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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32692 matches for " Daniel Muteti "
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Accounting Systems for Records Keeping Practices for Small Enterprise Development in Makueni County, Kenya  [PDF]
Nicodemus Muteti, Mary Namusonge, David Nzomo
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2018.73012
Abstract: Small enterprise development strategy is used by governments worldwide for economic development, wealth creation and poverty reduction. The government of Kenya vision 2030 of being a medium income economy is anchored on an ambitious economic development blueprint through economic, social and political pillars. While small enterprises are taunted as part of the catalysts for development, by their nature small enterprises face a myriad of challenges in the collection of financial information through accounting system which is used in business decision making. The study considered the challenges faced by the enterprises in record keeping, the type of accounting systems they use and the role of accounting systems in enterprise development in Makueni County, Kenya. Data for the study was collected from 250 small enterprises through semi-structured questionnaires analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Small enterprises prefer maintaining manual records of accounting systems for recording purchases, sales and expenses. The challenges faced were lack of competent clerical staff, time constraints and lack of knowledge on record keeping. A significant linear relationship is evident between accounting systems and enterprise development in Makueni County of Kenya. There is need for the government and other stake holders to intervene in capacity building of small enterprises on accounting practices as a pillar to the development and sustainability of small enterprises in Kenya.
Population Status and Trend of Water Dependent Grazers (Buffalo and Waterbuck) in the Kenya-Tanzania Borderland  [PDF]
Moses Makonjio Okello, Lekishon Kenana, Hanori Maliti, John Warui Kiringe, Erastus Kanga, Fiesta Warinwa, Samwel Bakari, Nathan Gichohi, Stephen Ndambuki, Hamza Kija, Noah Sitati, David Kimutai, Machoke Mwita, Daniel Muteti, Philip Muruthi
Natural Resources (NR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2015.62009
Abstract: Even though over many years the IUCN has considered the African buffalo and waterbuck and abundant species in Africa with no conservation concern, the situation is rapidly changing. Using aerial counts in wet and dry season in 2010 and 2013, this study assessed the trend, population status and distribution of the African buffalo and common waterbuck in the Northern Tanzania and Southern Kenya borderland. Both species were rare in the borderland, with the Amboseli region had the highest number of buffalo (241.5 ± 29.9), followed by Magadi/Namanga (58.0 ± 22.0), West Kilimanjaro (38.8 ± 34.9), and lastly Lake Natron (14.5 ± 9.0) areas. In terms of density, Amboseli also led with 0.03 ± 0.00 (buffalo per km2), but rest had similar densities of 0.01 ± 0.00 buffalo per km2. In terms of percent changes in buffalo, Amboseli area had a positive increase (+10.59 ± 27.71), but with a negative growth of -17.12 in the dry season. All other changes in all locations had negative (decline) buffalo numbers over time. For waterbuck numbers, Amboseli area also led with 12.3 ± 3.9 waterbuck), followed by Magadi/Namanga (10.3 ± 3.7.0), Lake Natron (3.8 ± 3.4), and lastly West Kilimanjaro (0.5 ± 0.5) areas. In terms of waterbuck density, they were low and less than 0.00 ± 0.00 per km2. For percent changes in waterbuck numbers, Magadi/Namanga had higher positive change (+458.33 ± 291.67), but all other locations had negative (decline) changes with the worst being West Kilimanjaro and Lake Natron areas. Further, buffalo number was dependent (p = 0.008) on the season, with numbers being higher in the wet season than dry season. For waterbuck, numbers were independent (p = 0.72) of the season, with numbers being similar across seasons. The findings of this study showed that both species were negatively affected by drought. We recommend a constant joint monitoring program between Kenya and Tanzania, and jointly combat poaching, habitat fragmentation and encroachment to build viable populations in the borderland.
