OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721



匹配条件: “ Deniz Demirarslan” ,找到相关结果约760条。
The Investigation of the Housing Stock in Turkey and Japan According to the Non-Structural Seismic Risks
Deniz Demirarslan
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2016, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.84380
Abstract: Earthquake is a significant natural incident which harms the people by affecting the housing settlements, in which they live in, developed by the cultures of the societies. The accurate planning of the housing spaces and building them seismically safe decreases these harms of the earthquakes. Nonetheless, the household goods that we use inside affect the internal space planning because of their habitual use and thus also affect the building, and the people and household goods inside during the earthquake. When the damages occurred in Turkey and Japan are examined, which are both located on the significant seismic zones, it is observed that demolition, damage, and injuries are encountered more in Turkey. Learning to live with the earthquakes and designing earthquake resistant buildings have become a lifestyle in Japan. Undoubtedly, the effects of the traditional Japanese lifestyle on the contemporary internal design of the houses exist within this concept. With this purpose, in this paper, traditional and contemporary internal space habitual uses of Japan, which is accepted to solve its earthquake problems as regards to design, and Turkey, which has encountered great sufferings due to the earthquakes, are examined; and their differences and similarities were compared according to the non-structural earthquake hazards. Thus, a righteous solution according to the disaster management was aimed to be achieved in the study.
An Interdisciplinary Approach to Interior Design in the Context of Environmental Protection Awareness: Relation between Interior Architecture and Environmental Engineering
Deniz Demirarslan, Kazim Onur Demirarslan
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2017, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.303252
Abstract: Developments in the fields of science and technology, especially since the last half of the 20th century, reveal new research and approaches in the world. In presenting the results of these researches and approaches, it is not enough to think and evaluate in a single field today. It is not possible to examine newly developed areas through a single disciplinary approach. It is the use of other disciplines to support these thoughts and evaluations. In this context, interdisciplinary approach is needed. Today, as a result of the advancement in technology and science, the development of construction technology and changes in the living necessities; designing architectural spaces that are more liveable, transferable to future generations, and causing less damage to the environment during their construction and use is now regarded as a design trend. Hence, interior architecture alone is not enough to create environmentally sensitive space. In this process, it is necessary to receive support for environmental engineering issues. In this study, it is aimed to handle both the interior architecture, a discipline of design, and the environmental engineering, a discipline of engineering with an interdisciplinary approach to find common grounds and to determine the contribution of environmental engineering to interior architecture. In the scope of the study, firstly, the interdisciplinary study features were mentioned, the related disciplines were examined and the common grounds between the two disciplines were explained with examples.
Development of New Settlement Areas and Solid Waste Problem in Cities: Case Study on Izmit - Yahyakaptan Neighbourhood
Kaz?m Onur Demirarslan, Deniz Demirarslan
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2016, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.11236
Abstract: In Turkey settlement units enlarged, developed and spread within time due to increasing population and other developments. Starting from the declaration of Turkish Republic, work immigration occurred to Kocaeli province (Izmit city) together with developing industry and trade and accordingly the population of the city increased. One of the most important problems of the city, population of which rapidly increases since 1950's is accommodation. The accommodation problem was tried to be solved by residents built by state and private sector but residential building problem gained a new dimension after the Marmara earthquake in year 1999. New areas of settlement were determined in Izmit city by the studies initiated after 1999 earthquake. The development of these settlement areas accelerated after 2000's. The urban conversion applications in recent years have also been a triggering effect for the development of settlement areas. Together with the construction of new settlement areas, cross sectional area and population of these areas increased and various problems appeared such as environmental, infrastructure and superstructure problems. Noise, air pollution, domestic wastes and visual pollution constitute the important problems in new settlement areas. Under the scope of this study, reasons of population increase and formation of new settlement areas in Izmit city, Yahyakaptan neighbourhood will be presented, findings about environmental effect of new settlement area on the neighbourhood will be submitted by comparing resident typologies and resident usage requirement and finally solid waste amount according to increasing settlements and population in the region will be examined from environmental engineering point of view, according to TUIK (Turkish Statistics Institution) annual waste amount calculation methods and solutions will be suggested for domestic waste problem.
Esra Demirarslan
Sa?l?k Akademisi Kastamonu , 2016, DOI: 10.25279/sak.234987
Abstract: Aim: A descriptive research was conducted for determination of knowledge and practices of medication use of elderly patients hospitalized in surgical clinics. The sample consisted of 128 patients over 60 years old, hospitalized at Hacettepe University Adult Hospital Neurosurgery, General Surgery, Thoraco/Cardio/Vascular Surgery and Urology departments. Methods: For data collection, a questionnaire prepared by the researcher based on the literature was used. The data was collected by the researcher at two stages with face-to-face and telephone interviews. For evaluation of the data, percentages, McNemar and Cohran Q tests were used. Results: The frequency of visits to the physicans/medical facilities were 1.8±1.7 times per year. Mean prescription rate per year from those visits was 16.4±1.8. Rate of use of over the counter medicines was 22.7%, use of herbal medicines was 25% and irregular use of medicines was 16.4%. Within the participiants that had not been using medicines regularly (16.4%); the most common reason for not using medicines regularly was “problems experienced because of medicines” (38.7%). Conclusion: According to the results of this study; the characteristics which could be the reasons of unrational drug use were seen about quarter of elder participiants.
