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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191363 matches for " D Ademola-Popoola "
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Retinoblastoma - a clinico - pathological study in Ilorin, Nigeria
JFA Owoeye, EAO Afolayan, D Ademola-Popoola
African Journal of Health Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Retinoblastoma is the commonest childhood primary malignant intraocular neoplasm that is often characterized by spontaneous regression. They display photoreceptor differentiation. This study provides the clinical presentations and histological profiles of retinoblastoma in Ilorin, Kwara – State, in the North Central geo-political zone of Nigeria. A retrospective study of clinically and histologically verified retinoblastoma at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara – State, Nigeria from January 1989 to December 2000 was undertaken. The clinical and histological features were analyzed using the patient\'s case folder and surgical pathology records. There were 20 patients, 9 males and 11 females (M:F ratio 1: 1.2), age range from 5 1/2 months to 6 years with 23 eyeball tumours histologically confirmed retinoblastoma during the study period. Proptosis with chemosis was the most common clinical presentation (84.6%). Bilaterality was 15% in this study. Enucleation and Exenteration combined with chemotherapy were offered to 15 (75%) and 5 (25%) patients respectively. A poorly differentiated type with extensive areas of tumour necrosis was the commonest histological pattern. Thirteen (65%) of the patients died before completing the course of chemotherapy. African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 13 (1-2) 2008: pp. 117-123
Neuro-ophthalmic Manifestation Of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma At Ilorin: A Five Year Review
AD Dunmade, DA Ademola-Popoola
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2008,
Abstract: Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) may present with neuro-ophthalmic symptoms including visual loss. Involvement of the cranial nerves have been found to impact significantly on the individual\'s 5 year survival rate,whichmakes an early diagnosis of this condition of great importance in the management ofNPC. Aretrospective reviewof all patients with clinical and histological diagnosis of NPC over a five year period between 1999 and 2003was carried out. Information retrieved from the records include their age, symptoms and signs with emphases on neuro-ophthalmic at presentation. Data were analysed using SPSS statistical package. Twenty records out of the 23 patients with a diagnosis of NPC seen during this period were available for review.The age rangewas between 20 and 60years, theMeanwas 38.9years, SD11.62. Sixty percent of the patients had neuroophthalmic manifestation with symptoms such as ocular pain, double vision, loss of vision and eye protrusion and signs such as ophthalmoplegia, exposure keratopathy and proptosis in various combinations. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations were commonly found among patients diagnosed as NPC at Ilorin. A high index of suspicion of NPC whenever a patient presents with neuro-ophthalmic signs and symptomis advocated.
Herpes zoster infection and HIV seropositivity among eye patients – University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital experience
JFA Owoeye, DS Ademola-Popoola
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: This paper reports cases of Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus (HZO) seen in 10 Nigerian adults at the Eye clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria, some of whom tested positive to HIV infection using Elisa method with confirmation using the Western blot test.. There were 6 female and 4 male patients. Five (50%) of the patients tested positive for HIV. A high index of suspicion should be maintained among Ophthalmologists when confronted with patients with HZO who are healthy looking.
Traditional couching for cataract treatment: A cause of visual impairment
DS Ademola-Popoola, JFA Owoeye
West African Journal of Medicine , 2004,
Abstract: Background: Cataract is the most common cause of blindness both in Nigeria and in the world over. Couching as an ancient method of treatment usually practiced by traditional healer is discouraged and has been abandoned as a result of the attendant complications and also because of the availability of better techniques in the treatment of cataract. Study Design: Records of 9 eyes of 6 patients (4 males, 2 females) who presented at the eye clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital following traditional treatment of cataract known as couching between April 1999 and December 2001 were reviewed retrospectively. Result: The male: female ratio was 2:1. The age range was from 43 years to 80years. The period between couching and presentation was between 3 months and 10 years. All the patients presented as a result of poor vision in the couched eyes. The complications recorded include glaucoma, optic atrophy and panuveitis. None had previous spectacle correction. Couching was done biocularly in 3 patients and uniocularly in 3 patients. The visual acuity at presentation was less than 3/60 in 8(88.8%) eyes. The patients received treatment, ranging from surgical, medical to optical as indicated. Their visual acuity improved to between 6/36 and 6/18 in 6 (66.6%) eyes, while the remaining 3 (33.3%) eyes remained blind. Conclusion: Scientifically proven atrocities performed by those who practice medicine without any medical knowledge often referred to as “traditional doctors” as shown here are reasons enough to discourage such practices as they exist at present. Key Words: