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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 146606 matches for " Dana B. Mansour "
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Development of Nursing Research in Qatar: 15-Year Status Report  [PDF]
Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Dana B. Mansour, Abdulkarim Alzayyat, Sindhumole K. Nair, Amer I. Zawahreh
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.72020
Abstract: Purpose: The aim was to provide an overview of nursing research in Qatar over the previous 15 years. Methods: Several online databases were searched for published articles between 2000 and 2015 related to nursing research in Qatar. Findings: The initial search identified 6540 articles, whose titles, abstracts, and texts were screened for satisfying the eligibility criteria. Only 57 articles met the eligibility criteria. The highest percentage of studies (42%) focused on clinical practice issues. Eighty-seven percent (87%) were published in peer-reviewed journals; 84% (N = 48) were conducted between 2011 and 2015 with 16-fold growth rate compared to 2000-2005. The majority of authors were postgraduate qualified nurses, mainly 67% of them with hospital and academic affiliation (88%). The vast majority of identified studies were conducted in hospital settings (63%), and only 14% of the studies used a nursing theory or conceptual framework. Sixty-three percent (63%) of the studies were quantitative, and 25% were funded mostly by hospitals. The majority of the included studies have been done in collaboration with other disciplines (60%), especially with physicians (65%). Conclusion: Nursing research in Qatar has dramatically developed and improved over the last 15 years. However, nurses need to be more motivated to conduct and publish research in collaboration with national, regional, and international research bodies. Implications for Nursing & Health Policy: Building and sustaining nursing research infrastructure considered as a top priority for nursing leaders, academic, and ministry of public health in Qatar. Furthermore, preparing nurses with higher academic degrees is an essential step in advancing research utilization in Qatar and the region.
Pulmonary Hypertension Induced by Thalidomide (and Derivatives) in Patients with Multiple Myeloma: A Systematic Review  [PDF]
Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Nader I. Al-Dewik, Hisham M. Al Sabah, Mohamed A. Yassin, Shehab F. Mohamed, Nabil H. Omar, Dana B. Mansour
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2016.713094
Abstract: Thalidomide is widely used in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). In recent years, several cases of pulmonary hypertension have been reported following treatment with thalidomide. The aim of this review was to evaluate the published literature on multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary hypertension following thalidomide treatment. A literature search was performed between 2000 and 2016. A total of 7 eligible studies were identified and deemed eligible, including 11 cases—approximately 37% (4 cases) with IgA (k), 27% (3 cases) with IgG (λ) MM, 27% (3 cases) with IgG (k) MM, and one case (9%) with primary plasma cell leukemia (PPCL). The vast majority of cases—82% (9 cases)—are associated with thalidomide, while only 18% (2 cases) are related to thalidomide derivatives (lenalidomide and pomalidomide). In conclusion, pulmonary hypertension induced by thalidomide or derivatives in multiple myeloma (MM) patients is related to a multifactorial etiology including the pathophysiology of the disease, thromboembolic events, preexisted cardiovascular conditions, comorbidities, and combination with other chemo- or bio-therapeutic agents. MM patients should be evaluated for signs and symptoms underlying cardiopulmonary disease before initiating, and during treatment with thalidomide.
Psychosocial Health Status of Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses in Jordan  [PDF]
Dana D. Al Abeiat, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Bushra Mustafa Ghannam, Saleh N. Azzeghaiby, Laila Y. Dawood
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.34029
Abstract:

Background: The comorbidity between chronic physical conditions and psychosocial health consequences is becoming a research interest for researchers in the field. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial health status of patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Jordan. Methods: A cross sectional survey using 806 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collect data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress, coping, optimism, life satisfaction, and perceive social support. Results: 17.5% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 50% of them had high level of optimism and life satisfaction, moderate level of effectiveness of coping skills, psychological distress, and perceived social support from family, friends and others. There were significant association between patients’ age and their scores on perception of social support from family, friends and others, life satisfaction, and psychological distress (p > 0.05). While, male and female patients were different in their depressive symptoms (t = -2.57, p = 0.01), perceived social support from others (t = -2.06, p = 0.04), and optimism (t = 2.29, p = 0.02). Also, patients had differences in their depressive symptoms, perceived social support from friends, others and friends, optimism, life satisfaction, and psychological distress related to their medical diagnoses (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Patients with chronic illness are in need for psychological care, and periodic psychological screening is one step toward maintaining their psychological wellbeing.

