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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 167571 matches for " E;Odio Wobin "
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Scorpion envenomation in pygmies from Democratic Republic of Congo, the example of Pelenge Center, Lomela, DRC
Biezakala Mudiandambu, E;Odio Wobin, T;Kabele Ngiefu, C;Tati Kinkela, R;Mbanzulu Makola, K;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992012000400015
Abstract: in a survey among the pygmies of central democratic republic of congo, the incidence of scorpion stings seemed very high with a severity greater than expected. species responsible were not identified. specific studies are needed to clarify the risk emerging in the equatorial african forest.
Nadir CD4+, religion, antiretroviral therapy, incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and increasing rates of obesity among black Africans with HIV disease
Mandina Ndona M, Longo-Mbenza B, Wumba R, Tandu Umba B, Buassa-bu-Tsumbu B, Mbula Mambimbi M, Odio Wobin T, Mbungu Fuele S
International Journal of General Medicine , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S32167
Abstract: dir CD4+, religion, antiretroviral therapy, incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and increasing rates of obesity among black Africans with HIV disease Original Research (811) Total Article Views Authors: Mandina Ndona M, Longo-Mbenza B, Wumba R, Tandu Umba B, Buassa-bu-Tsumbu B, Mbula Mambimbi M, Odio Wobin T, Mbungu Fuele S Published Date November 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 983 - 990 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S32167 Received: 24 March 2012 Accepted: 01 August 2012 Published: 23 November 2012 Madone Mandina Ndona,1 Benjamin Longo-Mbenza,2 Roger Wumba,3 Barthelemy Tandu Umba,4 Baudouin Buassa-bu-Tsumbu,5 Marcel Mbula Mambimbi,1 Thaddée Odio Wobin,1 Simon Mbungu Fuele6 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; 2Walter Sisulu University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Mthatha, Eastern Cape, South Africa; 3Tropical Medicine Department, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, University Clinic of Kinshasa and University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; 4Department of Gynecology, 5Department of Biochemistry, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; 6Biostatistics Unit of Lomo Medical Center and Heart of Africa Center of Cardiology, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the cross-sectional association between some sociodemographic factors and antiretroviral therapy (ART), as well as the incidence and predictors of type 2 diabetes mellitus among Central Africans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. Methods: This study had a cross-sectional design and was a prospective analysis of 102 patients with HIV disease (49 on ART versus 53 not on ART) in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, between 2004 and 2008. A Cox regression model was used to assess for any relationship between type 2 diabetes and exposure to combination ART without protease inhibitors, after adjusting for known risk factors for type 2 diabetes, nadir CD4 and CD8 levels, viral load, marital status, and religion. Results: Unexpectedly elevated rates of smoking, excess alcohol intake, and ART-related total, abdominal, and peripheral obesity were observed in our study group of HIV patients. At the end of follow-up, five patients were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (incidence rate 4.9%, 9.8 per 1000 person-years). Univariate risk factors for type 2 diabetes were male gender (relative risk [RR] 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01–1.4; P = 0.019), traditional religion versus new charismatic religion (RR 1.1, 95% CI 1.01–1.3; P = 0.046), exposure to ART (RR 1.1, 95% CI 1.002–1.3; P = 0.034), and single status (RR 6.2, 95% CI 1.5–15; P = 0.047). In multivariate analysis, strong significant independent predictors of type 2 diabetes were belonging to a traditional religion (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1–4.2; P = 0.036) and a relative increase in nadir CD4 cell count (beta coefficient 0.003; P < 0.0001). Conclusion: ART-related obesity and ty
Lactancia materna: su reproducción en los juegos de roles
Migdalia Naranjo Arroyo,Guillermo E. Guillot Montes,Deysi Uribazo Odio,Elena Robert Hechavarría
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: Se realiza un estudio de intervención en 58 ni as preescolares del Círculo Infantil "Alegre Amanecer", ubicado en el área de salud José Martí de Santiago de Cuba, durante el período de marzo a julio de 1995, con la finalidad de determinar si reproducían en sus juegos la lactancia materna, aplicar técnicas educativas y comparar su efectividad. Se emplean como métodos: la observación, las entrevistas iniciales y finales, las narraciones orales en forma de cuentos, la demostración y los juegos de roles dirigidos. Las técnicas educativas se efectuaron en el 97 % de los casos y fueron muy efectivas, puesto que al final de las intervciones los resultados cambiaron a favor de la leche materna y el pecho, las ni as lactaron a sus mu ecas y aprendieron la importancia de amamantar, por lo cual sería provechoso continuar este trabajo con ni as preescolares que no asisten al círculo infantil y además asesorar al personal de educación que labora en dichas instituciones sobre la utilización de estos