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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 286560 matches for " Cristóv?o Alves da; "
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Ocorrência de Salmonella spp. em carca?as de frangos recém abatidos em feiras e mercados da cidade de Manaus-AM
Tirolli, Izabel Cristina Campos;Costa, Cristóvo Alves da;
Acta Amazonica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672006000200010
Abstract: this research evaluates the levels of salmonella that are present in chicken carcasses commercialized in shops and public markets in different zones in the city of manaus, amazonas brazil. sixty samples were randomly collected in a period of eleven weeks and examined specifically for salmonella presence. fifty percent of the samples were positive for salmonella, and 67 serovars were isolated and distributed mainly among 11 different sorotypes. those identified,s. panama, s. mbandaka, s. schwarzengrund, s. typhimurium, s. albany, s. agona, corresponded to 85%. the contamination of salmonella is dependent on various factors, and its occurrence may berelated to the hygeine conditions of the poultry farm. the methodology used for the microbiological detection was that recommende by the "food and drugs administration" of the united states of america.
Sorotipos virais de dengue identificados em crian?as de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas, 2008
Costa, Cristóvo Alves da;Fa?anha, Grecilane Palheta;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822011000200024
Abstract: introduction: dengue is an arbovirus that continues to cause serious public health problems in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the planet. methods: in this study, blood samples from children were investigated by rt-pcr, aimed at identifying dengue virus serotypes in manaus, am, in 2008 in this infant population. results: denv-3 was the only serotype identified. conclusions: in this study, 83% of children examined were negative for dengue by rt-pcr, suggesting the occurrence of other febrile illnesses that need to be determined.
Detec??o e tipagem de vírus dengue em Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) na Cidade de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas
Costa, Cristóvo Alves da;Santos, Ilia Gilmara Carvalho dos;Barbosa, Maria da Gra?a;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822009000600013
Abstract: the aim of this study was to detect and type dengue viruses in the vector aedes aegypti. between december 2005 and december 2006, 8,984 mosquitoes were collected in 46 districts of the city of manaus, covering all of the geographical zones of the city. of these, 819 were aedes aegypti (414 females and 405 males). the females of aedes aegypti were grouped in pools of 1 to 10 mosquitoes, thus totaling 138 pools, of which 111 pools were positive for denv 3 and a single pool was positive for two serotypes (denv 1 and denv 3). the prevalence of aedes aegypti infected with denv 3 in the city of manaus was 53%. the zonal prevalence was 70% in the western central zone, 60% in the southern zone, 53% in the western zone, 47% in the southern central zone, 30% in the northern zone and 23% in the eastern zone. monitoring of virus circulation among mosquitoes by means of the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique enables prior knowledge of the levels of virus spread in given areas, thus contributing towards determining the localities where prevention and control measures should be applied.
Detec??o de rotavírus em um c?o doméstico na cidade de Manaus-AM
Pimentel, Renah Boanerges de Queiroz;Costa, Cristóvo Alves da;
Acta Amazonica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672010000200020
Abstract: the group a rotaviruses are frequently associated with gastroenteritis in mammals and birds. the objective of this study was to detect the presence of rotavirus in feces of symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs for acute diarrhea. 32 samples of dog feces were collected. all the samples were submitted to viral rna extraction followed by electrophoresis in poliacrylamide gels (page), where only one case of rotavirus infection in one asymptomatic sample was found. the electrophoretic analysis showed 4:2:3:2 long profile, and the homology between human and dog rotaviruses was very high. this suggests a possible interspecies infection.
Ocorrência de Listeria monocytogenes em queijo artesanal tipo coalho comercializado na cidade de Manaus-AM, Brasil
Ramos, Simone de Nazaré Melo;Costa, Cristóvo Alves da;
Acta Amazonica , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672003000400007
Abstract: the occurrence of listeria sp. in cheese craft type coagulum marketed in the city of manaus was studied. in the period of march to may of 1998 58 samples of the product were collected at fairs and located markets in six areas of the city. in two cheese samples we identified two species of listeria: l. monocytogenes and l. innocua. the first species was found fobe pathogenic for the human being. the results demonstrated there to be risk of transmission of illnesses from the consumption of cheeses processed without the due hygiene care.
