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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 231826 matches for " Cristiana da Rosa e;Barbosa "
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Clinical-epidemiological profile of children with schistosomal myeloradiculopathy attended at the Instituto Materno-Infantil de Pernambuco
Araújo, Karina Concei??o GM;Silva, Cristiana da Rosa e;Barbosa, Constan?a Sim?es;Ferrari, Teresa CA;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762006000900024
Abstract: the most critical phase of exposure to schistosomal infection is the infancy, because of the more frequent contact with contaminated water and the immaturity of the immune system. one of the most severe presentations of this parasitosis is the involvement of the spinal cord, which prognosis is largely dependent on early diagnosis and treatment. reports on this clinical form of schistosomiasis in children are rare in the literature. we present here the clinical-epidemiological profile of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (smr) from ten children who were admitted at the instituto materno-infantil de pernambuco over a five-year period. they were evaluated according to an investigation protocol. most of these patients presented an acute neurological picture which included as the main clinical manifestations: sphincteral disorders, low back and lower limbs pain, paresthesia, lower limbs muscle weakness and absence of deep tendon reflex, and impairment of the gait. the diagnosis was presumptive in the majority of the cases. this study emphasizes the importance of considering the diagnosis of smr in pediatric patients coming from endemic areas who present a low cord syndrome, in order to start the appropriate therapy and avoid future complications.
Clinical-epidemiologic profile of the schistosomal myeloradiculopathy in Pernambuco, Brazil
Araújo, Karina Concei??o GM de;Silva, Cristiana da Rosa e;Santos, Alexsandra Glória A dos;Barbosa, Constan?a Sim?es;Ferrari, Teresa CA;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762010000400017
Abstract: this was a retrospective descriptive study on a series of cases of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (smr) and the aim was to investigate the incidence of this disease and its clinical and epidemiological characteristics in cases diagnosed at three healthcare units in pernambuco, brazil between 1994-2006. the data were collected by reviewing the medical records from both the neurological and paediatric outpatient clinics and wards of the hospital clinics, hospital of the restoration and pernambuco mother and child institute. to gather the data, a spinal cord schistosomiasis evaluation protocol was used. the diagnoses were based on positive epidemiological evidence of schistosomiasis, clinical findings and laboratory tests (stool parasitological examination or rectal biopsies, magnetic resonance imaging findings and cerebrospinal fluid investigations). a total of 139 cases aged between 2-83 years were found. the most important determinants of smr were male sex (66.2%), contact with fresh water (91%), origin in endemic regions (39.5%), lower-limb muscle weakness (100%), sensory level at the lower thoracic medulla (40.3%), myeloradicular form (76%) and presence of eggs in the stool parasitological examination (48%). this sample indicates the need for intervention policies guided by diagnostic standardization, thereby avoiding disease under-notification.
Oxidative Stress Biomarkers Response to Exercise in Brazilian Junior Soccer Players  [PDF]
Camila S. C. da Costa, Márcio A. Barbosa, Juliano Spineti, Cristiana M. Pedrosa, Anna Paola T. R. Pierucci
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.25057
Abstract: The purpose was to analyze biomarkers of oxidative stress and muscle damage in junior soccer players undergoing intermittent exercise to verify the biochemical changes. Ten trained, healthy male soccer players (age 18.3 ± 0.7 years, body mass 74.3 ± 7.4 kg, height 175.5 ± 6.7 cm, body mass index 24.14 ± 1.15 kg/m2; mean ± SD) from the junior cate-gory of an elite Brazilian football association participated in this study. They accomplished a running test (Loughbo-rough Intermittent Shuttle Test) which simulates common soccer activity patterns. Blood samples were collected before, during and immediately after the exercise for glucose, lactate, creatinine, urea, ascorbic acid, total plasma antioxidant potential, lipid hydroperoxides, malondialdehyde and creatine kinase concentrations. During the exercise no changes were observed in biomarkers, but, immediately after there was a significant decrease in total plasma antioxidant potential (ranging from 650.37 ± 66.53 µmol.L-1 to 559.95 ± 91.38 µmol.L-1, p < 0.05) while malondialdehyde and creatine kinase had increased (ranging, respectively, from 6.69 ± 0.81 µmol.L-1 to 8.35 ± 0.83 nmol.L-1 and from 272.01 ± 49.67 U.I.?L-1 to 304.65 ± 39.13 U.I.?L-1, p < 0.05). Findings suggest that the exercise protocol induced significant changes in oxidative stress selected biomarkers in the early stage of recovery. Thus, taking into account that soccer players’ competitive careers initiate very precociously being under constant physical exhaustion, further research on junior soccer players’ physiology and health are important for more effective physical and nutritional programming.
