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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 51573 matches for " Cristina Oliveira;Macedo "
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Pneumonia necrosante em crian?as submetidas à toracoscopia por empiema pleural: incidência, tratamento e evolu??o clínica
Macedo, Maurício;Meyer, Karine Furtado;Oliveira, Tatiana Cristina Miranda;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132010000300006
Abstract: objective: to assess the incidence of necrotizing pneumonia (np) in children submitted to thoracoscopy, comparing patients with and without np in terms of the presentation and clinical evolution. methods: a retrospective study of children with pleural empyema submitted to thoracoscopy. thoracoscopy was performed in patients not previously submitted to thoracic drainage and in whom there was evidence of loculated effusion or pneumothorax, as well as in those previously submitted to thoracic drainage and in whom there was persistent pneumothorax or fever with purulent discharge. on the basis of the thoracoscopy findings, patients were distributed into two groups: those with np (np group) and those without (no-np group). results: the study sample comprised 52 patients. of the 24 patients with np, 19 (79%) had undergone thoracic drainage prior to thoracoscopy, 11 (46%) presented with pneumothorax, and 16 (67%) developed bronchopleural fistula. in the np group, the median drainage time and the median length of hospital stay were 18 and 19 days, respectively. of the 28 patients without np, 10 (36%) had undergone thoracic drainage prior to thoracoscopy, 9 (32%) presented pneumothorax, and 5 (18%) developed bronchopleural fistula. in the no-np group, the median drainage time and the median length of hospital stay were 6 and 10 days, respectively. conclusions: pneumothorax should raise the suspicion of np. early thoracoscopy can be a valuable treatment option for np in children because it hastens recovery in comparison with the medical treatment alone and avoids extensive late thoracotomy lung resections.
Um entendimento linear sobre a teoria de Peplau e os Princípios da Reforma Psiquiátrica Brasileira
Cardoso, Taís Veronica Macedo;Oliveira, Rosane Mara Pontes de;Loyola, Cristina Maria Douat;
Escola Anna Nery , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452006000400014
Abstract: the object of study to be developed deals with the concept contained in the theory of psychiatric nursing proposed by hildegard peplau and to associate them with the rules of the brazilian psychiatric reformation. although the beginning was to apprehend the concepts of the theory of psychiatric nursing using the systematic analysis considered in the "interpersonal relations". the study was carried through under the approach of metanalise, that in it helped us to understand the studied concepts. from it analyzes of the data, we understand that still, allowing the agreement of the importance of the transformations of this practice, providing an improvement of the helping practice and initiating assistance based on the models of psychosocial rehabilitation.
Insetos fitófagos associados ao murici da praia, Byrsonima sericea (Malpighiaceae), na Restinga de Jurubatiba (RJ)
Flinte, Vivian;Araujo, Cristina Oliveira;Macedo, Margarete Valverde de;Monteiro, Ricardo Ferreira;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262006000400012
Abstract: this work aimed to investigate the composition, abundance and some behavioral aspects of phytophagous species associated with "murici da praia", byrsonima sericea (malpighiaceae), in the national park of restinga de jurubatiba, rio de janeiro state, brazil. during 14 months, from april 2003 to may 2004, bimonthly surveys were conducted on 120 plants, while observations on b. sericea insects were made since november 2000. an overall of 45 associated insect species were found, being 20 exophytic lepidopteran caterpillars, 17 exophytic coleoptera, four leaf miners and four galling species. lius sp. (buprestidae), a leaf miner beetle, was the most abundant and frequent species, followed by the caterpillar gonioterma indecora (elachistidae). a comparison between lepidopteran caterpillars on b. sericea in the restinga and other byrsonima species of the cerrado vegetation showed low insect similarities between these and b. sericea, which also had the lowest species richness. both caterpillars and leaf miners abundance peaked between june and august, prior to the leaf flush, while the abundance of exophytic coleoptera immatures increased simultaneously with leaf production. possible explanations for the temporal distribution patterns of insects on b. sericea are discussed and a brief description of the ecological aspects is given for the main identified phytophagous insect species.
