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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 117 matches for " EAO Afolayan "
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Retinoblastoma - a clinico - pathological study in Ilorin, Nigeria
JFA Owoeye, EAO Afolayan, D Ademola-Popoola
African Journal of Health Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Retinoblastoma is the commonest childhood primary malignant intraocular neoplasm that is often characterized by spontaneous regression. They display photoreceptor differentiation. This study provides the clinical presentations and histological profiles of retinoblastoma in Ilorin, Kwara – State, in the North Central geo-political zone of Nigeria. A retrospective study of clinically and histologically verified retinoblastoma at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara – State, Nigeria from January 1989 to December 2000 was undertaken. The clinical and histological features were analyzed using the patient\'s case folder and surgical pathology records. There were 20 patients, 9 males and 11 females (M:F ratio 1: 1.2), age range from 5 1/2 months to 6 years with 23 eyeball tumours histologically confirmed retinoblastoma during the study period. Proptosis with chemosis was the most common clinical presentation (84.6%). Bilaterality was 15% in this study. Enucleation and Exenteration combined with chemotherapy were offered to 15 (75%) and 5 (25%) patients respectively. A poorly differentiated type with extensive areas of tumour necrosis was the commonest histological pattern. Thirteen (65%) of the patients died before completing the course of chemotherapy. African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 13 (1-2) 2008: pp. 117-123
Vagal cervicomediastinal neurofibroma in neurofibromatosis type 1 mimicking pulmonary tuberculosis in infancy: a case report
TO Odebode, FE Ologe, OPO Adeoye, EAO Afolayan, AA Aluko, EOO Odelowo
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2004,
Resignifying the Universal: Critical Commentary on the Postcolonial African Identity and Development
Adeshina Afolayan
Human Affairs , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10023-009-0050-8
Abstract: The dimension of the debate on the relation between the universal and the particular in African philosophy has been skewed in favour of the universalists who argued that the condition for the possibility of an African conception of philosophy cannot be achieved outside the "universal' idea of the philosophical enterprise. In this sense, the ethno-philosophical project and its attempt to rescue the idea of an African past necessary for the reconstruction of an African postcolonial identity and development becomes a futile one. A recent commentator even argues that works concerning African identity are now totally irrelevant and misguided. In this essay, I will be arguing, on the contrary, that the universalist's argument, much like its critique of ethno-philosophical reason, mistakes the nature, significance and necessity of such a resistance (rather than original) identity that the ethno-philosophical project promises. I will also argue that the fabrication of such an identity facilitates the avoidance of an uncritical submersion in the universal as well as a proper conception of an African development. This, furthermore, is the only avenue by which the imperialistic ontological space of universal humanism, in which most universalistic claims are rooted, can be made more polygonal and mutually beneficial for alternative cultural particulars.
Postcolonialism and the Two Publics in Nigeria: Rethinking the Idea of the Sceptical Public
A Afolayan
OGIRISI: a New Journal of African Studies , 2012,
Abstract: The concept of the public occupies a unique place in the understanding of democratic governance in Africa. However, its uniqueness is mediated by the fact that it is a transconceptual notion with theoretical ties to many other concepts—nationalism, globalisation, popular culture, modernity, civil society, the political, democracy and so on. This trans-conceptual character is further interjected by the fact of the colonial intrusion in the conceptual history of African societies. The implication is therefore that any attempt at understanding the manifestation of this concept in its African context must be ready to follow it through its often convoluted path. Ekeh’s (1975) and Mbembe’s (2001) analyses constitute a firm grasp of the historical legacy of the notion of the public in Africa. However, Lawuyi’s (2012) recent attempt to ground an understanding of the public as the core of a “proposal to a new understanding of our [Nigerian] society” actually undermines that proposal rather than contribute to it. And it does this basically because it flouts the essential conceptual necessity underlying any application of that term.
Rawls In The African Predicament: Some Theoretical Considerations
A Afolayan
Journal of Philosophy and Culture , 2006,
Abstract: The colonial experience in Africa is an epochal phenomenon. This is because the postcolonial conditions became crippling enough to determine the direction that Africa would take. The colonial logic through series of socio-cultural, economic and political “pre-texts” ensured the disruption of the African psyche and societies. One of the ways in which the Africa is coming to term with its disrupted existence is the attempt to recreate a democratic community on demotic principles. The people are essential because they were crucial to the decolonisation process. However, because the colonial structures remained largely uninterrogated by the nationalists, the African state lost its legitimacy and the disenchanted Africans discovered meaningfulness in their ethnic enclaves. How then can African achieve a liberating democratic community? How does liberal democracy, and its arch-advocate Rawls, feature in this attempt at legitimating the postcolonial African state? How meaningful is the idea of an African liberal democracy? Journal of Philosophy and Culture Vol. 3 (1) 2006: pp. 22-52
The African Novel and the Integration of Oral Lores: An Evolution of African "Lit-Oral-Ture"
Sola Afolayan
Lumina , 2011,
Abstract: From a study of the African novel, one notices the possibility of establishing some intertextual connections among the extant African narratives. This is because the African novel is a hybrid genre that ineluctably presents contexts that are cut out of certain religio-political and social essences that are peculiarly African. Apart from this, African literature is further made distinctive by the indigenous oral-loric outlook of the African world-view which embellishes the thematic contents for the most African writers whose interest is the reflection of the pre-colonial contexts. It is thus possible to establish inevitable intertextual connectives spreading among some of the existing literary narratives that form the canon of the African novel. This essay thus sets out to evaluate such level of connectedness between the works of two Nigerian novelists Fagunwa and Tutuola - by externalizing their unmistakable reliance on the indigenous oral artefacts which are often found to festoon them. With this commitment, we hope to explicate Tutuola's The Palm Wine Drinkard as an evident recapitulation of the oral artifacts that gave vent to Fagunwa's first two novels. This, we hope, will help us draw unparaphraseable intertextual relationship between the literary topographies of the two authors. By prosecuting what we set as goal in this essay, it is believed that we can successfully establish the skilful interplay of oral features in the African novel.
