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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6258 matches for " Danile Leal Barreto "
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Impact of Metabolic-Syndrome Risk Factors on the Absenteeism of Health Workers from a Brazilian University Hospital  [PDF]
Almerinda Luedy, Danile Leal Barreto, Hugo Costa-Ribeiro Júnior
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.106064
Abstract: Objective: Analyzing the association between Metabolic Syndrome (MS) risk factors and work absenteeism due to illnesses among University Hospital employees in Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional study comprised 1173 Bahia Federal University Hospital employees: 57.3% of them were federal employees (statutory officers) and 42.7% were civil servants (CLT employees). Participants were in the age group 41.5 years: 69.4% were female and 30.6% were male. Results: MS prevalence in employees reached 6.6%; women accounted for 69.7% of the total. The percentage increases with age and has similar proportion among directcare providers and ancillary supports personnel, 40.8% and 39.5%, respectively. The risk factor analysis showed 25% hypertension, 54.6% weight excess (18.4% obese and 36.2% overweight patients), 20% hypercholesterolemia, 9.9% hypertriglyceridemia and 6.5% diabetes mellitus prevalence. Absenteeism longer than one day within the studied population reached 40.1%. Osteoarticular diseases were the most common reason for absenteeism, accounting for 50.7% of it: 62.6% of whom were either overweight or obese. The mean cost with absenteeism per employee was R$5492.87 ($2347.00 US Dollars), and it corresponds to annual cost of R 2,587,139.53 ($1,105,610.00 US Dollars). The highest cost with absenteeism caused by illnesses was recorded for female workers; for federal employees who were patient caregivers, who worked in the Pediatric Centre and who worked at night shifts. Conclusion: The high Metabolic Syndrome risk factors and overweight incidence are responsible for the increased costs faced by hospitals due to high absenteeism rates.
Programa nacional de alimenta??o escolar: há seguran?a na produ??o de alimentos em escolas de Salvador (Bahia)?
Cardoso, Ryzia de Cassia Vieira;Góes, José ?ngelo Wenceslau;Almeida, Rogéria Comastri de Castro;Guimar?es, Alaíse Gil;Barreto, Danile Leal;Silva, Sueli Alves da;Figueiredo, Karla Vila Nova de Araújo;Vidal Júnior, Permínio Oliveira;Silva, Edleuza Oliveira;Huttner, Larissa Brito;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732010000500010
Abstract: objective the objective of this study was to assess if the foods prepared in the schools of salvador, bahia, that participate in the national school food program are safe. methods a cross-sectional study was done through the administration of forms based on the resolu??o de diretoriacolegiada no 216/04 of the national sanitary surveillance agency/ministry of health to a stratified sample consisting of 235 schools serviced by national school food program, which included the state and municipal schools of salvador. the items assessed by the form were scored according to their risk in terms of food safety. based on their scores, the schools were then classified into five groups according to their level of hygiene and sanitation: critical, unsatisfactory, satisfactory, good and excellent. results in the global adequacy assessment, 57% (134) of the schools presented unsatisfactory hygiene and sanitation levels, 42.6% (100) presented satisfactory levels and 0.4% (1) presented good levels. the items that contributed most for the poor performance of many schools were grouped in the following categories: building, facilities, equipment, furniture and appliances, hygiene, piped water supply, food handlers, food preparation and exposed ready-to-eat foods. the groups that had some influence on poor performance were associated with the control of urban vectors and pests, management of wastes and raw materials, ingredients and packages. conclusion a high level of non-conformity with the current sanitation requirements was verified, evidencing that the preparation of school foods was not entirely safe. the results indicate that corrective measures are necessary to reduce health risks and increase the efficiency of national school food program in the city of salvador.
Da tutela à autonomia: narrativas e constru es do cotidiano em uma residência terapêutica From the guardianship to autonomy: narratives and constructions of daily life in a residential service
Vanessa Barreto Fassheber,Carlos Eduardo Leal Vidal
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932007000200003
Abstract: A reforma psiquiátrica emerge como um movimento social que prop e uma outra rela o entre a loucura e a sociedade. Novos dispositivos assistenciais s o criados, tais como a residência terapêutica. Esse servi o atende pacientes cr nicos com histórico de interna es psiquiátricas. A partir do final da década de 1990, s o iniciadas experiências de montagem desses servi os em diversas partes do nosso país. Contudo, é somente no ano 2000 que o Município de Barbacena, Minas Gerais, ganha a sua primeira residência, constituída por seis moradoras. Este artigo evidencia os processos individuais de reconstru o da identidade das moradoras da referida casa. Observa-se que, além de tal processo, as moradoras passam ainda por uma complexa elabora o subjetiva do novo espa o de moradia e pela constru o de uma nova rede social. Os métodos de pesquisa adotados foram a observa o participante e a coleta de narrativas e histórias de vida dos usuários integrantes da primeira residência terapêutica de Barbacena. The process of psychiatric reform is a social movement that proposes a new relationship between society and insanity. It's a construction of a net of services, as the mental health residential service. This service attends people with chronic mental disease. Since the end of the 1990's, some experiences in mental health residential services are set up in many places of our country. However, the first residential service in the city of Barbacena, Minas Gerais, was developed only in 2000, with 06 patients. This article shows the individual process of identity reconstruction for each resident who lives in the first Barbacena′s residential service and identifies the subjective construction of the space of the residence and the building of a new social net. The methods used in this research were the participant observation and the collection of narratives and life histories of the first Barbacena′s residential service dwellers.
