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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2195 matches for " Dependency Injection "
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Proposal of a New Modified Injection Method for Development of Morphine Dependency in Male Rats
Gholamreza Sepehri,Vahid Sheibani,Fariba Baghaiee,Rasoul Farazi
International Journal of Pharmacology , 2006,
Abstract: The rapid induction of dependency is the priority of injection methods, but high mortality rate due to medullary depression is the most important limitation of injection methods in laboratory animals. This study was carried out on 5 groups of adult male wistar rats weighing 250-350 g which were maintained in standard light and temperature with free access to food and water. Four methods in which morphine dependency was achieved during a 5 days period were chosen and the mortality rate and the time of mortality were compared with the new group which received morphine (10 mg kg-1 on the first day and 20 mg kg-1 from 2nd to 5th day). Precipitation of Morphine withdrawal signs was performed on the 5th days, 4 h after the last injection of morphine and withdrawal signs were recorded in 5 min intervals for 20 min. The results of this study showed that the new modified method is an effective method for induction of morphine dependency. The least mortality rate (19%) was observed in the new modified morphine dependency method. Mortality rate in other procedures were ranged from 33-60%. The results of this study showed that first dose of morphine as well as the pattern of increasing dosage regimen are important factors which determine mortality rate. So we propose that this new method would be suitable for rapid induction of morphine dependency.
APPLYING DYNAMIC DEPENDENCY INJECTION TOWARDS TEST CASE REDUCTION ON DISTRUBUTED SPATIAL DATA MANAGEMENT
Dr.Vivekanandan,Keerthilakshmi Gopal
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: The transfer and retrieval of spatial data is often looked as a laborious and time consuming one,especially if the participating entities are geographically separated. With the advent of modern cutting edge technologies like cloud computing being offered in almost all hosting platforms by various vendors, managing the geospatial data is inevitable. Testing a complete system that involves synchronization among the actors is versatile due to the complex interactions it got. Deciding to choose a nearest end point of service merely by location may not be successful at all timesas in most cases the delay in execution is caused by peak loads hitting up the server. Thanks to dependency injection, dynamically routing the requests and setting up the optimal route on the fly has proven non-futile. We have attempted to simulate a cloud based service, accessible over endpoints which are published at various geo-locations and use dependency injection in accessing the complete functional test coverage.A complete mock is also attempted on situations where all the participating actors were down, usingthe historic response before proclaiming a failure, thus improving the system coverage within minimal span of time.
The Spring Framework: An Open Source Java Platform for Developing Robust Java Applications
Mr Dashrath Mane,,Miss Namrata Ojha,,Miss Ketaki Chitnis
International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: The fundamental concepts of Spring Framework is presented in this paper.Spring framework is an open source Java platform that provides comprehensive infrastructure support for developing robust Java applications very easily and very rapidly. The Spring Framework is a lightweight solution and a potential one-stop-shop for building your enterprise-ready applications.
GASolver-A Solution to Resource Constrained Project Scheduling by Genetic Algorithm
Dr Mamta Madan,Mr Rajneesh Madan
International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications , 2013,
Abstract: The Resource Constrained Scheduling Problem (RCSP) represents an important research area. Not only exact solution but also many heuristic methods have been proposed to solve RCPSP (Resource Constrained Project Scheduling Problem). It is an NP hard problem. Heuristic methods are designed to solve large and highly Resource Constrained software projects. We have solved the problem of resource constrained scheduling problem and named as GASolver. It is implemented in C# using .net platform. We have used Dependency Injection to make the problem loosely coupled, so that other arena of scheduling like Time Cost Tradeoff (CT), Payment Scheduling (PS) etc can be merged with same solution in the future. We have implemented GASolver using Genetic Algorithm (GA).
Improving Regression Testing through Modified Ant Colony Algorithm on a Dependency Injected Test Pattern
G.Keerthi Lakshmi,K.Vivekanandan
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2012,
Abstract: Performing regression testing on a pre production environment is often viewed by software practitioners as a daunting task since often the test execution shall by-pass the stipulated downtime or the test coverage would be non linear. Choosing the exact test cases to match this type of complexity not only needs prior knowledge of the system, but also a right use of calculations to set the goals right. On systems that are just entering the production environment after getting promoted from the staging phase, trade-offs are often needed to between time and the test coverage to ensure the maximum test cases are covered within the stipulated time. There arises a need to refine the test cases to accommodate the maximum test coverage it makes within the stipulated period of time since at most of the times, the most important test cases are often not deemed to qualify under the sanity test suite and any bugs that creped in them would go undetected until it is found out by the actual user at firsthand. Hence An attempt has been made in the paper to layout a testing framework to address the process of improving the regression suite by adopting a modified version of the Ant Colony Algorithm over and thus dynamically injecting dependency over the best route encompassed by the ant colony.
