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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 415547 matches for " E J Amodu "
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A Correlation Of Symptomatology With Nasal Smear Eosinophilia In Non-Infectious Chronic Rhinitis Preliminary Report
A D Olusesi, M A Said, E J Amodu
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To correlate subjective and objective clinical features with nasal smear cytology findings in non-infectious chronic rhinitis. Design: An analysis of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients with non-infectious seasonal and perennial rhinosinusitis seen at a tertiary health institution. Methodology: Clinical assessments including Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scoring of presenting symptoms of 45 patients suffering from non-infectious chronic rhinosinusitis are measured. Subjects had a medical questionnaire regarding presence and duration of symptoms, family history of atopy or allergy, occupational exposure to allergens, provocative agents, and medication usages. Subjects had detail Ear, Nose, and Throat assessment, and nasal secretions were analyzed for eosinophils counts and statistically correlated with clinical parameter. Result: A total of 45 patients were recruited. Age range was 13 to 71 years (SD 11.516). 73% (n=33) were females while 27% (n=12) were males. The modal occupation was homemaking (24%, n=11). 38% (n=17) had family history of atopy, while 13% (n=6) had family history of allergy. Symptoms were perennial in 62% (n=28) and seasonal in 38% (n=17). 9% (n=4) of the subjects keep pets at home, while 40% (n=18) grow flowers or trees around the house. All subjects gave a history of identifiable provocative agents. There is positive correlation of itchy nose with total symptom score. There was negative history of occupational exposure to allergens in all subjects. The average subjective symptom score are Sneezing (6.3), Itchy nose (6.1), Nasal obstruction (6.2) and Runny nose (6.7). There is a high positive correlation of sneezing with runny nose (r = 0.51), but poor correlation with nasal obstruction (r = 0.15). There is negative correlation of total individual symptom score with keeping of pets (r = -0.24) or growing of flowers or trees around house (r = -0.039). There is also low correlation of total symptom score with family history of atopy (r = 0.06). There is positive correlation of total symptom score with number of provocative agents identified (r = 0.34). There is low positive correlation of nasal smear eosinophilia with total symptom score (r = 0.030) and itchy nose score (r = 0.038). Nasal smear eosinophilia show negative correlation with sneezing score (r = -0.076). Conclusion: The best predictors of nasal smear eosinophilia in non-infectious chronic rhinosinusitis are itchy nose score and Individual Total Symptom (ITS) score.
Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of rural women of northeast Nigeria on risk factors associated with cancer of the Cervix  [PDF]
Babatunji A. Omotara, Shuaibu J. Yahya, Mary O. Amodu, John S. Bimba
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.59186

Cervical cancer is the leading cancer-related cause of death among women in Nigeria. An estimated 70,700 new cases occur each year, representing one quarter of all female cancers in sub Saharan Africa. The magnitude of the problem has been under recognised and under prioritised compared with the competing health priorities of infectious diseases such as HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Studies in the United States and Nigeria have indicated that the disease has the highest incidence among the lowest socio-economic groups especially residing in rural areas. The peak age for the disease has been shown to be within 35-45 years age group. Knowledge of the risk factors of the disease is deemed important in its early detection and prevention. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of rural women with cancer of the cervix. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 1600 rural women aged 15-55 years (randomly selected from 28 villages) who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire between April and June, 2010. The majority (82.2%) were married before the age of 20 years and 19.3% before 15 years, 40% in polygamous union, 22.6% have had 2 or more sexual partners, 71.3% were primi and grand multiparous, 7.5% have had previous treatment for STIs and 10.1% were on various types of contraceptive. 454 (28.4%) have heard of Ca cervix, 358 (22.4%) knew the location of the cervix. 2.3% had Pap smear test of which 72.6% were within 2 years. The majority (89.9%) will avail themselves for screening.

