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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189047 matches for " Daniel B. Lima "
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Revis?o crítica sobre o atendimento a homens autores de violência doméstica e familiar contra as mulheres
Lima, Daniel Costa;Büchele, Fátima;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312011000200020
Abstract: this paper is a critical review on interventions with male perpetrators of violence against women, grounded in the revision of national and foreign literature on the theme and results from a case study with a qualitative approach of a governmental domestic and family violence prevention and action program from the south of brazil. besides working with women victims of violence, this program has been attending male perpetrators of violence against women since 2004, a pioneer service in this state, and at that time, one of the few developed in brazil by a governmental organization. the results of this study showed that although these interventions with male perpetrators of violence represent an additional challenge to the complex field of prevention, attention and confrontation of domestic and family violence against women, they can, when developed along with activities already directed to women, create new possibilities to this field, contributing to decrease this violence and promote gender equity.
Microbial Attributes of Infested Soil Suppressive to Bacterial Wilt by Bokashi Amendments  [PDF]
Mariana R. Fontenelle, Carlos A. Lopes, Carlos E. P. Lima, Daiane C. Soares, Luciana R. B. Silva, Daniel B. Zandonadi, Ronessa B. Souza, Ant?nio W. Moita
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.610119
Abstract: Bacterial wilt, caused by Ralstonia solanacearum, is a major tomato disease in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is difficult to be managed, since no single measure confers significant contribution for disease control. Among the cultural practices available for disease management, bokashi provides nutrients to the plants, increasing the microbial biomass, improving the quality of the soil and, in some cases, protecting plants against diseases. In this work, we evaluated the effect of three different bokashis (Embrapa—BE; poultry—BP and cattle—BC) in two soils artificially and naturally infested with R. solanacearum, on the suppression of bacterial wilt in tomato. Disease control is discussed upon measurements on the contents of microbial biomass carbon (MBC), on total organic carbon (TOC), on basal respiration (BR), on metabolic coefficient (qCO2) and on microbial coefficient (qMIC). The experiment was implemented in greenhouse, with completely randomized design and factorial arrangement of treatments 2 × 3 (two soils × three bokashis). Disease suppression, assessed through wilt incidence 20 and 30 days after transplanting, was better observed in the naturally infested soil, where BP and BE were more efficient in controling the disease. TOC contents were higher in the artificially infested soil compared to that naturally infested, whereas the qMIC presented higher value for the naturally infested soil, which had greater contribution of MBC. Higher rates of BR and qCO2 were observed for the naturally infested soil with BC, probably indicating high plant stress caused by the disease in this treatment. Moreover, a high and positive correlation coefficient was found between the variables qCO2 and the number of infected plants at 30 days after transplanting. In the artificially infested soil, a negative correlation was found between the number of infected plants at 20 days after transplanting and TOC.
The entropy of elliptical galaxies in Coma: a clue for a distance indicator
Daniel Gerbal,Gastao B. Lima Neto,Isabel Marquez,Huub Verhagen
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/285.4.41L
Abstract: We have fitted the surface brightness of a sample of 79 elliptical galaxies pertaining to the Coma cluster of galaxies using the Sersic profile. This model is defined through three primary parameters: scale length (a), intensity (\Sigma_0), and a shape parameter (\nu); physical and astrophysical quantities may be computed from these parameters. We show that correlations are stronger among primary parameters than the classical astrophysical ones. In particular, the galaxies follow a high correlation in \nu and a parameters. We show that the \nu and a correlation satisfies a constant specific entropy condition. We propose to use this entropy relation as distance indicator for clusters.
The specific entropy of elliptical galaxies: an explanation for profile-shape distance indicators?
