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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8072 matches for " Dafeng Milu Natural Reserve "
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麋鹿生存湿地环境之比较研究——以南海子麋鹿苑与大丰麋鹿自然保护区为例
Research on Milu’s Different Living Wetlands—Through Comparing Nan Haizi Milu Park and Dafeng Milu Protection Zone
 [PDF]

朱明淏
Open Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (OJSWC) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/OJSWC.2014.24005
Abstract:
本文选取南海子麋鹿苑、大丰麋鹿自然保护区为研究对象,通过实地考察,对两处麋鹿栖息地湿地环境进行比较和分析,对研究结果进行讨论,从而进一步探索和发掘在当今生态环境下,适合麋鹿生存发展的湿地自然条件。
The paper researched the Nanhaizi Milu Park and Dafeng Elk Nature Reserve, by comparing and analyzing the elk habitat wetland environments. Then the author discussed the data for exploring and discovering the suitable wetland natural conditions for the survival and development of the Milu deer in the present ecological environment.
休情状态下圈养麋鹿昼间冲突行为初步分析
Diurnal Conflict Behaviors of Captive Elaphurus davidianus in the Anestrous Period

任义军,王立波,俞晓鹏,郜志鹏,原宝东
- , 2018,
Abstract: 中文摘要:为了探讨休情期麋鹿 Elaphurus davidianus冲突行为与等级序位的关系以及冲突行为的促发因素,于2015年4月、11月和2016年12月采用扫描取样法对江苏大丰麋鹿国家级自然保护区的圈养麋鹿昼间冲突行为进行了观察,共记录到1 452次冲突行为。结果显示:同年龄阶段雄鹿的等级序位高于雌鹿;同性别的成年体壮个体的等级序位高于未成年个体;麋鹿昼间冲突行为的表达方式与麋鹿自身体表特征有关,冲突行为的表达方式在硬角期、脱角生茸期和茸角硬化期3个阶段之间的差异有高度统计学意义( P<0.01);休情期因争夺食物资源发生冲突行为的比例最高(61.55%),从动者的行为以采食行为比例最高(36.61%),3个阶段之间和上、下午的差异均无统计学意义( P>0.05);休情期内冲突的激烈程度偏低,从动者反抗次数少(20.25%)。本文为大丰麋鹿种群的饲养、管理与驯化,以及麋鹿迁地保护提供参考依据。
英文摘要:The relationship between agonistic conflict behaviors and rank class of captive Elaphurus davidianus was studied during April and November in 2015 and December in 2016, and the provocative factors were explored. The scanning sampling method was used to record the diurnal conflict behaviors of E. davidianus in Jiangsu Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve, and a total of 1 452 conflict accidents were observed. The results showed that:the rank class of males was higher than females at the same age; the rank class of adults was higher than juveniles at the same gender; the expression way of conflict behaviors showed an extremely significant difference among 3 stages of antler circles ( P<0.01); E. davidianus attack patterns were related to its physical characteristics, and the food content was the main factor promoting the conflictions (61.55%). There were no significant differences among the 3 stages and between the morning and afternoon ( P>0.05). This research of anestrous conflict behavior provides a reasonable reference for the feeding, management, domestication, and ex situ conservation of E. davidianus population in Dafeng. 2018,37(1): 1-7 收稿日期:2017-06-07 DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170179 分类号:Q959.8;Q958 基金项目:江苏林业三新工程项目(LYSX[2016]41);江苏省博士后科研资助计划项目(1601112C);江苏省大丰麋鹿国家级自然保护区科研计划项目(2016MLKY04);河南省科技攻关立项项目(172102310443) 作者简介:任义军(1972-),男,高级工程师,主要从事野生动物保护方面的研究 *通讯作者:原宝东,E-mail:yuanbao365@163.com 参考文献: 曹克清. 2005. 麋鹿研究[M]. 上海:上海科技教育出版社:30-55. 丁玉华, 任义军, 徐安红, 等. 2009. 发情期野生与圈养麋鹿群主行为差异[J]. 南京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 32(3):114-118. 郭延蜀, 胡锦矗, 罗代华, 等. 1991. 四川梅花鹿的社群行为研究[J]. 兽类学报, 11(3):165-170. 何利军, 丁由中, 夏述忠, 等. 2000. 圈养条件下白唇鹿行为观察[J]. 动物学杂志, 35(2):27-31. 胡健生, 刘波, 何晓瑞. 1995. 饲养条件下水鹿( Cervus unicolor)行为的研究[J]. 云南大学学报(自然科学版), 17(3):243-248. 蒋志刚, 丁玉华. 2011. 大丰麋鹿与生物多样性[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社:1-12. 蒋志刚, 李春旺, 彭建军, 等. 2001. 行为的结构、刚性和多样性[J]. 生物多样性, 9(3):265-274. 蒋志刚. 2000. 麋鹿行为谱及PAE编码系统[J]. 兽类学报, 20(1):1-12. 蒋志刚. 2004. 动物行为原理与物种保护方法[M]. 北京:科学出版社:43-75. 李春旺, 蒋志刚, 曾岩. 2001. 雄性麋鹿的吼叫行为、序位等级与成功繁殖[J]. 动物学研究, 22(6):449-453. 李忠秋. 2016. 三种珍稀有蹄类动物的警戒行为数据[J]. 生物多样性, 24(12):1335-1340. 陆
Assessing the Impact of Different Land Use Activities on the Vegetation Cover and Sustainable Livelihoods along the Banks of Niles at Khartoum State, Sudan  [PDF]