Couching, Cataract, Visual acuity, Complications. Résumé Introduction:- La cataracte est une cause la plus courante de la cécité au Nigeria et partout dans le monde les deux, couching, une méthode ancienne du traitement mis en pratique, d'habitude par des guérisseurs traditionnels, est découragée et été abandonnée a la suite des complications concomitants et aussi à cause des meilleures techniques disponibles pour le traitement de la cataracte. Plan d'étude:- Dossiers des 9 yeux des 6 patients (4 du sexe masculin, 2 du sexe féminin) qui se sont présentés à la clinique oculaire du centre hospitalier universitaire d'Ilorin à la suite du traitement traditionnel de la cataracte appelé couching. Entre avril 1999 et decembre 2001 sont passé en revue ont été révisés rétrospectivement. Résultat:- La proportion: sexe masculin: sexe féminin était de 2 pour 1. L'ordre d'age était 43 ans aux 80 ans. La période entre le couching et présentation était entre 3 mois et 10 ans. Tous les patients se sont présentés à la suite de la mauvaise vision dans les yeux traite à travers le couching. Des complications notées comprend glaucome, atrophie optique, et panuveite. Aucun n'avait pas subi la correction à travers la lunette. Couching a été fait à travers la méthode binoculaire chez 3 patients et unioculaire chez 3 patients. L'acuité visuelle au cours de la presentation était moins de 3/60 en 8(88,8%) de
Psychologica and social adjustment to blindness: Understanding from two groups of blind people in Ilorin, Nigeria
MF Tunde-Ayinmode, TM Akande, DS Ademola-Popoola
Annals of African Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Blindness can cause psychosocial distress leading to maladjustment if not mitigated. Maladjustment is a secondary burden that further reduces quality of life of the blind. Adjustment is often personalized and depends on nature and quality of prevailing psychosocial support and rehabilitation opportunities. This study was aimed at identifying the pattern of psychosocial adjustment in a group of relatively secluded and under-reached totally blind people in Ilorin, thus sensitizing eye doctors to psychosocial morbidity and care in the blind. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study using 20-item Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) and a pro forma designed by the authors to assess the psychosocial problems and risk factors in some blind people in Ilorin metropolis. Result: The study revealed that most of the blind people were reasonably adjusted in key areas of social interaction, marriage, and family. Majority were considered to be poorly adjusted in the areas of education, vocational training, employment, and mobility. Many were also considered to be psychologically maladjusted based on the high rate of probable psychological disorder of 51%, as determined by SRQ. Factors identified as risk factors of probable psychological disorder were poor educational background and the presence of another medical disorder. Conclusion: Most of the blind had no access to formal education or rehabilitation system, which may have contributed to their maladjustment in the domains identified. Although their prevailing psychosocial situation would have been better prevented yet, real opportunity still exists to help this group of people in the area of social and physical rehabilitation, meeting medical needs, preventive psychiatry, preventive ophthalmology, and community health. This will require the joint efforts of medical community, government and nongovernment organizations to provide the framework for delivery of these services directly to the communities. DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.82073
Psychosocial characteristics of totally blind people in a Nigerian city
Ademola-Popoola Dupe,Tunde-Ayinmode Mosunmola,Akande Tanimola
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology , 2010,
Abstract: Purpose: To characterize the demographic and psychosocial problems of a group of blind people as a way of attracting more attention to and providing data that can improve the psychosocial care of the visually impaired. Materials and Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study of a population of totally blind people in Ilorin, Nigeria using a self-report questionnaire (SRQ). The questionnaire was verbally administered by the study personnel in the local language. Simple frequency tables were obtained and the Chi-square test was performed to determine significant differences between variables. P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Sixty one blind patients consented to participate. Most participants were engaged in street begging for their livelihood. Most subjects desired a job change, signifying dissatisfaction with the present occupation. Up to 80% of the cohort was married and had spouses who were also blind in at least one eye. Approximately two-thirds had five or more children and majority lived with family members who were responsible for taking care of their personal hygiene, cooking and mobility. The majority developed blindness in childhood and 16% had a family history of blindness and 77% had never used conventional eye care, with corneal disease being the most frequent cause of blindness. Many feared that their children may also become blind. Thirty-one (51%) scored ≥5 on SRQ and were classified as probable cases of psychological disorder. Conclusion: Blindness in a majority of cases that started in childhood was probably preventable. Inaccessibility to or failure of the formal rehabilitation and social welfare systems may have caused this psychosocial dilemma. The high level of social and family interaction provides opportunity for organized preventive ophthalmology, community health care services and psychosocial care.
