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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 173922 matches for " Doherty DE "
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Tashkin DP,Doherty DE,Kerwin E,Matiz-Bueno CE
International Journal of COPD , 2012,
Abstract: Tashkin DP, Doherty DE, Kerwin E, Matiz-Bueno CE, Knorr B, Shekar T, Banerjee S, Staudinger H. Efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of mometasone furoate and formoterol fumarate in subjects with moderate to very severe COPD: results from a 52-week Phase III trial. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2012;7:43–55.In Table 4, the value at column 5, row 15 should have been 4 instead of 2. Read the original article
Efficacy and safety characteristics of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate fixed-dose combination in subjects with moderate to very severe COPD: findings from pooled analysis of two randomized, 52-week placebo-controlled trials
Tashkin DP,Doherty DE,Kerwin E,Matiz-Bueno CE
International Journal of COPD , 2012,
Abstract: Donald P Tashkin1, Dennis E Doherty2, Edward Kerwin3, Carlos E Matiz-Bueno4, Barbara Knorr5, Tulin Shekar5, Davis Gates5, Heribert Staudinger51David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 2Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 3Clinical Research Institute of Southern Oregon, Medford, OR, USA; 4Fundación Salud Bosque, Bogota, Colombia, 5Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USABackground: The clinical efficacy and safety of a mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate (MF/F) fixed-dose combination formulation administered via a metered-dose inhaler was investigated in patients with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods: Two 52-week, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with identical study designs were conducted in current or ex-smokers (aged ≥40 years), and pooled study results are presented herein. Subjects (n = 2251) were randomized to 26 weeks of twice-daily treatment with MF/F 400/10 μg, MF/F 200/10 μg, MF 400 μg, F 10 μg, or placebo. After the 26-week treatment period, placebo subjects completed the trial and 75% of subjects on active treatment entered a 26-week safety extension. Coprimary efficacy variables were mean changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), area under the curve from 0 to 12 hours postdose (AUC0–12 h), and morning predose/trough FEV1 from baseline to the week 13 endpoint. Key secondary efficacy variables were St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire scores, symptom-free nights, time-to-first exacerbation, and partly stable COPD at the week 26 endpoint.Results: In the 26-week treatment period, significantly greater increases in FEV1 AUC0–12 h occurred with MF/F 400/10 versus MF 400 and placebo at the week 13 and week 26 endpoints (P ≤ 0.032). These increases were over three-fold greater with MF/F 400/10 than with MF 400. Also, significantly greater increases in morning predose/trough FEV1 occurred with MF/F 400/10 versus F 10 and placebo at the week 13 endpoint (P < 0.05). The increase was four-fold greater with MF/F 400/10 than with F 10. All active treatment groups achieved minimum clinically important differences from baseline (>4 units) in St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire scores at week 26. Symptom-free nights increased by ≥14% in the MF/F 400/10, MF 400, and F 10 groups (P ≤ 0.033 versus placebo). The incidence of exacerbations was lower in the MF/F groups (≤33.3%) than it was in the MF, formoterol, and placebo groups (≥33.8%) over the 26-week treatment period. The incidence of
Effects of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate fixed-dose combination formulation on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): results from a 52-week Phase III trial in subjects with moderate-to-very severe COPD
Doherty DE,Tashkin DP,Kerwin E,Knorr BA
International Journal of COPD , 2012,
Abstract: Dennis E Doherty1, Donald P Tashkin2, Edward Kerwin3, Barbara A Knorr4, Tulin Shekar4, Sibabrata Banerjee4, Heribert Staudinger41Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 2David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 3Clinical Research Institute of Southern Oregon, Medford, OR, 4Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USARationale: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate (MF/F) administered via a metered-dose inhaler in subjects with moderate-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial had a 26-week treatment period and a 26-week safety extension. Subjects (n = 1196), at least 40 years old, were current or ex-smokers randomized to twice-daily inhaled MF/F 400/10 μg, MF/F 200/10 μg, MF 400 μg, F 10 μg, or placebo. The trial’s co-primary endpoints were mean changes from baseline, as area under the curve (AUC), in forced expiratory volume (FEV1) over 0–12 hours (AUC0-12 h FEV1) with MF/F versus MF, and in morning (AM) pre-dose (trough) FEV1 with MF/F versus F after 13 weeks of treatment. Key secondary endpoints were the effects of MF/F on respiratory health status using the Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), symptom-free nights, partly stable COPD at 26 weeks, and time to first COPD exacerbation.Results: The largest improvements in AUC0-12 h FEV1 were observed with MF/F 400/10 μg and MF/F 200/10 μg. Serial spirometry results demonstrated that bronchodilator effects with MF/F occurred rapidly (within 5 minutes), persisted for 12 hours after dosing, and were sustained over the 26-week treatment period. Similar findings were observed for AM pre-dose FEV1, for which effects were further investigated, excluding subjects whose AM FEV1 data were incorrectly collected after 2 days from the last dose of study treatment. Improvements in SGRQ scores surpassed the minimum clinically important difference of more than four units with both MF/F treatments. At 26 weeks, no notable between-treatment differences in the occurrence and nature of adverse events (AEs) were reported. No unexpected AEs were observed. Overall, 90 subjects reported AEs considered to be treatment-related, the most common of which were lenticular opacities, dysphonia, and oral candidiasis.Discussion: In conclusion, MF/F treatments improved lung function and respiratory health status, reduced exacerbations, and were well tol
Efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of mometasone furoate and formoterol fumarate in subjects with moderate to very severe COPD: results from a 52-week Phase III trial
Tashkin DP,Doherty DE,Kerwin E,Matiz-Bueno C
International Journal of COPD , 2012,
Abstract: Donald P Tashkin1, Dennis E Doherty2, Edward Kerwin3, Carlos E Matiz-Bueno4, Barbara Knorr5, Tulin Shekar5, Sibabrata Banerjee5, Heribert Staudinger51David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 2Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 3Clinical Research Institute of Southern Oregon, Medford, OR USA; 4Fundación Salud Bosque, Bogota, Colombia; 5Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp, Whitehouse Station, NJ USABackground: A clinical trial of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate (MF/F) administered via a metered-dose inhaler in subjects with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) investigated the efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of MF/F.Methods: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial had a 26-week treatment period and a 26-week safety extension. Subjects (n = 1055; ≥40 years) were current or ex-smokers randomized to twice-daily treatment with inhaled MF/F 400/10 μg, MF/F 200/10 μg, MF 400 μg, F 10 μg, or placebo. The coprimary endpoints of the trial were mean changes from baseline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) over 0–12 hours (AUC0–12 FEV1) with MF/F versus MF, and in morning predose FEV1 with MF/F versus F. Key secondary endpoints were quality of life (Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ]), symptom-free nights, and partly stable COPD at 26 weeks, as well as time to first COPD exacerbation.Results: Significant improvements in FEV1 AUC0–12 occurred at endpoint with MF/F 400/10 and MF/F 200/10 versus MF 400 (P ≤ 0.007). Significant bronchodilation occurred in 5 minutes with MF/F, and serial spirometry demonstrated sustained FEV1 improvements with MF/F over the treatment period. Significant improvements in morning predose FEV1 occurred with both MF/F doses, and these effects were further investigated by excluding results for subjects whose morning FEV1 data were collected >2 days after the last dose of study treatment. Improvements in SGRQ total scores surpassed the minimum clinically important difference of at least 4 units with MF/F 400/10. MF/F 400/10 significantly reduced the time-to-first COPD exacerbation. Similar proportions of subjects in all five treatment groups reported treatment-emergent adverse events. Rates of pneumonia were low (≤1.0%) across treatment groups.Conclusion: MF/F 400/10 μg twice daily was shown to be an effective therapy for patients with moderate to very severe COPD, and both MF/F 400/10 μg twice daily and MF/F 200/10 μg twice daily were well tolerated.Keywords: chronic obstructive pu
Cost-effectiveness analysis for priority-setting in South Africa – what are the possibilities?
J Doherty
South African Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Priority-setting in the health system is necessary because resources are constrained. The role of cost-effectiveness analysis in supporting decision-making around health care priorities in South Africa is explored by referring to South African studies that have provided clinical and policy guidance at the levels of the patient, the service and the population. Cost-effectiveness evidence is positioned in relation to other concerns such as equity and the overall performance of the health system.
Political Behavior and Candidate Emergence in the Hmong-American Community
Steven Doherty
Hmong Studies Journal , 2008,
Abstract: This research focuses on the major social, cultural and political factors that have shaped Hmong-American political behavior in the United States and also more specifically on the issue of Hmong-American candidates who have run for electoral office. Electoral turnout and the partisan direction of Hmong-American voters will receive some general examination. Special attention is also given to the unusually rapid emergence of candidates for electoral office from the Hmong-American community in the Upper Midwest, and the specific motivations and strategies of Hmong-American electoral candidates.
Green Butterflies
W. Doherty
Psyche , 1891, DOI: 10.1155/1891/60942
Abstract:
“CANARIES IN THE COAL MINE:” THE DEINDUSTRIALIZATION OF NEW ENGLAND AND THE RISE OF THE GLOBAL ECONOMY, 1923-1975
Maura Doherty
Essays in Economic & Business History , 1999,
Abstract: This essay discusses the process that led to the decline of New England’s traditional industries and to the creation of its depressed milltowns. It argues that the decline of the New England textile and shoe industries was part of the maturation of industrial capitalism. This deindustrialization had along-term structural impact on the local economies of many New England communities and would have implications for other industries and communities in the creation of the global economy. These depressed milltowns were the first casualties of a strategy of capital mobility that would become institutionalized in the multinational corporation and the global economy.