Various Views of Dependency from the Perspective of Definitions  [PDF]
Zhixiu Zhang
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2015.53024
Abstract: Focused on the definitions of dependency, the author illustrates that there are various views of dependency from the dependency theory of Tesnière to the modern cognitive linguistics. The followers of Tesnière only study dependency from the perspective of the relations between words, but Tesnière is to research the intrinsic nature of languages, so Tesnière’ dependency theory is necessary to be further studied.
The Invulnerability of Directed Interdependent Networks with Multiple Dependency Relations  [PDF]
Hanbing Gao, Zhiming Ma
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/am.2018.910075
Abstract:
The paper aims to study the invulnerability of directed interdependent networks with multiple dependency relations: dependent and supportive. We establish three models and simulate in three network systems to deal with this question. To improve network invulnerability, we’d better avoid dependent relations transmission and add supportive relations symmetrically.
Appropriate Needle Lengths Determined Using Ultrasonic Echograms for Intramuscular Injections in Japanese Infants  [PDF]
Tetsuo Nakayama, Urara Kohdera, Motoko Fujino, Toshihiro Tanaka, Keitaro Yatabe, Tomoyuki Hashiguchi, Tomohide Sato, Minoru Kino
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.62024
Abstract: Adjuvanted vaccines are recommended for administration through an intramuscular route. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended the anterolateral thigh using a 22 - 25-G 25-mm (1 inch) needle for infants, injected at a 90°?into the skin surface, and using a 16 mm (5/8 inch) for newborns. Appropriate needle lengths may differ depending on racial backgrounds. In the present study, the thickness of the epidermis and lengths from the skin surface to the muscle fascia and bone were measured using ultrasonic echograms in order to determine suitable needle lengths for Japanese infants aged 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 12 - 15 months old. The thickness of the epidermis was 1.44 - 1.54 mm (95% CI), and the lengths from the skin surface to the muscle fascia and bone were 11.52 - 12.28 mm (95% CI), and 25.66 - 26.93 mm (95% CI), respectively, at the anterolateral thigh. At the center of the deltoid muscle, skin thickness was similar to that at the thigh, furthermore the lengths from the skin surface to the muscle fascia and bone were 8.49 - 9.10 mm (95% CI), and 17.38 - 18.31 mm (95% CI), respectively. The lengths from the skin surface to the muscle fascia and bone were 1 - 2 mm shorter in 2-month-old infants than those in older generations. Therefore, the appropriate needle length for intramuscular injections in Japanese infants was 16 mm (5/8 inch) at any age and sites, and with 25 mm (1 inch) needles at a 90°?angle being associated with the risk of over-penetration.
Complications Following Inappropriate Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide Injection  [PDF]
Yukishige Nakaseko, Mai Kamatani, Mineo Kondo, Yukitaka Uji, Masahiko Sugimoto
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2012.24024
Abstract: Purpose: Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide (IVTA) is a useful treatment option for various intraocular diseases such as Macular Edema (ME). The treatment can cause several complications, including transient elevation of intraocular pressure and cataract formation. Here, we describe an atypical complication of IVTA. Case: A 60-year-old Japanese man presented with ME associated with central retinal vein occlusion. We performed intravitreal injection of 4 mg of TA. However, the drug spread behind the posterior lens capsule and also flowed into the anterior chamber. Although the amount of TA particles behind the lens capsule decreased over time, these particles persisted for more than 2 months. Conclusion: Although IVTA is an easy and effective treatment for ME, TA is harmful when injected into inappropriate regions of the eye. Accurate IVTA injection is important for effective treatment.
On the Analysis of PLC Programs: Software Quality and Code Dynamics  [PDF]
Mohammed Bani Younis
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2015.61007
Abstract: As a result of sudden failure in the Programmable Logic Control (PLC) controlled process, the need of diagnosis arises. Diagnosis problem plays an important role to monitor failures in PLC, used to control the whole process. Nowadays and due to the lack of the needed tools availability to perform this action automatically, it is accomplished manually. Usually, the time consuming method is used by back-tracking the failure on an actuator due to the corresponding sensors. This paper analyzes the software quality metrics and their application on the PLC programs. Aiming to implement metrics that gives predictive information about diagnosability of an Instruction List (IL) PLC programs, this could minimize the needed effort to check the program in case of mistakes. Furthermore, to get a better prediction about diagnosability, new metrics are introduced which are able to give more information about the semantics of a program. But they are not yet fully developed and have to be analyzed.
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