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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 97 matches for " Dermoid "
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Orbital floor dermoid: An unusual presentation
Yeola Meenakshi,Joharapurkar S,Bhole A,Chawla Manisha
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2009,
Abstract: Dermoid cysts are developmental abnormal arrangement of tissues and are often evident soon after birth. Its occurrence in the orbit is relatively rare. We report a case of orbital floor dermoid in an 18-year-old female patient who presented with progressive, painless swelling in the lower eyelid associated with mild proptosis of three months duration. The lesion was excised completely, and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of dermoid cyst.
Intra osseous dermoid cyst of mandible—A rare case report  [PDF]
Vibha Singh, Shalini Gupta, Ridhi Jaiswal, Laxman Malkunje
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2012.22028
Abstract: The present article report a rare case of intraosseous dermoid cyst in mandible which clinically and radio-graphicaly presented as mandibular cyst. The diagnosis of dermoid cyst was confirmed histologically. A 20 year old patient was admitted to our Department with the complaint of swelling in left lower jaw with occasional pain. Radiographic examination revealed a radiolucent lesion extending from left 2nd molar to right premolar region. On surgical exploration the lesion was cystic in nature full of hair and keratinized tissues. The tissue was sent for the histopathological examination and macroscopic feature reveal numerous bits of soft tissue. The tissues were creamish brown in color, firm in consistency, with largest tissue measuring 2.5 × 1.5 × 0.5 cm in dimension. Few hair follicles were also evident within it. The histopathology reveal cyst lined by stratified squamous hyperor- thokeratinized epithelium supported by a fibrous connective tissue wall. The cystic epithelium is showing melanin pigmentation in the basal cell layer. Ab-undant onion skin keratin is seen within the cyst lumen. The epithelial lining as well as cyst wall shows numerous skin appendages such as lobules of seba-ceous glands. The underlying connective tissue shows mild chronic inflammatory infiltrate mainly composed of lymphocytes.
Calotropis boon or bane?  [PDF]
Vibha Singh
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2012.22027
Abstract: The herbal medicine occupy distinct position right from ancient period. The plant Calotorpis procera is known by different name in different part of world like French cotton, Alarka, or Madar, Rooster tree, and Widuri. The plant is poisonous can lead to blindness if its juice is put in to the eyes. The same plant is used for Ayurvedic medicines. The medicinal properties like Calotropin isolated from latex is used as remedy for painful tooth cavities rheumatism, sy-philis, leprosy and edema, for ring worm, syphilitic soreness, and leprosy cutanous dryness and toothache. Latex is al so used in the treatment of gum bleeding and as odontagic. Flowers can all so be used for too-thache, and ringworm infection. As the adage goes excess leads to distress, the judicious use of herbal medication is recommended otherwise it will lead to complication, as described in the case report.
An Intragaleal Frontal Dermoid Cyst: A Location Never Reported  [PDF]
Aurélien Ndoumbe, Blaise Nkegoum, Mathieu Motah, Samuel Takongmo
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2014.43021

All dermoid cysts arising at the cranial vault had been reported as being located subgaleally, i.e. under the galea aponeurotica or epicranium. We are presenting a case that we believe to be the first case of an intragaleal dermoid cyst ever reported. An eighteen years old girl presented at our consultation for a midline frontal swelling evolving since 2 years. Neurological examination was normal. The Computed Tomography (CT) scan showed a round shaped heterogeneous mass at the vertex with no intracranial extension. The lesion was excised surgically. It appeared to be located intragaleally (within the epicranium) and composed of hairs and liquefied fat evocative of a dermoid cyst. The diagnosis of dermoid cyst was confirmed on histology. Postoperative outcome was excellent and the patient is symptom-free 16 months after surgery.

