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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 349645 matches for " E. C. Chukwuma "
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Entrepreneurial Skill Needs of Secretarial Education Graduates of Colleges of Education for Self Sustainability in Enugu State, Nigeria  [PDF]
E. A. C. Etonyeaku, J. A. Kanu, H. A. Ezeji, J. N. Chukwuma
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.410065
Abstract: The study was carried out to determine the entrepreneurial skill needs required by secretarial education graduates of college of education for self sustainability in Enugu State. Four research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive research design that made use of 40 item structured questionnaire. The population for the study was 238 respondents. The questionnaire was face-validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha method was used to determine the reliability of the items and a coefficient of 0.75 was obtained. The questionnaire was administered on 238 respondents by the researchers with the help of three research assistants trained by the researchers. Two hundred and thirty-eight copies of the questionnaire were returned and considered valid. The analysis was done using mean for research questions and t-test statistic for the hypotheses. The findings revealed that the 40 entrepreneurial skill needs were required by the graduates for self sustainability. It therefore was recommended among others that secretarial education graduates should be encouraged to acquaint themselves with all the relevant entrepreneurial skills that will enable them to be self sustained in the society.
Potentials for Biogas Production in Anambra State of Nigeria Using Cow Dung and Poultry Droppings
C. E. Umeghalu., E. C. Chukwuma, I. F. Okonkwo and S. O. Umeh
International Journal of Veterinary Science , 2012,
Abstract: Preliminary investigation of the major abattoirs and poultry farms in Anambra State was undertaken to determine the quantity of cow dung and poultry dropping generation with respect to biogas production. The study showed that about 15563 kg (15.6 tons) of fresh cow manure and about 2012 kg (2.01 tons) are produced daily in the state. These are sufficient to support biogas production in the state. Investigation shows that most of these manures are not properly managed resulting to environmental pollution. Result shows that only negligible proportion of these manures are used as manure for vegetable crops and feed stock for fish farming. Thus, there is need to popularize biogas technology which is a cheap and renewable source of energy whose effluent is a good fertilizer for crop growing.
Naval Military Operations in Bonny during the Nigerian Civil War 1967-1970  [PDF]
Chukwuma C. C. Osakwe, Lawrence Okechukwu Udeagbala
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.43018
Abstract: The importance and role of the Navy in the Nigerian Civil War, 1967-1970 have not attracted any scholarly attention in the burgeoning scholarship of the civil war. This study is an attempt at introducing the navy in the discourse of the war. More importantly, they not only made strides in our knowledge of naval warfare but also played a significant role in the outcome of the war.
Morphometric Study of the Genus Indigofera Linn. (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in South-Western Nigeria
M.O. Soladoye,M.A. Sonibare,E.C. Chukwuma
International Journal of Botany , 2010,
Abstract: The relationship among seven species of Indigofera (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) is described using eight quantitative parameters based on both herbarium and fresh specimens. The results of the multivariate analyses (Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Cluster Analysis) revealed that three out of the eight quantitative parameters utilized accounted for differences among the taxa. Indigofera macrophylla Schum and Thonn. and Indigofera nummulariifolia (Linn.) Livera ex Alston were found to be closer with a stronger coefficient of agglomeration (13.390) than I. hirsuta Linn. and I. suffruticosa Mill. with 2839.673 coefficient of agglomeration. In this study, number of leaflet, leaf length and leaf width have been found to significantly contribute to the delimitation of the seven species of Indigofera. These characters can therefore be effectively employed in the taxonomic treatment of other Indigofera species that were not included in the present study.
The Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding and Its Sociodemographic Determinants amongst Nursing Mothers at a Tertiary Health Care Institution in South East, Nigeria  [PDF]
Henry N. Chineke, Anthony C. Iwu, Kevin C. Diwe, Chukwuma B. Duru, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Eyitayo E. Emmanuel, Uche R. Oluoha, Ugochukwu C. Madubueze, Emmanuel U. Ndukwu, Ikechi Ohale
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2017.74006
Abstract: Background: Breastfeeding is a natural and critical act that provides nutrients and energy for the infant and young child; and through a public health intervention such as exclusive breastfeeding, it improves the survival rates of the infant. Objective: To determine the breastfeeding practices and the sociodemographic determinants of exclusive breastfeeding amongst nursing mothers present at the Imo state university teaching hospital Orlu. Methods: A cross sectional analytical study design was used that included all nursing mothers present within a 4 week study period. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics. Chi square statistics were computed to determine significant associations and binary logistic regression was used to determine sociodemographic predictors of exclusive breastfeeding practice. P value was set at 0.05 significant level. Results: While most of the respondents were aware of exclusive breastfeeding (92.5%), only 24% of the respondents were practicing exclusive breastfeeding. Work and school activities, and the feeling that breast milk was insufficient for the needs of the baby were the reasons for not practicing exclusive breastfeeding for a majority of the respondents (56.6%). Furthermore, 61% of those that were practicing non-exclusive breast feeding gave a cereal or infant formula in addition to the breast milk for 3 to 6 months. It was further revealed that there were statistically significant relationships between breastfeeding practice and maternal age (p = 0.003), level of maternal education (p = 0.005) and maternal occupation (p = 0.006). Conclusion: Understanding and taking into cognizance the sociodemographic characteristics will enable the design, and adequate delivery of appropriate and effective strategies that improve exclusive breastfeeding practice.