Early home treatment of childhood fevers with ineffective antimalarials is deleterious in the outcome of severe malaria
Adebola E Orimadegun, Olukemi K Amodu, Peter E Olumese, Olayemi O Omotade
Malaria Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-143
Abstract: Two hundred and sixty-eight children with a median age of 30 months comprising 114 children with cerebral malaria and 154 with severe malarial anaemia (as defined by WHO) were prospectively enrolled. Data on socio-demographic data, treatments given at home, clinical course and outcome of admission were collected and analysed.A total of 168 children had treatment with an antimalarial treatment at home before presenting at the hospital when there was no improvement. There were no significant differences in the haematocrit levels, parasite counts and nutritional status of the pre-hospital treated and untreated groups. The most commonly used antimalarial medicine was chloroquine. Treatment policy was revised to Artemesinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) in 2005 as a response to unacceptable levels of therapeutic failures with chloroquine, however chloroquine use remains high. The risk of presenting as cerebral malaria was 1.63 times higher with pre-hospital use of chloroquine for treatment of malaria, with a four-fold increase in the risk of mortality. Controlling for other confounding factors including age and clinical severity, pre-hospital treatment with chloroquine was an independent predictor of mortality.This study showed that, home treatment with chloroquine significantly impacts on the outcome of severe malaria. This finding underscores the need for wide-scale monitoring to withdraw chloroquine from circulation in Nigeria and efforts intensified at promoting prompt treatment with effective medicines in the community.Malaria remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among children and creates enormous social, economic and disease burdens in endemic regions[1,2]. Current control efforts focus on reducing malaria-attributable morbidity and mortality. Prompt evaluation of all febrile illness, case-recognition and use of appropriate antimalarial therapy are essential to malarial control in order to optimize clinical outcomes of malaria-infected patients
An Assessment of the Major Elemental Composition and Concentration in Limestones Samples from Yandev and Odukpani Areas of Nigeria Using Nuclear Techniques
I.O. Akpan,A.E. Amodu,A.E. Akpan
Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: These observations suggest that all particulate emissions and wastes from the Yandev deposit should be closely monitored to reduce its effects on the environment and health. The average Ca/Si ratio of the Yandev deposit is 4.32 while that of Odukpani deposit is 8.64. The observed low Ca/Si ratio in Yandev Limestone was attributed to the comparatively high Si content of the limestones. Thus the Odukpani limestone deposit appears to be more friendly to health and the environment.
The Effect of Stocklength, Stock Diameter and Planting Angle on Early Establisment of Gliricidia sepium
J.T. Amodu,O.S. Onifade,I.A. Adeyinka,J.O. Jegede
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Legume tree crops, which establish easily and do not require extensive agronomic inputs, constitute potentially valuable sources of supplementary feeds that subsistence and medium-scale livestock farmers in the tropics could use to improve livestock nutrition and productivity. A field trial was conducted with Gliricidia sepium cuttings to investigate the effect if three stock lengths (20, 30 and 40 cm), two stock diameters (1.5-2.5) and (3.0-3.5 cm) and three planting angles (30° , 60° and 90°) in a factorial experiment. There were high significant differences (p<0.05) in all the growth parameters of the stock diameters and stock lengths used. The highest dry matter yield of 3.83, 4.61 and 4.65 t ha-1 were produced by stock length 20, 30 and 40 cm, respectively. The highest planting angle of 90° produced the tallest shoot height and biggest basal diameter, while the least planting angle of 30° produced the least shoot height and basal diameter, respectively. The interactions between the smaller stock diameter and the least planting angle (30° ) produced the least values of growth parameters. Gliricidia cuttings could be easily established with thicker stock diameter of not less than 3.0 and 40 cm stock length, planting in an angle between 60 and 90 degrees.
Evaluation of Pearl Millet Accessions for Yield and Nutrient Composition
J.T. Amodu,I.A. Adeyinka,M.S. Kallah,J.P. Alawa
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: An experiment was carried out in 2001 and 2002 at the Forage and Crop Residue Research Programme of the National Animal Production Research, Institute, Shika, Nigeria, to evaluate the yield components and nutrient composition of three accessions of pearl millet (Mokwa, Bunkure and Kankara). The three accessions were planted in completely randomized block design in three replications. Sowing was carried out in both years of the trial at the rate of 4 kg seeds per hectare on 10x7.5 m plot. Parameters assessed included plant height, number of tillers/culm, percentage green, leaf:stem ratio, fodder yield (fresh and dry weights). CP, CF, EE, NFE, ash, P, Ca and Mg. Results showed that at 116 post-planting, there were varietal differences in height, tillering ability, leafiness and greenness, which were found significant (p<0.05). The Bunkure accession which was taller, greener and higher in number of tillers had the highest fodder yield of 9.07 and 7.32 t ha-1 of fresh weight and dry weight, respectively. In the three accessions there were no significant differences (p>0.05) in the leaf:stem ratio. Differences between accessions in terms of EE, NFE and P were not significantly different (p>0.05) while significant differences were noticed in ash, CP, CF and Mg content of the millet accessions.