Galal E. Omer, Babiker A. Elhassan, Fatima A. Mohammed
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.33005
Abstract: Land use activities (LUA) have a significant impact on the level and situation of vegetation characteristics and in turn affect human population as they are considered as the main global environmental changes. This study analyzed land use patterns in three different locations in Khartoum, Sudan: banks of River Nile, Blue and White Nile. The main objective of the present study were 1) to assess the changes in land use and their impact on vegetation cover and sustainable livelihoods of the population, and 2) to identify the factors behind land use changes along the Banks of Niles, Khartoum State. The study data used were field survey (questionnaire) which revealed the existence of five types of land use patterns: roads, human settlements, agricultural and plantations farms, and industrial of brick-kilns making and investment areas. The primary data were collected through social survey (questionnaire) as face-to-face interviews with local communities in the study area and by observations. The secondary records during the field survey were collected from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and the Forest National Corporation (FNC) documents, scientific papers and annual reports. SPSS was used to analyze the data acquired from questionnaires. Results showed that agricultural land, and industrial and residential areas increased while forests and bare lands decreased as a result of changes imposed by the government and local population with consequent land degradation in terms of environmental value and productivity. Interestingly, it was found that the impact of land use on vegetation cover and livelihood of the population was very complex and dynamic and that the main influencing factors in this process were climate fluctuations and human illegal interference. For instance, vast areas in west bank of White Nile were changed from agriculture to residence and investment. In conclusion, land use requires a clear plan for optimum utilization. Various human activities are behind these changes, which have led to deterioration of forest cover and loss of the source of income of local population. Because of such alarming changes, decision makers should initiate efficient plans and management of forests to minimize changes in land cover, especially in arid and semi-arid areas. We recommend that a sound land use plan should be revised often to ensure rehabilitation, reduce vulnerability to desertification and halt the encroachment by construction of facilities and buildings at the expense of environmental issues.
The construction and management of nature reserves in China
Jin Jianming National Environmental Protection Agency of China,Beijing,China,
Jin
,Jianming

环境科学学报(英文版) , 1997,
Abstract: This article briefly outlines the construction and development of natural reserves; it embraces the necessity and main content of the mangement of natural reserves, including theoretical guidance, targets management, planning management, legislative management, technological management, administrative management. It discusses the experience of construction and management of natural reserves and existing problems in this regard as well as correspondent solutions such as policy measures, technology measures and management measures.
Diversity of springtails (Collembola, insecta) in the Obedska Bara special nature reserve
Lu?i? L.R.
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/abs0603001l
Abstract:
Batsara National Reserve: History and Ecotourism Prospects
Tamar Tamarashvili
European Researcher , 2012,
Abstract: Having analyzed the scientific literature and sophisticated primary sources of information, the region has proved to be very prospective due to the eco-tourist potential and the relic yew tree.