Psychological and social adjustment to blindness: Understanding from two groups of blind people in Ilorin, Nigeria
Tunde-Ayinmode Mosunmola,Akande Tanimola,Ademola-Popoola Dupe
Annals of African Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Blindness can cause psychosocial distress leading to maladjustment if not mitigated. Maladjustment is a secondary burden that further reduces quality of life of the blind. Adjustment is often personalized and depends on nature and quality of prevailing psychosocial support and rehabilitation opportunities. This study was aimed at identifying the pattern of psychosocial adjustment in a group of relatively secluded and under-reached totally blind people in Ilorin, thus sensitizing eye doctors to psychosocial morbidity and care in the blind. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study using 20-item Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) and a pro forma designed by the authors to assess the psychosocial problems and risk factors in some blind people in Ilorin metropolis. Result: The study revealed that most of the blind people were reasonably adjusted in key areas of social interaction, marriage, and family. Majority were considered to be poorly adjusted in the areas of education, vocational training, employment, and mobility. Many were also considered to be psychologically maladjusted based on the high rate of probable psychological disorder of 51%, as determined by SRQ. Factors identified as risk factors of probable psychological disorder were poor educational background and the presence of another medical disorder. Conclusion: Most of the blind had no access to formal education or rehabilitation system, which may have contributed to their maladjustment in the domains identified. Although their prevailing psychosocial situation would have been better prevented yet, real opportunity still exists to help this group of people in the area of social and physical rehabilitation, meeting medical needs, preventive psychiatry, preventive ophthalmology, and community health. This will require the joint efforts of medical community, government and nongovernment organizations to provide the framework for delivery of these services directly to the communities.
Retinoblastoma – a clinico - pathological study in Ilorin, Nigeria
Joshua FA Owoeye, Enoch AO Afolayan, Dupe S Ademola-Popoola
African Journal of Health Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: Retinoblastoma is the commonest childhood primary malignant intraocular neoplasm that is often characterized by spontaneous regression. They display photoreceptor differentiation. This study provides the clinical presentations and histological profiles of retinoblastoma in Ilorin, Kwara – State, in the North Central geo-political zone of Nigeria. A retrospective study of clinically and histologically verified retinoblastoma at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara – State, Nigeria from January 1989 to December 2000 was undertaken. The clinical and histological features were analyzed using the patient's case folder and surgical pathology records. There were 20 patients, 9 males and 11 females (M:F ratio 1: 1.2), age range from 5 months to 6 years with 23 eyeball tumours histologically confirmed retinoblastoma during the study period. Proptosis with chemosis was the most common clinical presentation (84.6%). Bilaterality was 15% in this study. Enucleation and Exenteration combined with chemotherapy were offered to 15 (75%) and 5 (25%) patients respectively. A poorly differentiated type with extensive areas of tumour necrosis was the commonest histological pattern. Thirteen (65%) of the patients died before completing the course of chemotherapy. African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 12(3-4) 2005: 94-100
Bacterial Uropathogen among Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Patients at a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria  [PDF]
Adebola J. Oshodi, Charles Nwabuisi, Ademola A. Popoola, Luke D. Edungbola, Olajide O. Agbede, Ajibola A. Akanbi II, Abayomi Fadeyi, Rasaki A. Raheem
Open Journal of Medical Microbiology (OJMM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmm.2015.51004
Abstract: As the lumen of the prostatic urethra becomes compromised by fibroadenomatous growth in the periurethral region of the prostate of men with Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), urine outflow is obstructed progressively resulting in incomplete bladder empting causing stasis and may predispose patients to infection. Mid stream urine samples were collected from 94 BPH patients. Macroscopy, microscopy, culture and antibiotic susceptibility test were carried out on isolated uropathogens. Isolated bacteria were characterized using biochemical tests. Isolated bacterial pathogens include Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella oxytoca, Morgarella morgani, K. pneumonia and Enterococcus faecalis in order of frequency. The isolates show highest resistance of 87.1% to Ciprofloxacin and least resistance of 12.9% to Imipenem. The isolates were found to be multi-drug resistant and the 12.9% resistance to Imipenem suggests presence of Carbapenemase producing bacteria among the isolates.
Optimisation of weld-metal chemical composition from welding- flux ingredients: A non-pre-emptive goal programming approach
Ademola D. Adeyeye
Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: A non-pre-emptive goal programming (NGP) model for weld-metal chemical composition optimisation from welding-flux ingredients is proposed. The proposed model, which is the first multi-objective mathematical programming approach to welding-flux formulation, provides increased flexibility to the welding-flux formulator in several ways: (1) several conflicting objectives can be simultaneously considered, (2) the best compromise for welding-flux formulation can be achieved with minimal expenditure of resources and experimental efforts, (3) the welding-flux designer can explore various trade-off options, and (4) the lead time and cost of developing welding consumables can be drastically reduced. This paper has extended the work of Kanjilal and co-investigators by coupling it with the NGP optimisation technique so as to prescribe the welding-flux ingredient levels that will achieve optimum performance for the flux at minimum experimental efforts and cost. The feasibility and suitability of the model is illustrated with data from the literature.
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