Qualidade de ovos de codornas alimentadas com dietas que contém mananoligossacarídeos e níveis reduzidos de cálcio = Quail egg quality for quails fed diets containing mannanoligosaccharides and reduced calcium levels
Maria Cristina de Oliveira,Bruno Nunes Gon?alves,Milena Garcia Machado,Carlos Marques Rodrigues Macedo
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Avaliaram-se os efeitos de dietas que contém mananoligossacarídeo (MOS) e níveis de cálcio (Ca) sobre qualidade dos ovos de codornas. Foram utilizadas 200 codornas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado em arranjo fatorial 2 x 2 + 1 (níveis de Ca x MOS e uma dieta-controle), com quatro repeti es. Os tratamentos eram níveis de Ca (2,2 e 1,9%) e de MOS (0 e 0,1%) e a dieta-controle (sem MOS e com 2,5% de Ca). Foram estudadas as qualidades internas (peso e índice de gema e de albúmen e unidade Haugh) e externas (peso, teor de Ca e espessura da casca e gravidade específica) do ovo de codornas.N o houve efeito (p > 0,05) dos tratamentos sobre pesos e índices de gema e albúmen, unidade Haugh, peso e espessura da casca. Entretanto, a inclus o de MOS aumentou (p < 0,02) o teor de Ca nas cascas em 2,75%, e a redu o do teor de Ca dietético diminuiu (p < 0,01) a gravidade específica dos ovos de codornas alimentadas com dietas contendo 1,9% de Ca. Concluiu-se que dietas com 2,2% de cálcio,suplementadas com 0,1% de MOS, podem ser utilizadas por codornas japonesas, em fase inicial de postura, sem prejuízo à qualidade do ovo. The article evaluated the effects of diets containing mannanmannanoligosaccharides (MOS) and calcium (Ca) levels on quail eggs quality. Two hundred quails were used in an entirely randomized design and 2 x 2 + 1 factorial arrangement (Ca x MOS levels and a control diet), with four replicates. The treatments were levels of Ca (2.2 and 1.9%) and MOS (0 and 0.1%) and a control diet (without MOSand 2.5% Ca). The internal (weight and index of yolk and albumen and Haugh unit) and external (weight, Ca level, eggshell thickness and specific gravity) egg qualities were evaluated. There was no effect (p > 0.05) of the treatments on the weight and index of yolkand albumen, Haugh unit and eggshell weight and thickness. However, MOS inclusion increased (p < 0.02) Ca content on the eggshell by 2.75%, and the reduction in Ca levels decreased (p < 0.01) the specific gravity of eggs from quails fed diets containing 1.9% of Ca.It was concluded that diets with 2.2% of Ca, supplemented with 0.1% of MOS, can be used by Japanese quails, at the initial phase of laying, with no negative effects on the internal and external quality of the eggs.
Tolerancia de Genótipos de Citros ao Estresse Hídrico na Fase de Porta-Enxerto
Ana Kelliane Silva do Nascimento,Pedro Dantas Fernandes,Janivan Fernandes Suassuna,Ana Cristina Macedo de Oliveira
Revista Brasileira de Agricultura Irrigada , 2012, DOI: 10.7127/rbai.v6n100075
Abstract: Estudou-se a tolerancia ao estresse hídrico de 8 genótipos de citros na fase de porta enxertos, em experimento desenvolvido em casa de vegeta o da UAEAg/CTRN da UFCG com delineamento experimental em blocos casualizados com três repeti es, num esquema fatorial de dois tratamentos (EH1: testemunhas irrigadas a 100% da Capacidade Campo (CC) durante todo o experimento e EH2:irriga o limitada a 50% da CC durante 51 dias e em seguida, a 25% da CC) e três genótipos. Cada unidade experimental constou de 10 plantas úteis. Observando os efeitos do estresse hídrico nos genótipos de citros com potencialidades a porta enxertos nas variáveis de crescimento, destaca-se o genótipo 15 (TSKC x CTARG - 019), com as maiores médias. O Limoeiro Cravo foi o que teve maior sensibilidade ao estresse em todas as variáveis, denotando sensibilidade ao estresse hídrico.