A Girl with Life Threatening Meningitis Caused by an Infected Dermoid Cyst Derived from an Occult Dermal Sinus  [PDF]
Valentina Tono, Sara Bertoletti, Francesca Maltese, Francesco Canonico, Erik Sganzerla, Carlo Giussani, Maria Luisa Melzi, Andrea Biondi
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2014.38099

Congenital dermal sinuses are a rare entity of spinal dysraphism. Most patients have cutaneous markers of their presence, including nevus or port wine stains, dimple, hypertrichosis and subcutaneous lipoma. Inclusion tumors, such as dermoid tumor, are associated to dermal sinus tract; they are congenital, benign and slow-growing lesions of midline. Their clinical relevance is due to the possibility of causing infection, spinal abscess, signs of corde or nerve root compression. Spinal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the diagnostic tool of choice. We present the case of a child with atypical meningitis, resistant to large spectrum antibiotic therapy, caused by an infected dermoid cyst, undiagnosed in the first months of life despite repeated MRI.

Congenital Frontal Mature Dermoid Cyst: A Case Report  [PDF]
Mehmet Hakan Seyithanoglu, Kazim Dogan, Meliha Gundag, Serdar Cevik, Seref Ozturk, Tolga Turan Dundar
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2014.44032
Abstract: Dermoid cysts are uncommon congenital or acquired developmental cystic malformations that were usually seen in the midline of frontal region and the anterior fontanel. Congenital forms develop from the remnants of the epithelium or ectodermal membranous bone growth line. We report here a case of a congenital frontal dermoid cyst that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lipoma and neurofibroma. Dermoid cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all nodular cyst-like lesions in the head and neck region. Early recognition and accurate diagnosis by means of Computerized Tomography scan or Magnetic Resonance Imaging facilitate successful treatment.
Rupture of a Posterior Fossa Dermoid Cyst Overlying the Torcular with Extracranial Extension: Technical Note  [PDF]
O. Coulibaly, E. Komi, L. Rifi, Y. Sogoba, M. Dama, O. Diallo, A. Melhaoui, M. Boutarbouch, Y. Arkha, S. Derraz, A. El Ouahabi, A. El Khamlichi
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2015.52009
Abstract: Intracranial dermoid cysts are congenital benign neoplasms mostly diagnosed in the pediatrichood and usually involve the midline structures. They count approximately less than 1% of all intracranial neoplasms and are believed to arise from ectopic cell rests incorporated in the closing neural tube. These dermoid cysts, especially those involving the posterior fossa and overlying the torcular, are uncommon. We report perhaps the first case of this entity in a third-year-old boy and discuss the physiopathogenesis, the imaging features and the best technical note to manage this cyst in this location.
Zarhi T.,Jaime; Toso L.,Juan M.;
Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75262002000200012
Abstract: a case is presented of conservative laparoscopic excision of an ovarian dermoid cyst which contained a superior mandible with thirteen teeth. the clinical issue, diagnosis and treatment are discussed
.Unusual Presentation Of Epidermoid Cyst Of The Oral Cavity -A Case Report
Resmi. G. Nair,P.M. Shameena,S. Sudha
Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Aberrant ectodermal tissues during foetal period or acquired aberrant epithelial tissue due to trauma or surgery are thought to cause dermoid and epidermoid cysts. Their incidence is 7.0% in the head and neck region with submandibular, submental and sublingual spaces being the common sites. They are extremely rare in the oral cavity accounting for only 1.6 %. Majority of them occur in the floor of mouth. But other sites like buccal mucosa, tongue, softpalate, uvula may also be involved rarely.A case of a 45 year old female patient with unusual presentation of epidermoid cyst on the lateral border of tongue is presented here. This case was noteworthy due to the absence of any apparent cause explaining implantation of epithelial cells in this region.
Ocular findings of a case with oculoauriculovertebral spectrum
Tu?ba G?ncü
Medical Journal of Bakirk?y , 2013,
Abstract: The term oculoauriculovertebral spectrum is characterized by ocular, auricular and vertebral anomalies which was previously named as hemifacial microsomia, Goldenhar syndrome or first-second branchial arch anomaly. In this article, an adult case of oculoauriculovertebral spectrum with multiple ocular anomalies accompanying minimal systemic problem was presented and oculoauriculovertebral spectrum was mentioned as a differential diagnoses in cases with ocular anomalies.
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