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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2350 matches for " Division of Labour "
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Division of Labour and Self-Reported Mental Requirements in Human Services: Retail Sale Jobs  [PDF]
Ulrike Pietrzyk, Sarah Rodehacke, Winfried Hacker
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.510135
Abstract:

Significant associations between self-reported “whole units” of work and self-reported mental task requirements as well as personal outcomes are well known. Also of interest is, however, whether a significant association also exists between the underlying objective assignment of tasks, i.e. the division of labour, and self-reported mental requirements. Such an association would represent a concrete starting point for job design or redesign. We analyzed this question for retail sale jobs as an example of the numerous human service jobs, which usually consist of customer- and object-centred tasks. The study (N = 558 employees) evaluated the potential association between documented assignments of customer-centred and goods-centred activities and employees’ perceived mental requirements, skill utilisation, and learning on the job, as well as mental difficulties. A significant association of moderate effect size between the objective division of labour and self-reported mental job requirements was shown. Theoretical and practical consequences of this association are also discussed.

A inser??o subordinada do Brasil na divis?o internacional do trabalho: consequências territoriais e perspectivas em tempos de globaliza??o
Pereira, Mirlei Fachini Vicente;
Sociedade & Natureza , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1982-45132010000200009
Abstract: the international division of labour directly results in a territorial division of labour that each nation inserts in its territory. that is why this division is an interesting and important theme in geographical analysis. the text intends to evaluate the ways of subordinated insertion of brazil in the international division of labour, aiming at understanding the consequences of this situation of subordination for the national territory.
A feminiza??o persistente na qualifica??o profissional da enfermagem brasileira
Lopes, Marta Júlia Marques;Leal, Sandra Maria Cezar;
Cadernos Pagu , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332005000100006
Abstract: this article reflects on the socio-historical universe of healthcare under the perspective of the sexual division of labour. nursing is the professional field analysed, and it mirrors the industry's feminization. in this sense, one can say that feminization persists in brazilian nursing, which can be seen both in university-level and in secondary and technical schooling. in the health segment nursing represents the largest contingent of workers, marked by selectivity based on gender-related "qualities".
A divis?o sexual do trabalho no sistema de integra??o agroindustrial
Nogueira, Claudia Mazzei;
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-66282012000300007
Abstract: in this text we show some of the tranformatios in the labour relations in the agroindustry sector that ocurred in the small rural family properties, located in the west of santa catarina's state and that are vinculated to sadia's sistem of integration. analise in particular the maintenance of the unequal sexual division of labour in the small poultry familiar productive unity. we underline yet some elements in the social?sexual division of labour in this sector and indicate some challenges for the social service.
Labour Practices and Arrangement in the Rajbanshi Society
Keshav Kumar Shrestha
Himalayan Journal of Sociology and Anthropology , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/hjsa.v4i0.4670
Abstract: Rajbanshis are indigenous people and have their own labour practices and labour arrangement system. Traditionally, they have divided their work loads according to type of works by sex and age. Like other communities, females have to bear double responsibility - to look after their homes as well as agriculture. Hence they are occupying important part of the Rajbanshi community from the labour arrangement perspective. The Rajbanshi community comprises of caste and sub-caste system based on labour practices. But the widow labour system which was present in the community has now been disappeared. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hjsa.v4i0.4670 Himalayan Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.IV (2010) 91-104
Gender and the Labour Market in Ghana: The Relationship in Terms of the Family, the Market and the State  [PDF]
Ridwan Abukari, Ransford Okoe Odai
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.84015
Abstract: The phenomenon of sex-segregation in the labour market continues to exist in a growing economy such as Ghana. The sex-based traditional occupational system of the economic sector is deeply rooted in the beliefs systems of the people. And so, the gender division of labour continues to define gender relationship among people in the society. Consequently, gender division of labour finds meaning and interpretation within the labour market in Ghana. However, for some reasons, people do overcome this occupational segregation by engaging in jobs that are by custom not meant for their sexuality. This statement reveals an inherent assumption about gender and the labour market; which needs further reflection and critical analysis. This paper focuses on gender and the labour market in Kumasi (a commercial town in Ghana); focusing on the gender identities, ideologies as well as symbols that affect the whole gamut of the labour market as a gendered institution in Ghana. Similarly, how the labour market interacts in the context of the family and the state respectively, will also be given a fair attention. The argument is categorised into ten steps: first; introduction of the subject matter, second; the region of Kumasi; the unit of analysis, third; methodology, fourth; an overview of the labour market in Ghana, fifth; the mode of entering/gaining access into food vending industry by men, sixth; challenges men face in the food vending industry in Kumasi, seventh; gender in food vending business verses socio-cultural practices, eighth; gender-labour market nexus; implication on the family and the state and finally, what the State, civil society organisations as well as the individuals or groups, need to do to improve this sector are recommended.