procederes en los programas lúdicos An intervention study of 58 preschool girls in the "Alegre Amanecer" day-care center located in José Martí health area, Santiago de Cuba province was carried out from march to july, 1995, for the purpose of determining the representation of breast feeding in child's games, applying educational techniques and comparing their effectiveness. Methods like observations, initial and final interviews story-telling, demonstrations and guided role-taking games were used. The educational techniques were employed in 97 % of the cases and they were really effective since at the end of the interventions, the results favoured breast feedings and milk, the girls nursed their dolls and learned the importance of breast feeding. Therefore, it would be useful to continue this type of work with preschool girls who do not attend day-care centers, and to give advisory to educational staff working in these centers on the implementation of these techniques in child's games program
Globalización, lengua universal y traductores
Gisela Odio Zamora
ACIMED , 2001,
Abstract:
Lactancia materna: su reproducción en los juegos de roles
Naranjo Arroyo,Migdalia; Guillot Montes,Guillermo E.; Uribazo Odio,Deysi; Robert Hechavarría,Elena; Mustelier Despaigne,René;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: an intervention study of 58 preschool girls in the "alegre amanecer" day-care center located in josé martí health area, santiago de cuba province was carried out from march to july, 1995, for the purpose of determining the representation of breast feeding in child's games, applying educational techniques and comparing their effectiveness. methods like observations, initial and final interviews story-telling, demonstrations and guided role-taking games were used. the educational techniques were employed in 97 % of the cases and they were really effective since at the end of the interventions, the results favoured breast feedings and milk, the girls nursed their dolls and learned the importance of breast feeding. therefore, it would be useful to continue this type of work with preschool girls who do not attend day-care centers, and to give advisory to educational staff working in these centers on the implementation of these techniques in child's games program
Efficacy of different strategies to treat anemia in children: a randomized clinical trial
Jorge L Rosado, Karla E González, María del C Caama?o, Olga P García, Roxana Preciado, Mauricio Odio
Nutrition Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-9-40
Abstract: To evaluate the efficacy and children's acceptance of several recognized strategies to treat anemia.Non-breastfed children (n = 577), 6 to 43 mo of age, were screened for the trial; 267 were anemic (hemoglobin < 11.7 g/dL), and 266 of those were randomized into 1 of 5 treatments to received daily either: an iron supplement (IS), an iron+folic acid supplement (IFS), a multiple micronutrient supplement (MMS), a micronutrient-fortified complementary food as porridge powder (FCF), or zinc+iron+ascorbic acid fortified water (FW). The iron content of each daily dose was 20, 12.5, 10, 10 and 6.7 mg respectively. Hemoglobin (Hb), ferritin, total iron, weight and height were measured at baseline and after 4 months of treatment. Morbidity, treatment acceptability and adherence were recorded during the intervention.All treatments significantly increased Hb and total iron concentration; ferritin did not change significantly. Groups MMS, IS and IFS increased Hb (g/dL) [1.50 (95%CI: 1.17, 1.83), 1.48 [(1.18, 1.78) and 1.57 (1.26, 1.88), respectively] and total iron ((μg/dL) [0.15 (0.01, 0.29), 0.19 (0.06, 0.31) and 0.12(-0.01, 0.25), respectively] significantly more than FCF [0.92 (0.64, 1.20)] but not to FW group [0.14 (0.04, 0.24)]. The prevalence of anemia was reduced to a greater extent in the MMS and IFS groups (72% and 69%, respectively) than in the FCF group (45%) (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in anthropometry or in the number of episodes of diarrhea and respiratory infections among treatment groups. The supplements MMS and IS were less acceptable to children, than IFS, FCF and FW.The three supplements IS, ISF and MMS increased Hb more than the FCF; the supplements that contained micronutrients (IFS and MMS) were more effective for reducing the prevalence of anemia. In general, fortified foods were better accepted by the study participants than supplements.NCT00822380Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a major public health problem in many regions
Control y gestión de calidad en hemodiálisis
Estenoz Odio,Gustavo; álvarez Pe?a,Mayra;
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: systems of quality management have been progressively added to health context along with hemodialysis centers, the pioneers in this field, due to the need to optimize the processes that comprise it, to improve the life quality of patients, and to guarantee a major survival. all this has motivated the current updating of the different resources in order to carry out the control and quality management developed by cuban ministry of public health, through the follow-up of indicators that stimulate dialysis units to include them in its practice, to define the different welfare processes and the ways to measure its validity, as well as to elaborate guides that serve as a reference point for further improvement areas which are conveniently monitored.
