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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24236 matches for " Diet management "
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Low awareness of diabetes affecting the clinical outcome of patient. a cross-sectional study conducted in rural tertiary care hospital
MP Khapre,A Mudey , R.C Goyal , V Wagh
International Journal of Biological and Medical Research , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Developing countries will see more than a 200% increase in the number of diabetics. Lifestyle habits from the cities had started to replicate in semi-urban and rural area. Proper management requires patients to be aware of the nature of the disease, its risk factors, its treatment and its complications. But a less attempts are done to assess the educational need of the patients and studies are mostly from urban area. Objectives: In present study we had assessed the existing knowledge of diabetic patient regarding disease in tertiary care rural hospital. Methods: A cross sectional study with self administered knowledge based questionnaire containing 33 items was filled by hundred patients and accordingly their knowledge score was graded. F test, t test and descriptive statistic were used for data analysis. Results: Significant difference in mean knowledge score was found among different age groups, gender, residence and educational qualification. 18 % had poor knowledge on condition called diabetes, 32% , 16%, 36%,34% and 32% were poorly aware of etiology, signs and symptoms, medications, dietary management and complications. Mean blood glucose level of patients was 121.12 ± 3.63, BMI 30.56 ± 5.23 kg/ m2 while BP was 140 ± 6.32/ 88± 5.12 mm Hg. Conclusion: As a consequence of low awareness about the diabetes among patients, is affecting their ability of self management and hence having a negative impact on outcome of diabetes.
Flavonoids and Asthma
Toshio Tanaka,Ryo Takahashi
Nutrients , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/nu5062128
Abstract: Asthma is a chronic disease, characterized by airway inflammation, airflow limitation, hyper-reactivity and airway remodeling. It is believed that asthma is caused by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The prevalence of allergic diseases, including asthma, has increased worldwide during the past two decades. Although the precise reasons that have caused this increase remain unknown, dietary change is thought to be one of the environmental factors. Flavonoids, which are polyphenolic plant secondary metabolites ubiquitously present in vegetables, fruits and beverages, possess antioxidant and anti-allergic traits, as well as immune-modulating activities. Flavonoids are powerful antioxidants and anti-allergic nutrients that inhibit the release of chemical mediators, synthesis of Th2 type cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, and CD40 ligand expression by high-affinity immunoglobulin E (IgE) receptor-expressing cells, such as mast cells and basophils. They also inhibit IL-4-induced signal transduction and affect the differentiation of na?ve CD4+ T cells into effector T-cells through their inhibitory effect on the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Various studies of flavonoids in asthmatic animal models have demonstrated their beneficial effects. The results of several epidemiological studies suggest that an increase in flavonoid intake is beneficial for asthma. Moreover, clinical trials of flavonoids have shown their ameliorative effects on symptoms related to asthma. However, these human studies are currently limited; further validation is required to clarify whether an appropriate intake of flavonoids may constitute dietary treatment and for part of a preventive strategy for asthma.
Self-Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Middle-Aged Population of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Rashid M. Ansari, John B. Dixon, Colette J. Browning
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.46047
Abstract:

This research protocol design is aimed at exploring the qualitative health research in self-management of Type 2 diabetes and patient’s perceptions and experiences of undertaking physical activity and eating behaviour as part of their diabetes self-management. In addition, the study would analyze how the health issue related to diabetes is viewed and addressed in the community (Pakistan and Saudi Arabia) and would use the concepts of socio-ecological approach to self-management of Type 2 diabetes and explore the factors affecting the self-management practices in these countries. The other objective of this protocol is to examine the role of physical inactivity and obesity in the development of Type 2 diabetes and its self-management in middle-aged population living in rural area of Pakistan and to evaluate a lifestyle intervention (Physical Activity and Diet) in the management of Type 2 diabetes. The brief review conducted in this protocol design will identify the potential areas of health care which need attention including the overall functioning of community healthcare clinics to diabetes care in terms of recognizing the symptoms of diabetes to early detection and diagnosis, easy access to community doctors. This review will impress upon the need to recognize that in developing strategies and interventions to address diabetes, self-care, family support, community education and community ownership are important and it will be demonstrated by the comparison of two culturally diversified populations of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia in relation to the self-management of Type 2 diabetes.