The Natural History of Nest Defence in a Stingless Bee, Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with Two Distinct Types of Entrance Guards
Grüter, C;K?rcher, MH;Ratnieks, FLW;
Neotropical Entomology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2011000100008
Abstract: the stingless bee tetragonsica angustula (latreille) is the only social bee known that has two different types of nest entrance guards. as in other stingless bees and the honey bee one type stands on, in or near the nest entrance. the second type, so far only known in t. angustula, hovers near the nest entrance. in order to gain further understanding of this unique situation we studied guarding behaviour in both types of guards. using marked bees, we found that individual worker bees guarded for a long time, up to 20 days, relative to their short, average c. 21 day, lifespan. relatively few, 33%, individually marked guards were seen performing both types of guarding. the others only acted as standing guards. the bees that did perform both types did so over similar periods of their life. hovering bouts were 57 min long, interrupted by breaks inside the hive of a few minutes (3.3 ± 1.5 min). standing bouts were slightly longer (74 min) and also interrupted by short breaks (7.82 ± 6.45 min). human breath, mimicking a vertebrate intruder, caused the guards to retreat into the nest rather than to attack the intruder. some colonies protected themselves against intruders by closing the entrance during the night (32% and 56% of colonies during two nights). in summary, our results indicate that nest entrance guarding in t. angustula involves division of labour between the two types, in which most guarding individuals only act as standing guards.
Novas configura??es da divis?o sexual do trabalho
Hirata, Helena;Kergoat, Danièle;
Cadernos de Pesquisa , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-15742007000300005
Abstract: the concept of the sexual division of labor has a long history. first of all, we will outline the origin of the concept in the french context, quoting some research studies that claim it. we will also suggest our own definition of the concept, which will help us analyze the present characteristics of the sexual division of labor. next, in a more precise way, we will bring the discussion back to the models that organize the relations between the domestic and professional spheres. we will point to the emergence of a new model, the so-called "delegation" model, in order to conclude with a critical analysis of "conciliation" of tasks.
Upgrading through Integration? The Case of the Central Eastern European Automotive Industry
Johann Fortwengel
Transcience : a Journal of Global Studies , 2011,
Abstract: This paper explores whether there are signs that the automotive industry in selected new European Union member states from Central Eastern Europe was able to upgrade in the wake of economic and political integration. In this context, a broadened understanding of upgrading is brought forward. The evidence presented in this paper suggests that while upgrading in the narrow sense is taking place, serious barriers to upgrading conceptualized in broader theoretical and empirical terms remain. As a broader perspective on upgrading takes the embeddedness of a particular value chain into consideration, this paper suggests that the institutional and regulatory context on the local, national, and regional level structures the international division of labor to a significant extent and thus the upgrading potential.
Women and Work-Family Interface: Indian Context
Vinita Chandra
Journal of Asia Pacific Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The social division of labour set the role of primary breadearnerfor the man while ascribed the role of home-manager andcaregiver to the woman. This arrangement has been questioned for having given rise to gender inequality and having generated gender role stereotypes for man and woman. The traditionally organized workplace is also predicated on the assumption that families with male bread winners and nonworking housewives constitute the predominant family form. This is no more true since the last few decades have seen a significant number of women coming out of the private sphere of domestic life to enter the public domain. The problem of balancing work and family together has given rise to what is called the ‘work-family conflict’, which has evoked serious scholarly concern in the last few years. The questions that havesurfaced need a sincere rethinking over. The present paper seeks to study work-family conflict in the context of women entering the workforce. However, this does not imply that work-family conflict is a ‘women’s problem’. Studies in the US and elsewhere have amply borne out that men face as much work-family conflict as women do. However, even this phenomenon stands pronounced with women entering the workforce as in the earlier arrangement, men had to worry little for the household responsibilities. Resultantly, there was less negative spillover from the work to family domain and vice versa.
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