The Boulder of History is Rolling in Salman Rushdie’s Novel .
Dana B?dulescu
Sfera Politicii , 2011,
Abstract: This paper looks into the artful way in which Salman Rushdie makes the human body the site of the nation’s conflicts in The Moor’s Last Sigh. I argue that the Moor’s story is a well-wrought suture” of the wounds of history. The novel’s title is a metaphor of the dialogic relation between the body and the world concentrated into the sigh. The Moor’s Last Sigh is a palimpsested saga of pluralism, multiplicity and hybridity. In this novel, Rushdie purports to address the issue of violence at various levels, and to suggest that communal violence stirs the potential resources of aggression which are dormant in any individual. Salman Rushdie’s tenth book lends itself to endless interpretations through its recurrent fantastic images and the inspiring Alhambra Palace of Spain.
Rushdie The ‘Translated Man’
Dana B?dulescu
Sfera Politicii , 2011,
Abstract: This paper is an approach to Salman Rushdie, his life and his writing as essentially shaped by migration, which makes him feel a ‘translated man.’ In this respect, Rushdie is emblematic of the migrant writer. I argue that the shift from exile to migrancy is indicative of the migrant writers’ significantly new perception of their own cultural location as interstitial and hybrid, a condition explained by cultural theorist Homi Bhaba.‘Moving across the planet’ in this ‘translation’, Rushdie and other migrant, hyphenated and hybrid writers have access to a number of worlds. This access gives them a ‘double vision’, translating their uncertainty, inquisitiveness and obliqueness, which they impart to their characters that have various experiences of migration. The conclusion is that this ‘in-betweenness’ may be seen as the essential condition of humanity, which is, according to Andrei Ple u, ‘a species of the interval.’
Depression as a risk factor for coronary heart disease—How strong is the evidence?  [PDF]
Hans G. Stampfer, Dana A. Hince, Simon B. Dimmitt
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.24040
Abstract: A critical appraisal is made of the evidence that depression is a causal risk factor for coronary heart disease. PubMed and Science Citation Index were searched for relevant papers. Forty eight papers satisfying inclusion criteria and reporting an association between a measure of depression and a coronary disease outcome were compared in terms of baseline assessment, exposure and endpoint definition, covariates measured and whether changes in, or treatment of, depression was assessed during follow-up. There was considerable variation in the definition of depression and coronary heart disease and contradictory findings are reported. Conventional risk factors for coronary heart disease were not assessed consistently or adequately. Only three of the forty-eight papers gave consideration to the time course of depression during follow-up and prior to study entry. Potentially confounding variables such as anxiety, personality traits and other psychiatric disorders were not taken into consideration in the majority of papers. Treatment of depression during the follow-up period was not mentioned in any of the papers. In light of identified methodological shortcomings and the inconsistent findings reported we suggest that there is as yet no convincing evidence that depression is an independent causal risk factor for coronary heart disease.
