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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 47 matches for " Divane; "
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Atitudes de enfermeiros frente as habilidades de identifica??o para ajudar o paciente alcoolista
Vargas, Divane;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672010000200004
Abstract: this descriptive-exploratory study aimed to investigate nurses' attitudes towards the abilities to identify and to help alcoholic persons. data were collected through an attitude scale in a sample of 171 nurses at a university hospital in s?o paulo state. the results evidenced that the nurses feel skilled to help these patients achieve recovery, demonstrating positive attitudes; however, conflict was identified in attitudes towards the alcoholic patients' desire, revealing the influence of the moral model to explain alcoholism. it is concluded that overcoming these conflicts in attitudes will only be possible when they are acknowledged by the nurses and when this problem receives greater attention during professional education.
Morte e morrer: sentimentos e condutas de estudantes de enfermagem
Vargas, Divane de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002010000300015
Abstract: objective: identify behaviors and feelings of nursing students in an hypothetical situation, involving death and dying. methods: exploratory and qualitative study with data collected through a self-administered questionnaire in a sample of 51 nursing students at a private school in the north area of sao paulo state; it was conducted a thematic analysis of content. results: the student nurses were not prepared to deal with situations that involve death and dying; the students tend to deny the situation, presenting a inappropriate conduct in face a patient that is about to die. the most common feelings among students towards death were the loss and fear. conclusion: there is a need to give greater attention to the subject during the training of nurses in order to prepare them to face situations that involve death and dying, including these topics in the daily curriculum practices.
Atitudes de estudantes de enfermagem frente quest?es relacionadas ao álcool, alcoolismo e alcoolista
Vargas, Divane de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002011000500007
Abstract: objective: to examine the attitudes of a sample of nursing students toward alcohol, alcoholism and the alcoholic. methods: an exploratory study conducted with 144 students in their final year of undergraduate nursing in two private schools in the city of ribeir?o preto - sp. for data collection, we used the scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and the alcoholic. results: attitudes toward alcohol were more negative than those that have been reported in the literature. the majority of participants considered the alcoholic to blame for his health problems and preferred not to work with this type of patient. conclusion: the students' attitudes to questions related to alcohol and alcoholism tended toward ambivalence and negativity, which can be attributed to lack of preparation received during their education. despite recommendations made by specialists in the country, little has been invested in nursing education on alcohol and other drugs, especially in private schools.
Atitudes de enfermeiros de hospital geral frente às características pessoais do paciente alcoolista
Vargas, Divane de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672010000600024
Abstract: the purpose of this exploratory study was to discover nurses' attitudes towards the perceptions of personal characteristics of alcoholics. nurses' attitudes were measuared using the seaman-manello scale, the sample consisted of 171 nurses who work in a university general hospital located in the state of s?o paulo, brazil. the results evidenced that more than half of the sample (52.4%) had a professional experience with alcoholics. nurses see the alcoholic patients as unhappy, lonely, sensitive people, who doubt their own value and have serious emotional problems. it is concluded that nurses' attitudes toward personal characteristics of alcoholic patients tend to be positive and suggests greater attention to professional training in recognition and approach of the alcoholic in general hospitals.
Vers?o reduzida da escala de atitudes frente ao álcool, alcoolismo e ao alcoolista: resultados preliminares
Vargas, Divane de;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342011000400018
Abstract: this study aimed to analyze the items of the scale of attitudes toward alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics in order to prepare a reduced version keeping the instrument's psychometric properties. the preliminary version of the scale composed by 165 items was tested in a sample with 144 nursing student. the evaluation process of the items consisted of the total-item coefficient correlation and reliability of the instrument was estimated by cronbach's alpha coefficient. results indicate the permanence of 83 items, divided into five factors that showed satisfactory values in the different coefficients of internal consistency. further studies are needed with larger samples in order to give continuity to the process of scale validation among health professionals.
Divane de Vargas
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v2n1p1
Abstract: Objective:Various international studies have reported on negative attitudes of nurses and nursing students towards substance misusers and have found that this issue receives little attention in professional nursing education. This research examined attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics in a Brazilian nursing student sample and analyzed associations between these attitudes and participants’ socio-demographic characteristics. Methods: Study participants were 144 last-year undergraduate students from two private colleges. A scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics was used for data collection. Results: The results showed that most participants had positive attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcohol addicts. In addition, gender, age and the number of hours participants spent in lectures on alcohol and other drugs during their education were associated with positive attitudes towards their work and interpersonal relationships with alcoholics. This association was stronger in females (OR = 3.42), younger participants (OR = 2.18) and students who received more lecture hours on alcohol and other drugs during their education (OR = 3.53). Conclusion: In conclusion, the authors suggest that education and preparation in coping with drug problems increase nurses’ abilities at work and support more positive attitudes towards clients with drug problems. In addition, this study demonstrated that a significant part of students had negative attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcohol addicts, despite the fact that positive attitudes prevailed in their schools. These results reflect the lack of importance granted to drug issues in undergraduate nursing curricula in Brazil.