Produ??o animal em capim papu? (Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc) submetido a níveis de nitrogênio
Martins, Jorge Dubal;Restle, Jo?o;Barreto, Ismar Leal;
Ciência Rural , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782000000500025
Abstract: the effect of nitrogen levels (0, 100 and 200kg/ha of n), in the form of urea, was studied on alexandergrass (brachiaria plantaginea) pasture, under grazing conditions. the grazing system used was the continuous grazing with a daily average supply of 14.41kg dm/100kg of live weight. average daily live weight gain, "in vitro" organic matter digestibility and botanical composition were not affected by the nitrogen level. the use of nitrogen affected significantly live weight gain per ha (y=213.9+.729x; r2=.64), pasture daily acumulation rate (y=14.75+.194x; r2=.80), total dry matter production/ha (y=4,295+20.48x; r2=.90), crude protein contend (y=4.61+.0175x; r2=.97), stocking rate (y=1,092.9+3.732x; r2=.91) and number of animals.day/ha (y=261.18+.728x; r2=.87). the live weigth gain/ha, during the 73 days grazing period, was 208,62; 297,36 and 354,46kg, respectively, for 0, 100 and 200kg/ha of n. the results showed that when adequately fertilized alexandergrass can be used for animal production resulting in satisfactory weight gain/ha.
Morphological alterations of the parotid gland of rats maintained on a liquid diet
Leal, Soraya Coelho;Toledo, Orlando Ayrton de;Bezerra, Ana Cristina Barreto;
Brazilian Dental Journal , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-64402003000300006
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to analyze the morphological alterations that occurred in the parotid glands of rats maintained on a liquid diet compared to a solid diet. thirty-six animals were randomly divided into two groups. the control group received a solid diet, and the experimental group received a liquid diet. the animals were killed after 8, 15 and 30 days. the glands were prepared for inclusion in paraffin and analyzed with a light microscope. the results showed a statistically significant reduction of the parotid gland weight of the animals from the experimental group compared to the control group at 15 and 30 days. the strongest morphological alteration displayed was the presence of cytoplasm vacuoles on the parotid glands of the animals maintained on the liquid diet. specific stain techniques for glycoproteins and mucopolysaccarides could not identify the substances inside the vacuoles observed in the experimental animals. we conclude that a liquid diet caused atrophy of the parotid gland after 15 and 30 days.
Effectiveness of teaching methods for toothbrushing in preschool children
Leal, Soraya Coelho;Bezerra, Ana Cristina Barreto;Toledo, Orlando Ayrton de;
Brazilian Dental Journal , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-64402002000200011
Abstract: three different methods of instruction and motivation were used to assess the learning process and ability of preschool children in performing toothbrushing. forty children from a private nursery of brasília, df, brazil, were divided into 2 groups according to age (3-4 years old and 5-6 years old). the following methods of instruction and reinforcement were applied: i - audiovisual; ii - child as a model; iii - individual instruction. professional prophylaxis was then performed and the children remained 48 hours without any kind of oral hygiene. plaque disclosing and plaque index were carried out and recorded. the children subsequently brushed their teeth according to each method of instruction and a new plaque index was recorded. the data were analyzed statistically using the student t-test and the comparison of two proportions. the results showed that the children of both groups reduced plaque index and that the individual instruction method was superior (p<0.05) to the others at all ages. children older than 5 years of age were able to learn and accomplish toothbrushing better than younger children.