Psychosocial Support Services For Cancer Patients: Case Report
Esra Demirarslan
Sa?l?k Akademisi Kastamonu , 2016, DOI: 10.25279/sak.237451
Abstract: Cancer is chronic disease which is a basic health problem in the world. Cancer patients and their families experience a crisis which is needed emergent help and results with social isolation, role changes and Money problems. That’s why psychosocial care is essential together with medical care. Aim of this study is to explore the impact of Psychosocial Oncology Department nurses’ consultation-liason nursing services which pursued by two nurses who of one has Phd in psychiatry nursing to clinical nurses trying to cope with a patient and his wife who have Tcell-ALL diagnose at a university hospital constructed in the capital of Turkey.
controlling postoperative hypothermia
Esra Demirarslan
Sa?l?k Akademisi Kastamonu , 2017, DOI: 10.25279/sak.284277
Abstract: Maintaining normothermia for patients undergoing surgery is important for positive surgical outcomes as well as patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of life. Maintaining normothermia before, during, after surgery shortens hospital stay durations up to 40% and decreases the risk of surgical-site infections up to 64%. Abnormalities in the thermal insulation mechanism during surgery and anesthesia lead to increased heat loss, hampering the maintenance of normal body temperature. Passive/active external insulation, heating systems, and internal heating methods are used to prevent heat loss and to maintain normal body temperature of patients. Active heating methods include the use of one or more the following principles: heat transmission, radiation, and convection. Passive heating methods are those intended for conserving patients’ body temperature. These methods, which include the use surgical dressings, swimming caps, socks, sheets, metallizing plastic sheeting, blankets, piques will protect patients from factors in the external environment. The heat gained in passive heating is directly proportional to the amount of body surface covered. Previous studies have focused on the use of blankets. Some studies have used cotton blankets to study patients’ body temperature changes. A floor-heated cotton blanket prevents 33% of heat loss and the use of a two-fold cotton blanket reduces the additional 18% heat loss and has been reported to provide more benefits. However, passive heating methods with cotton blankets can only prevent body temperature loss and cannot increase the body temperature; hence, it is recommended that they be used in conjunction with active heating methods. This study reviews the literature regarding the prevention of postoperative hypothermia.
Wives’ Work Hours and Marital Dissolution: Differential Effects across Marital Duration  [PDF]
Deniz Yucel
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.21002
Abstract: In this article, I ask: Does the effect of wives’ work hours on marital dissolution change across marital duration? Using the first two waves of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH), I find only weak evidence that wives’ work hours are associated with higher marital dissolution. The effect, however, is more positive and significant among long-term marriages. In addition, this study also tests whether couples’ gender ideology and marital interaction explain this differential effect of wives’ work hours. The results suggest that couples’ gender ideology does not account for this differential effect of wives’ work hours. The more positive effect among long-term marriages, however, is reduced to insignificance as soon as a marital interaction measure is introduced into the model. This study contributes to broader research in two ways. Despite the weak effect of wives’ work hours on marital dissolution, the buffering effect of marital duration challenges the prior assumption that the effect of wives’ work hours is invariant across marital duration. Second, this study suggests that the more positive effect of wives’ work hours on marital dissolution among long-term marriages can be attributed to couples’ marital interaction in these marriages becoming more important in mediating the effect of wives’ work hours. Given these results, this study suggests that future research should consider the buffering effect of marital duration in understanding the determinants of marital dissolution.
Wives’ Employment and Marital Dissolution: Consideration of Gender Ideology and Marital Interaction  [PDF]
Deniz Yucel
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.22028
Abstract: This study examines both the mediating effects of marital interaction and gender ideology, as well as the moderating effect of gender ideology in understanding the relationship between wives’ work hours and marital dissolution. This paper also explores the role of gender for couples who disagree in their relationship assessments. Wives’ additional work hours are positively associated with marital dissolution, an effect that operates through increased gender egalitarianism (for both spouses and for wives only) and decreased marital interaction (for both spouses and for wives only). Lastly, for couples who differ in their reports of gender ideology and marital interaction, the likelihood of marital dissolution is contingent upon wives’ assessments of their relationship. The implications of this study and the avenues for future research are also discussed.
On dual toric complete intersection codes
Pinar Celebi Demirarslan,Ivan Soprunov
Computer Science , 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.ffa.2014.12.001
Abstract: In this paper we study duality for evaluation codes on intersections of d hypersurfaces with given d-dimensional Newton polytopes, so called toric complete intersection codes. In particular, we give a condition for such a code to be quasi-self-dual. In the case of d=2 it reduces to a combinatorial condition on the Newton polygons. This allows us to give an explicit construction of dual and quasi-self-dual toric complete intersection codes. We provide a list of examples over the field of 16 elements.
Determination of Particulate Matter Dispersion in Eastern Black Sea Region Using Geographical Information Systems
Kaz?m Demirarslan, Halil Ak?nc?
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2016, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.29373
Abstract: Factors like unplanned urbanization, transportation and industry in Eastern Black Sea cause significant adverse effects in this region. One of these effects is the air pollution. Air pollution reduces the life quality in cities and also it brings about many health problems. Especially, in winter, fossil fuels are used for the purpose of commercial heating and these fuels cause serious air pollution in the region. One of the important sources which may lead to air pollution in research area is coastal road of Black Sea. This road extends from borderline of Georgia to western Black Sea Region of Turkey and is an important route for transportation. The effects and dispersions of PM10 pollutant in the provinces of Artvin, Bayburt, Giresun, Gümü?hane, Ordu, Rize and Trabzon located along the Eastern Black Sea Region were investigated using maps generated by Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Data related to air quality was obtained from the hourly measurements of the stations used by the Ministry Environment and Urban Planning between 2010 and 2015. According to the study results, it was determined that, in specified date range, the concentrations of PM10 were high; in all seasons for Trabzon and Gümü?hane, in the summer, autumn and winter seasons for Bayburt and especially in the autumn for Ordu.

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