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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 418 matches for " Diallo Ousseini "
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Contribution of the Medical Imaging in Care of Ambiguous Genitalia  [PDF]
Zanga Sore Moussa, Diallo Ousseini, Ouattara Boubakar, Napon Aischa Madina, Bamouni Yomboue Abel, Cisse Rabiou
Open Journal of Radiology (OJRad) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2018.82014
Abstract: We report a case of ambiguous genitalia in a 15-year-old patient to demonstrate input of medical imaging in the diagnosis and care of this rare congenital deformation. Disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD) have been defined as congenital conditions in which development of chromosome, gonad, or anatomic sex is atypical and that raise an issue in the sex assignment. In lower socioeconomic countries where antenatal diagnosis is almost non-existent, due to lack of technical facilities, their medical and surgical management is hard. The case which we report was investigated by ultrasonography and genitography, which remains primary indications in our context.
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Revealed by Haemoptysis on a 10-Year-Old Girl at Paediatrics Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital  [PDF]
Chantal Zoungrana Ouattara, Caroline Yonaba, Angèle Kalmogho, Flore Ouédraogo, Chantal Bouda, Ousseini Diallo, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.71002
Abstract: Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a rather rare disorder in children and difficult to diagnose. It is generally linked to congenital heart defects or connective-tissue diseases. Our case is a 10-year-old girl admitted in the pediatric emergency care unit on January 19th, 2015 for massive haemoptysis and severe anaemia. Examination revealed severe anemia and a silent left lung. The Chest X-Ray revealed an abnormal mass on the upper left side of the mediastinum, and left lower lobe consolidation. The thoracic CT scan highlighted a 64 mm aneurysm of the subisthmic aorta with a thin 5 mm hole. It also showed pseudocoarctation of the aorta. Treatment in intensive care consisted of blood transfusion and iron supplement. She was due to travel abroad for cardio vascular surgery, but died on November 2016. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm in our setting was discovered incidentally. In spite the fact that it is an extreme surgical emergency, in Burkina Faso, treatment can only be possible abroad upon medical evacuation.
The Impact of FDIs Flows on the Nigerien Economic Growth
Ousseini Hamadou
International Journal of Financial Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5430/ijfr.v2n2p16
Abstract: Niger, since the 70s has always adopted an approach that makes the IDE a major component of its development plan. It `s so, a series of measures have been taken to make the country more attractive to Foreign direct investment FDI This policy has guaranteed the country a few annual flow between the period 1970 to 2008.The aim of this paper is to try to study the impact of FDI on economic growth in Niger. Observe the literature study on FDI in Niger, however, it is also becoming important to see the between FDI and economic performance since it has not been addressed specifically yet. While it is still unclear of whether there is any relationship between FDI and economic growth in Niger, especially as regard to the causality within the relationship. The theory and the current empirical literature on the relationship between FDI and growth have provided ambiguous results. Using VAR (Vector Autoregressive) model, this paper explores the causal relationship between FDI and economic growth for the period 1970-2008 in Niger. With in the Granger causality framework, this study finds a long-term relationship between FDI and economic growth. This finding is a long-term relationship between variables but failed to establish the direct correlation between each variable. This can be explained by the fact that low volume flows of FDI in Niger have major consequences on the economic system, particularly on employment, inflation and GDP. More, this weakness is emphasized by the insignificance of the volume of capital flows (domestic and foreign) circulating in the Nigerian economy and domestic savings.
Does Trade Openness Matter for Economic Growth in Niger?  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu, Amadou Maiga Ousseini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.49115
Abstract: The trade openness is one of the most important determinants of a country’s relative level of economic health. It plays a vital role for most free market economies in the world. This research is an attempt to investigate, particularly, the impact of the trade openness on the economic growth in Niger; and generally, the relationship between all the variables under study. Four (4) variables namely real economic growth rate represented by real gross domestic product growth rate (GDPGR), trade openness (TRDOP), real exchange rate (REEXR) and foreign direct investment (FDI) have been considered in the model. The paper used time series data covering the period from 1980 to 2013 as well as time series methods for the econometric analyses. The results show that there exists a long term relationship between all the variables; the independent variables affects the economic growth in the short-run; only the trade openness and the real exchange rate influence economic growth unidirectionally; except foreign direct investment (FDI), all the variables have explanatory power on economic growth in Niger. The implication of this study is that the trade openness has been efficient to spur the economic growth in Niger over the period of study. Therefore, it is a key indicator which the government should care about.
Foreign Aid’s Effect on Economic Growth, New Results from WAEMU’s Countries  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu, Amadou Maiga Ousseini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.53049
Abstract: This study investigates whether foreign aid (AID) has a significant influence on economic growth in WAEMU’s (West African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We use two (2) types of aid data: aggregate aid and disaggregate aid (aid in education, aid in agriculture, aid in trade policies and regulations and humanitarian aid) to run two (2) different regressions. Both the within-dimension and between-dimension estimators reveal that in the long run, the effect of AID on economic growth is heterogeneous across sectors and aid in agriculture, aid in trade policies and regulations as well as aid in education encourages economic growth.
