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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 299 matches for " Croatia "
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Risk Governance Recommendations for Unconventional Gas Development Regulatory Framework in Croatia  [PDF]
Daria Karasalihovi? Sedlar, Lidia Hrn?evi?
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24041
Abstract:

The following article has been retracted due to the investigation of complaints received against it. The Editorial Board found that substantial portions of the text came from other published papers. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter, and the Journal of power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) treats all unethical behavior such as plagiarism seriously. This paper published in Vol.2 No.4,297-303(pages), 2014, has been removed from this site.


Pharmaceuticals and Their Impact on the Environment
?ogelja ?ajo, G,Osre?ki, V,Tomi?, S
Kemija u Industriji , 2010,
Abstract: Pharmaceuticals are a class of emerging environmental contaminants that are extensively and increasingly being used in human and veterinary medicine and are released continuously into the environment. A variety of pharmaceuticals have been detected in many environmental samples worldwide. The establishment of chemical analysis methods able to determine more polar compounds allow the determination and identification of trace quantities of drugs and their metabolites. Most regulatory agencies require that environmental risk assessment is performed as an integral part of their approval procedures for the marketing for medicinal products. Marketing approval for medicinal products in the European Union is regulated by the Directive 2001/83/EC. Based on the Directive, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has published guidelines describing the procedure for the environmental risk assessment for medicinal products marketed in the EU. The requirements for the Environmental risk assessment (ERA) in Croatia are regulated by the Medicinal Products Act (Official Gazette No. 71/07) and the Ordinance on the Procedure and Method for Granting Marketing Authorisations for Medicinal Products (Official Gazette No. 113/08).
The Regulation of Medicines in Croatia - a Contribution to Public Health
Tomi?, S,Filipovi? Su?i?, A,Ili? Martinac, A
Kemija u Industriji , 2010,
Abstract: The regulatory system for medicinal products includes the existence of a legislative framework and a medicines agency as the regulatory body. The legislative framework for medicinal products has been amended several times so as to align it with the EU acquis communautaire, where medicinal products represent one of the best regulated and aligned areas. For the purpose of regulating the Croatian medicines market, the Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices was established in 2003 to implement the procedure of granting marketing authorisation for medicinal products, to supervise the adverse reactions of medicinal products, to conduct laboratory tests of the quality of medicines and vaccines sampled from the market, to issue licences for the manufacture and distribution of medicinal products, to monitor medicine consumption, and to inform about medicines and promote their rational use. Medical devices are regulated under a special act, and the Agency conducts entries into the register in that field and carries out vigilance over medical devices. In this way, products intended for health care on the Croatian market are of the appropriate quality, safety and efficacy, and are under the constant supervision of the competent body that assesses their risk-to-benefit ratio. Upon accession of the Republic of Croatia to full membership in the European Union, the Agency will be included in the European authorisation procedures for medicines, such as the centralised procedure in the European Medicines Agency (EMA), and above all, the mutual recognition procedure and decentralised procedure in which the role of the agencies of EU Member States is greater. This article gives an overview of the most important regulatory activities in the field of medicinal products, and the readiness of the Agency to function in the future integrated European regulatory area.
Material for the Encyclopaedic Dictionary Of Croatian Analytical Terminology. Part III. Analytical Measurements Departments
Grdini?, V
Kemija u Industriji , 2010,
Abstract: This paper systemizes the terms from the field of analytical measurement, which usually determines relation between measurement properties and measurement quantity. Measurement, errors of measurement, specificity of analytical process, analytical system and analytical signal are discussed. An encyclopaedic dictionary of 64 terms is also included. Encyclopaedic dictionary of terms has been grouped according to general measurement terms: (1) quantities and units, (2) measurement, (3) results of a measurement and (4) measuring devices and their characteristics.
Research of private label development in Croatia
Sandra Horvat
Tr?i?te/Market , 2009,
Abstract: Private labels have been present on the market since 19th century but their intensive market growth began in the last thirty years after retailers realized what their potential could be in the fight against ever-growing competition. Their market growth has not been distributed equally thought the world so Europe became the region with the highest private label market share, which exceeds 40% on some markets. Although the private label market share in Croatia is considerably smaller, it has also increased steadily over the last decade since private labels were introduced on the market. This paper presents the findings of a research conducted for the purpose of identifying trends in private label development on the Croatian market. The research was conducted through in-depth interviews with private label managers in retail companies in Croatia, and with the managers responsible for private label production in manufacturing companies. The research identified three expected trends of private label development in Croatia and these are: an increase in private label quality, the maintenance of a price gap between private labels and manufacturers’ brands and a further increase in the private label market share.
Croatian employee’s behavior and attitudes with respect to ethical norms for business practices
Marina Dabi?
