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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16545 matches for " Day Care "
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Can Simple Preoperative Hemoglobin Testing Screen Symptomatic Anemia in Patients Undergoing Ambulatory Surgeries in Third World Countries?  [PDF]
Sobia Khan, Mueen Ullah Khan, Khalid Samad
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2012.24034
Abstract: Background: Patients coming for ambulatory surgeries are mostly healthy adults and asymptomatic anemia in these patients is rare. According to international standards, perioperative period is not an appropriate setting to screen and investigate the cause of asymptomatic anemia, but in third world countries where iron deficiency is rampant, it is generally required as per local hospitals policy to test hemoglobin levels prior to any surgery in order to prevent morbidity. The purpose of our study is to look at the prevalence of anemia in patient undergoing minor elective ambulatory surgeries. Method: This was a cross sectional observational study conducted at tertiary care unit, Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 385 ASA-I (American Society of Anesthesiologist) and II patient’s age ranged 18 - 60 years, scheduled for day care surgical procedures were enrolled in the study. Results: Anemia was detected in 74 (19.2%) patients and its prevalence was found to be higher in females and in patients above 50 years of age. However, the presence of anemia did not have any influence on the perioperative outcomes or management. Conclusion: The routine preoperative hemoglobin testing does not have any effect on the perioperative outcomes in asymptomatic patients who are planned for elective day care surgeries.
The Influence of Place on Everyday Life: Observations of Persons with Dementia in Regular Day Care and at the Green Care Farm  [PDF]
Gunn Eva Solum Myren, Ingela Enmarker, Ove Hellzen, Ellen Saur
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.92018
Abstract: Day care services for persons with dementia are becoming an important aspect of community services. Place, therefore, becomes vital concerning how such establishments are organized regarding both the physical and social environment and the programs that are offered. The aim of this study was to describe the influence of place on everyday life in two different organized daycare services for persons with dementia. Based on observations and informal conversations with persons with dementia and staff members at a green care farm and a regular day care, we used an inductive manifest content analysis. The analysis reveals a main category: enabling and collaboration in daily life. The results are discussed in light of Goffman’s analysis of the structures of social encounters from the perspective of the dramatic performance. The main findings in this study involve how place contributes to enabling activities and collaboration between participants and staff, as it influences participants’ ability to achieve an active or passive role in everyday life at the day care services.
Moving from reclusion to partial freedom: the experience of family caregivers for disabled elderly persons assisted in a day care center
Bocchi,Silvia Cristina Mangini; Cano,Karen Cristina Urtado; Baltieri,Lilian; Godoy,Daniele Cristina; Spiri,Wilza Carla; Juliani,Carmen Maria Casquel Monti;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000600036
Abstract: this study aimed at understanding the interactional experience between family caregivers and disabled elderly persons supported in a day care center according to the caregiver's perspective. it also aimed at developing a representative theoretical model for the events experienced by such caregiver. the grounded theory was used as methodological framework whereas interactional symbolism served as the theoretical framework. observation and interviews were used for data collection. the following phenomenon arose from the results: feeling of support by the day care center, by the strength of the bond with the elderly and by spirituality in order to continue playing the challenging role of a family caregiver for a disabled elderly person. the study made possible to understand that, among these three supporting cornerstones for coping with the burden generated by the family caregiver role, the care model promoted by the day care center was the intervenient variable in the process of improving the quality of life of the family caregiver-disabled elderly person binomial. this allowed the identification of the main category - moving from reclusion to partial freedom: the experience of family caregivers for disabled elderly persons assisted in a day care center.
"Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among Children in Day-care Centers in Damghan - Iran"
A Heidari,MB Rokni
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2003,
Abstract: In order to identify the prevalence of parasitic intestinal infections and to determine the impact of some factors, such as age, health houses, education, environmental health etc, on infection, this survey was carried out on 461 stool specimens and scotch tapes obtained from children resident in day-care centers in Damghan city, Semnan province, Iran. The samples were tested using formalin-ether concentration and Graham methods. The analysis of the results showed that at least 68.1 percent of the individuals tested, were infected with one species of pathogen or non-pathogen parasites. The rate of infection for Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, Ascaris lumbricoides, Hymenolepis nana, Entamoeba coli, Blastocystis hominis, Iodamoeba butschlii and Chilomastix mesnili was 33.8%, 26.2%, 2.4%, 3%, 4.8%, 5.8%, 4.8%, 2.7% and 4% respectively. A significant difference was seen between the rate of infection and parents’ education (P<0.005) but was negative regarding age, sex, and health houses. It is concluded that sanitary measurements should be conducted in such centers to decrease the rate of parasitic infection.
Keeping Current in Child Care Research Annotated Bibliography: An Update
Deborah Ceglowski,Chiara Bacigalupa
Early Childhood Research & Practice , 2002,
Abstract: In 1987, the National Association for the Education of Young Children published "Keeping Current in Child Care Research: An Annotated Bibliography," by Carollee Howes, which reviewed child care research through 1987. In 1999, the Center for Early Education and Development updated the original review to include studies from 1987 to 1999. This update was created for participants in the second Annual Minnesota Child Care Research conference: Welfare Reform and the Lives of Children. The update is organized in the same format as the original bibliography. The first four sections review research that continues to address questions raised in the 1970s: Will child care attendance be harmful to the child? What benefits do children receive from child care? Can child care serve as an effective intervention program in the short and long term? For example, included are recent data from the Abecedarian project, a longitudinal study begun in 1972 detailing the effectiveness of child care as an intervention for at-risk children. The next five sections of the update highlight studies that address research questions begun in the 1980s: What features distinguish high- from low-quality child care? What are the effects of age of entry, length of day, and total time in child care? What is the relation between family factors and child care? These sections include information from several well-known studies that have greatly influenced how we think about child care, such as the Cost, Quality, and Outcomes Study; the Florida Quality Improvement Study; and the National Child Care Staffing Study. Finally, new sections were created in the update for studies on family child care and on inclusive settings. These two areas have been studied extensively since 1987, with enough research to warrant separate sections for each.
