oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 52 )

2018 ( 308 )

2017 ( 276 )

2016 ( 377 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 167939 matches for " Dalla Toffola E "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /167939
Display every page Item
Inpatient rehabilitation outcome: a matter of diagnosis?
Bejor M,Ramella FC,Dalla Toffola E,Comelli M
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , 2013,
Abstract: Maurizio Bejor,1 Francesca Chiara Ramella,1 Elena Dalla Toffola,1 Mario Comelli,2 Matteo Chiappedi31University of Pavia, Department of Surgical, Resuscitative, Rehabilitative and Transplant Sciences, Pavia, Italy; 2University of Pavia, Department of Brain Sciences, Medical Statistics Section, Pavia, Italy; 3Don Carlo Gnocchi ONLUS Foundation, Milan, ItalyBackground: Patients with comorbidities are becoming more and more common in Italian rehabilitative wards. These comorbidities are considered a major problem for inpatient rehabilitation, due to the fact that they cause longer lengths of stay, higher costs, and lower functional results.Methods: To investigate the possible relationships between comorbidity, functional impairment, age, and type of discharge in patients hospitalized in postacute rehabilitation facilities, we planned an observational study. A total of 178 consecutive inpatients (average age: 78 years [range: 39–99]) from postacute rehabilitation facilities were recruited. Primary diagnosis, comorbidity rating (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale – Geriatric version, CIRS-G) and functional impairment score (Functional Independence Measure, FIM ) were evaluated at admission. The FIM rating was also assessed at hospital discharge.Results: A total of 178 of the 199 enrolled patients completed the rehabilitation treatment (89.4%). The average length of stay was 46 ± 24 days. CIRS-G showed an average comorbidity score for each patient of 4.45 ± 1.69. The average FIM rating was 79 ± 24.88 at admission, and 91.9 ± 25.7 at discharge. Diagnosis at admission (grouped according to the International Classification of Diseases 9-CM) seemed to correlate with functional results, since lower rehabilitative efficiency was obtained for patients who had a history of stroke.Conclusion: The number and type of comorbidities (CIRS-G) in rehabilitation inpatients do not seem to affect functional outcomes of treatment. The determining factor for a lower level of functional recovery seems to be the diagnosis at admission.Keywords: diagnosis, rehabilitation, inpatients, outcome
Inpatient rehabilitation outcome: a matter of diagnosis?
Bejor M, Ramella FC, Dalla Toffola E, Comelli M, Chiappedi M
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S39922
Abstract: patient rehabilitation outcome: a matter of diagnosis? Original Research (480) Total Article Views Authors: Bejor M, Ramella FC, Dalla Toffola E, Comelli M, Chiappedi M Published Date February 2013 Volume 2013:9 Pages 253 - 257 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S39922 Received: 04 November 2012 Accepted: 30 November 2012 Published: 18 February 2013 Maurizio Bejor,1 Francesca Chiara Ramella,1 Elena Dalla Toffola,1 Mario Comelli,2 Matteo Chiappedi3 1University of Pavia, Department of Surgical, Resuscitative, Rehabilitative and Transplant Sciences, Pavia, Italy; 2University of Pavia, Department of Brain Sciences, Medical Statistics Section, Pavia, Italy; 3Don Carlo Gnocchi ONLUS Foundation, Milan, Italy Background: Patients with comorbidities are becoming more and more common in Italian rehabilitative wards. These comorbidities are considered a major problem for inpatient rehabilitation, due to the fact that they cause longer lengths of stay, higher costs, and lower functional results. Methods: To investigate the possible relationships between comorbidity, functional impairment, age, and type of discharge in patients hospitalized in postacute rehabilitation facilities, we planned an observational study. A total of 178 consecutive inpatients (average age: 78 years [range: 39–99]) from postacute rehabilitation facilities were recruited. Primary diagnosis, comorbidity rating (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale – Geriatric version, CIRS-G) and functional impairment score (Functional Independence Measure, FIM ) were evaluated at admission. The FIM rating was also assessed at hospital discharge. Results: A total of 178 of the 199 enrolled patients completed the rehabilitation treatment (89.4%). The average length of stay was 46 ± 24 days. CIRS-G showed an average comorbidity score for each patient of 4.45 ± 1.69. The average FIM rating was 79 ± 24.88 at admission, and 91.9 ± 25.7 at discharge. Diagnosis at admission (grouped according to the International Classification of Diseases 9-CM) seemed to correlate with functional results, since lower rehabilitative efficiency was obtained for patients who had a history of stroke. Conclusion: The number and type of comorbidities (CIRS-G) in rehabilitation inpatients do not seem to affect functional outcomes of treatment. The determining factor for a lower level of functional recovery seems to be the diagnosis at admission.
The application of Kyoto Protocol in Italy: role and required synergies between central and regional administrations
Pilli R,Anfodillo T,Dalla Valle E
Forest@ , 2007,
Abstract: According to art. 3.3 of the Kyoto Protocol, Parties included in Annex I shall report the net changes in greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks resulting from afforestation, reforestation and deforestation activities. To assess these activities, Italy has to define methods to estimate land use change occurring after 31 December 1989. On the other hand, Italy elected forest management as additional human-induced activity to attain the goals of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The paper considers the key-role that central and regional Administrations may have in order to solve some specific problems regarding data collection and management issues.