Control y gestión de calidad en hemodiálisis Control and quality management in hemodialysis
Gustavo Estenoz Odio,Mayra álvarez Pe?a
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: Los sistemas de gestión de la calidad se han ido incorporando progresivamente al contexto sanitario, con los centros de hemodiálisis como pioneros en esta esfera por la necesidad de optimizar los procesos que la integran, mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes y garantizar una mayor supervivencia; todo lo cual ha motivado la reciente actualización de las herramientas para el control y la gestión de la calidad, impulsada por el Ministerio de Salud Pública de Cuba, mediante el seguimiento de indicadores que estimulen a las unidades de diálisis a incorporarlas en su práctica, definir los diferentes procesos asistenciales y las formas de medir su validez, así como elaborar guías que sirvan como punto de referencia para futuras áreas de perfeccionamiento, monitorizadas convenientemente. Systems of quality management have been progressively added to health context along with hemodialysis centers, the pioneers in this field, due to the need to optimize the processes that comprise it, to improve the life quality of patients, and to guarantee a major survival. All this has motivated the current updating of the different resources in order to carry out the control and quality management developed by Cuban Ministry of Public Health, through the follow-up of indicators that stimulate dialysis units to include them in its practice, to define the different welfare processes and the ways to measure its validity, as well as to elaborate guides that serve as a reference point for further improvement areas which are conveniently monitored.
Toxicidad a dosis repetidas de Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (árbol del Nim)
Berenguer Rivas,Clara Azalea; Alfonso Castillo,Alfredo; Fong Lores,Onel; Domínguez Odio,Aníbal; Betancourt Hernandez,Juan E.; Laramendi Gri?an,Dani; Salas Martínez,Hilario; Puentes Zapata,Edgar; Wawoe Díaz,Nioslaymy;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: azadirachta indica a. juss, known as neem tree, has various applications in agriculture, veterinary medicine and health care, thus it is a relevant vegetable species due to its antimicrobial, antiparasitic and immunostimulating properties. objective: to detect any signal of toxicity after daily oral administration of decoction for 28 days. methods: a repeated dose toxicity assay using a a. indica decoction at a dose of 1000 mg/kg, orally administered to sprague dawley rats for 28 days. clinical signs and body weight of the study animals were evaluated together with hamatological, blood chemistry, anatomopathological and histopathological analyses. results: this decoction brought about neither significant change in the body weight nor clinical signs indicating toxicity. there were not altered hematological and biochemical indicators that may be attributed to the substance under testing. the anatomopathological results did not show any alteration upon systems, organs and tissues. conclusions: the study did not reveal toxic effects in the animal model that might be connected with the repeated oral administration of a. indica decoction under the study conditions.
Impacto de un sistema de control de antibióticos sobre el uso de los mismos: un estudio prospectivo
Alvarez,Laura; Odio,Carla; Cordero,María Laura; Arias,Gloria;
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense , 1999,
Abstract: objetivo: determinar el impacto de la introducción de un sistema de prescripción, durante un período de intervención, sobre el uso racional de los antibióticos. sitio: hospital nacional de ni?os "dr. carlos sáenz herrera". materiales y métodos: estudio prospectivo, no controlado, no aleatorio, realizado entre agosto 1 de 1996 y noviembre 30 del mismo a?o, población constituida por todos los ni?os internados en medicina5, cirugía abdominal, urología, cirugía plástica y unidad de quemados. el estudio constó de una fase de observación (fbasal) de un mes de duración, seguida por una fase de intervención (fint) de dos meses, en la que se introdujo un instrumento escrito que debía acompa?ar a cada receta de antibióticos a la farmacia, y en el que se consignaba información incluyendo una clasificación del antimicrobiano en profiláctico, empírico y terapéutico, de la cual dependía el número de días por los que se despachaba el medicamento. resultados: en los servicios médicos se reclutaron 145 casos en la fase basal y 415 casos en la fase de intervención, de los que 72 casos (49,7%) y 204 casos (49%) respectivamente recibieron antibioticoterapia. los antibióticos según categorías fueron comparables entre ambas etapas, siendo los antibióticos empíricos ampliamente utilizados y de manera similar escepto por disminución en uso de cefalosporinas iii generación de 16% en fase basal a 5,2% en la fase de intervención (p=0,009). los antibióticos terapéuticos significaron 22% del total usados en ambas fases, y en ellos se notaron diferencias significativas en varios ítems: disminución en la extensión del tratamiento (33% en fbasal vs 4,5 % en fint, p=0,008), mayor uso de antibióticos convencionales (53% en fbasal vs 80% en fint, p=0,049) y disminución en uso de antibióticos restringidos (47% en fbasal vs 20% en fint, p=0,005). en los servicios quirúrgicos hubo en la fase basal 263 casos y 564, en la fase de intervención, de los cuales recibieron antibióticos 145 (55%) y 229 (41%) re
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