Valvoplastia mitral em pacientes jovens com cardiopatia reumática
Fantini, Fernando Ant?nio;Drumond, Leonardo Ferber;Gontijo Filho, Bayard;Vrandecic, Mário Osvaldo;Silva, Jo?o Alfredo de Paula e;Barbosa, Juscelino Teixeira;Bracarense, Luiz Fernando;Oliveira, Carlos Alberto Hemetério;Gutierrez, Cristiana;Pedroza, Adelso Aparecido;Horta, Maria da Glória Cruvinel;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 1992, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381992000200002
Abstract: from september 1988 to july 1990, 56 patients under 20 years of age (mean 12.7 ± 5.12 years) with pure or predominant mitral valve regurgitation secondary to rheumatic valve disease, underwent mitral valvuloplasty. ninety-three percent of the patients were in functional class iii ou iv (nyha). the basic surgical technique used in all patients was a modified measured assy metric anuloplasty which was associated in 69.7% of the cases with another plastic procedure. intraoperative echodopplercardiography was always used and showed a good correlation with the postoperatoty echo studies, with 64% of the patients free from residual lesions. there was no hospitalar mortality. fifty-three (94.6%) patients were followed from 1 to 40 months (mean 16.3%). there was one sudden death 3 months after the operation. four patients were reoperated upon, 3 of whom due to recurrent rheumatic carditis. the remainder are in functional class i or ii (nyha). we conclude based on these early results that assymetric mitral anuloplasty is an excellent procedure for young patients with rheumatic heart disease, being a good alternative to valve replacement or ring implantations.
Fatores preditores precoces de reinterna??o em unidade de terapia intensiva
Japiassú, André Miguel;Cukier, Michel Schatkin;Queiroz, Ana Gabriela Coelho de Magalh?es;Gondim, Carlos Roberto Naegeli;Penna, Guilherme Loures de Araújo;Almeida, Gustavo Ferreira;Kurtz, Pedro Martins Pereira;Rodrigues, André Salgado;Freitas, Márcia Barbosa de;Souza, Ronaldo Vegni e;Rosa, Paula Araújo;Faria, Clovis Jean da Cruz;Drumond, Luis Eduardo Fonseca;Kalichsztein, Marcelo;Nobre, Gustavo Freitas;
Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-507X2009000400004
Abstract: objective: to predict readmission in intensive care unit analyzing the first 24 hours data after intensive care unit admission. methods: the first intensive care unit admission of patients was analyzed from january to may 2009 in a mixed unit. readmission to the unit was considered those during the same hospital stay or within 3 months after intensive care unit discharge. deaths during the first admission were excluded. demographic data, use of mechanical ventilation, and report of stay longer than 3 days were submitted to uni and multivariate analysis for readmission. results: five hundred seventy-seven patients were included (33 excluded deaths). the readmission group had 59 patients, while 518 patients were not readmitted. the lead time between the index admission and readmission was 9 (3-28) days (18 were readmitted in less than 3 days), and 10 died. patients readmitted at least once to the intensive care unit had the differences below in comparison to the control group: older age: 75 (67-81) versus 67 (56-78) years, p<0.01; admission for respiratory insufficiency or sepsis: 33 versus 13%, p<0.01; medical admission: 49 versus 32%, p<0.05; higher saps ii score: 27 (21-35) versus 23 (18-29) points, p<0.01; charlson index: 2 (1-2) versus 1 (0-2) points, p<0.01; first icu stay longer than 3 days: 35 versus 23%, p<0.01. after logistic regression, higher age, charlson index and admission for respiratory and sepsis were independently associated to readmissions in intensive care unit. conclusion: age, comorbidities and respiratory- and/or sepsis-related admission are associated with increased readmission risk in the studied sample.
Micorriza arbuscular e matéria organica na aclimatiza??o de mudas de bananeira, cultivar nanic?o
Matos, Rosa Maria Barbosa;Silva, Eliane Maria Ribeiro da;Brasil, Felipe da Costa;
Bragantia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87052002000300009
Abstract: with the objective of evaluating the inoculation effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on the development of good-quality banana seedlings, cv. nanic?o, under a low-input system, a greenhouse experiment was done at seropédica, state of rio de janeiro, brazil, in the national center of agrobiology research, in 1998. the experimental design was a randomized block, with four repetitions. the treatments consisted of growing micropropagated seedlings in three substrata with 0, 10 and 20% of organic matter, in the presence or absence of the fungus glomus clarum. the results showed a significant positive effect of the inoculation on seedling height and number of leaves, 65 days after acclimatization. at 93 days, this positive effect was shown also by the pseudostem diameter. after harvest, the seedlings inoculated with g. clarum showed a significant increase in leaf, pseudostem and root dry matter, as well as total phosphorus content and radicular ratio efficiency in comparison to non-inoculated seedlings. as a rule, the addition of organic matter to the substratum led to an increase in the development of banana seedlings, cv. nanic?o, even in the absence of g. clarum.