Relatives’ experiences of everyday life when receiving day care services for persons with dementia living at home  [PDF]
Gunn Eva Solum Myren, Ingela Enmarker, Ellen Saur, Ove Hellzen
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58166
Abstract:

Relatives often become involved in the care of people with dementia who are living at home. The caregivers’ burdens are extensively described in several studies, and one of the most common, unmet needs of the caregivers is the opportunity for daytime activities. The aim in this qualitative study is therefore to explore the everyday lives of eight relatives of people with dementia who are receiving day care services. A content analysis is used, and three major themes emerge and are discussed: 1) when life becomes chaotic; 2) rebuilding a new, everyday life; and 3) the agonies of choice. The findings indicate that day care service offers respite care, and, at the same time, it gives both the relatives and those with dementia a meaningful day. These findings can also be described as relatives traveling a route from a situation characterized by chaos and suffering to a new life situation that has meaning through day care services. It is important to note that despite this new meaning in the relatives’ lives, the relatives continue to struggle with decisions about the futures of their loves ones in regard to the dilemma of placing them in an institution versus aging in place.

“Being Free Like a Bird”―The Meaning of Being an Informal Caregiver for Persons with Dementia Who Are Receiving Day Care Services  [PDF]
Gunn Eva Solum Myren, Ingela Enmarker, Ellen Saur, Ove Hellzen
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.52013
Abstract: Respite care in the form of day care is one of the several respite services that aims to provide temporary relief to informal caregivers from their responsibilities of caring for a person with dementia. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the meaning of being an informal caregiver for a person with dementia living at home and receiving day care services. Narrative interviews were conducted, and data were analyzed using the phenomenological hermeneutic method. Two main themes emerged: “Living with limitations in everyday life” and “Having a life besides being a caregiver”. The comprehensive understanding suggested living with a person with dementia, changes and influences the informal caregiver’s life through a set of new roles and a new way of living and thinking. The result is discussed in light of Goffman’s analysis of the structures of social encounters from the perspective of the dramatic performance.
Contexto e desenvolvimento cognitivo: freqüência à creche e evolu??o do desenvolvimento mental
Lordelo, Eulina da Rocha;Chalhub, Anderson Almeida;Guirra, Raquel Cardoso;Carvalho, Cláudio Seal;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722007000200019
Abstract: this study aimed to assess effects of the day care center experience on the cognitive development of pre-school children. two groups of children, 18 from day care centers and 19 who were cared for at their homes were studied, including their mothers, took part in this study. both groups had equivalent socioeconomic status and lived in a very poor neighborhood. bayley scales or wppsi-r scale (according to age) were used four times in a 26 month period; as an auxiliary research instrument, the mothers were interviewed for providing a child assessment from their own point of view. the results show that family income and, to some extent, the mother's school level affected cognitive development. attendance to a day care center did not produce significant differences in cognitive development; maternal assessments suggested some differences between groups in the first evaluation, which disappeared, most of them, in the last one. these results are compatible partially with international literature and their implications are discussed.
Context and cognitive development: attendance to day care center and evolution of mental development / Contexto e desenvolvimento cognitivo: freqüência à creche e evolu o do desenvolvimento mental
Eulina da Rocha Lordelo,Anderson Almeida Chalhub,Raquel Cardoso Guirra; Cláudio Seal Carvalho
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007,
Abstract: This study aimed to assess effects of the day care center experience on the cognitive development of pre-school children. Two groups of children, 18 from day care centers and 19 who were cared for at their homes were studied, including their mothers, took part in this study. Both groups had equivalent socioeconomic status and lived in a very poor neighborhood. Bayley Scales or WPPSI-R Scale (according to age) were used four times in a 26 month period; as an auxiliary research instrument, the mothers were interviewed for providing a child assessment from their own point of view. The results show that family income and, to some extent, the mother's school level affected cognitive development. Attendance to a day care center did not produce significant differences in cognitive development; maternal assessments suggested some differences between groups in the first evaluation, which disappeared, most of them, in the last one. These results are compatible partially with international literature and their implications are discussed.
Prevalencia de Giardiasis en Hogares de Cuidado Diario en el Municipio San Francisco, Estado Zulia, Venezuela
Cheng-Ng,Rosita; Castellano-Ca?izales,José Antonio; Díaz-Suárez,Odelis; Villalobos-Perozo,Rafael Enrique;
Investigación Clínica , 2002,
Abstract: the number of children day care centers has increased progressively in underdeveloped countries. these institutions offer conditions that facilitate the transmission of enteric agents. the aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of giardiasis in day care centers from san francisco municipality, zulia state, venezuela. a poll was applied to collect personal and clinical data. fecal samples from 82 children of one or another sex, between 11 months and 6 years old, who normally assist to four day care centers of the municipality mentioned above, were analized. the samples were processed by fresh examination, lugol temporal coloration and the formol-ether technique. a percentual analysis was applied for the statistical study. from the 82 processed samples, 37 (45.1%) showed the presence of giardia lamblia. the clinical symptoms most frequently observed in the study were abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss and inappetence. statistical results did not show a significant difference of this parasitic disease with relationship to sex; however, there is a predominance in children of school age (75%). the result of this work shows a high prevalence of giardiasis in day care centers of the municipality studied, which suggests that this institutions gather the conditions that facilitate the transmission of this flagellate, and that preventive measures must be put into practice.
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