Population Status and Trend of the Maasai Giraffe in the Mid Kenya-Tanzania Borderland  [PDF]
Moses Makonjio Okello, Lekishon Kenana, Honori Maliti, John Warui Kiringe, Erastus Kanga, Fiesta Warinwa, Samwel Bakari, Stephen Ndambuki, Hamza Kija, Noah Sitati, David Kimutai, Nathan Gichohi, Daniel Muteti, Philip Muruthi, Machoke Mwita
Natural Resources (NR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2015.63015
Abstract: Among the nine sub-species of giraffes, the Maasai giraffe is the most widespread and common in Northern and Southern Kenya. Although it’s considered by the IUCN to be a species of no conservation concern, they have been reported to have declined in some of their range areas mostly due to bush meat activities, habitat fragmentation and loss. There are also concerns recent climatic changes especially prevalence of droughts is increasingly becoming another threat to their survival. In this regard, this study examined the status and trend of the Maasai giraffe in the Kenya-Tanzania border after the 2007 to 2009 drought. Amboseli had the highest giraffe number (averaging 2, 062.5 ± 534.7 giraffes), followed by a distant Lake Natron area (725.8 ± 129.4 giraffes), Magadi/Namanga (669.5 ± 198.0 giraffes), and lastly West Kilimanjaro area (236.5 ± 47.8 giraffes). Further, the proportion of giraffes were highest in Amboseli (55.09% ± 5.65%) followed by Lake Natron area (20.98% ± 3.42%), Magadi/Namanga area (16.35% ± 3.83%), and lastly West Kilimanjaro (7.58% ± 2.12%). But in terms of population growth after droughts, giraffe had positive growth in all locations in the borderland, with Magadi leading (+339.82 ± 329.99) followed Lake Natron area (+37.62 ± 83.27), Amboseli area (+38.11 ± 7.09), and lastly West Kilimanjaro (+3.21 ± 57.95.27). Their wet season population and density was much higher than that of the dry season. However, though the species was widely spread in the borderland, they seemed to avoid the region between Lake Magadi and Amboseli which is traversed by the Nairobi-Namanga highway both in wet and dry season. There is a need to develop a collaborative management framework for cross-border conservation to enhance their protection, conservation and genetic linkage.
Population Status and Trend of the Maasai Ostrich in the Mid Kenya—Tanzania Borderland  [PDF]
Moses Makonjio Okello, John Warui Kiringe, Lekishon Kenana, Fiesta Warinwa, Hanori Maliti, Noah Wasilwa Sitati, Erastus Kanga, Samwel Bakari, Stephen Ndambuki, Philip Muruthi, Nathan Gichohi, Edeus Massawe, David Kimutai, Machoke Mwita, Daniel Muteti
Natural Resources (NR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2016.710047
Abstract: The Maasai ostrich (Struthio camelus) is a the largest avian species in East Africa and though it’s not considered to be a species of conservation concern, some populations are on the decline and this is attributed to bush meat activities, predation on their eggs illegal consumption by humans, habitat destruction and forage competition with other large wildlife species. Climate change is also emerging to be another major threat due to interference with food availability which in turn interferes with the breeding rhythm. Thus, this study examined the population status, trend and distribution of the Maasai ostrich in the Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania borderland after the 2007 to 2009 drought. The results showed that the species was found across the entire borderland but the Amboseli region had the highest number and density of Maasai ostrich (726.00 ± 100.9; 0.08 ± 0.01 ostriches per km2), followed by Lake Natron area (330.8 ± 69.8; 0.05 ± 0.01 ostriches per km2) and the least was in West Kilimanjaro (85.5 ± 18.0; 0.03 ± 0.01 ostriches per km2). Drought caused a decline in the population of the Maasai ostrich but the Amboseli area experienced the highest decline in density (?13.44 ± 12.61) compared to other borderland sectors. However, the populations increased in most sectors after the drought, and wet season numbers and densities were higher than the dry season. The highest positive increase in number and density was in Lake Natron area (+85.65 ± 91.06) followed by West Kilimanjaro (+68.39 ± 59.54), and the least was in the Magadi area (+22.26 ± 32.05). There is a need to enhance conservation of avian species like the Maasai ostrich other than just focusing on the charismatic species such as the African elephant and black rhino. We therefore recommend joint collaboration in monitoring all large wildlife populations across the Kenya-Tanzania borderland with a view of understanding their status, trend and best management actions that can enhance their conservation.