Micorriza arbuscular e matéria organica na aclimatiza o de mudas de bananeira, cultivar nanic o
Matos Rosa Maria Barbosa,Silva Eliane Maria Ribeiro da,Brasil Felipe da Costa
Bragantia , 2002,
Abstract: Com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da inocula o de fungo micorrízico arbuscular na produ o de mudas de qualidade, em sistema de pouco insumo, realizou-se um experimento com mudas micropropagadas de bananeira, cultivar Nanic o, em casa de vegeta o do Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Agrobiologia (Seropédica/RJ), em julho de 1998. O delineamento experimental empregado foi o de blocos ao acaso com quatro repeti es, constituindo-se os tratamentos por três substratos (0, 10% e 20% de matéria organica), na presen a e ausência de Glomus clarum. A partir dos 65 dias de aclimatiza o, as mudas desenvolvidas no substrato sem matéria organica, submetidas a inocula o com G. clarum, apresentaram efeito positivo significativo da inocula o na altura e no número de folhas. Aos 93 dias, as mudas infectadas, cultivadas no substrato com 0 e 10% de matéria organica, mostraram altura e diametro superior às n o-infectadas. Na colheita, aos 95 dias, constatou-se aumento significativo da massa de folha, pseudocaule e raízes secas, bem como do conteúdo total de fósforo (P) das mudas infectadas em rela o às n o-infectadas com G. clarum. A avalia o da raz o de eficiência radicular mostrou que as mudas dos substratos sem matéria organica e com 10%, infectadas com G. clarum, apresentaram maior raz o do que as n o-infectadas. De maneira geral, a presen a de matéria organica no substrato proporcionou efeito positivo no desenvolvimento das mudas de bananeira 'Nanic o'.
Obesidade juvenil com enfoque na promo??o da saúde: revis?o integrativa
Luna, Izaildo Tavares;Moreira, Rosa Aparecida Nogueira;Silva, Kelanne Lima da;Caetano, Joselany áfio;Pinheiro, Patrícia Neyva da Costa;Rebou?as, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472011000200025
Abstract: an integrative review was carried out to summarize nursing research contributions on juvenile obesity from a health promotion focus. through a bibliographic survey, 20 articles were identified, based on the following criteria: date, language and the descriptors nursing, adolescent, obesity and health promotion. the pediatric nursing journal published seven papers (35%). indexed papers were published in the last ten years in portuguese and english. the results evidenced scientific knowledge construction in nursing to develop health promotion strategies in cases of juvenile obesity, thus contributing to the development of the profession. visualizing the cumulative risk of juvenile obesity to turn subjects into obese adults is a precious data with a view to nursing action planning for this population and the achievement of effective results.
Análise dialélica para tolerancia ao vírus-do-nanismo-amarelo-da-cevada em cultivares brasileiras de trigo
Barbieri Rosa Lía,Carvalho Fernando Irajá Félix de,Barbosa Neto José Fernandes,Caetano Vanderlei da Rosa
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2001,
Abstract: Seis cultivares brasileiras de trigo com diferentes níveis de tolerancia ao vírus-do-nanismo-amarelo-da-cevada (VNAC) foram cruzadas de modo dialélico para avaliar as capacidades geral e específica de combina o quanto à heran a da tolerancia. Um isolado do vírus transmitido por Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) foi inoculado nas cultivares e nos híbridos F1 no estádio de plantula com duas folhas. Foram atribuídas notas individuais a cada planta de acordo com a severidade de sintomas apresentados. Os dados obtidos foram analisados segundo os três métodos: o de Griffing, o modelo fixo, e método 2. Ficou evidenciada a presen a de heterose, provavelmente decorrente do efeito aditivo de genes complementares. As cultivares BR 34 e BR 35 se destacaram com melhores valores de capacidade geral de combina o (CGC), e é recomendado seu uso como genitores em programas de melhoramento de trigo que visem à obten o de combina es genéticas com tolerancia ao VNAC.
Comportamento anoréxico e percep??o corporal em universitários
Gon?alves, Tatiane Dutra;Barbosa, Mariana Prado;Rosa, Luiz Carlos Laureano da;Rodrigues, Alexandra Magna;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852008000300002
Abstract: objective: to assess body perception and prevalence of symptoms of nervous anorexy in college students. methods: cross-sectional study with convenience sample. we used the eating attitudes test questionnaire (eat-26) and the body image test to evaluate symptoms of nervous anorexy and the body perception on the participants, respectively. in the statistical analysis, binomial test was used to assess the association between qualitative variables. results: this study included 149 nutrition and 78 physical education students. the results showed that 10.3% and 14.1% of the physical education and nutrition students, respectively, presented risk factors for the development of anorexy, and the body image test revealed high levels of dissatisfaction regarding body shape of students in both courses: 75.8% and 78.2% in nutrition and physical education, respectively. conclusion: students of nutrition showed greater tendency to present risk behavior for developing nervous anorexy, predominantly in females. moreover, the results showed high proportions of dissatisfaction with body image in both courses. these results raise concern, since the physical education teachers and nutritionists are the professionals who play a key role in detecting and, in the case of a nutritionist, managing these disorders.
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