Gastao B. Lima Neto,Daniel Gerbal,Isabel Marquez
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02849.x
Abstract: Dynamical systems in equilibrium have a stationary entropy; we suggest that elliptical galaxies, as stellar systems in a stage of quasi-equilibrium, may have a unique specific entropy. This uniqueness, a priori unknown, should be reflected in correlations between the parameters describing the mass (light) distribution in galaxies. Following recent photometrical work (Caon et al. 1993; Graham & Colless 1997; Prugniel & Simien 1997), we use the Sersic law to describe the light profile of elliptical galaxies and an analytical approximation to its three dimensional deprojection. The specific entropy is calculated supposing that the galaxy behaves as a spherical, isotropic, one-component system in hydrostatic equilibrium, obeying the ideal gas state equations. We predict a relation between the 3 parameters of the Sersic, defining a surface in the parameter space, an `Entropic Plane', by analogy with the well-known Fundamental Plane. We have analysed elliptical galaxies in Coma and ABCG 85 clusters and a group of galaxies (associated with NGC 4839). We show that the galaxies in clusters follow closely a relation predicted by the constant specific entropy hypothesis with a one-sigma dispersion of 9.5% around the mean value of the specific entropy. Assuming that the specific entropy is also the same for galaxies of different clusters, we are able to derive relative distances between the studied clusters. If the errors are only due to the determination of the specific entropy (about 10%), then the error in the relative distance determination should be less than 20% for rich clusters. We suggest that the unique specific entropy may provide a physical explanation for the distance indicators based on the Sersic profile put forward by Young & Currie (1994, 1995) and discussed by Binggeli & Jerjen (1998).
Automatic small bowel tumor diagnosis by using multi-scale wavelet-based analysis in wireless capsule endoscopy images
Daniel C Barbosa, Dalila B Roupar, Jaime C Ramos, Adriano C Tavares, Carlos S Lima
BioMedical Engineering OnLine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1475-925x-11-3
Abstract: The set of features proposed in this paper to code textural information is based on statistical modeling of second order textural measures extracted from co-occurrence matrices. To cope with both joint and marginal non-Gaussianity of second order textural measures, higher order moments are used. These statistical moments are taken from the two-dimensional color-scale feature space, where two different scales are considered. Second and higher order moments of textural measures are computed from the co-occurrence matrices computed from images synthesized by the inverse wavelet transform of the wavelet transform containing only the selected scales for the three color channels. The dimensionality of the data is reduced by using Principal Component Analysis.The proposed textural features are then used as the input of a classifier based on artificial neural networks. Classification performances of 93.1% specificity and 93.9% sensitivity are achieved on real data. These promising results open the path towards a deeper study regarding the applicability of this algorithm in computer aided diagnosis systems to assist physicians in their clinical practice.The innovation of wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) has revolutionized the investigation and management of patients with suspected small bowel disease [1]. Since its introduction, in the year 2000, a new chapter in the small bowel examination was opened, as this new technology allows the visualization of the entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract, reaching places where conventional endoscopy is unable to. In fact, conventional endoscopy presents some important limitations in the diagnosis of small bowel problems, since it is limited to the upper GI tract, at the duodenum, and to lower GI tract, at terminal ileum. Therefore, prior to the wireless capsule endoscopy era, the small intestine was the conventional endoscopy's last frontier, because it could not be internally visualized directly or in it's entirely by any method [2]. The
Homens, gênero e violência contra a mulher
Lima, Daniel Costa;Büchele, Fátima;Clímaco, Danilo de Assis;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902008000200008
Abstract: considering the commitment made by the brazilian government to restrain and prevent violence against women, signed in various international conferences, and in view of the promulgation of the law 11.340/06 - lei maria da penha -, this article intends to develop a reflection on the incorporation of men and of the gender perspective in efforts to prevent and attend to violence against women. despite the increasing interest of scientific literature and health intervention in the involvement of men, especially in the field of sexual and reproductive rights, comparatively, reflections and interventions directed at men who have committed violence against women have received far less attention from governmental and non-governmental institutions, and from the academy. the article presents some concepts and data on violence against women and provides an overview of the connection between gender, health and masculinities; it analyzes some studies that approach the subject of men and violence against women and shares some experiences carried out with men to prevent this form of violence; finally, it offers some final thoughts on the subject.
Identification and dosage by HRGC of minor alcohols and esters in Brazilian sugar-cane spirit
Boscolo Maurício,Bezerra Cícero W. B.,Cardoso Daniel R.,Lima Neto Benedito S.