Uso do leite de vaca in natura no controle de oídio na cultura da gérbera
Jasper, M?nica;Pria, Maristella Dalla;Silva, Andressa Andrade e;
Summa Phytopathologica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-54052009000400011
Abstract: a gérbera (gerbera jamesonii) é uma das mais populares plantas ornamentais do mundo, tanto como flor de corte como de vaso. o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o leite in natura no controle do oídio (erysiphe cichoracearum) na cultura da gérbera. foram utilizadas duas concentra??es de leite de vaca in natura (8 e 16%), com e sem adi??o de adjuvante (óleo vegetal), três fungicidas (fenarimol -6 g i.a.100 l-1 h2o, chlorothalonil -150 g i.a.100 l-1 h2o e azoxystrobin + óleo mineral -10 g i.a.100 l-1 h2o) e testemunha. com os dados de severidade foi calculada a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doen?a (aacpd). o leite in natura aplicado com o adjuvante controlou o oídio, n?o permitindo a instala??o e o desenvolvimento do patógeno. o uso do adjuvante melhorou a eficiência do leite in natura, no entanto requer a lavagem posterior das plantas com h2o + detergente. o fungicida fenarimol promoveu melhor controle de oídio e aspecto visual das plantas de gérbera. o fungicida azoxystrobin + óleo mineral e o chlorothalonil foram fitotóxicos à planta de gérbera, o que prejudicou a aparência das folhas e flores.
Harvested wood products and carbon sink in a young beech high forest
Fontanella F,Penzo D,Anfodillo T,Dalla Valle E
Forest@ , 2008, DOI: -
Abstract: According to art. 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol (KP), Italy has elected forest management as additional human-induced activity to attain the goal of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The whole forest area not subjected to afforestation, reforestation or deforestation processes since 1990 will be considered as managed forest. In order to analyse different management strategies, the Carbon-Pro Project, involving 9 partners of the European CADSES area, considered a young beech high forest (ex-coppice, defined as "transitory silvicultural system" ) as a common case study for the Pre-alps region. Using data collected with forest plans during the period 1983 - 2005, aboveground and belowground forest carbon stock and sink of a specific forest compartment were estimated by the Carbon Stock Method proposed by the IPCC Guidelines. In order to apply this approach 41 trees were cut and a species-specific allometric equation was developed. Considering the aboveground tree biomass, the carbon sink amounts to 1.99 and 1.84 Mg C ha-1 y-1 for the period 1983 - 1994 and 1994 - 2005 respectively. Adding the belowground tree biomass, the estimated sink amounts to 2.59 and 2.39 Mg C ha-1 y-1 for each period. Taking the harvested wood products (firewood), the total carbon sequestration during the second period is 0.16 Mg C ha-1 y-1. The case study highlights the possible rules for the different management strategies. In effect, the utilisation of the entire increase in aboveground biomass as firewood gives an energy substitution effect but, according to the Marrakesh Accords, it cannot be accounted for the KP. On the other hand, an accumulation strategy gives the maximum possible carbon absorption and retention.
Variation of forest surface and carbon fixation in mountain areas of the Regione Veneto (Italy) and the application of the Kyoto protocol
Lamedica S,Dalla Valle E,Pilli R,Anfodillo T
Forest@ , 2007,
Abstract: The Parties that have signed the Kyoto Protocol must reduce global emissions of Greenhouse Gasses (GHG) during the First Commitment Period (2008 - 2012) by at least 5% with respect to 1990. This share is 6.5% for Italy. The Kyoto Protocol lays down some measures for reducing GHG emissions, which include actions in agriculture and forestry. it will thus be possible to take emissions and absorptions resulting from land use changes into account in the National Balances. Given the widespread forests in Italy, it is very important to have an assessment of the aptitude of this sector to act as a carbon sink. In this study we analysed the variation of forestland cover in a mountain area of the Veneto Region (NE Italy). The analysis was done by comparing aerial photos taken in 1991 with orthophotos reported to 2003, by photointerpretation of points with casual distribution on sample areas, according to a stratified sampling. We estimated a statistically relevant increment of about 0.095% of forest land only up to 1500 m compared to the estimated forest cover for 1990 (about 42 ha), underlining how this low increase is mainly due to forest management. The second step was to estimate the fixed carbon in the areas where forests increased. This was achieved by collecting biometrical data in the field, and then using allometric functions. The annual carbon sink was estimated as 0.69 Mg ha-1 year-1. Comparing these results with previous studies done in the pre-alpine region we estimate the annual increment of the forest area in the whole Veneto region to be about 409.94 ha and that the total carbon sink is about 282.86 Mg C year-1. A method for estimating carbon sink in afforestation/reforestation areas is proposed that could also be applied to other sites in Italy.
First Measurements of Ambient Total Gaseous Mercury (TGM) at the EvK2CNR Pyramid Observatory in Nepal
Gratz L. E.,Esposito G.,Dalla Torre S.,Cofone F.