Effects of a Foliar Neem Formulation on Colonization and Mortality of Whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) on Collard Plants  [PDF]
Dana Krzyzaniak, Alvin M. Simmons, B. Merle Shepard
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/as.2016.711071
Abstract:
A study was conducted to determine the effects of foliar sprays of a selected neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) product (GOS Neem 7-Way) on colonization and development by the Middle-East Asia Minor-1 (= B-biotype sweetpotato whitefly) Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on collard (Brassica oleracea variety acephala de Condolle) plants. GOS Neem 7-Way is marketed for use as an insecticide in organic and conventional crop production. Caged choice, caged no-choice, and Y-tube olfactometer assays were conducted on oviposition, survival and adult behavioral response to plant treatment with 1.25% azadiractin. In the caged choice experiment, colonization by the whiteflies was reduced and fewer eggs were deposited on neem-treated plants as compared with control plants (only treated with an adjuvant). Similarly, decreased numbers of adult whiteflies and reduced whitefly development were observed in no-choice assays for the neem-treatment, as compared with the untreated control. Both horizontal and vertical-orientated Y-tube olfactometer assays provided complementarily assessments that the neem had a repellency effect on the adult whiteflies. However, the repellency effect primarily dissipated within one day post treatment. Overall, the greatest benefit of the neem treatment appears to have been on whitefly mortality. The findings may be useful in providing a more ecologically sound way to manage populations of the B. tabaci whitefly in organic vegetable production.
A Perturbative-Based Generalized Series Expansion in Terms of Non-Orthogonal Component Functions  [PDF]
Robert B. Szlavik, Dana Paquin, Galen E. Turner III
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.81009
Abstract: In this paper we present a generalized perturbative approximate series expansion in terms of non-orthogonal component functions. The expansion is based on a perturbative formulation where, in the non-orthogonal case, the contribution of a given component function, at each point, in the time domain or frequency in the Fourier domain, is assumed to be perturbed by contributions from the other component functions in the set. In the case of orthogonal basis functions, the formulation reduces to the non-perturbative case approximate series expansion. Application of the series expansion is demonstrated in the context of two non-orthogonal component function sets. The technique is applied to a series of non-orthogonalized Bessel functions of the first kind that are used to construct a compound function for which the coefficients are determined utilizing the proposed approach. In a second application, the technique is applied to an example associated with the inverse problem in electrophysiology and is demonstrated through decomposition of a compound evoked potential from a peripheral nerve trunk in terms of contributing evoked potentials from individual nerve fibers of varying diameter. An additional application of the perturbative approximation is illustrated in the context of a trigonometric Fourier series representation of a continuous time signal where the technique is used to compute an approximation of the Fourier series coefficients. From these examples, it will be demonstrated that in the case of non-orthogonal component functions, the technique performs significantly better than the generalized Fourier series which can yield nonsensical results.
Psychosocial Wellbeing of Patients Diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease  [PDF]
Bushra M. Ghannam, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Diana H. Arabiat, Saleh N. Azzeghaiby, Dana D. Al Abeiat, Talal H. Al Badawi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.58091
Abstract:

Psychological and social wellbeing of patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease is an important component in patients’ recovery. The purpose of this study is to explore the psychological and social factors among individuals diagnosed with coronary artery disease. Methods: 164 patients diagnosed with CHD filled and returned a self administered. Data were collected in regard to stress, depression, perceived social support, and coping. Results: The analysis showed that patients who have moderate level of stress, perceived social support, mild level of depression, have more tendencies to use effective coping strategies. Also the analysis showed that cope, psychological distress, and perceived social support were significant predictors of high level of depression (F = 5.2, p < .001), and that perceived social support from others was the most significant protective factors against depression (F =12.7, p < .001). Conclusion: Mental health care providers need to consider their patients’ psychological wellbeing and sources of social support as part of their routine care and assessment.

Predicting Depression among Jordanian Patients Diagnosed with Physical Illnesses  [PDF]
Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Bushra M. Ghannam, Dana D. Al Abeiat, Talal H. Al Badawi, Imad N. Thultheen, Ibrahim M. Shamali
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.519214
Abstract: Depression is associated with increased medical morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic medical illnesses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial predictors of depression among patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Jordan. A cross sectional survey using 806 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collect data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress, coping, optimism, life satisfaction, and perceived social support. 27.5% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 31% of them had mild level of depression. Psychological distress, perceived social support from family, life satisfaction and optimism were significant predictors of depressive symptoms (R2 = .29; F 11, 803 = 29.7, p < .001). Male and female patients were significantly different in their depressive scores (t = -2.57, p = .01). Implication for clinical practice and research are discussed.
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