Post Drought Population Status and Trend of Specialized Browsers in the Mid Kenya-Tanzania Borderland  [PDF]
Moses Makonjio Okello, John Warui Kiringe, Philip Muruthi, Lekishon Kenana, Hanori Maliti, Noah Wasilwa Sitati, Erastus Kanga, Fiesta Warinwa, Samwel Bakari, Stephen Ndambuki, Nathan Gichohi, Edeus Massawe, David Kimutai, Machoke Mwita, Daniel Muteti
Natural Resources (NR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2016.710048
Abstract: We examined the population status, trend and distribution of Gerenuk, Fringe-eared Oryx and Lesser kudu in the Northern Tanzania and Southern Kenya borderland after the 2007 to 2009 drought. The species were characterized by low numbers and sparsely distributed in the borderland but were more prevalent and abundant in the Amboseli region. However, West Kilimanjaro had the highest positive change in density between 2010 and 2013 [Gerenuk = +1650.48 ± 1150.31, lesser kudu = +912.78 ± 487.63 and Fringe-eared Oryx = +366.65 ± 233.32]. Changes in density and composition varied seasonally among the different sectors of the borderland, with Gerenuk having the highest change in the Amboseli area during the wet season. Lesser kudu had the highest change in Amboseli and Kilimanjaro during the wet season while Fringe-eared Oryx had the highest change in the wet season in West Kilimanjaro area. Spatial distribution of the species varied seasonally and across different sectors of the borderland. In the dry season, Gerenuk exhibited a clumped distribution mainly in Amboseli National Park, and between Natron and West Kilimanjaro but in the wet season, it spread out more though higher concentrations were still found Amboseli and West Kilimanjaro. Lesser concentrated in mostly in West Kilimanjaro and Amboseli during the dry season but was widely dispersed during the wet season. Similarly, during the dry season, the Fringe-eared Oryx was confined in the Amboseli and West Kilimanjaro areas but during the wet season, it much more spread out with clusters in the Mbirikani area of the Amboseli region and a few places in Magadi, Natron and West Kilimanjaro. Management implications of the findings obtained in this study area here-in discussed.
Outcome of treatment of cervical spine tuberculosis at the King George V hospital spine unit
EN Muteti, S Govender
East African Orthopaedic Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis of the cervical spine is uncommon, constituting 3-9% of all cases of tuberculous spondylitis. Objective: To document the results of treatment of cervical spine tuberculosis at the King George Spine Unit. Setting: King George V Hospital Spine Unit, Durban, South Africa. Methodology: This was a review of files of patients treated for cervical spine tuberculosis over a period of 20 years (December 1987 to August 2008). Results: Sixty cases of cervical spine tuberculosis were identified over the study period. The sub-axial spine was affected in 86% of cases. Non-contiguous extra-cervical spinal lesions occurred in 24% of cases. Pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 13% of cases. Other areas of the musculoskeletal system were involved in 7% of cases. The results of treatment were good with 28 of 30 cases (93%) treated by anterior decompression, grafting and interbody fusion showing incorporation of the graft. There was improvement in neurological deficits too. Adjacent segment degeneration was seen in 15 of 35 cases (43%). Graft slippage occurred in four cases (10%). Pancervical ankylosis was seen in three cases (9%) and was symptomatic in one (3%) of these cases. Other complications included esophageal injury, graft fracture, screw loosening, screw malposition and plate fixation failure (2.5% in each case). Conclusion: The results of treatment of cervical spine tuberculosis are good. The most common complication is adjacent segment degeneration, which when severe, presents as pancervical ankylosis. This needs long-term follow-up for clinical features of cervical stenosis. Graft slippage is the second most common complication and is prevented by plate fixation.