Tr?i?te/Market , 2009,
Abstract: Ethical norms for business practices differ by intensity and variety across countries so managers from multinational corporations (MNCs) entering transitional economies must be able to staff subsidiaries understanding this dilemma. The aim of this article is to get a better understanding of workers’ behavior and attitudes with respect to business ethics in Croatia. We explored four ethics issues: (1) attitude to ethical issues in general, (2) information manipulation, (3) environmental issues and (4) law issues. The question we pose is: can workers be placed into meaningful groups by consideration of the variation in a number of economic, demographic and behavioral/attitudinal traits? Improved knowledge of ethical behavior of different groups of workers should be useful to managers and policy makers who want to encourage ethical behavior among those segments of population where it is currently rare. Results could be useful both to policy makers at the government level, and to the managers who might be worried that a low sensitivity to ethical issues could influence their firms’ performance.
CROATIAN HONEY MARKET IN EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT
Dragana Duki?,Zlatko Pu?kadija,Ivan ?tefani?,Tihomir Florijan?i?
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2004,
Abstract: This examination is based on comparison of honey production, in countries of European Union, transition countries and The Republic of Croatia. The situation in Croatia is shown with all information about honey production. All data are compared with already managed European countries. In comparison with registrated number of beekeepers and hives, Croatia belongs to transition countries with the smallest number of beekepers and hives. On the other hand, values, such as, number of hives per beekeper and average honey production by hive, classify Croatia ahead of transition countries. There are very few professional beekepers in Croatia, as well as in other transition countries, but not countries of The European Union. Honey production in Croatia has been increasing last seven years and in the last few it increased more than 50%. Export of honey in the last 2 years is half of the complete honey production, which accomplish conditions for export enlargement. At the same time, import of honey is considerable reduced. Conditions for export can be better with production of biological clean honey (eco-honey), since Croatia has great resources for it. Also, cost of Croatian honey on the foreign market, will be considerable higher.
Education for Family Farms and Gender Aspects in Croatia
Anita Silvana Ilak Per?uri?,?ur?ica ?utini?
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2008,
Abstract: Authors discuss the educational structure in Croatia and education of family farm members. The points of this research are lack of formal education in farm occupation and specific gender issues. Along with education levels of all population in Croatia that has been improving since WW II the agricultural population was following this trend but much slower. In farming occupation persons are in general less educated than in non farming occupations what is also related to gender aspect. Since very few studies in Croatia concern education of farmers, and rare respect gender issues in education, our paper tried to highlight specifics regarding these two topics. From our research it is evident that women on family farms are educated mainly for non-agricultural occupations compared to men who have agricultural education two times more then women. Correlation analysis showed highly related connections of age, education and family size to knowledge about farm tasks. Younger, more educated women have more knowledge about “modern” farm tasks like bookkeeping, laws and taxes and selling agricultural products, while older and less educated have more knowledge about “traditional” tasks like gardening, plant growing and animal breeding. Knowledge about mechanized work was graded as lowest among other farm tasks because it was seen as a masculine task and of no interest for women. Knowledge about “modern’’ tasks is necessary for market oriented farm business in this light woman’s education becomes a limitation, therefore the non formal (extension service) and formal education systems (secondary and tertiary) should introduce new programmes and subjects to farm and household economics.
Nairu estimates for Croatia
Valerija Botri?
Zbornik Radova Ekonomskog Fakulteta u Rijeci : ?asopis za Ekonomsku Teoriju i Praksu , 2012,
Abstract: The main goal of the paper is to estimate the NAIRU for Croatian economy and to discuss the implications of this indicator. The paper provides time-varying estimates of the NAIRU for 2000q1-2011q1 period, which were obtained by applying the Kalman fi lter method. The results reveal that the average estimated value was 12.6 percent, which on average is below the average registeredunemployment rate. The dynamics of the estimated NAIRU points to the ability of the NAIRU to reveal underlying structural misbalances in a national economy. Specifi cally, the approaching crises effect has been detected, as well as previously documented infl ationary pressures, thereby confi rming the potential usefulness of the NAIRU estimation for economic policy decision making process in Croatia.
MINING IN ECONOMY OF REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
?eljko Mati?a
Rudarsko-Geolo?ko-Naftni Zbornik , 1996,
Abstract: Croatia is not especially rich in mineral ore resources, and therefore it cannot be included into "mining countries". Nevertheless since exploitation of mineral resources is a primary activity in economy of any country, mining in Croatia is given a great significance.In Croatia, research and exploitation of oil and gas is considered to be the most significant. Exploitation of mineral resources for production of metals is negligable, while esploitation of non-metals satisfies the majority of needs of building-material industry. Regarding the amount of mineral resources taken out of mines and the number of economic subjects, exploitation of technical building stone, building sand and gravel and pug comes first. Expoitation of mineral resources was almost cut in half during the war in Croatia, and only the exploitation of technical stone, gravel, sand and clay is gradually returning to the level reached in the pre-war 1990,Despite the significance that mining has for economic development and the annual income that it produces, which amounts to 600 milion USD per year, it is not given due respect in Croatia. Leading subjects in that field in Croatia should elaborate a plan of development and enhance the role of mining in the overall economy of the state.
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