Abstract:
The various types of tourism aim to consolidate the activity as a product, marketing leisure, culture, past and present targeted to what drives the tourist. Given that, this study aimed to analyze the role played by the government and by public policies designed to chart a course for a touristic tipology in growth: the wine tourism, trips motivated from the interest in the wine and the producer region. The qualitative field method was implemented through descriptive-exploratory research characterized by a case study in the Vale dos Vinhedos. A collection of basic data was compiled from interviews with local private sector representatives and Secretaries of Tourism in the Bento Gon alves, Monte Belo do Sul and Garibaldi municipalities, all located in this region. Among the findings, the Government participate in important points to build the route, however the lack of a policy specifically targeted to the wine tourism tends to compromise its development in the Vale dos Vinhedos.

Abstract:
In recent years Polish historians have shown a growing interest in the history of the Jews in Poland after 1945. Studies on this topic had started – although in a sporadic way - in the 1960s, intensified in the 1980s and at the turn of the twenty first Century they have focused on three main issues: post-war anti-Semitism; emigration and the creation of the State of Israel, and the restitution of property. The aim of this article is to set these studies in the Polish political and cultural context in which they were written in order to highlight elements of change and continuity within the historical debate.

Abstract:
This work was carried out in order to study the phenological pattern of brasil-nut trees in natural forest located in the south of Roraima state, in order to relate the frequency of occurrence of phenophases with rainfall. For the phenological survey 20 adult trees (DBH > 50 cm) were selected in a permanent sample plot of 9 ha. The phenological observations occurred fortnightly from February 2006 to February 2009, when data were collected on the presence or absence of events of flowering, fruiting, leaf flushing and leaf fall for each tree. The Index of population synchrony was used for estimating the synchrony of phenological events. The flowering of brasil-nut proved to be regular, annual, long and synchronous and was correlated with the reduction of rainfall. The fruiting was regular and synchronous, and dispersal was correlated with rainfall reduction. The phenological pattern of leaf flushing tended to vary yearly, being around the continual one in 2007 and bimodal in 2006 and 2008. It was noticed a higher proportion of trees falling leaves between August and October which characterizes a period of transition between the dry and the rainy time with sensitive reduction of rainfall.

Abstract:
The structure and dynamics of dark matter halos, as predicted by the hierarchical clustering scenario, are at odds with the properties inferred from the observations at galactic scales. My Thesis addresses this problem by taking an evolutionary approach. I analysed in detail the many and different observational evidences of a discrepancy the predicted halo equilibrium state and the one inferred from the measurable properties of disk galaxies, as well as of the scaling relations existing between the angular momentum, geometry and mass distribution of the luminous and dark components, and realized that they all seem to point towards the same conclusion: the baryons hosted inside the halo, by collapsing and assembling to form the galaxy, perturb the halo equilibrium structure and made it evolve into new configurations. From the theoretical point of view, the behaviour of dark matter halos as collisionless systems of particles makes their equilibrium structure and mass distribution extremely sensitive to perturbations of their inner dynamics. The galaxy formation occurring inside the halos is a tremendous event, and the dynamical coupling between the baryons and the dark matter during the protogalaxy collapse represents a perturbation of the halo dynamical structure large enough to trigger a halo evolution, according to the relative mass and angular momentum of the two components. My conclusion is that the structure and dynamics of dark matter halos, as well as the origin of the connection between the halo and galaxy properties, are to be understood in in terms of a joint evolution of the baryonic and dark components, originating at the epoch of the collapse and formation of the galaxy.