Foreign Capital Flow in Niger: An Assessment of Impact Using System Equation Method  [PDF]
Amadou Maiga Ousseini, Xiaojuan Hu, Badamassi Aboubacar
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.54060
Abstract: Capital inflow is an important factor for a country’s economy. In this paper our main purpose is to investigate or to assess if the capital from abroad has a significant impact on economic growth in Niger. Our analysis takes data from 1980 to 2012 into consideration by using system equation method or the concept of cointegration and the vector error correction Model of GDP Growth Rate (GDPGR), Development Assistance (DASSIS), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Migrants’ Remittance (MIGREMIT), Real Exchange Rate (REEXR) and Domestic Investment (DOMINV). We pay a particular attention on the impact of Development Assistance, Foreign Direct Investment, and Migrants’ Remittance. The result of analysis shows an insignificant impact of Development Assistance (DASSIS), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), on the growth in contrast with our expectation. Migrants’ Remittance on his side has a significant relation on GDP performance.
WAEMU Trade and Current Account Balance Deficit Analysis: A Panel VAR Approach  [PDF]
Amadou Maiga Ousseini, Xiaojuan Hu, Badamassi Aboubacar
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.74060
Abstract: Our study focuses on the analysis of the main determinants which have an effect on trade and current account balance. We empirically investigate the effect of money supply (M2), real exchange rate, income, inflation, investment, and house-hold consumption expenditure on the trade and current account balance of WAEMU for the period 1980-2013. The examination of monetary and absorption approaches to the balance of payments motivate the inclusion of income and money supply (M2). The conventional approach of elasticity motivates usage of exchange rates. We adopt the panel VAR method which additionally includes a simulation of variance decompositions and impulse response functions for transmission of shocks and further deductions. The study found a negative and statistically significant effect of money supply, household consumption expenditure on trade Balance. We found also a significant and positive effect of real exchange rate, income, inflation, and investment on the trade balance. A significant and negative relationship between money supply, investment and current account balance was established. The effect of real exchange rate, income, inflation, and household consumption expenditure on the current account balance was found to be positive and significant as well. The significance of exchange rate effect on the trade balance suggests that the Marshall-Lerner condition hold for WAEMU.
Infrastructure Development and Economic Growth in Togo
Aboudou Maman Tachiwou,Ousseini Hamadou
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n3p131
Abstract: This paper provides a broad overview of the relationship between infrastructure and growth, focusing on the Togolese case. The paper develops an intuitive theoretical framework in which to analyse this relationship, identifying channels through which infrastructure may effect growth: as a factor of production, a complement to other factors of production, a stimulus to factor accumulation, a stimulus to aggregate demand and a tool of industrial policy. A framework is developed for evaluating theory analyses of this relationship, which explores the implications of different definitions and measures of infrastructure on economics growth. The empirical literature on Togo is then assessed against this framework.
Modernization of Public Transports in Senegal: Case of Ticket Payment Method in Dakar Dem Dikk (3Ds) Buses  [PDF]
Sall Ousmane, Diallo Ousmane
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.67013
Abstract: Transport is one of the important keys of growth and socio-economic development for any country. Since 2005, Senegalese authorities have embarked on a vast fleet renewal program to modernize urban transport and professionalize the actors. The purpose of this paper is to sensitize people about the modernization of ticket payment method in Dakar Dem Dikk buses. To achieve this objective, a survey was done through the users and results have shown that the majority of participants agree to adopt the electronic ticketing smart card in public transport. This contactless payment technology is also recommended in commerce sector to facilitate and secure transactions.
Soil Fertility Assessment of The Lugu Main Canal Of Wurno Irrigation Project, Sokoto State, Nigeria, Five Years After Rehabilitation.
AU Dikko, AA Abdullahi, MS Ousseini
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: A study was conducted during the 2000/2001 irrigation season to assess the soil fertility and the pattern of its variation with depth in the Lugu main canal of Wurno Irrigation Project. Soil samples were collected from four randomly chosen transects across the field at two sampling spots in each transect. The samples were taken at 0 - 15, 15 - 30 and 30 - 45 cm depths from each spot. Soil chemical properties such as pH, total N, available P, CEC and exchangeable bases were determined. The soils had average pH of 7.09, 6.92 and 6.87 at the 0-15, 15-30 and 30-45 cm depths, respectively. The CEC, available P, and total N were very low at all depths. CEC and total N decreased with depth. Ca and K were also very low while Mg was moderate at all depths. Na on the other hand, was high at the surface and moderate at lower depths. The % base saturation was high at all depths. The soils were low in fertility and need the adoption of proper management in terms of organic and inorganic fertilizer application and quality irrigation practices to resuscitate and sustain the soil fertility.
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