Modelling Conceptual Framework for Private Cloud Infrastructure Deployment in the ICT Centre of Tertiary Institutions  [PDF]
Emmanuel N. Ekwonwune, Chukwuma D. Anyiam, Oliver E. Osuagwu
Communications and Network (CN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2018.103010
Abstract: This research work aims at modelling a framework for Private Cloud infrastructure Deployment for Information and Communication Technology Centres (ICTs) in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Recent researches have indicated that cloud computing will become the mainstream in computing technology and very effective for businesses. All Tertiary Institutions have ICT units, and are generally charged with the responsibilities of deploying ICT infrastructure and services for administration, teaching, research and learning in higher institution at large. The Structured System Analysis and Design Methodology (SSADM) is used in this research and a six-step framework for a cost effective and scalable Private cloud infrastructure using server virtualization is presented as an alternative that can guarantee total and independent control of data flow in the institutions, while ensuring adequate security of vital information.
Health Care Seeking Behaviour and Predictors of Combined Orthodox and Traditional Health Care Utilization among Households in Communities in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Chukwuma B. Duru, Anthony C. Iwu, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Kevin C. Diwe, Irene A. Merenu, Chukwuma U. Okafor, Chukwuyem Abejegah, Ugochukwu C. Madubueze, Emmanuel U. Ndukwu, Ikechi Ohale
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2017.77010
Abstract: Background: Health care seeking behaviour is a complex, dynamic and multidimensional process that involves a sequence of remedial actions that are influenced by the interaction between the individual, household and community with the intention of addressing perceived ill health. Objective: To determine health care seeking attitude and behaviour and the predictors of combined orthodox and traditional health care use among households in communities in Owerri, Imo State. Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional design that used a multistage random sampling technique to select 500 participants from households in two communities in Owerri, Imo State. Data was collected using a pretested, semi structured questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics. Chi square statistics were computed to determine significant relationships and binary logistic regression was used to determine predictors of combined use. P was set at 0.05 significance level. Results: The results revealed that, while just more than half of the respondents (56.4%) had a moderate to good level of overall knowledge of health care, almost all of the respondents (96.2%) also had a moderate to good level of overall positive attitude towards seeking health care; with less than one third (29.4%) using combined orthodox and traditional health care treatments. It further revealed that, respondents who were female, traders and from households of polygamous families were significantly more likely to use combined orthodox and traditional health care treatments (p < 0.05) while those with a tertiary level of education, from households with a professional as head, having private water closet toilets and earning a monthly income of more than 50,000 Naira ($140) were significantly less likely to use combined orthodox and traditional health care treatments (p < 0.05). Conclusion: There is a need to be more sensitive to the realities of the combined use of orthodox and traditional treatments, as its use will be difficult to prevent because this behaviour is rooted in the traditional and cultural belief system of our societies.
Performance of Rice Market in Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Obasi Igwe Oscar,E. Njokuoma Chukwuma
Journal of Economics Theory , 2012,
Abstract: The study examined the performance of foreign rice market in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Four major urban markets and 3 rural markets were selected from each of the 3 agricultural zones of the state, making 12 major urban markets and 9 rural markets. A total of 60 wholesalers and 60 retailers randomly sampled from the markets were used for the study. Simple statistical tools such as tables, means, percentages, benefit cost ratio, efficiency models etc were used in data analysis. From the result of the study, an average monthly net return of N48908.20 and N7434.77 were recorded by the sampled wholesalers and retailers, respectively, thus showing that the business is profitable. Also the marketing margin for wholesalers and retailers were 5.36 and 10.85, revealing a more acceptable marketing margin for wholesales compared to retailers with high marketing margin. This is a reflection of the proportion of the consumers income that goes to the marketing system. The study equally revealed a low marketing efficiency for the marketers, an indication of inefficiency. This is mainly due to the high marketing costs associated with rice marketing business. The benefit cost ratio shows that for every 1 invested into the business, a wholesaler gets, 1.11 while a retailer gets 1.16, showing that the business is viable. It is recommended that policies that improve rural infrastructure and marketing facilities be encouraged to reduce costs associated with the business. Also the local rice in the state showed be improved upon to compete favourably, thereby pulling down the price of foreign rice.
