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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 15693 matches for " Daily Life at Sea "
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Executive Functioning in Every Day Life in Ecuatorian Adolescents with Developmental Dyslexia  [PDF]
Manuel Soriano-Ferrer, Elisa Piedra-Martínez, Magali Arteaga
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.95066
Abstract: Introduction: Deficits in executive functions (EF) have been well documented using tests of neuropsychological performance in children and adolescents with developmental dyslexia. However, the behavioral assessment of EFs in dyslexia is very scarce. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the EF of adolescents with dyslexia, in comparison with adolescents with typical development. We used the BRIEF-A Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function in Adults (BRIEF-A). Method: 19 adolescents with dyslexia and 20 adolescents with normal development, participated, matched in age, sex and IQ. Parents and adolescents themselves completed the BRIEF-A. Results: The results show that both parents and adolescents with dyslexia consider that they have more problems of EF in daily life, especially in metacognitive processes (initiation, WM, planning, supervision of tasks and planning-organization). In addition, parents reported a lower severity of EF deficiencies than adolescents themselves when detecting a lower percentage of scores above the clinical cut-off point. Conclusions: Adolescents and their parents do not always agree in FE assessments. Consequently, information from both informants is essential to understand and treat children with developmental dyslexia. The results coincide with the FE deficits found with neuropsychological tests.
Adolescências e identidades estéticas no cotidiano
Vitelli, Celso;
Educa??o em Revista , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-46982009000300004
Abstract: this article deals with the contemporary transformations that have put forward different views of important concepts, of which we highlight those of culture, consumption, esthetics, adolescence and art. these concepts, related to one another, have been approached having the adolescent as the center of the discussion. the study attempts to bring the quotidian of the adolescent to the center of the scene, valuing every action and speech as a means to enable the investigation of adolescence, whereas considering the speed of the changes that mark the present time and space. the investigation has unveiled a quotidian in which adolescence is celebrated in our culture, at the same time influenced by a society strongly directed towards consumption, interfering in the conception of social and cultural values constantly produced and reproduced.
Disability and Quality of Life among Elderly Persons with Self-Reported Hearing Impairment: Report from the Ibadan Study of Aging  [PDF]
Akeem O. Lasisi, Oye Gureje
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2013.22016
Abstract:
Background: Despite a high prevalence of hearing impairment (HI) among the elderly, the effect on their quality of life (QOL) has not been well studied in this environment. Aim: To determine the prevalence of disability and profile of QOL among elderly persons (aged ≥65 years) with HI. Design of Study: Cross-sectional. Setting: Eight contiguousYoruba-speaking states in Nigeria. Methods: Face-to-face interviews of respondents selected using a multi-stage, stratified area probability sampling of households; HI was based on self report and observer confirmation and the QOL was measured with the World Health Organization brief version (WHOQOL-Bref). Results: The prevalence of disability in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was 35.4% while it was 10.1% in Instrumental ADL. Prevalence increased significantly with increasing age (P = 0.05). Disability in ADL (P = 0.01), poor family interaction (P = 0.01), poor community involvement (P = 0.01) cognitive impairment (P = 0.05) and poor report of overall health (P = 0.05) were significantly more common among the elderly with HI than those without. No significant differences were found in regard to current depression or the likelihood of experiencing verbal, physical or emotional abuses. Logistic regression analyses adjusting for age, sex, chronic medical conditions and disability confirmed the salient effect of HI on the decrement in the physical domains (P = 0.05). Conclusion: HI is associated with high prevalence of disability and has adverse effect on the quality of life. This observation strengthens the need for hearing rehabilitation in the policy formulation on the care of the elderly in resource-poor settings.
A Meaningful Life for Older Persons Receiving Municipal Care—Unit Leaders’ Perspectives  [PDF]
Annica Kihlgren
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.511110
Abstract: Introduction: In Sweden, new national guidelines for elderly care have been introduced containing core values and local guarantees of dignity that highlight the need for dignity, well-being and the organisation of the older person’s daily life, so it is perceived as meaningful. Unit leaders play a crucial role in health care organisations when guidelines are to be implemented. Aim: The aim was therefore to describe unit leaders’ experiences about what constituted a meaningful daily life for older persons receiving municipal care and the opportunities and obstacles that might exist. Method: Repeated interviews using reflective conversations with nine leaders were performed and analysed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Unit leaders felt a shared vision regarding a meaningful life was needed. Daily routines and habits that promoted independence, a feeling of community together with familiarity with the job, and got the little extra from knowledgeable staff were important. The historical collective paradigm in elderly care needed to be abandoned in favour of one promoting more individualism. Fundamental was the courage to ask the older person what was important and dared to follow through to “Give power to the older person to decide what care to be given”. Conclusion: Organisational conditions affect unit leaders’ ability to succeed in the implementation of the work. Further studies are required regarding the nature of the support that the unit leaders need to succeed in their work.