E3S Web of Conferences , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20130127004
Abstract: As part of the Global Mercury Observation System (GMOS) project, a global-scale network of ground-based atmospheric monitoring sites is being developed with the objective of expanding the global coverage of atmospheric mercury (Hg) measurements and improving our understanding of global atmospheric Hg transport. An important addition to the GMOS monitorng network has been the high altitude EvK2CNR Pyramid Observatory, located at an elevation of 5,050 meters a.s.l. in the eastern Himalaya Mountains of Nepal. Monitoring of total gaseous mercury (TGM) using the Tekran 2537A Mercury Vapor Analyzer began at the EvK2CNR Pyramid Observatory in November 2011. From 17 November 2011 to 23 April 2012, the mean concentration of TGM at the Pyramid was 1.2 ng m 3. A range of concentrations from 0.7 to 2.6 ng m 3 has been observed. These are the first reported measurements of atmospheric Hg in Nepal, and currently this is the highest altitude monitoring station for atmospheric Hg in the world. It is anticipated that these high quality measurements, in combination with the other continuous atmospheric measurments being collected at the Pyramid station, will help to further our understanding of Hg concentrations in the free troposphere and the transport of atmospheric Hg on the global scale.
Music Performance
William Forde Thompson,Simone Dalla Bella,Peter E. Keller
Advances in Cognitive Psychology , 2006,
Abstract:
El protolito siliciclástico de las Ectinitas El Jagüelito, provincia de Río Negro The siliclastic protolith of the El Jagüelito ectinites Río Negro provimce
LH Dalla Salda,E Aragón,A Benialgo,P Abre
Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina , 2003,
Abstract: Mediante el análisis del protolito se determinó el carácter de los sedimentos madre de las Ectinitas El Jagüelito, localizadas en la secuencia de metamorfitas del basamento cristalino del este del Macizo Norpatagónico. Se realizaron estudios que incluyeron petrografía, análisis con conteo de granos, relaciones y composición del bandeado y rayos X. Las rocas investigadas derivaron de grauvacas y arenitas líticas, principalmente de grano psamítico y pelítico, depositadas en una cuenca marina profunda por corrientes de alta densidad, provenientes de un arco magmático cercano. Escasas rocas ricas en cuarzo y otras de bajo contenido en carbonato de calcio, pueden representar ambientes más neríticos. El sistema químico de las muestras analizadas no parece haberse modificado por alteración, transporte o metamorfismo. El comportamiento de muchos elementos relevantes en el estudio de protolitos, sugiere que el metamorfismo fue isoquímico. Los diagramas de discriminación de ambientes tectónicos, apuntan a un margen activo como fuente de procedencia de los sedimentos. Recientes datos geocronológicos parecen indicar que el arco continental y la sedimentación del protolito, ocurrieron durante el Cámbrico. The sedimentary character of the El Jagüelito ectinites, within the classic sequence of the crystalline basement of eastern North Patagonian Massif has been established by protolith analysis. A range of studies from hand specimen to trace elements analysis and including micro section, single grain, banding relations and X-ray analysis were performed. The rocks are derived from pre-existing greywacke and lithic sandstone, of shale to sandy grain size. They were deposited within a deep-sea basin, as high-density current deposits coming from a magmatic arc. Sparse quartz- rich rocks and calcium-poor carbonate rocks may represent a more neritic environment. Weathering, transportation and diagenesis seem not to modify the HFS elements. The behaviour of chemical elements, which are relevant to protoliths, suggests that metamorphism was isochemical. Discriminate tectonic diagrams indicate an active margin as the source of the sediments. Recent data from the region seem to indicate a Cambrian age for the continental arc and protolith sedimentation.
Correcting for interplanetary scattering in velocity dispersion analysis of solar energetic particles
T. Laitinen,K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa,E. Valtonen,S. Dalla
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/806/1/114
Abstract: To understand the origin of Solar Energetic Particles (SEPs), we must study their injection time relative to other solar eruption manifestations. Traditionally the injection time is determined using the Velocity Dispersion Analysis (VDA) where a linear fit of the observed event onset times at 1 AU to the inverse velocities of SEPs is used to derive the injection time and path length of the first-arriving particles. VDA does not, however, take into account that the particles that produce a statistically observable onset at 1 AU have scattered in the interplanetary space. We use Monte Carlo test particle simulations of energetic protons to study the effect of particle scattering on the observable SEP event onset above pre-event background, and consequently on VDA results. We find that the VDA results are sensitive to the properties of the pre-event and event particle spectra as well as SEP injection and scattering parameters. In particular, a VDA-obtained path length that is close to the nominal Parker spiral length does not imply that the VDA injection time is correct. We study the delay to the observed onset caused by scattering of the particles and derive a simple estimate for the delay time by using the rate of intensity increase at the SEP onset as a parameter. We apply the correction to a magnetically well-connected SEP event of June 10 2000, and show it to improve both the path length and injection time estimates, while also increasing the error limits to better reflect the inherent uncertainties of VDA.
Page 1 /167939
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.