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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4220 matches for " Denise Pikuzinski "
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Longitudinal impact of a youth tobacco education program
Martin C Mahoney, Joseph E Bauer, Laurene Tumiel, Sarah McMullen, Jeff Schieder, Denise Pikuzinski
BMC Family Practice , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2296-3-3
Abstract: Twenty-eight schools, which were in relatively close geographic proximity, were randomized into three groups; Group 1 was used to assess whether attitudes/knowledge were changed in the hypothesized direction by the intervention, and if those changes were retained four months later. Groups 2 and 3, were used as comparison groups to assess possible test-retest bias and historical effects. Groups 1 and 3 were pooled to assess whether attitudes/knowledge were changed by the intervention as measured by an immediate post-test. The non-parametric analytical techniques of Wilcoxon-Matched Pairs/Sign Ranks and the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon Rank Sums Tests were used to compare proportions of correct responses at each of the schools.Pooled analyses showed that short-term retention on most items was achieved. It was also found that retention on two knowledge items 'recognition that smokers have yellow teeth and fingers' and 'smoking one pack of cigarettes a day costs several hundred dollars per year' was maintained for four months.The findings suggest that inexpensive, one-time interventions for tobacco-use prevention can be of value. Changes in attitudes and knowledge conducive to the goal of tobacco-use prevention can be achieved for short-term retention and some relevant knowledge items can be retained for several months.Given the epidemiology of smoking initiation, a great deal of public health policy and programmatic attention has been directed at youth smoking in the United States [1]. Approximately 80% of tobacco users initiate use before 18 years of age, and if this trend in early initiation of cigarette smoking continues, estimates are that 5 million children aged less than 18 years who are alive today will die prematurely as adults [2].In an effort to discourage initiation of tobacco use, several youth tobacco education programs have been created and are currently available for presentation to elementary school students. Many of these approaches are school-based programs,
The U.S.-Israeli Strategic Alliance: How the United States Is Contributing to a “Disappearing” Palestine  [PDF]
Denise De Garmo
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.61004
Abstract: This paper examines the implications of the U.S.-Israeli strategic alliance on the proposed “two state solution”. This alliance has its roots in common values and mutuality of national interests, interests that have produced intelligence sharing, technology transfer, and military assistance between the U.S. and Israel. These exchanges have led to extensive U.S. support of Israel’s militarization in the Jordan Valley. It is also this strategic alliance that serves to support the continued annexation of the West Bank while diminishing future attempts at reaching a proposed “two state solution”.
Editorial Revista Número 10
Denise Maurano,Denise Maurano
Psicanálise e Barroco em Revista , 2007,
Abstract: Editorial
Sex Education in the Eyes of Brazilian Public School Teachers  [PDF]
Denise Regina Quaresma da Silva
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.515160

This article presents the results of a research about the implementation of sex education in the public schools of Novo Hamburgo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 124 teachers from 56 public schools. The Discourse of the Collective Subject method was applied to analyse the interviews. The results show that sex education is not a crosscutting theme in schools, and that it is mostly dominated by the biomedical discourse. This means that non-heterosexual practices and identities are neglected and that representations of gender and sexuality that reproduce and legitimate gender disparity are accentuated.

Microbiota and Mycotoxins in Trilinear Hybrid Maize Produced in Natural Environments at Central Region in Mexico  [PDF]
Pe?a Betancourt, Silvia Denise
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2016.69066
Abstract: Mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in 3 inbred lines (hybrids resistant to corn ear rot) were identified in twenty samples. The maize (Zea mays) accessions were collected in five plots of two municipalities in High Valley, state of Hidalgo. The fungal population was determined with a microbiological dilution method used two culture media (PDA and ELA), for the detection of mycotoxins with thin layer chromatography with visual inspection in UV light and a direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA). The results showed high moisture content in all hybrids evaluated on an average of 38.3% and a 1.8 × 103 UFC/g fungus, values within the permitted limits by the Mexican legislation; however the most prevalent fungi were Fusarium sp. (76%), Alternaria sp. (14%), Penicillium sp. (4%) and Aspergillus sp. (5%), and the species Aspergillus nidulas, Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium verticillioides, Fusarium poae, and Penicillium ochraceum. The aflatoxin concentration was observed in a range from 2 to 13 ng/g and 370 to 660 ng/g to fumonisins. It is concluded that trilinear corn hybrids have a variety of pathogenic potential fungi. The two genetic hybrids showed levels of aflatoxins and fumonisin safe for human consumption, contrary to one hybrid, with a content not suitable for human consumption. A better understanding of genetic hybrids corn will improve predictive mycotoxin contamination.