The Graft Thickness in Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty: What Is the Importance to the Final Visual Outcome?  [PDF]
Diana Cristóvo, Ana Fonseca, Nuno Alves, Vítor Maduro, Jo?o Feij?o, Pedro Candelária
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2017.73023
Abstract: Introduction: Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) is currently considered the procedure of choice for the treatment of endothelial dysfunctions. Despite DSAEK being a promising procedure to improve visual acuity (VA), the ideal graft thickness donor still remains under discussion. Purpose: To analyze the influence of graft thickness on postoperative VA and complications in DSAEK surgery. Methods: Retrospective study of 112 eyes that underwent DSAEK surgery. Donor grafts were obtained by dissection with automatic microkeratome, using different head sizes. Central corneal thickness (CCT) of donor corneas before dissection was measured by ultrasound pachymetry. The choice of the cutting depth was based on CCT measurements and the final desired residual corneal thickness, corresponding to the estimated donor graft thickness (EDGT). The eyes were divided into 3 groups, depending on the EDGT: <180 μm (Group 1), 180 - 200 μm (Group 2) and >200 μm (Group 3). Intraoperative, postoperative complications and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 6 months postoperatively were evaluated, comparing these 3 groups. Results: The average EDGT was 164 ± 10 μm in Group 1188 ± 7 μm in Group 2 and 234 ± 30 μm in Group 3. At 6 months postoperative the average BCVA was significantly better in Group 1 (BCVA: 0.74 ± 0.20), compared to Group 2 (BCVA: 0.54 ± 0.20) and Group 3 (BCVA: 0.39 ± 0.18). Intraoperative and postoperative complications included: graft perforation during cutting (0.9% of cases), graft rejection (3.6%), primary graft failure (4.5%), and graft detachment (3.6%). Its distribution was uniform between the 3 groups. Conclusion: The study proves that DSAEK is an effective surgical technique for the treatment of endothelial dysfunction, demonstrating that the use of thinner grafts (EDGT < 180 μm) can improve the final visual outcome, with a significant improvement on BCVA, without increasing the risk of complications.
Septic Shock after Intravesical BCG Instillation—A Case Report  [PDF]
Cristóvo Figueiredo, Diana Póvoas, Carlos Alves, Alcina Ferreira, Paulo Figueiredo, Teresa Carvalho, Angélica Ramos, Lurdes Santos, António Sarmento
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2013.34036
Abstract:

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a live attenuated form of Mycobacterium bovis, initially used in medicine as a vaccination agent only. The discovery of its antineoplastic effects in bladder cancer has led to the widespread recognition of BCG intravesical instillation as a therapeutic option. Although sepsis following BCG intravesical instillation is rare, it is nonetheless a dreadful and potentially fatal complication. Therapy usually relies on antituberculous therapy and steroids, alongside with intensive care unit admission. The authors report a case of a 67-year-old male patient who developed septic shock with multiple organ dysfunction after intravesical BCG instillation and review the currently available knowledge concerning the risk factors, diagnosis, management and prevention of BCG sepsis.