Efeitos da aplica??o do L.A.S.E.R. HeNe e do ultravioleta B no vitiligo
Macedo, Ana Carolina Brandt de;Oliveira, Camila Fátima de;Silva, Elaine Cristina Magalh?es;Andrade, Luciane Aparecida Straub de;
Fisioterapia em Movimento , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-51502012000300003
Abstract: introduction: the vitiligo is a chronic depigmentation illness of the skin caused by loss of functional melanocytes in the epidermis. this study's objective was to compare the effects of applying l.a.s.e.r. hene and ultraviolet b in patients with vitiligo. method: 22 patients (11 women and 11 men) aged 12-60 years (31,68 ± 16,29) were selected. patients were randomly assigned, according to the order of attendance at the service and were divided randomly into two groups: group a (n = 12) subjected to the application of l.a.s.e.r. hene, where the technique used was punctual with about 3 cm distance between each point, perpendicular to the skin, and group b (n = 10) exposed to ultraviolet b applied perpendicular 10 cm away from the patient's skin. for measurement of the treated area it was used the autocad program, which was bounded to the edge of the stain on photos taken at the beginning and at the end of treatment. results: initially, in group a the area was 4,87 cm2 ± 3,70, and after application it was 4,15 cm2 ± 2,89, with an average difference of 0,72 cm2 ± 1,89. in group b it was noted that before applying the average was 5,36 cm2 ± 6,36, and after application it was 4,43 cm2 ± 5,17, with average difference of 0,92 cm2 ± 1,29. conclusion: both devices achieved significant results in reducing the stain, with a greater reduction in the group of ultraviolet.
Revis?o sistemática dos estudos sobre qualidade de vida indexados na base de dados SciELO
Landeiro,Graziela Macedo Bastos; Pedrozo,Celine Cristina Raimundo; Gomes,Maria José; Oliveira,Elizabete Regina de Araújo;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011001100031
Abstract: interest in the quality of life construct has increased in the same proportion as the output of instruments to measure it. in order to analyze the scientific literature on the subject to provide a reflection on this construct in brazil, a systematic review of the scielo database covering the period from january 2001 to december 2006 was conducted. it was divided into 3 phases: the first involving 180 publications, the second 124, and the third 10. of the 180 publications, 77.4% consisted of production in the last three years, with growth of 32.4% from 2001 to 2006. of these, 124 were selected for methodological analysis in accordance with the category of the study: 79 (63.9%) instrument application articles; 25 (20.1%) translation, validation, adaptation and construction of a qol instrument; 10 (8%) qualitative studies on qol; 5 (4%) bibliographical review, 5 (4%) on the quality of life concept. the next stage involved the use of questionnaires and/or interview scripts in order to obtain a broader consensus on perceived quality of life from the interviewees. it was seen that there was significant scientific output in the period under scrutiny, with diversification of approaches and methodologies, highlighting the complexity of the quality of life construct.