ASSESSMENTS OF ADHERENCE TO HYPERTENSION MANAGEMENTS AND ITS INFLUENCING FACTORS AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS ATTENDING BLACK LION HOSPITAL CHRONIC FOLLOW UP UNIT, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA-A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
Habtamu Abera Hareri*, Mesfin Abebe and Tadese Asefaw
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2013,
Abstract: Background: In Ethiopia 10.6% and Addis Ababa, 30% of the population has been estimated to have hypertension. Adherence to medication therapy and lifestyle change is an aspect of patients’ care that is often overlooked and should be evaluated as a crucial part of cardiovascular management. Objective: The aim is to assess adherence and influencing factors of adherence to hypertensive management among hypertensive patients in Black Lion Hospital chronic follow up unit, Ethiopia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Systematic sampling technique was used to select 286 study subjects. A structured standard interviewer administered questionnaire was used after some modifications. Analysis was done using SPSS 16. P-value <0.05 was considered significant association. Scoring method was used to classify patients’ level of adherence.Results: Of 286 subjects included in the study 165(57.7%) were female and mean age was 52±13 year. The adherence level of respondents to medication, diet and exercise were 69.2%, 64.7%, and 43.7% respectively. The medication and diet related adherence were found to be better in patients who had been informed about their medicine. There was significant association between marital status, work status, Health care facilities, duration of Hypertension and its treatment and medication adherence.Conclusion: The rates of adherence to medication and life-style changes were generally found to be low in these study participants.
Consuming Passions and Patterns of Consumption, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research and Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 20th September 1997
Louise Martin
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1998, DOI: 10.5334/pia.121
Abstract:
First methodological-experimental contribution to the study of the diet of the red fox Vulpes vulpes
Roberto Pilli,Renzo De Battisti
Hystrix : the Italian Journal of Mammalogy , 2000, DOI: 10.4404/hystrix-11.2-4154
Abstract: The aims of this study were: to devise an easy method for the evaluation of the differences in the diet between two or more samples of fox scats collected along transects; to elucidate seasonal and local variations in the consumption of mammals. The study area (2000 ha) is located in the Prealps of the province of Belluno (municipality of Ponte nelle Alpi). Before our analysis of the scats, we evaluated the laboratory procedures used by previous Authors (Reynolds and Aebischer, 1991). We suggest a "semi-quantitative" method that allows us to obtain more information than with "qualitative" methods alone.
Diet in dermatology
Hanumanthappa H
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2001,
Abstract:
Estudo da dieta alimentar de Lobo Marinho Subantártico (Arctocephalus tropicalis) mantido em cativero
Patrícia Adriana Sommerfeld
Revista de Biologia e Ciências da Terra , 2001,
Abstract: Due to the lack of knowledge in the handling and feeding of the sea wolf species Arctocephalus tropicalis it became indispensable the colection of bibliographical subjects about the nutricional aspects and the determination of an appropriate diet to the maintenance of that species in your ideal conditions. The results obtained with these researches are presented in this work.
Effects of a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet on some coronary heart disease risk markers  [PDF]
Gunnar Johansson, B?rje K?llg?rd, Per-Arne ?ckerman
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21003
Abstract: Background: There is convincing evidence that vegetarians have lower incidence of coronary heart disease, but there is a debate as to why this is the case. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate whether a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet would lead to a decrease in risk for coronary heart diseases indicated by surrogate markers. Design: Twenty volunteers participated in the study (4 men and 16 women, mean age 44 years, range 27 - 61) from a town in western Sweden. Clinical examinations were performed, blood samples were drawn and dietary survey, i.e. repeated 24-h recalls were carried out before (0 months) and 3, 6 and 12 months after the change from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet. A dietician educated the volunteers with regard to the vegetarian dietary regimen, organized and taught the vegetarian cooking courses. Results: The dietary shift lead to an increase in the intake of total carbohydrates and fibre and a decrease in fat, protein and sucrose. The coronary heart disease risk markers body weight, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and low-density lipoptrotein cholesterol decreased significantly. Conclusions: There was a decrease in disease risk markers even though the ratio polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids was unchanged. The main finding in this study is that there was a weight loss, sustained for one year, without any recommendation to decrease the energy intake or any focus on weight reduction.
Safety and efficacy of Profermin to induce remission in ulcerative colitis
Aleksander Krag,Hans Israelsen,Bj?rn von Ryberg,Klaus K Andersen
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2012, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i15.1773
Abstract: AIM: To test the efficacy and safety of Profermin in inducing remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: The study included 39 patients with mild to moderate UC defined as a Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (SCCAI) > 4 and < 12 (median: 7.5), who were treated open-label with Profermin twice daily for 24 wk. Daily SCCAI was reported observer blinded via the Internet. RESULTS: In an intention to treat (ITT) analysis, the mean reduction in SCCAI score was 56.5%. Of the 39 patients, 24 (62%) reached the primary endpoint, which was proportion of patients with ≥ 50% reduction in SCCAI. Our secondary endpoint, the proportion of patients in remission defined as SCCAI ≤ 2.5, was in ITT analysis reached in 18 of the 39 patients (46%). In a repeated-measure regression analysis, the estimated mean reduction in score was 5.0 points (95% CI: 4.1-5.9, P < 0.001) and the estimated mean time taken to obtain half the reduction in score was 28 d (95% CI: 26-30). There were no serious adverse events (AEs) or withdrawals due to AEs. Profermin was generally well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Profermin is safe and may be effective in inducing remission of active UC.
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