contaminated foci was investigated in six communities of Abua, Niger Delta Nigeria. The Jackson’s method was used in the chemical analysis of contaminated soils while Cobb’s decanting and sieving method was used in the extraction of geohelminths. The data showed that temperature, pH, Calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (mg2+), potassium (k+) ions and electrical conductivity had much effect on the survival of eggs and larval development of geohelminths. It was also observed that the nature of the soil in the study communities was clay-loam and sandy-loamy. The continuous deposition of human faeces in these contaminated foci should be discouraged. This can be achieved by the construction of toilet facilities of whatever description in the study area by the government. @JASEM J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2010, Vol. 14 (4) 117 - 121
The Anatomy of the Solemn in Ezenduka’s “Lee Nnukwu Ukochukwu”
EC Umezinwa
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: Among Igbo liturgical music composers of the last fifty years, Ezenduka has stood tall like a mountain peak in a range of many mountains. The popularity of his compositions has provoked unusual interest among sacred musicologists and ethnomusicologists. The search for the basic and unique elements of his compositional style has inadvertently led to the isolation of solemnity as an overriding characteristic. This work is an attempt to analyze both the intra-musical qualities of one of his best, “Lee Nnukwu Ukochukwu” as well as the extra-musical components and endowments that have shaped his style, transforming it into a veritable model for Igbo liturgical music.
Effect of Day-Studentship on Study of Geography among Female Students in Secondary Schools in Owerri, Nigeria
EC Onyenechere
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of day – studentship on the study of geography among female students in the secondary schools in Owerri metropolis. Data from school records were categorized and broken into appropriate descriptive statistics some of which were presented on frequency tables. Percentages and Chi square model were also used in the analysis. The findings include the following; there is significant variation in the performance of geography candidates in geography in the WASSCE, the schools in the inner city / core area have better performance than those in the fringes. Some of the recommendations include, the making of fieldwork compulsory for both day students and boarders alike, the teaching of geography in secondary schools from J.S.S.1 to S.S 111, the re-invigoration of guidance and counseling in schools to encourage girls with a flair for exploration to study geography, the institution of prizes on a yearly basis to best performing girls’ school by the Association of Nigerian Geographers to foster competition in geography among females in secondary schools, and the sending of female children to secondary schools in the municipality which is the core area for better performance in geography WASSCE by parents/ wards.
The Constraints of Rural Women in Informal Economic Activities in Imo State, Nigeria
EC Onyenechere
Africa Development , 2009,
Abstract: The paper analyzes the constraints on rural women in the informal sector of Imo State, Nigeria. Lack of access roads, irregular means of transportation, inadequate credit facilities, inaccessibility to socio-economic facilities and land tenure are identified as among the factors that have adverse effects on the participation/activities of rural women engaged in informal economic activities in the rural areas of Imo State. The paper further reveals that a majority of rural women in Imo State, engaged in informal economic activities, do not have significant access to institutional finance, neither do they for socio-economic services that could enhance women’s informal economic activities. The paper eventually makes policy recommendations to help alleviate women’s difficulties in the informal sector.
Epidemiology of Eye Diseases among Timber Workers in Owerri, Nigeria
EC Esenwa
Journal of the Nigerian Optometric Association , 2008,
Abstract: Anepidemiological studyof the Timber Industry in Owerri, Nigeria was carriedout. It assessed the burden of eye diseases among Timber workers in terms of magnitude, causes and time. Certain eye diseases, notably, conjunctivitis, foreign bodies/injuries/traumas, pterygia, pinguecula and uveitis, each, accounting for 39.52%, 31.10%, 12.53%, 7.34% and 2.16% respectively, were found among theworkers. Theworkerswho have spent close to 16 -20 years in the industry recorded the highest prevalence (21.92%) of the eye diseases, while those who have spent about 1-5years recorded the least prevalence of 4.57%. Theworking environment was unsanitary and noworker wore any protective goggle. These two latter factors are believed to have contributed to the prevalence of these eye diseases among the workers.
Dapagliflozin: an evidence-based review of its potential in the treatment of type-2 diabetes
Chao EC
Core Evidence , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CE.S16359
Abstract: pagliflozin: an evidence-based review of its potential in the treatment of type-2 diabetes Review (3209) Total Article Views Authors: Chao EC Published Date June 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 21 - 28 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CE.S16359 Received: 13 March 2012 Accepted: 11 April 2012 Published: 01 June 2012 Edward C Chao University of California, San Diego and VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA Abstract: Dapagliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor that lowers plasma glucose by decreasing its renal reabsorption. The resulting excretion of glucose in the urine (glucosuria) has transformed what was once solely regarded as an adverse facet of diabetes into a potential novel therapeutic strategy. Glucosuria leads to weight loss, due to a reduction in calories, which is thought to rehabilitate insulin sensitivity, at least partially. By acting independently of insulin action or secretion, dapagliflozin appears to avert or minimize two key barriers to optimal glycemic control: hypoglycemia and weight gain. From the clinical studies conducted thus far in patients with type 2 diabetes, dapagliflozin significantly decreases HbA1c (by ~0.5%–1%, from a baseline of 8%–9%), as well as body weight (~2–3 kg), without increased risk of hypoglycemia. Dapagliflozin thus represents a paradigm shift in the treatment of diabetes. While long-term data on safety and efficacy are forthcoming, the results published to date suggest that this agent has the potential to be another option in the treatment of diabetes treatments. This article examines the evidence currently available on the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin.
