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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 363972 matches for " Danielle Nóbrega de Castro "
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Health, Aging and Quality of Life: An Evaluation of Experience in Family Health Unit through Popular Education  [PDF]
Cristina Katya Torres Teixeira Mendes, Fabia Barbosa de Andrade, Danielle Nóbrega de Castro, Maria do Socorro Feitosa Alves, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres, Maria Adelaide Paredes Moreira, Antonia Oliveira Silva
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.615229
Abstract: This study aims to assess the implementation of the Health, Aging and Quality of Life. The specific objectives were executed by conducting activities with the elderly through generative themes with an emphasis on health, aging and quality of life; evaluation of the experience of older people in Unity Family Health with Popular Education; analyzing the evolution of indicators of health and quality of life of elderly patients after two years and ascertaining the effectiveness of Popular Education in the elderly group in the Family Health Unit. This is an exploratory study approved by the Ethics and Research Committee UFPB/CCS, number 0598/08 held on Primary Health Care. The project consists of two lines of integrated activities: Group Active Ageing (GEA), which brings together seniors for addressing issues related to healthy aging and the Multidimensional Health Assessment and Quality of Life through the WHOQOL-BREF. The activities were built in fortnightly meetings from the dialogue where experiences are shared and collective needs. Thus, relevant topics were suggested for the group: guidelines on physical activity, nutrition, chronic disease prevention, self-esteem, among others, and group dynamics as body stretching, stretching exercises, respiratory, metabolic and relaxation. The observed results are the very satisfactions group, reported through testimonies and translated by the enthusiasm and diligence in participation. This project promoted a better bio-psycho-social development of the elderly, reinforcing its identity by promoting and facilitating the expression of their potential positive and arousing them to a better future life prospects and community socialization feelings.
Express o de genes relacionados à fun o adrenocortical no estado de caquexia neoplásica = Expression of genes related to the adrenocortical function in the neoplastic cachexia process
Nicole de Angelis Scripes,Marcelo Abbá Macioszek,Larissa Danielle Bahls,Mateus Nóbrega Aoki
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: A glandula adrenal tem papel fundamental na resposta neuroendócrina,especialmente em situa es em que há comprometimento da homeostasia. No processo de caquexia neoplásica, há prejuízo da homeostasia por altera es nutricionais e metabólicas do cancer em estágio avan ado, envolvendo a resposta do eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal. Neste trabalho, foi utilizado um modelo animal de caquexia induzida pelo tumor de Walker-256 em ratos Wistar. Os animais (n=4) foram sacrificados dez dias após a inocula o de células tumorais e a glandula adrenal foi removida. O RNA foi extraído para o estudo da express o de genes relacionados ao controle da esteroidogênese por RT-PCR semiquantitativa. A análise dos dados demonstrou express o significativamente reduzida dos genes MC2R (receptor tipo 2 para melacortina), 3 HSD I (3β-hidroxiesteroidedesidrogenase tipo I) e TSPO (proteína translocadora) em animais com caquexia neoplásica(valores de P=0,037; 0,0097 e 0,052, respectivamente), revelando falência do córtex da adrenal. The adrenal gland plays a crucial role in the neuroendocrine response, especially in situations where homeostasis is disturbed. In the neoplastic cachexia process, there is homeostasis impairment by nutritional and metabolic alterations of advanced-stage cancer, involving hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis response. In thisassignment, an experimental model of cachexia induced by Walker-256 tumor was performed in Wistar rats. Animals (n=4) were sacrificed 10 days after inoculation of tumor cells, and the adrenal glands were excised. The RNA was isolated for the study of gene expression related to the steroidogenesis control by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Data analysis showed a significant reduced expression of MC2R (melancortin type 2 receptor), 3 HSD I (3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I) and TSPO (translocator protein) genes in animals with neoplastic cachexia (P=0.037, 0.0097 and 0.052, respectively), revealing adrenal cortex failure.
Infiltra??o da água no solo no sistema pedológico Campus do Arenito, cidade gaúcha, noroeste do estado do Paraná
Cunha, José Edézio;Nóbrega, Maria Teresa de;Castro, Selma Sim?es de;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832008000500005
Abstract: considering the importance of understanding the water status of pedological covers for studies of prevention and containment of erosive processes, this study was conducted on a slope with a pedological system composed of red latossol (oxisol)/red argisol (ultisol) derived from caiuá sandstone, on an experimental farm of the universidade estadual de maringá, cidade gaúcha, in northwestern paraná state. after a detailed morphologic description of the pedologic system, infiltration experiments were carried out in the main diagnostic horizons and the respective transitions of six soil profiles along the slope. the pattern of water dynamics in the latosolic cover is different in the surface and subsurface. over the course of time, the surface horizons ap, ab and/or ba have alternating humidity conditions, sometimes more humid and sometimes drier, according to the rain distribution and intensity. in deeper layers of the bw horizon the water conditions depend on the vertical and lateral water movement, and are therefore not directly related to the atmospheric variations, as occur on the surface. in the podzolic cover a vertical drainage blockage was observed in the top of bt horizon, generating above it (horizon ae) a more constantly humid zone. in general, unlike in the latosols, humidity and dryness do not alternate in the surface horizons of the argisol. as a result the argisols are constantly more humid than latosols due to lateral water flow from upslope.