Waist Circumference and Abdominal Obesity among Older Adults: Patterns, Prevalence and Trends
Denise Howel
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048528
Abstract: Objectives To describe the patterns and trends in waist circumference and abdominal obesity for those aged 70–89 contrasting the standard and new age-related cut-points, and to investigate how they vary with time, age and educational level. Methods The subjects were 7129 men and 9244 women aged 70–89 years who participated in the Health Survey for England during 1993–2010. The outcome measures were the percentiles of waist circumference and standard and new indicators of abdominal obesity based on waist circumference. Binomial and quantile regression were used to investigate the relationship with key explanatory variables. Results The distribution of waist circumference among community-dwelling older adults in England has shifted upwards since 1993 (an increase in median of 4.5 cm in men and 5.1 cm in women). The prevalence of abdominal obesity has increased, while those in the low-risk group have decreased. Abdominal obesity was higher in those aged 70–79 compared to 80–89, and in those who left education earlier. The prevalence of abdominal obesity varies considerably with new and standard cut-points, which makes it impractical to use the new ones on a population that includes subjects across the adult age range. Conclusions Obesity is increasing among the elderly, but more work is needed on devising age-appropriate indicators of high risk based on waist circumference.
Intersexualité associée a l'absence de cornes chez la chèvre d'origine alpine
Denise Boyajean
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1969, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-1-4-447
Community Mobilization and the Framing of Alcohol-Related Problems
Denise Herd
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph7031226
Abstract: The goal of this study was to describe how activists engaged in campaigns to change alcohol policies in inner city areas framed alcohol problems, and whether or not their frameworks reflected major models used in the field, such as the alcoholism as a disease model, an alcohol problems perspective, or a public health approach to alcohol problems. The findings showed that activists’ models shared some aspects with dominant approaches which tend to focus on individuals and to a lesser extent on regulating alcohol marketing and sales. However, activists’ models differed in significant ways by focusing on community level problems with alcohol; on problems with social norms regarding alcohol use; and on the relationship of alcohol use to illicit drugs.
Long-Term Human Induced Impacts on Marajó Island Landscapes, Amazon Estuary
Denise Schaan
Diversity , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/d2020182
Abstract: Archaeology is a discipline that can offer a long term perspective on the impacts human societies have had on the environment. Landscape studies are critical for understanding these impacts, because they embrace a dialectical view regarding the relationship between humans and their immediate surroundings. Such studies are well suited to the Amazon basin, a region that has driven much media attention due to astonishing rates of deforestation in certain areas, with likely consequences on the planet’s climate, posing challenges to the survival of the human species for the coming decades. In fact, although much has been said about the impacts of contemporary societies on tropical forest environments, ancient landscape management practices have not yet been considered part of the equation. Thus far, we know that Amerindian societies have been actively transforming their surroundings for millennia. On the eve of European contact, large, complex societies were bringing about long-lasting transformations of landscapes throughout the basin. Conquest and colonization resulted in epidemics, enslavement, and changes to the indigenous economies that managed to survive the genocide. Afterwards, as colonizers would exploit traditional resources leading, in many instances, to their exhaustion, a huge quantity of information on sustainable ways of dealing with certain environments became lost. Traditional knowledge, however, still survives among certain indigenous, peasant (caboclo), and African-Brazilian populations. Documentation of surviving management practices together with the study of the archaeological record could provide valuable information for policy makers. This article examines historical transformations that took place on Marajó Island during the last two millennia and advocates the importance of archaeological research for understanding the historical ecology of landscape change. It is argued that ancient economic strategies, some still being practiced today, could be re-created in the present, since these may constitute opportunities for sustainable sources of income to local communities.
Aportes del enfoque de las representaciones sociales al campo de la educación
Espacios en blanco. Serie indagaciones , 2011,
Abstract: the article examines the relations between the field of study of education and the field of study of social representations. its aim is to show the relevance of the resources offered by the latter to analyse the processes regulating the different levels of the educational system. after having given evidence of the historical and logical links that exist between the two fields, it underlines the importance to preserve their specificities. the author isolates the guidelines that allow the encounter between the two fields, taking into account the french situation that she knows and whose analytic devises can be extrapolated to other national and cultural contexts. the purpose is to delineate the schemas that organize the educational system and express ideologies that define its functions in order to fulfil the financial, educational and democratic demands of society and their historical change. social representations give evidence of an evolution in the functions given to education and school, and have some influence on the conceptions related to teachers and students agency. the important role they play in the relation between the actors of educational system is illustrated by different examples. this historical and documentary examination shows how the social representations approach is an instrument and a mediation corresponding perfectly to the multiple problems tacked in the field of study of education.
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