Study protocol for promoting respectful maternity care initiative to assess, measure and design interventions to reduce disrespect and abuse during childbirth in Kenya
Charlotte Warren, Rebecca Njuki, Timothy Abuya, Charity Ndwiga, Grace Maingi, Jane Serwanga, Faith Mbehero, Louisa Muteti, Anne Njeru, Joseph Karanja, Joyce Olenja, Lucy Gitonga, Chris Rakuom, Ben Bellows
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-13-21
Abstract: A quasi-experimental design will be followed with surveys at twelve health facilities in four districts and one large maternity hospital in Nairobi and areas before and after the introduction of disrespect and abuse (D&A) interventions. The design is aimed to control for potential time dependent confounding on observed factors.This study seeks to conduct implementation research aimed at designing, testing, and evaluating an approach to significantly reduce disrespectful and abusive (D&A) care of women during labor and delivery in facilities. Specifically the proposed study aims to: (i) determine the manifestations, types and prevalence of D&A in childbirth (ii) develop and validate tools for assessing D&A (iii) identify and explore the potential drivers of D&A (iv) design, implement, monitor and evaluate the impact of one or more interventions to reduce D&A and (v) document and assess the dynamics of implementing interventions to reduce D&A and generate lessons for replication at scale.Pregnancy, childbirth, and their consequences are still the leading causes of death, disease and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. Maternal mortality is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is one hundred times greater than in developed regions [1]. One key strategy to address high maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is to increase the proportion of births attended by skilled birth attendants (SBA); indeed, this is an indicator for United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5. Progress has been slow towards achieving this MDG indicator [1] because improvements require overcoming financial and geographic barriers to accessing SBA, as well as poor quality of care at facilities [1,2].An important, but little understood component of the poor quality of care experienced by women during childbirth in facilities is disrespectful and abusive behavior by health workers and other facility staff [3]. Bowser and H
Results of surgical treatment of quadriceps femoris/contracture in children
E.N Muteti, J.T Theuri, J.T Theuri, T.C Mead, T.C Mead, E.C Gokcen
East African Orthopaedic Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Background: The child presenting with quadriceps femoris/contracture that is resistant to serial manipulation and plaster casting and the older child with a fixed contracture of the quadriceps is treated surgically at the African Inland Church-Cure International Children’s Hospital. The surgery involves soft tissue release and lengthening of the quadriceps tendon. Open reduction of the knee and femoral osteotomy is done as indicated. Objective: To analyze the outcome of surgical treatment of quadriceps femoris contracture in children. Setting: AIC-CURE International Children’s Hospital in Kijabe, Kenya. Methodology: This is a review of files of children in our hospital treated surgically for quadriceps fibrosis over a period of three years (January 2005 to December 2007). Results: There were fifty one cases of quadriceps fibrosis in thirty six patients treated surgically over the study period. Thirty one cases were excluded due to incomplete records or patients lost to follow-up. Consequently, the remaining twenty cases were analyzed. The pre-operative range of motion of the knee was grouped as follows: two cases had dislocated knees, three had hyperextension contractures, thirteen (0-30 degrees) and two (31-60 degrees). The final post-operative range of motion was grouped as follows: three (0-30 degrees), four (13-60 degrees), three (61-90 degrees), one (91-120 degrees) and nine (full range of flexion). Gain in flexion ranged from minus forty degrees to positive 140 degrees. The average gain in flexion was 94.7 degrees. Five patients underwent a second procedure to improve flexion. Soft tissue complications developed in four cases. Conclusion: Quadriceps femoris/contracture responds well to surgical treatment with an expected gain in flexion of 94.7 degrees. The commonest complication is skin breakdown
Poetry Teaching and Multimodality: Theory into Practice  [PDF]
Daniel Xerri
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34077
Abstract: This article discusses the theoretical concepts underpinning a multimodal approach to poetry teaching and considers a number of ways in which this can be adopted in practice. It discusses what is entailed by the concept of multimodality and examines the claims made about the benefits of employing a multimodal approach. It reviews the literature on multimodality and examines how teachers may blend a variety of techniques and resources in order not just to engage their students with poetry but also to activate language learning. In particular, this article examines how by tapping students’ visual and digital literacy skills they are enabled to create video poems, podcasts, hypertexts and wikis, all of which represent new ways of using language and experiencing poetry. Through constant reference to the research carried out so far, this article seeks to show how by means of a multimodal approach poetry can act as a springboard for the development of students’ language proficiency and creative engagement.
Mathematical Derivation of Angular Momenta in Quantum Physics  [PDF]
Daniel Grucker
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.47125
Abstract:

For a two-dimensional complex vector space, the spin matrices can be calculated directly from the angular momentum commutator definition. The 3 Pauli matrices are retrieved and 23 other triplet solutions are found. In the three-dimensional space, we show that no matrix fulfills the spin equations and preserves the norm of the vectors. By using a Clifford geometric algebra it is possible in the four-dimensional spacetime (STA) to retrieve the 24 different spins 1/2. In this framework, spins 1/2 are rotations characterized by multivectors composed of 3 vectors and 3 bivectors. Spins 1 can be defined as rotations characterized by 4 vectors, 6 bivectors and 4 trivectors which result in unit multivectors which preserve the norm. Let us note that this simple derivation retrieves the main spin properties of particle physics.

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