 

AVALIA O IN VITRO DO FATOR DE PROTE O SOLAR A PARTIR DE FOTOPROTETORES MANIPULADOS CONTENDO AGENTES ATIVOS ANTIENVELHECIMENTO
Beatriz Lino Alves,Jacqueline Alves Pereira,Rosangela Cristóvo Ferreira,Ana Julia Pereira Santinho Gomes
Colloquium Vitae , 2010, DOI: 10.5747/cv2010.v02.n2.v038
Abstract: Critical issues have taken place involving potential interactions between sunscreen components and the components of antiaging active (AA) agents. Critical issues have taken place involving potential interactions between sunscreen components and the components of antiaging active (AA) agents. The aim was to evaluate compounded sunscreens containing different AA agents with or without fragrance, which were submitted to macroscopic analysis, centrifugation, pH determination and in vitro sun protection factor (SPF). All preparations presented physical stability. However, formulations containing Deanol exhibited pH significantly lower than the others independent to the fragrance, indicating that the stability of these formulations may be lower. As regards in vitro SPF variation no significantly difference was found after adding to AA agent into compounded sunscreens. However, sunscreens containing Enteline presented SPF significantly higher in formulations with no fragrance. In conclusion, the preparations studied showed physical stability and the pH range of stability presented in accordance with the need for compounded sunscreens containing Longevicell , Enteline or Iris Iso as AA agents. Nevertheless, formulations containing Deanol should be adjusted to pH range (6.0 – 7.0), regardless of the fragrance. Furthermore, the fragrance used in compounded sunscreens containing Enteline assessed in this work can significantly decrease the SPF in the preparation and should be avoided in order to ensure the safety and efficacy of sunscreens associated with AA agents.
A situa??o epidemiológica da tuberculose na República da Guiné-Bissau, 2000 - 2005
Manjuba, Cristóvo;Nogueira, Péricles Alves;Abrah?o, Regina Maura Cabral de Melo;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2008000100009
Abstract: introduction: tuberculosis does not present good health indicators in the republic of the guinea-bissau, like most other developing countries. objective: to study the epidemiological status of the illness in the 2000-2005 period in the republic of the guinea-bissau and its provinces. method: secondary data were collected from the national fight against leprosy and tuberculosis program, in the period from 2000 to 2005, and annual reports of the capital and the provinces were analyzed to calculate coefficients and indicators. results: the number of tuberculosis cases remained stable in the period from 2000 (1,959 cases) to 2005 (1,888 cases). the percentage of pulmonary cases ranged from 96.0 to 98.8%, of which 55% had positive smears. the coefficients of prevalence, incidence and mortality, in 2005 were 142.4/100,000, 131.3/100,000 and 16.8/100,000 inhabitants, respectively. the main concentration of cases occurred in the region of the capital. cure rates varied between 46.5% in 2000 and 69.6% in 2005 and treatment interruption rates were 29.8% in 2000 and 12.1% in 2005. conclusion: the indicators of the national strategic plan must improve, particularly with regard to active case search, decentralization of patient care, implementation of the dots strategy, and the need for an efficient information and reporting system.
Effects of Oral Nicotine on Rat Liver Stereology
Valenca,Samuel Santos; Gouveia,Lucas; Alves Pimenta,Wagner; Porto,Luís Cristóvo;
International Journal of Morphology , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022008000400037
Abstract: nicotine is the more abundant component in cigarette smoke. because nicotine is first metabolized in the liver, our aim was to investígate the effects of nicotine on this organ by biochemical and stereological methods. male wistar rats were treated with oral nicotine (on) diluted in drinking water during 32 days. the control group was treated with drinking water in the same period. rats were sacrificed 24 hours after last day, the blood was collected and the liver was removed. lipidogram was performed by enzymatic method and collagen fibers, fat globules and hepatocytes were count in the liver by stereological methods. we observed in control group preserved hepatocytes, with no presence of inflammatory cells. however in the on group was possible to observe varied size of hepatocytes with cloudy cellular limits and histoarchitecture loss. capillaries were fully of red blood cells. we observed also an increase of fat globules with small size. we observed in leucogram a reduction of leukocytes number (lymphocytes, neutrophils and monocytes) in the on group in comparison to control group. the lipidogram showed an increase of triglycerides and total cholesterol for on group when compared to control group. moreover, a reduction of hdl- cholesterol was observed in on group when compared to control group. numerical density of hepatocytes was lesser in on group when compared to control group. we suggest harmful effects of oral nicotine in liver induced by toxic mechanism with reduction of hepatocytes number and disturbance in lipid metabolism.
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