Colonial army recruitment patterns and post-colonial Military Coups D'etat in Africa: The case of Nigeria, 1966-1993
EC Ejiogu
Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies , 2007,
Abstract: Since time immemorial, societies, states and state builders have been challenged and transformed by the need and quest for military manpower. European states relied on conscript armies to ‘pacify’ and retain colonies in parts of the non-European world. These facts underscore the meticulous attention paid by the British to the recruitment of their colonial forces in Africa. In the Niger basin for one, conscious efforts were made by individual agents of the British Crown and at official level to ensure that only members of designated groups were recruited into those colonial forces that facilitated the establishment of the Nigerian supra-national state. The end of colonial rule and shifts in military recruitment policies hardly erased the vestiges of colonial recruitment from the Nigerian military. The study on which this article is based and which examines Britain’s policies on military human resource recruitment as state-building initiatives, argued that military coups d’état in Nigeria can be traced back to colonial and post-colonial recruitment patterns for military human resources. Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies, Vol 35, Nr 1, 2007
Clinical Manifestations of Mesoendemic Onchocerciasis in an Area with Multiple Filarial Species
EC Uttah
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2009,
Abstract: "nBackground: The Imo River Basin, Nigeria is endemic for onchocerciasis, bancroftian filariasis, loaiasis and mansonellosis. This study was aimed at determining the clinical manifestations of onchocerciasis in this region. "nMethods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2006 in Umuowaibu I and Ndiorji commu-nities in Okigwe Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. Consenting individuals were ex-amined for various gradations of skin manifestations, subcutaneous nodules, and visual im-pair-ments by qualified medical doctors. Five categories of skin manifestations were observed, namely permanent itching, onchodermatitis, atrophy of skin, leopard skin, and sowda. A total of 1024 individuals were examined. "nResults: The prevalence of the skin manifestations were permanent itching (2.5%), onchoder-ma-titis (3.9%), atrophy of the skin (5.8%), leopard skin (22.1%), and sowda (0.1%). The preva-lence of subcutaneous nodules was 25.3%, but 88.9% among the oldest age group, and mostly found in lower half of body. The majority of cases of visual acuity problems (6.8% overall prev-alence) were in the oldest age groups. Among those who were ≥ 20 years old, the prevalence of visual acuity problems was significantly higher in females than in males (χ2-test; P< 0.05). Only two of the examined persons were observed to be blind. "nConclusion: Clinical manifestations of onchocerciasis are perhaps more intense in the area prob-ably because of presence of endemic infections of other filarial species.
Onchocerciasis in the Upper Imo River Basin, Nigeria: Prevalence and Comparative Study of Waist and Shoulder Snips from Mesoen-demic Communities
EC Uttah
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Onchocerciasis is endemic in the Imo River Basin, Nigeria. This study was aimed at assess-ing the prevalence and intensity of microfilaria of Onchocerca volvulus in the area. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Okigwe Local Government Area, Imo State, Nige-ria. Two skin snips (one from the waist and another from the shoulder) were taken from 1024 individu-als examined. The survey coverage was high (91.8% of the study population). An individual was considered mf positive if either of the waist or shoulder snips or both were mf positive. The SPSS for Win-dows package was used for entering and analysis of data.Results: Thirty-seven percentage of those examined was positive for Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae (39.2% of males and 34.9% of females). The mf prevalence increased steadily with increasing age to reach 70.4% in the oldest age group. The overall mf Geometric Mean Intensity among mf positive individuals was 16 mf/skin snip and was significantly higher among males (18 mf/skin snip) than females (14 mf/skin snip) (p < 0.01). A scatter plot of microfilariae numbers in snips from the waist against numbers in snips from the shoulder of the same individuals, showed close correlation (Pearson's correlation coefficient = +0.90; p < 0.01), and those with mf intensities below 10 mf/snip had a more scattering tendency away from the regression line than those with higher mf intensities.Conclusion: Onchocerciasis is a public health concern in the area. Perhaps, 10 mf/snip is critical intensity threshold for reliable sampling using corneo-scleral punch.
Book review
EC Thomas
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1978, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v0i0.303
Abstract: This book appears to the present reviewer to be, if not the, at least a definitive volume for students of work motivation, whether organizational behaviourists or practising managers. This field has grown rapidly as the main focus of Organizational Psychology since Vroom's (1964) enunciation of a tenable theory of work motivation and satisfaction.
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