As trilhas essenciais que fundamentam o processo e desenvolvimento da dinamica grupal
Kátya Alexandrina Matos Barreto Motta,Denize Bouttelet Munari,Maria Lúcia Leal,Marcelo Medeiros
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2007,
Abstract: O grupo é um fen meno explorado por sua importancia na vida do ser humano e, assim, conhecer sua dinamica e funcionamento é essencial aos profissionais que trabalham em qualquer área. Na saúde o desenvolvimento desse conhecimento é urgente, dado a ênfase no trabalho coletivo, inclusive no ambito das políticas de saúde. A finalidade deste artigo de atualiza o é apresentar cinco trilhas essenciais para compreender o processo e desenvolvimento da dinamica grupal, baseado no processo de forma o do coordenador de grupos na perspectiva da Sociedade Brasileira de Psicoterapia, Psicodrama e Dinamica de Grupo (SOBRAP) e na experiência dos autores na gest o de grupos. A primeira trilha se ancora nos pressupostos da teoria sócio-histórico-cultural de Vygotsky; a segunda fundamenta-se nos princípios da educa o contemporanea; a terceira parte da intersec o das abordagens da psicanálise, psicodrama e dinamica de grupo; a quarta trilha se fundamenta no modelo de competências; a quinta indica a práxis do coordenador de grupo baseada na metodologia de laboratório teórico-vivencial. Assim, o coordenador que disp e de suporte para entender os processos e funcionamento dos grupos, pode melhor amparar o seu desenvolvimento e a capacidade de mudan a e auto-desenvolvimento dos seus membros.
Morphological alterations of the parotid gland of rats maintained on a liquid diet
Leal Soraya Coelho,Toledo Orlando Ayrton de,Bezerra Ana Cristina Barreto
Brazilian Dental Journal , 2003,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the morphological alterations that occurred in the parotid glands of rats maintained on a liquid diet compared to a solid diet. Thirty-six animals were randomly divided into two groups. The control group received a solid diet, and the experimental group received a liquid diet. The animals were killed after 8, 15 and 30 days. The glands were prepared for inclusion in paraffin and analyzed with a light microscope. The results showed a statistically significant reduction of the parotid gland weight of the animals from the experimental group compared to the control group at 15 and 30 days. The strongest morphological alteration displayed was the presence of cytoplasm vacuoles on the parotid glands of the animals maintained on the liquid diet. Specific stain techniques for glycoproteins and mucopolysaccarides could not identify the substances inside the vacuoles observed in the experimental animals. We conclude that a liquid diet caused atrophy of the parotid gland after 15 and 30 days.
Effectiveness of teaching methods for toothbrushing in preschool children
Leal Soraya Coelho,Bezerra Ana Cristina Barreto,Toledo Orlando Ayrton de
Brazilian Dental Journal , 2002,
Abstract: Three different methods of instruction and motivation were used to assess the learning process and ability of preschool children in performing toothbrushing. Forty children from a private nursery of Brasília, DF, Brazil, were divided into 2 groups according to age (3-4 years old and 5-6 years old). The following methods of instruction and reinforcement were applied: I - audiovisual; II - child as a model; III - individual instruction. Professional prophylaxis was then performed and the children remained 48 hours without any kind of oral hygiene. Plaque disclosing and plaque index were carried out and recorded. The children subsequently brushed their teeth according to each method of instruction and a new plaque index was recorded. The data were analyzed statistically using the Student t-test and the comparison of two proportions. The results showed that the children of both groups reduced plaque index and that the individual instruction method was superior (p<0.05) to the others at all ages. Children older than 5 years of age were able to learn and accomplish toothbrushing better than younger children.
Digestibilidade dos fenos de soja anual e capim papu? puros ou em mistura
Canto, Marcos Weber do;Saccol, Ana Gabriela de Freitas;Gon?alves, Maria Beatriz Fernandez;Barreto, Ismar Leal;
Ciência Rural , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84781998000200022
Abstract: soybean hay (glycine max (l.) merril) and marmalade grass hay (brachiaria plantaginea (link) hitch) pure or mixed were evaluated through in vivo digestibility trials with sheep. the trial was conducted in a shed of metabolic studies in the department of animal science at ufsm. the soybean hay (100%)-t1, soybean hay (67%) + marmalade grass hay (33%)-t2, soybean hay (33%) + marmalade grass hay (67%)-t3 and marmalade grass hay (100%)- t4, were evaluated in a completely randonmized design, with four repetitions. the soybean was harvested during the r5 to r6 stages while marmalade grass was harvested in the maturation stage.the percentage of crude protein decreased from 10.44% to 4.14%, for treatments from t1 to t4, while the coefficients of in vivo dry matter digestibility and total digestible nutrients remained near to 47% for all treatments. in the regarding to crude matter intake, the digestibility of dry matter and the digestible protein contents decreased when the percentage of marmalade grass in the diet was increased. the hays studied were considered of poor quality because of both maturation stages and losses that happened during the curing and storage process.
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