Paediatrics pain management
MAN Adeboye, EAO Fakayode, MO Adeniran, AT Adebayo
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2013,
Abstract: Pain is one of the most common symptoms experienced the world over. It has always received the needed attention and care in the adult but not until recently among children. Several erroneous beliefs contributed to the inadequate attention among children such as assumption that children did not experience pain to the extent that adults do, because of the immature nervous system, or that children would not remember the pain. A paediatrician is expected to be knowledgeable about pediatric pain management principles, provide a calm environment for painful procedures, use appropriate assessment tools and techniques, anticipate painful experiences, use a multimodal approach (pharmacologic, cognitive, behavioral, and physical) to pain management, use a multidisciplinary approach when possible and involve families in creating solutions for their child’s pain. Studies have shown that the most common reason for unrelieved pain is failure to routinely assess pain and provide pain relief. The theories, pathways, transmission, regulations, classifications, assessment scales and the treatment of paediatric pain and practical issues that arise from the use of pharmacologic analgesic in the children were also reviewed and highlighted.
Effects of Pit-Sand on Resistance Capacities of Reinforced Concrete Space Framed Structures  [PDF]
Lekan Makanju Olanitori, Joseph Olaseinde Afolayan
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2014.44028
Abstract: This paper used the existing formulae in estimating resistance parameter of reinforced concrete structure to assess the effect of concrete produced from pit-sand in Akure metropolis, on the resistance parameters of a collapsed building in Oba-Ile, Akure. Site inspections were carried out on the collapsed building, and concrete samples were taken. Both destructive and non-destructive methods were used to determine the structure’s concrete strength. The number of reinforcements in each structural element was determined by exposing them. Resistance parameters such as moments of resistance for slab (MRS), for beam (MRB) and shear capacity (VC) of the structural elements were estimated using existing formulae and, compare the results with the structure’s actual resistance parameters. The average concrete strength was 8.5 N/mm2 which was less than 20 N/mm2, the prescribed concrete strength for construction of the building. The estimated resistance parameters MRS, MRB and VC based on 8.5 N/mm2 concrete strength are 18.2 kN·m, 46.3 kN·m and 64.4 kN respectively. Also the estimated resistance parameters MRS, MRB and VC based on 20 N/mm2 concrete strength are 20.6 kN·m, 54.1 kN·m and 90.73 kN respectively. The actual MRS, MRB and VC at collapse were 6.67 kN·m, 13.6 kN·m and 18.88 kN respectively. The existing formulae for predicting resistance parameters did not give accurate resistance parameters for the building at collapse. The collapse of the building was by shear failure, since shear failure capacity will be reached first before any of the other resistance parameters.
Extracts from Aloe ferox and Withania somnifera inhibit Candida albicans and Neisseria gonorrhoea
L Kambiz, AJ Afolayan
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2008,
Abstract: Herbal medicines play a vital role in the treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), especially in the remote areas of South Africa where clinics and hospitals are sparsely located. Aloe ferox and Withania somnifera are among the southern African plants commonly used for the treatment of (STIs). This paper reports on the in vitro antimicrobial activities of water and methanol extracts from the two plants on Neisseria gonorrhoea and Candida albicans, common causes of STIs in rural South Africa. Extracts from both species together with pure aloin from A. ferox, were evaluated for activity against six strains of N. gonorrhoea and nine strains of C. albicans. The extracts showed activity against N. gonorrhoea at concentrations of ranging from 0.5 (methanol extracts from both) to 10 (water extract of W. somnifera only) mg/ml while pure aloin inhibited the growth of both microorganisms. Only the methanol extract of W. somnifera was effective against C. albicans at a concentration of 20 mg/ml.
Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants used for the treatment of tuberculosis in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
LV Buwa, AJ Afolayan
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: Artemisia afra Jacq. Ex Willd., Carpobrotus edulis L. and Tulbaghia violacea Harv. were screened for activity against Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium aurum A+ strain using a two-fold microdilution bioassay. M. aurum is tuberculosis (TB) related strain that was used in this study. These plants were selected based on their use by South African traditional healers for the treatment of TB and symptoms of the disease. All three plants were extracted with water, ethanol and dichloromethane. The extracts of A. afra were found to be active against all the tested microorganisms. Only in the instance of A. afra and C. edulis did water extract show activity against M. aurum A+ strain. The ethanol extract of C. edulis showed very good activity against the Gram-positive bacteria only. Dichloromethane extracts of T. violacea were found to be highly active against all the microorganisms, except for K. pneumoniae.
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