Variation on the amount of winter cover crops residues on weeds incidence and soil seed bank during an agricultural year
Mauli, Márcia Maria;Nóbrega, Lúcia Helena Pereira;Rosa, Danielle Medina;Lima, Gislaine Piccolo de;Ralish, Ricardo;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132011000400006
Abstract: this study analyzed possible interferences associated to the amount of crop residues produced by the black oats and the consortium of black oats, common vetch and forage turnip on weeds incidence and soil seed bank. it was a field trial with seven treatments and five replications. the cover crop was sown at throwing, cut at 100 days and residues were put on each respective plot, using a proportion of normal amount of produced straw, either its half and double. the heaviest weights were obtained from cover crop consortium and their application decreased weeds incidence in such area. the seeds bank and other analyzed parameters did not show statistical differences. according to these results, it was concluded that winter cover crop could be used in crops rotation with soybean.
O lugar do afeto, o afeto pelo lugar: o que dizem os idosos?
Macedo, Danielle;Oliveira, Carolina Vilela;Günther, Isolda de Araújo;Alves, Susana Martins;Nóbrega, Thaís Santos;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722008000400007
Abstract: this study investigated the favorite and the avoided places, as well as the affects related to them as examples of environmental strategies of emotional regulation. a total of 340 participants (169 male and 171 female), between 60 to 90 years old, living in two brazilian capitals, brasília and natal, responded individually to a semi-structured interview about their favorite places when they are happy and unhappy, the places they avoid and the reasons for these choices. the results point out to preferences, when they are happy, for environments that allow for social interaction and, next, for their own homes. when the respondents are not happy, the order of those preferences is reverse, and they refer also to places that are agitated and full of stimulation as avoided. it was found more similarities than differences with respect to place of residence, and few differences regarding to gender. results are discussed in terms of the lifespan perspective as well as the reciprocal influence between person versus environment.
Soybean growth and yield after single tillage and species mixture of cover plants
Lima, Gislaine Piccolo de;Nóbrega, Lúcia Helena Pereira;Mauli, Márcia Maria;Rosa, Danielle Medina;Smanhotto, Adriana;
Revista Ceres , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-737X2012000500016
Abstract: the use of cover crops is important for the agricultural crop and soil management in order to improve the system and, consequently, to increase yield. therefore, the present study analyzed the effect of crop residues of black oat (avena strigosa schreb.) (bo) and a cocktail (co) of bo, forage turnip (raphanus sativus l.) (ft) and common vetch (vicia sativa l.) (v) on the emergence speed index (esi), seedling emergence speed (ses) plant height and soybean yield in different intervals between cover crop desiccation with glyphosate 480 (3 l ha-1) and brs 232 cultivar sowing. plots of 5 x 2.5 m with 1 m of border received four treatments with bo cover crops and four with co as well as a control for each cover crop, at random, with five replications. the plots were desiccated in intervals of 1, 10, 20 and 30 days before soybean seeding. the harvest was manual while yield was adjusted to 13% of moisture content. the experimental design was completely randomized with splitplots and means compared by the scott and knott test at 5% of significance. the results showed that co of cover crops can be recommended for soybean to obtain a more vigorous seedling emergence, from 10 days after cover crop desiccation.
Diagnósticos, resultados e interven es de enfermagem para clientes hospitalizados submetidos à prostatectomia
Danielle Martins do Nascimento,Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega,Marisaulina Wanderley Abrantes de Carvalho,Ellen Martins Norat
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2011,
Abstract: Pesquisa exploratório-descritiva realizada em uma Clínica Cirúrgica de um hospital escola, com o objetivo de desenvolver afirmativas de diagnósticos, resultados e interven es de enfermagem para pacientes submetidos à prostatectomia utilizando o modelo de sete eixos da CIPE e validar as afirmativas construídas com a participa o de enfermeiros que atuam na referida área. Foram elaboradas 97 afirmativas de diagnósticos/resultados de enfermagem, que foram submetidas ao processo de valida o por enfermeiros, obtendo como resultado 38 afirmativas com IC ≥ 0.80 (39,2%). A partir destas, construiu-se 259 afirmativas de interven es de enfermagem, que também foram submetidas ao processo de valida o, tendo 210 alcan ado IC ≥ 0.80. Acredita-se que utiliza o dessas afirmativas poderá representar um relevante instrumento na melhoria do cuidado, uma vez que os diagnósticos de enfermagem retratam as reais necessidades dos pacientes hospitalizados, e fornecem ao enfermeiro subsídios para identificar as interven es de enfermagem necessárias à assistência desta clientela.