Total serum vitamin C concentration in pregnant women: implications for a healthy pregnancy
Hassan, Garba Ibrahim;Onu, Amodu Bala;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292006000300005
Abstract: objectives: total serum vitamin c (l-ascorbic acid) concentration was measured in 90 pregnant women, 30 in each trimester (age range 18-35 years) and a control group of age-matched non-pregnant women. methods: total serum vitamin c concentration was measured using the 2.4-dinitrophenylhydrazine method which involves the conversion of vitamin c to dehydroascorbic acid in the presence of copper (ii) ions and subsequent measurement of the resulting bis-hydrazone at 540nm. results: the total vitamin c concentration in the first trimester was 2.55 ± 0.82 mg/dl and 2.32 ± 0.40 mg/dl and 0.77 ± 0.10 mg/dl in the second and third trimesters respectively. relative to serum total vitamin c concentration in the controls (3.15 ± 0.13 mg/dl) these values are significantly lower (p < 0.05). conclusions: low serum vitamin c in pregnancy may indicate utilization of this vitamin to mop up the excess reactive oxygen species and maintain its normal homeostasis. therefore, vitamin c supplementation during pregnancy is recommended in order to boost the body's low vitamin c level and prevent the predisposition to low birth weight babies, premature delivery and pre-eclamsia all of which are known to be associated with sub-optimal vitamin c levels during pregnancy.
Assessment of Farmers (Women)’ Access to Agricultural Extension, Inputs and Credit Facility in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State
JO Owolabi, BZ Abubakar, MY Amodu
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: This study examines the accessibility of women to three main production inputs namely: Farm inputs (fertilizers, modern technology, improved seed etc), Credit facility and Contact with extension agents. Structured interview schedule, personal observation and analysis of records were used to collect information for the study. The findings revealed that women in the study area were engaged in farming activities such as crop production and rearing of livestock. Traditional technology is still the practice among women farmers. Majority of the women sampled were small-scale farmers with low level of income and education. Women interviewed complained of lack of access to farm inputs, credit facilities and contact with extension workers, the situation which has constrained them from investing in agricultural production. The study recommended that women farmers should be given incentives, particularly in the area of production inputs (credit facilities, fertilizer, and improved seeds among others) and educational opportunities.
Resource Use Efficiency in Part-time Food Crop Production: The Stochastic Frontier Approach
MY Amodu, JO Owolabi, SS Adeola
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, stochastic frontier production model was used to analyze the resource use efficiency of part-time food crop farmers in Idah, North Central Nigeria. The result shows that farm size, labour and planting materials are significant determinants of farm output in part-time food crop farming. Analysis of inefficiency factors reveal the significant inefficiency variables to include; level of education, household size and farming experience. The result also shows that over 72% of part-time farmers were above average in resource use efficiency; maximum efficiency is 0.98, while minimum efficiency is 0.36 with mean efficiency of 0.65. The study also revealed that rising age and household size contribute to resource use inefficiency in part-time food crop farming, while level of education and years of farming experience increased resource use efficiency among the sample farmers. Implications are that policies that would encourage relatively younger and educated persons and provide them easy access to improved seeds and fertilizers will go a long way in enhancing resource use efficiency in part-time food crop farming.
Evaluation of Dual-purpose Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Varieties for Grain and Fodder Production at Shika, Nigeria
Omokanye, AT.,Onifade, OS.,Amodu, JT.,Balogun, RO.
Tropicultura , 2003,
Abstract: A three-year field study of eight new and one check dual-purpose cowpea varieties was carried out to evaluate their grain and fodder production potential. Germination and seedling establishment were both high and greater than 80%.Mean dry fodder and seed yields varied from 1,262 to 3,598 kg/ha and 528 to 1,149 kg/ha respectively, with varieties IAR 4/48/15-1, IAR 72 and TVU 12349 retaining larger amounts (> 50%) of fresh green leaves at pod harvest during the dry season. Crude protein (CP) content of fodder averaged between 15.2 and 21.6%. There were more pods/plant for varieties IAR 4/48/15-1, IAR 7/180-4-5 and TVU 12349. 100-seed weight was highest with IT89KD-288 and Kananado (check). Fodder yield, pods/plant and leaf content were moderately correlated with seed yield. Results showed that varieties TVU 12349, IT89KD-288, IAR 2/180/4-12 and IAR 4/48/15-1 appeared suitable for both fodder and grain production. The use of appropriate cowpea varieties to enhance farmer income in an integrated production system is suggested.
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