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2000,
Abstract: The presence of 51 volatile compounds, among alcohols and esters in Brazilian sugar-cane spirit (cacha a), were investigated by high-resolution gas chromatography (HRGC). The following alcohols and esters were identified and quantified: methanol, 1,4-butanodiol, 2-phenylethyl alcohol, amyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, cynamic alcohol, n-decanol, geraniol, isoamyl alcohol, isobutanol, menthol, n-butanol, n-dodecanol, n-propanol, n-tetradecanol, amyl propionate, ethyl acetate, ethyl benzoate, ethyl heptanoate, isoamyl valerate, methyl propionate, propyl butyrate. The average higher alcohols content (262 mg/100 mL in anhydrous alcohol a.a.) and total esters content (24 mg/100 mL a.a.) in cacha as, are smaller than in other spirits. The average methanol content in cacha as (6 mg/100 mL a.a.) is the same as in rum, but smaller than in wine spirit. No qualitative differences of chemical profile among cacha as have been observed.
Truncated long-range percolation on oriented graphs
Aernout C. D. van Enter,Bernardo N. B. de Lima,Daniel Valesin
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider different problems within the general theme of long-range percolation on oriented graphs. Our aim is to settle the so-called truncation question, described as follows. We are given probabilities that certain long-range oriented bonds are open; assuming that the sum of these probabilities is infinite, we ask if the probability of percolation is positive when we truncate the graph, disallowing bonds of range above a possibly large but finite threshold. We give some conditions in which the answer is affirmative. We also translate some of our results on oriented percolation to the context of a long-range contact process.
Identification and dosage by HRGC of minor alcohols and esters in Brazilian sugar-cane spirit
Boscolo, Maurício;Bezerra, Cícero W. B.;Cardoso, Daniel R.;Lima Neto, Benedito S.;Franco, Douglas W.;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532000000100015
Abstract: the presence of 51 volatile compounds, among alcohols and esters in brazilian sugar-cane spirit (cacha?a), were investigated by high-resolution gas chromatography (hrgc). the following alcohols and esters were identified and quantified: methanol, 1,4-butanodiol, 2-phenylethyl alcohol, amyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, cynamic alcohol, n-decanol, geraniol, isoamyl alcohol, isobutanol, menthol, n-butanol, n-dodecanol, n-propanol, n-tetradecanol, amyl propionate, ethyl acetate, ethyl benzoate, ethyl heptanoate, isoamyl valerate, methyl propionate, propyl butyrate. the average higher alcohols content (262 mg/100 ml in anhydrous alcohol a.a.) and total esters content (24 mg/100 ml a.a.) in cacha?as, are smaller than in other spirits. the average methanol content in cacha?as (6 mg/100 ml a.a.) is the same as in rum, but smaller than in wine spirit. no qualitative differences of chemical profile among cacha?as have been observed.
Concentra??o de fluoreto em arroz, feij?o e alimentos infantis industrializados
Casarin,Renato C V; Fernandes,Daniel R M; Lima-Arsati,Ynara B O; Cury,Jaime A;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102006005000034
Abstract: objective: to determine fluoride concentrations in the typical brazilian meal (rice with beans) and in processed infant foods, and to estimate their contribution towards dental fluorosis. methods: the foods were purchased at supermarkets in the cities of piracicaba and campinas, southeastern brazil. the processed infant foods were bought in 2001 and the rice and beans in 2003, and they were analyzed immediately. three brands of rice, three brands of beans and 36 samples of infant foods were analyzed, divided into five groups: ready-to-eat, porridges, formulated foods, powdered milk and others. for the rice and beans, fluoride concentrations were determined in the raw grains and after they were cooked with fluoridated (0.7 ppm) or distilled water. all the fluoride analyses were performed using a specific electrode. a dose of 0.07 mg/kg/day was considered to be the upper limit of fluoride exposure in terms of fluorosis risks. results: the fluoride concentrations found in the grains of rice and beans were low. however, they increased 100 to 200-fold after cooking in fluoridated water. even so, they were lower than what is found in some processed foods. a meal of rice and beans prepared with fluoridated water would be responsible for 29% of the threshold dose for fluoride intake in terms of acceptable fluorosis; the contribution from some processed foods reaches 45%. conclusions: the typical brazilian food, even when prepared with fluoridated water, is safer in terms of the risk of dental fluorosis than are some processed infant foods.
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