Abstract:
(Abridged) We build a theoretical model to study the origin of the globular cluster metallicity bimodality in the hierarchical galaxy assembly scenario, based on the observed galaxy mass-[O/H] relation and the galaxy stellar mass function up to z ~4, and on theoretical merger rates. We derive a new galaxy [Fe/H]-M(star) relation as a function of z, and by assuming that GCs share the metallicity of their parent galaxy when they form, we populate the merger tree with GCs. We perform a series of Monte-Carlo simulations of the galaxy assembly, and study the properties of the final GC population as a function of galaxy mass, assembly and star formation history, and under different assumptions for the evolution of the galaxy mass-[Fe/H] relation. The main results are: 1) The hierarchical clustering scenario naturally predicts a metallicity bimodality in the galaxy GC population: the metal-rich GCs are formed in the galaxy main progenitor around z~2, and the metal-poor GCs are accreted from satellites and formed at z~3-4. 2) The model reproduces the observed relations for the metallicity of the metal-rich and metal-poor GCs as a function of galaxy mass. The positions of the metal-poor and metal-rich peaks depend exclusively on the evolution of the galaxy mass-[Fe/H] relation and the [O/Fe], both of which can be constrained by this method. We find that the galaxy [O/Fe] evolves linearly with z from a value of ~0.5 at z~4 to a value of ~0.1 at z=0. 3) Given a galaxy mass, the relative strength of the metal-rich and metal-poor peaks depends exclusively on the galaxy assembly and star formation history: galaxies in denser environments and/or early types galaxies show a larger fraction of metal-poor GCs, while galaxies with a sparse merger history and/or late type galaxies are dominated by metal-rich GCs. 4) The GC metallicity bimodality disappears for galaxy masses below M(star)~1e9, and for z>2.

Abstract:
We introduce "sheafification" functors from categories of (lax monoidal) linear functors to cat- egories of quasi-coherent sheaves (of algebras) of stacks. They generalize the homogeneous sheafification of graded modules for projective schemes and have applications in the theory of non-abelian Galois covers and of Cox rings and homogeneous sheafification functors. Moreover, using this theory, we prove a non-neutral form of Tannaka's reconstruction, extending the classical correspondence between torsors and strong monoidal functors.

Abstract:
Given a finite, flat and finitely presented group scheme $G$ over some base $S$, we introduce the notion of ramified $G$-covers and study the moduli stack $G$-Cov they form. The thesis is divided in three parts. The first one concerns the case when $G$ is a diagonalizable group scheme and it essentially coincides with arxiv:1106.2347. In the second part I deal with the general case. Assuming that the base S is affine and given an $S$-scheme $T$, I interpret $G$-covers of $T$ as particolar (lax) monoidal functors from the category of finite, $G$-equivariant locally free sheaves over $S$ to the category of finite locally free sheaves over $T$, extending the classical Tannakian correspondence between $G$-torsors and strong monoidal functors as above. Using this point of view, I prove that $G$-Cov is always reducible if $G$ is a non-abelian linearly reductive group. When $G$ is constant and tame I also give a criterion to detect when a $G$-cover of a regular in codimension one, integral scheme has regular in codimension one total space in terms of the functor associated with the cover. In the last part I focus on the case $G=S_3$, prove that $S_3$-Cov has exactly two irreducible components and describe the principal one. I also describe particular open loci of $S_3$-Cov, that is particular families of $S_3$-covers, classify $S_3$-covers of regular schemes whose total space is regular and compute the invariants of $S_3$-covers of smooth surfaces.

Abstract:
We interpret Galois covers in terms of particular monoidal functors, extending the correspondence between torsors and fiber functors. As applications we characterize tame $G$-covers between normal varieties for finite and \'etale group schemes and we prove that, if $G$ is a finite, flat and finitely presented non abelian and linearly reductive group scheme over a ring, then the moduli stack of $G$-covers is reducible.

Abstract:
Given a flat, finite group scheme G finitely presented over a base scheme we introduce the notion of ramified Galois cover of group G (or simply G-cover), which generalizes the notion of G-torsor. We study the stack of G-covers, denoted with G-Cov, mainly in the abelian case, precisely when G is a finite diagonalizable group scheme over Z. In this case we prove that G-Cov is connected, but it is irreducible or smooth only in few finitely many cases. On the other hand, it contains a 'special' irreducible component Z_G, which is the closure of BG and this reflects the deep connection we establish between G-Cov and the equivariant Hilbert schemes. We introduce 'parametrization' maps from smooth stacks, whose objects are collections of invertible sheaves with additional data, to Z_G and we establish sufficient conditions for a G-cover in order to be obtained (uniquely) through those constructions. Moreover a toric description of the smooth locus of Z_G is provided.