BioAfrica's HIV-1 Proteomics Resource: Combining protein data with bioinformatics tools
Ryan S Doherty, Tulio De Oliveira, Chris Seebregts, Sivapragashini Danaviah, Michelle Gordon, Sharon Cassol
Retrovirology , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4690-2-18
Abstract: Although the HIV-1 genome contains only 9 genes, it is capable of generating more than 19 gene products. These products can be divided into three major categories: structural and enzymatic (Gag, Pol, Env); immediate-early regulatory (Tat, Rev and Nef), and late regulatory (Vif, Vpu, Vpr) proteins. Tat, Rev and Nef are synthesized from small multiply-spliced mRNAs; Env, Vif, Vpu and Vpr are generated from singly-spliced mRNAs, the Gag and Gag-Pol precursor polyproteins are synthesized from full-length mRNA. The matrix (p17), capsid (p24) and nucleocapsid (p7) proteins are produced by protease cleavage of Gag and Gag-Pol, a fusion protein derived by ribosomal frame-shifting. Cleavage of Nef generates two different protein isoforms; one myristylated, the other non-myristylated. The viral enzymes (protease, reverse transcriptase, RNase H and integrase) are formed by protease cleavage of Gag-Pol. Alternative splicing, together with co-translational and post-translational modification, leads to additional protein variability [1].Phylogenetic analysis, on its own, provides little information about the conformational, immunological and functional properties of HIV-1 proteins, but instead, focuses on the evolution and historical significance of sequence variants. To understand the clinical significance of genetic variation, sequence analysis needs to be combined with methods that assess change in the structural and biological properties of HIV-1 proteins. At present, information and tools for the systematic analysis of HIV-1 proteins are limited, and are scattered across a wide-range of online resources [2,3]. To facilitate studies of the biological consequences of genetic variation, we have developed an integrated, user-friendly proteomics resource that integrates common approaches to HIV-1 protein analysis (Figure 1). We are currently using this resource to better understand the structure-function relationships underlying the emergence of antiretroviral drug resistance, an
Effects of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate fixed-dose combination formulation on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): results from a 52-week Phase III trial in subjects with moderate-to-very severe COPD
Doherty DE, Tashkin DP, Kerwin E, Knorr BA, Shekar T, Banerjee S, Staudinger H
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S27320
Abstract: ts of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate fixed-dose combination formulation on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): results from a 52-week Phase III trial in subjects with moderate-to-very severe COPD Original Research (3583) Total Article Views Authors: Doherty DE, Tashkin DP, Kerwin E, Knorr BA, Shekar T, Banerjee S, Staudinger H Published Date February 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 57 - 71 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S27320 Received: 13 October 2011 Accepted: 12 January 2012 Published: 03 February 2012 Dennis E Doherty1, Donald P Tashkin2, Edward Kerwin3, Barbara A Knorr4, Tulin Shekar4, Sibabrata Banerjee4, Heribert Staudinger4 1Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 2David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 3Clinical Research Institute of Southern Oregon, Medford, OR, 4Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA Rationale: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate (MF/F) administered via a metered-dose inhaler in subjects with moderate-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial had a 26-week treatment period and a 26-week safety extension. Subjects (n = 1196), at least 40 years old, were current or ex-smokers randomized to twice-daily inhaled MF/F 400/10 μg, MF/F 200/10 μg, MF 400 μg, F 10 μg, or placebo. The trial’s co-primary endpoints were mean changes from baseline, as area under the curve (AUC), in forced expiratory volume (FEV1) over 0–12 hours (AUC0-12 h FEV1) with MF/F versus MF, and in morning (AM) pre-dose (trough) FEV1 with MF/F versus F after 13 weeks of treatment. Key secondary endpoints were the effects of MF/F on respiratory health status using the Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), symptom-free nights, partly stable COPD at 26 weeks, and time to first COPD exacerbation. Results: The largest improvements in AUC0-12 h FEV1 were observed with MF/F 400/10 μg and MF/F 200/10 μg. Serial spirometry results demonstrated that bronchodilator effects with MF/F occurred rapidly (within 5 minutes), persisted for 12 hours after dosing, and were sustained over the 26-week treatment period. Similar findings were observed for AM pre-dose FEV1, for which effects were further investigated, excluding subjects whose AM FEV1 data were incorrectly collected after 2 days from the last dose of study treatment. Improvements in SGRQ scores surpassed the minimum clinically important difference of more than four units with both MF/F treatments. At 26 weeks, no notable between-treatment differences in the occurrence and nature of adverse events (AEs) were reported. No unexpected AEs were observed. Overall, 90 subjects reported AEs considered to be treatment-related, the most common of which were lenticular opacities, dysphonia, and oral candidiasis. Discus
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