The Relationship between Experiences of Athletic and Daily Life and Personality in Senior High School Students  [PDF]
Daisuke Horii, Enji Okuda
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.103020
Abstract: No single factor has yet emerged to date in the literature on personality, and it is unlikely that one will ever be found given the diversity of traits subsumed under the category of personality. We hypothesized that experiences of crisis, exploration, and commitment in athletic and daily life events affect personality. This study examined the relationship between experiences of athletic and daily life and personality in Japanese senior high school students by using multiple regression analysis. We had senior high school students (189 males and 118 females) complete a questionnaire assessing their experiences of crisis, exploration, and commitment on four issues (Teammates, Authority Figures, Competition Results, Contest Continuation) in the athletic domain, and on six issues (Study, Future Courses, Values, Family, Opposite Sex Friends, Same Sex Friends) in the daily life domain. Our results reveal that, there are significant models for factors of Extraversion and Neuroticism in males with less than 10 years of experience; for males with over 10 years of experience, there were significant models for factors of Neuroticism. Moreover, for males with less than 10 years of experience, there were significant relationships between personality with regards to exploration in the athletic domain and daily life domain; for males with over 10 years of experience, there were significant relationships between personality with regards to commitment in the athletic domain, crisis, and commitment in the daily life domain. For females with less than 10 years of experience, there was no significant difference; for females with over 10 years of experience, there were significant relationships between personality with regards to crisis in the athletic domain. Thus, there was a more significant relationship between various experiences and personality in males than females. Similar to previous research examining personality, this study highlights the importance of including experiences of crisis, exploration, and commitment when taking part in sports activity.
El abogado Gemelli: memoria viajera y cultura letrada
Bernabéu Albert, Salvador
Anuario de Estudios Americanos , 2012,
Abstract: This study offers a biographical sketch of the traveler Gianfrancesco Gemelli Carreri (Radicena, 1651-Naples, 1725), who undertook (among other travels) a trip around the world between 1693 and 1698. His European dealings are placed in context, his literary output scrutinized, and the controversies surrounding the publication of his Giro del Mondo (1699-1700) discussed. The latter part of the study examines the circumstances behind his journey from Manila to Acapulco and the richness of his account of it, one of the most detailed and fascinating texts we have of a passage across the northern Pacific. El trabajo aborda la biografía del viajero Gianfrancesco Gemelli Carreri (Radicena, 1651-Nápoles, 1725), quien realizó, entre otros viajes, una vuelta al mundo entre 1693 y 1698. Se contextualizan sus empresas europeas, se analiza la producción literaria y se resaltan las polémicas que rodearon su Giro del Mondo (1699-1700). La última parte del trabajo está dedicada a estudiar las circunstancias y riqueza de datos del relato de su periplo desde Manila a Acapulco: uno de los textos más completos e interesantes para conocer la travesía del Pacífico Septentrional.
Een Nederlands bewijs voor leven in de diepzee
Kees J.M. Kramer
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1990,
Abstract: Dutch evidence for life at the depths of the ocean An early Dutch finding of a living organism in the deep-sea is discussed. The organism proved to be a new species of the Pennatulida and was named Crinillum Siedenburgii after the Dutch officer Siedenburg who dredged the animal from the depth of the Bande Sea in 1858. This finding was made 10 years before the first of a series of expeditions by Wyville Thomson, confirming the existence of living organisms in the deep-sea.
A Fragment of Daily Life in the Collectivized Romanian Village between 1971-1985
GHEORGHE ?I?E?TEAN
Revista Roman? de Sociologie , 2012,
Abstract: Based on a personal diary, I will reconstitute certain fragments of daily reality in one collectivized village of the communist period. The research approach is based on a contextual, localist-type methodological perspective, important for minimizing the potential negative effects of the epistemological precarity of post facta analysis, so characteristic to the social and humanistic fields of study. Without doubt, it does not eliminate subjectivity, but it reduces it significantly. The analysis proposed below captures the characteristics of the rural daily life in the last period of the Romanian communist society based on the following criteria: the dissolution of the traditional, peasant village and the end of the peasantry; the emergence of new social value systems; the dismantling of peasant collectivism; the widening rural-urban gap and the effects of economic crisisies in the eighties, which affected both the rural and the urban localities.The premise I start from is that the communist period cannot be judged by applying a reductionist and nominalist label; it must be approached from inside of its own specificity, by attempting to reconstitute the mechanisms of social articulation, which generate new phenomena, having their own historicity, some of which have found an extension in the post-communist period as well.
La representación social de la vida cotidiana en jóvenes: naturalización y cambio
Seidmann,Susana; Bail Pupko,Vera; Azzollini,Susana; Thomé,Sandra; Di Iorio,Jorgelina;
Anuario de investigaciones , 2009,
Abstract: an exploratory research was carried on - ubacyt project - with the aim of describing daily life social representations which young people, in ages between 20 and 30 years old, of different socio-economical levels construct. a combinated study is performed between the procesual (jodelet, 1984, 2006; moscovici, 1961, 1984, 2001; banchs, 2000) and the structural (abric, 1994) approaches in social representations. in this paper there is a presentation of preliminary results. there were fulfilled interviews which were analized in order to identify what and how the participants report as their daily life. emergent categories were constructed and related to the theoretical dimensions about daily life. the data show that the themata inside/outside is relevant and expands itself to other oppositions: familiar/new, forseen/unforseen, other significants/choir, wellbeing/malaise and public/private. in terms of objectivation and anchorage, "house" and "work" show up to be figures that make the social representation concrete and anchored.
O cotidiano, as crian?as, suas infancias e a mídia: imagens concatenadas
Gomes, Lisandra Ogg;
Pro-Posi??es , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73072008000300009
Abstract: children's practices show that they build different meanings from the connections they establish in their daily routines. this paper presents reflections concerning the dynamic status of childhood and the way children attribute meanings to words and things through their actions and perceptions of the world. children's socialization processes and their multiple directions and dimensions will be considered as references. they are social processes that occur between children and adults, between children and peer groups and between children and their families, nursery schools, preschool and the media.
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