Dispersal Patterns of the Late Cretaceous to Early-Tertiary Sediments in the Southern Anambra Basin, Southeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Samuel O. Onyekuru, Chukwuma J. Iwuagwu, Godwin I. Nwankwor, Nathaniel N. Onu, Cyril E. Ukaonu
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.43054

The dispersal patterns of the Late Cretaceous to Early Tertiary sediments in southern Anambra Basin were studied to delineate spatial facies distributions for improved mapping and hydrocarbon prospectivity. Seven lithofacies distinguished from eleven outcrop sections aided the interpretation of depositional environments for the different depositional units. Interpreted paleoenvironments ranged from estuarine/lagoonal to tidal delta and shallow marine depositional environments. Sequence stratigraphic interpretation of the deposits using vertical relationships between the delineated facies and foraminiferal and palynofacies assemblages and the interpreted environmental setting identified two complete sequences (SEQ-1 and -2) and two incomplete sequences (SEQ-3 and -4) in the study area. The sequiences are enveloped by three Type-1 Sequence Boundaries (SB), two Transgressive Surfaces of Erosion (TSE) and four Maximum Flooding Surfaces (MFS). The identified surfaces were used to delineate formation boundaries and as such would assist in the improved mapping of the Anambra Basin and adjoining depocenters. The massive sand units of the Highstand and Transgressive Systems Tracts constitute good (potential) reservoirs, while the transgressive shales would constitute seals for potential traps in the study area. The delineation of these petroleum system elements, especially those associated with the Transgressive and Highstand Systems Tracts has conferred great hydrocarbon prospectivity potential on the sedimentary sequences in the Basin. The absence of deep marine and slope complexes of the Lowstand Systems Tract (LST) in the interpreted sequences is indicative that the study area is the up-dip section of the Anambra Basin.

Electroconvulsive Therapy in the Eyes of Undergraduate Nursing Students  [PDF]
Monday N. Igwe, Appolos C. Ndukuba, Chukwuma M. Attama, Pleasure N. Ogbonna, Chinonyerem Igwe
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.412087

Despite the fact that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an established safe and effective procedure, its use has continued to attract controversy with considerable stigma associated with it. This often overshadows the established effectiveness. Poor knowledge, negative attitude and bias towards ECT by the nurses may translate to poor education and support to patients from whom they are expected to obtain informed consent before an ECT procedure. This study assessed the perception of undergraduate nursing students of a Nigerian university about ECT. A total of 81 students who had completed all relevant lectures and practical/clinical exposures in psychiatry as prescribed in their academic curricular participated in the study. All the consenting students were administered the socio-demographic questionnaire and modified questionnaire on attitude and knowledge of electroconvulsive therapy (QuAKE). Majority of the students responded appropriately to the principal uses of ECT. Few believed that ECT was an out-moded form of treatment, that the procedure was cruel and barbaric, that psychiatrists who still administered ECT were wicked and not responsible physicians, and that it caused permanent brain damage. The total mean score of the students was 7.53 ± 2.65. Fifty eight (71.6%) students observed an ECT procedure and followed up the patients during the posting. They scored 7.17 ± 2.55 while 23 (28.4%) students who had not observed the procedure scored 6.98 ± 1.92 on the QuAKE (t = -0.36, p = 0.72). Thirty one (38.3%) students who would accept the procedure if indicated scored 7.14 ± 2.21 while 50 (61.7%) of them who would not allow ECT carried out on them scored 6.88 ± 1.96 (t = 0.56, p = 0.58). The mean score of 29 (35.8%) students who might pursue psychiatry as a career was 8.10 ± 1.90 while 52 (64.2%) of them who would not specialise in psychiatry scored 6.05 ± 1.79 (t = 5.00, p < 0.001). The total mean score on the QuAKE was low among the student nurses. Therefore, there is a need to improve undergraduate nursing education on ECT.

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