Atitudes de enfermeiros de hospital geral frente ao uso do álcool e alcoolismo
Vargas, Divane;Labate, Renata Curi;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672006000100009
Abstract: this psychometric study used the seaman mannello's scale of "nurse's attitudes toward alcohol and alcoholism". authors applied an instrument to a population of 196 nurses from a general hospital with the aim to measure nurses'attitudes toward alcohol and drinking. data showed that nurses consider alcoholic drinks clearly prejudicial (54.4%), that moderately drinking is not innofensive (57.1%) and drinking is wrong (47.4%), demonstrating that it is difficult to accept drinking as a person right. 29.8% of the sample considered alcoholic drinks able to change healthy people into "disturbed and demented" ones. authors concluded that the nurse is an essential professional in the treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholics. nurses attitudes can influence the relationship with the patient and, consequently, favor the treatment.
álcool e alcoolismo: atitudes de estudantes de enfermagem Alcohol y alcoholismo: actitudes de estudiantes de enfermería Alcohol and alcoholism: attitudes of nursing students
Divane Vargas,Marina Nolli Bittencourt
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Estudo descritivo exploratório que objetivou verificar as atitudes dos estudantes de enfermagem frente à bebida alcoólica, ao alcoolismo e ao alcoolista segundo sua posi o frente aos itens de uma escala de atitudes. Para coleta dos dados, utilizou-se a Escala de Atitudes Frente ao álcool, ao Alcoolismo e ao Alcoolista, aplicada a 144 estudantes de enfermagem. Evidenciou-se tendência a atitudes negativas desses estudantes frente ao alcoolismo, ao alcoolista e à bebida alcoólica, pois a maioria se colocou na categoria indiferente ou discordo dos itens positivos, concordando com os itens negativos da escala. Conclui-se que essa tendência a atitudes negativas deve-se à pouca aten o dada à temática durante a forma o do enfermeiro, constatando-se a necessidade de que maior importancia seja dada a essa problemática. Estudio exploratorio descriptivo, que tuvo como objetivo conocer las actitudes de los estudiantes de enfermería frente a la bebida alcohólica, el alcoholismo, y al alcohólicos, de acuerdo a su posición ante los ítems de una escala de actitudes. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizo la Escala de Actitudes frente al alcohol, al alcoholismo y al alcohólico, aplicada a 144 estudiantes de enfermería. Los resultados muestran una tendencia a actitudes negativas de estos estudiantes frente al alcoholismo, las bebidas alcohólicas y a los alcohólicos, desde que la mayoría de los participantes fueron clasificados en la categoría indiferentes o no de acuerdo con los elementos positivos, y de acuerdo con los elementos negativos de la escala. Llega-se a la conclusión de que esta tendencia de actitudes negativas es debida a la insuficiente atención al tema durante la formación de los enfermeros, observando-se la necesidad de que sea dada mayor importancia a este problema. This is a descriptive exploratory study that aimed to verify nursing students' attitudes facing to the alcoholic drinks, alcoholism and alcoholics, according to their position in face of an attitudes scale items. For data collection, it was used the Scale of Attitudes to alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholic, applied to 144 nursing students. The results showed a tendency to negative attitudes of these students in face of alcoholism, alcoholic person and alcoholic drinks, since most participants were placed in category indifferent or disagree with the positive items, agreeing with negative scale items. We conclude that this trend of negative attitudes is connected to insufficient attention given to the subject during the nurses' education, being verified the need for greater importance to be gi
Prevalência de fluorose dentária em escolares de 12 anos de idade, Ouro Preto/MG - 2003
Barros, Silvana Fioravante Braga;Matos, Divane Leite;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2005000400011
Abstract: objective: to find out the prevalence of dental fluorosis in 12-year-old schoolchildren in ouro preto. methodology: cross-sectional study including 248 children randomly selected from 11 schools in the town. the sample was calculated according to the methodology described in project sb2000. exams were undertaken by a trained and calibrated dentist. dental fluorosis was evaluated by the dean index and index of community fluorosis. results: 159 (64.1%) children, among the 248 who were selected, participated in the study. the prevalence of fluorosis (dean index) found was 11.4%, and it was found to be a very mild (10.1%) or mild (1.3%) condition. moderate and severe fluorosis were not found. the teeth most affected by fluorosis were pre-molars, molars, incisors and canines. there was no difference between genders as to the degree of fluorosis, and the index of community fluorosis was 0.29. conclusion: fluorosis in 12 year-old children is not a public dental health problem in ouro preto, as the prevalence is not high and nearly all cases are very mild.
Enfermeiros dos centros de aten??o psicossocial em álcool e drogas (caps ad): a forma??o e a busca pelo conhecimento específico da área
Vargas, Divane de;Duarte, Fernando Augusto Bicudo;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072011000100014
Abstract: this study aimed to identify the training in chemical dependency and the sources of knowledge used by nurses who work in psycho-social community alcohol and drug centers in brazil. the subjects were 16 nurses who worked in these centers in the city of s?o paulo between september and december of 2007. data was collected through self-recorded registries and then submitted to thematic content analysis. the results showed that 68.8% of respondents did not have specific training in alcohol and other drugs, while 93.8% received no preparation in this area from their undergraduate nursing degree program. the participants identified relevant literature and periodicals, information online, and living interaction with other team members as sources of knowledge. this study concludes there is a lack of specific training in the field of psychoactive substances in formal nursing education; as a result, nurses resort to other - not always reliable - sources in their pursuit of nursing knowledge.
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