Corn crop sown during summertime under leguminous residues in a no-tillage system Desempenho da cultura do milho implantada sobre resíduos culturais de leguminosas de ver o em sistema plantio direto
Danielle Medina Rosa,Lúcia Helena Pereira Nóbrega,Gislaine Piccolo de Lima,Márcia Maria Mauli
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2011,
Abstract: The no-tillage system management is considered as an agricultural system very close to sustainability, since it causes less impact to the environment. The crops rotation, when well managed, includes the use of green manure; and leguminous are included in this system as they bring a number of benefits. This context, the study aimed tested leguminous as cover plants on soil with a no-tillage system regarding the growth, yield and maize seeds quality. This decision-making looks for alternatives that contribute for the agroecosystem sustainability, since they allow rational adoption of green manure in production units. The experiment was carried out in the field with leguminous species dwarf mucuna beans, dwarf pigeon pea and stylosanthes, sown in October 2007, in 4 x 5 m plots, with five replications. At 90 days after the cover crops sowing, the leguminous plants were grazed and corn plants were sown 15 days after grazing on waste. The plants heights were determined during the culture development. At the laboratory, after harvest, the productivity and physiological quality of seeds were determined. The experimental design was completely randomized and the averages were compared by the Scott-Knott test at 5% of significance. At 60 days after the maize crop sowing, the treatments with dwarf mucuna beans and dwarf pigeon pea showed higher heights. The other analyzed parameters did not differ among themselves, showing that the treatments not interfere on the maize crop. Actually, it is an alternative to the integrated management of species concerning the summer green manure and crop rotation in no-tillage system. O sistema plantio direto é o sistema agrícola mais próximo da sustentabilidade e com menor impacto ambiental. A rota o de culturas, em sua forma correta, inclui a utiliza o de aduba o verde; e as leguminosas s o inseridas neste sistema por trazerem uma série de benefícios. Neste contexto, o presente estudo testou plantas leguminosas como cobertura do solo em sistema plantio direto sobre o crescimento, produtividade e qualidade de sementes de milho, visando alternativas que contribuam para a sustentabilidade do agroecossistema e permitam a ado o racional da aduba o verde em unidades de produ o. O experimento foi realizado em campo, com as espécies leguminosas feij o guandu an o, mucuna an e estilosantes, semeadas em outubro de 2007 em parcelas de 4x5 m, com cinco repeti es. Aos 90 dias após a semeadura as plantas de cobertura foram ro adas e o milho semeado sobre os resíduos 15 dias após o manejo. Foram realizadas avalia es da estatura das pla
Reduction of QTc interval dispersion. Potential mechanism of cardiac protection of pyridostigmine bromide
Castro, Renata Rodrigues Teixeira de;Serra, Salvador Manoel;Nóbrega, Antonio Claudio Lucas da;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2000000900002
Abstract: objective: parasympathetic dysfunction is an independent risk factor in individuals with coronary artery disease, and cholinergic stimulation is a potential therapeutical option. we determined the effects of pyridostigmine bromide, a reversible anticholinesterase agent, on electrocardiographic variables of healthy individuals. methods: we carried out a cross-sectional, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. we obtained electrocardiographic tracings in 12 simultaneous leads of 10 healthy young individuals at rest before and after oral administration of 45 mg of pyridostigmine or placebo. results: pyridostigmine increased rr intervals (before: 886±27 ms vs after: 1054±37 ms) and decreased qtc dispersion (before: 72±9ms vs after: 45±3ms), without changing other electrocardiographic variables (pr segment, qt interval, qtc, and qt dispersion). conclusion: bradycardia and the reduction in qtc dispersion induced by pyridostigmine may effectively represent a protective mechanism if these results can be reproduced in individuals with cardiovascular diseases.
Tilt teste no diagnóstico diferencial da "epilepsia" resistente ao tratamento
Castro, Renata Rodrigues Teixeira de;Nóbrega, Antonio Claudio Lucas da;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2006001800026
Abstract: epilepsy is one of the most frequent causes of neurological disorders in young adults. we report the case of a patient who lived with the diagnosis of refractory epilepsy for twelve years, when actually the cause of the symptoms could be found with the performance of a tilt table test. cardiologists should be aware of the possible diagnosis of neurocardiogenic syncope in patients previously diagnosed with epilepsy, especially in those with difficult therapeutic control.
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