Etnobotanica na Reserva Extrativista Marinha de Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brasil
Fonseca-Kruel, Viviane Stern da;Peixoto, Ariane Luna;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062004000100015
Abstract: the arraial do cabo marine extractive reserve (resex), is located on arraial do cabo municipality, cabo frio region. it is a conservation unit with social and ecological interest, that intends to protect the livelihood of traditional fishermen, local flora and fauna. the climate is tropical dry and the vegetation classified as sandy-coastal-plain vegetation. this study goal was to survey useful species on the land part of resex, and associate this knowledge to local traditions. the ethnobotanical data was obtained by observer participation and structured interviews with traditional fishermen. from the 444 use citations, there were 68 species, 61 genera and 42 families. use categories were as follows: food (45,6%), medicinal (39,7%), technology (29,4%), firewood (10,2%), construction (8,8%) and ornamental (2,9%). the shannon index was used to analyse the diversity of useful species, with the result of 1,78 (base 10) and 4,10 (base e), showing that the local fishermen have knowledge about the biodiversity, compared to other studies of brazilian coast. data from this research will make possible the development of strategies for the sustainable use of natural resources, considering the environment perception of the population, based on cognitive systems developed over time between man and nature.
La sostenibilidad de explotaciones campesinas situadas en una reserva natural de Argentina Central
Cáceres, Daniel M;
Agrociencia , 2009,
Abstract: discussions linked to sustainability occupy almost all social spaces, yet there is not much research that makes the concept operative, and most discussions remain theoretical. using a theoretical framework and a set of three ecological and three socioeconomic indicators, this work analyzes the sustainability of farms located in a natural reserve in central argentina. with a series of data of five years, an analysis was carried out of: 1) the socio-productive trajectories of the farms; 2) the advantages and disadvantages of using temporary data series; 3) the problems of using indexes that value the sustainability of farms in an aggregated form. there were no significant changes in the land sustainability index (lsi) during the studied period, although there are important changes in the ecological index and in some primary indicators (pis) that make up the latter index (especially erosion). paying little attention to the disaggregated behavior of the variables on which the sustainability of production systems relies, or an inappropriate consideration of the time scales needed for their measurement, could lead to erroneous valuations of land sustainability. this could erroneously lead to the creation of specific policies, and have a negative impact on the conservation of biodiversity and quality of life of farmers in central argentina.
DIVERSIDAD DE ODONATA (INSECTA) EN LA RESERVA NATURAL CABILDO-VERDE (SABANA DE TORRES-SANTANDER, COLOMBIA), UNA APROXIMACIóN HACIA LA CONSERVACIóN
GARZóN SANABRIA,CAROLINA; REALPE,EMILIO;
Caldasia , 2009,
Abstract: we studied the diversity of odonata (insecta) in six sampling stations in the sabana de torres county, department of santander, colombia. four stations were located within the natural reserve cabildo verde, an area long the western hall slope of the eastern cordillera, in the magdalena's river mid valley. the remaining two were located outside of this reserve. the species composition was analyzed using an euclydian distance analysis. we found 245 adult individuals belonging to seven families, 22 genera and 39 species in the sabana de torres; 33 species, most of them in the suborder zygoptera were found in the natural reserve cabildo verde. the shannon-weaver value for the natural reserve was of h`= 2,972 and outside of the reserve h`= 2,645, both relatively high in comparison to other studies. there was not significant differences in the number of species inside and outside of the reserve (chi-squared, x 2 = 1,51, gl=1, p> 0.05); however, the composition of dragonflies within the reserve was given mainly by estenotopics species, especially those in the families protoneuridae and perilestidae. such species are abundant in the studied area, occurring in streams with high vegetal coverage in primary and secondary forests.
Diversidad de helechos y licófitas de la Reserva Natural Punta Lara, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Giudice,Gabriela E; Ramos Giacosa,Juan Pablo; Luján Luna,María; Ya?ez,Agustina; de la Sota,Elías R;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2011,
Abstract: diversity of ferns and lycophytes from reserva natural punta lara, buenos aires , argentina. punta lara natural reserve shelters the relict of the southernmost riparian forest in the world, where the flora is threatened by the anthropic expansion and by the introduction of exotic species. in this area the ferns and lycophytes grow in particular environments as marshland, grassland and marginal forest. the aim of this work was to evaluate the diversity of ferns and lycophytes that inhabit in punta lara natural reserve. field trips were conducted from 2006 to 2009 and local herbaria and specific bibliography were also revised. as a result of our study twenty four taxa of ferns and lycophytes were recognized. their habit was mainly terrestrial (70%), fewer aquatic (17%) and epiphytic (13%). five native taxa were scarcely recorded whereas two native species previously documented were not found. we assume that the main threats on ferns and lycophytes populations in punta lara reserve are: removal for comercialization, invasion by exotic species and climatic fluctuations (drought periods). keys for taxa identification are given and strategies for the conservation of threatened taxa are proposed. rev. biol. trop. 59 (3): 1037-1046. epub 2011 september 01.
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