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Restoring Identity and Bringing Balance through Navajo Healing Rituals
Paul F. Moulton
Music and Arts in Action , 2011,
Abstract: The primary focus of the ceremonies of the Native American Navajo tribe is to bring balance by re-establishing harmony or hózhó. This article proposes that significant psychological and emotional benefits result from the identity affirmation that occurs in these ceremonies. The ceremonies recalibrate patients regarding social and supernatural relationships, and their attachment to place and time, in what the author calls cosmographic orientation. The Enemyway ceremony is the primary focus of the article.
The nuclear events guiding successful nerve regeneration
Sumiko Kiryu-Seo,Hiroshi Kiyama
Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience , 2011, DOI: 10.3389/fnmol.2011.00053
Abstract: Peripheral nervous system (PNS) neurons survive and regenerate after nerve injury, whereas central nervous system (CNS) neurons lack the capacity to do so. The inability of the CNS to regenerate presumably results from a lack of intrinsic growth activity and a permissive environment. To achieve CNS regeneration, we can learn from successful nerve regeneration in the PNS. Neurons in the PNS elicit dynamic changes in gene expression in response to permissive environmental cues following nerve injury. To switch gene expression on and off in injured neurons, transcription factors and their networks should be carefully orchestrated according to the regeneration program. This is the so-called “intrinsic power of axonal growth.” There is an increasing repertoire of candidate transcription factors induced by nerve injury. Some of them potentiate the survival and axonal regeneration of damaged neurons in vivo; however, our knowledge of transcriptional events in injured neurons is still limited. How do these transcription factors communicate with each other? How does the transcriptional machinery regulate the wide variety of regeneration-associated genes (RAGs) in the properly coordinated manner? In this review, we describe our current understanding of the injury-inducible transcriptional factors that enhance the intrinsic growth capacity, and propose a potential role for specificity protein 1 (Sp1), which provides a platform to recruit injury-inducible transcription factors, in simultaneous gene regulation. Finally, we discuss an additional mechanism that is involved in epigenetic modifications in damaged neurons. A comprehensive understanding of the nuclear events in injured neurons will provide clues to clinical interventions for successful nerve regeneration.
Study on Acidity of Ultrastable Y Zeolites by Frontal Gas Chromatography

Kuang Yueping,He Nongyue,

色谱 , 1994,
Abstract: 用前沿色谱法测定吡啶及位阻胺(2,6-二甲基吡啶)的吸附量并与吡啶吸附红外光谱法相对照,研究了超稳Y沸石USY和HSY的酸度及变化趋势,结果表明,两种方法所得出的酸性变化规律大致相同,但前者测定的B酸与L酸量之比远高于后者,表明位阻胺不只吸附在B酸位上而且吸附在L酸位上,沸石的孔结构对酸性测定有着显著的影响。
Synthesis, Reactions and Characterization of 1,1’-(1,4-Phenylenebis(3-amino-6-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine-4,5-diyl))bis(ethan-1-one)  [PDF]
Ahmed A. M. Elreedy, Hameed M. Alkubaisi, Fawzy A. Attaby
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2016.61007
Abstract: Reaction of 4,4’-(1,4-phenylene)bis(5-acetyl-6-methyl-2-thioxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitrile) (1) with methyl iodide afforded the 4,4’-(1,4-phenylene)bis(5-acetyl-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)nicotinonitrile) (2). The reaction of 2 with hydrazine hydrate followed by diazotization reaction af-forded the 1,1’-(1,4-phenylenebis(3-amino-6-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine-4,5-diyl))bis(e-than-1-one) (3) and 1,1’-(1,4-phenylenebis(3-(chlorodiazenyl)-6-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]-pyridine-4,5-diyl))bis(ethan-1-one) (4) respectively. On the other hand, reaction of 4 with malononitrile, 2-cyanoethanethioamide, ethyl acetoacetate, acetyl acetone, ethyl benzoylacetate, diethylmalonate, ethyl cyanoacetate and phenacylbromide aiming to build up pyrazolotriazine or pyrazole ring on the ring system of 4. Structures of all newly synthesized heterocyclic compounds in the present study were confirmed by considering the data of IR, 1H NMR, mass spectra as well as that of elemental analyses.
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