Dietas com mananoligossacarídeo e níveis reduzidos de cálcio para codornas japonesas
Oliveira, Maria Cristina de;Machado, Milena Garcia;Gon?alves, Bruno Nunes;Macedo, Carlos Marques Rodrigues;Assis, Francisco Alves de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009001100018
Abstract: the effects of calcium levels and diet supplementation with mannan oligosaccharides (mos) on the performance and economic viability of laying quails were evaluated. two hundred quails were used in a randomized complete design and 2 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement. the treatments were two calcium levels (2.2 and 1.9%), two mos levels (0 and 0.1%) and a control diet (with 2.5% calcium and no mos) with four replications. there was no effect of calcium or mannan oligosaccharide levels on egg weight, yolk and albumen percentage and the diet intake/price per dozen ratio. the control × factorial interaction was significant for daily ration intake (drc), feed conversion and gross marginal (gm). quails fed calcium deficient diets and without mos, consumed more ration and had worst feed conversion than birds fed the control diet, which resulted in lower gross margin. the reduction in calcium levels decreased egg production and mass, increased the feed conversion (kg/kg) and reduced the eggshell percentage. mannan oligosaccharides inclusion reduced the daily feed intake, improved the feed conversion (kg/dz) and increased the gross margin as a result of the lower daily feed intake and lower feed conversion value. diets with 2.2% calcium and supplemented with 0.1% mos can be used for japanese quails.
Estudo comparativo entre estibogluconato de sódio BP 88? e antimoniato de meglumina no tratamento da leishmaniose cutanea II. Toxicidade bioquímica e cardíaca
Saldanha, Ana Cristina R.;Romero, Gustavo Adolfo Sierra;Guerra, Concei??o;Merchan-Hamann, Edgar;Macedo, Vanize de Oliveira;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822000000400009
Abstract: toxicity of two antimonial pentavalents were evaluated in 111 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis. forty seven patients received meglumine antimoniate (group i) and 64 patients, sodium stibogluconate bp 88?(group ii), 20mg sbv/kg/day for 20 days. evaluation of aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatase, amilase, creatinine, urea, urine analysis and electrocardiogram were performed at baseline, on the tenth and twentieth day of treatment. greater frequency of aminotransferase abnormal levels were observed on the tenth and twentieth days in group ii (p < 0,001) and a greater proportion of amilase abnormal levels at the tenth day in the same group (p < 0,001). there was a greater variation of aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatase and amilase in the first ten days of treatment in group ii (p < 0,01). on the twentieth day there was a greater variation of aminotransferase levels in group ii (p = 0,02 and p = 0,03, respectively). forty three percent of group i and 54% of group ii showed electrocardiographic abnormalities (p = 0,30).
CONSUMO ALIMENTAR E ESTADO NUTRICIONAL DE PRé-ESCOLARES DE UM CENTRO DE EDUCA O INFANTIL DO MUNICíPIO DE S O PAULO
Cristina Rebolho da SILVA,Beatriz Aparecida Edméa Tenuta MARTINS,Vera Lúcia Macedo Issa de OLIVEIRA,Celio Kenji MIYASAKA
Alimentos e Nutri??o , 2010,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o consumo alimentar e o estado nutricional de 66 pré-escolares de 2 a 6 anos de idade, durante o período de permanência em um Centro de Educa o Infantil do Município de S o Paulo, SP. Para a avalia o do consumo alimentar foi utilizada a pesagem direta dos alimentos. A determina o do consumo de energia e nutrientes foi obtida por meio da Tabela Brasileira de Composi o de Alimentos - TACO da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. A avalia o da ingest o dietética foi realizada com base na referência Recommended Dietary Allowances por ser adotada em legisla o vigente no período do estudo para o Programa Nacional de Alimenta o Escolar. O estado nutricional foi avaliado em escore-Z, considerando os índices estatura para idade (E/I) e índice de massa corpórea para idade (IMC/I), utilizando-se as curvas de crescimento da Organiza o Mundial da Saúde. A quantidade consumida de proteína ultrapassou os 100% de adequa o e os demais nutrientes e energia apresentavam-se abaixo das recomenda es. Veri cou-se que 3,9% dos pré-escolares de 2 a 3 anos e 5% dos pré-escolares de 4 a 6 anos encontravam-se com baixo IMC para idade, e 3,9% e 2,5% com excesso de peso, respectivamente. O tempo de permanência dos pré-escolares de aproximadamente 10 horas no CEI n o permite o atendimento total das recomenda es nutricionais. Com isso refor a-se a necessidade da alimenta o da crian a ser complementada em casa.
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